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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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Lineages and Results of Y-chromosome DNA Testing for Surname CARRICO / CARICO
Haplogroup J2-Y16995 / J-Z28551
Results
Hub
Y-DNA Haplogroups Represented in the Project
(sample size = number tested inside the project + number tested outside the project)
Project
Home
I1d
(n=1)
J2a4
(n=1)
J2a4b
(n=24+1)
J2a4b1
(n=1)
L2a
(n=2)
R1b1*
(n=1+1)
R1b1a2
(n=6)
Members of this family are all proven (or presumed to be) descendants of Peter CARRICO, 1674 immigrant to Maryland.  Peter's surname is most likely Portuguese, but his origin is, in fact, not known.  It is hoped that, eventually, genetic testing will uncover his origin, but so far, it remains elusive.  The family's Y-DNA STR haplotype is very rare, so there's no mistaking a family member when a match is made.  On the other hand, they are genetically so distinctive that even deep SNP testing gives us little clue in terms of their historic geographical location beyond "Eurasia."

Since the Y-DNA STR testing of the first family members, back in 2004, it was known that this family had a rare haplotype, with nearest common ancestors then estimated to be back at least three to four thousand years.  Recent BigY deep SNP testing at FTDNA, followed by analysis at YFull.com, has pushed their nearest known common ancestor back roughly 9400 YBP (years before present) as an early branch off the J2-M67 haplotree.  For further discussion of BigY results, please see this page

FTDNA designates us as J-Z28551, while YFull has designated us J2-Y16995, the differences stemming from a different formation of the Y-DNA SNP haplotree.  These differences are normal in an active area of genetic research.

The mutation defining J-M67 occurred an estimated 11.6 ± 2.6 thousand years ago.  Today, the subclade is distributed thinly throughout southern and eastern Europe, the Middle East, and northern Africa, but is concentrated in Italy and the countries surrounding the eastern Black Sea, namely, Turkey, Georgia, Armenia, and southern Russia.  See Figure 2, Map E in Semino et al. (2004. American Journal of Human Genetics 74(5):1023-1034) for distribution of J-M67.

If YFull is showing our last common ancestor at ca. 9400 YBP, it makes sense that we are a very early offshoot of M67 on a branch that, currently at least, is unique to us.

It is interesting to note, from Semino's map, that the distribution of J-M67 is focused in the area east of the Black Sea, in the region of Dmanisi, an extremely important historical, archaeological, and paleoanthropological site (see Dmanisi at Wikipedia and linked articles).

Haplogroup J members of the CARRICO project are encouraged to also join the Y-DNA-J Haplogroup Project at FamilyTreeDNA to contribute to the body of knowledge accumulating about this haplogroup and, thus, to increase our own knowledge about ourselves.
"Genetic Distance" is the number of mutation events separating individuals.  In the case of the results table below, the difference is measured from the individual to the family's modal haplotype, which presumably is, or is close to, the haplotype of their common ancestor, Peter CARRICO I, the immigrant.

To view more of the page without scrolling, temporarily reduce the text size or page size in your browser.  Red labels indicate markers that typically mutate more frequently than those labeled in black.  (Empty cells that are darkened indicate tests not ordered.)  Keywords for search engines: genetic genealogy.

Haplogroup J2-Y16995 / J-Z28551
ISOGG SNP Path:  M304 > M172 > M410 > L26 > M67 (J2a1b)
FTDNA SNP Path:  M304 > M172 > M410 > CTS7683 > L26 > PF5088 > PF5125 > Z2222 > Z1846 > M67 > Z1847 > Y4036 > Z28551
YFull SNP Path:  J2(M172) > M410 > PF4610 > L26 > PF5087 > PF5116 > PF5119 > L558 > M67 > Y4036 > Y17067 > Y16995
To view lineages, please scroll to the right.
Genetic Distance
(per panel)
Surname Kit# FF B
I
G
|
Y
Ysearch
UserID
  Panel 1 Standard Markers 1-12   Panel 2 Standard Markers 13-25   Panel 3 Standard Markers 26-37   Panel 4 Standard Markers 38-67   Panel 5 Standard Markers 68-111   Palindromic Markers   Known Lineage
STR PP3 PP5 MP6 MP7 MP8 MP9 MP10 MP11 MP12 MP13
12 25 37 67 111 136 3
9
3
3
9
0
19
/
3
9
4
3
9
1
a
|
3
8
5
b
|
3
8
5
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
i
|
3
8
9
3
9
2
ii
|
3
8
9
4
5
8
a
|
4
5
9
b
|
4
5
9
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
a
|
4
6
4
b
|
4
6
4
c
|
4
6
4
d
|
4
6
4
4
6
0
H4
|
G
A
T
A
IIa
|
Y
C
A
IIb
|
Y
C
A
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
a
|
C
D
Y
b
|
C
D
Y
4
4
2
4
3
8
5
3
1
5
7
8
a
|
S1
3
9
5
b
|
S1
3
9
5
5
9
0
5
3
7
6
4
1
4
7
2
S1
4
0
6
5
1
1
4
2
5
a
|
4
1
3
b
|
4
1
3
5
5
7
5
9
4
4
3
6
4
9
0
5
3
4
4
5
0
4
4
4
4
8
1
5
2
0
4
4
6
6
1
7
5
6
8
4
8
7
5
7
2
6
4
0
4
9
2
5
6
5
7
1
0
4
8
5
6
3
2
4
9
5
5
4
0
7
1
4
7
1
6
7
1
7
5
0
5
5
5
6
5
4
9
5
8
9
5
2
2
4
9
4
5
3
3
6
3
6
5
7
5
6
3
8
4
6
2
4
5
2
4
4
5
A10
|
G
A
T
A
4
6
3
4
4
1
1B
07
|
GG
AA
T
5
2
5
7
1
2
5
9
3
6
5
0
5
3
2
7
1
5
5
0
4
5
1
3
5
6
1
5
5
2
7
2
6
6
3
5
5
8
7
6
4
3
4
9
7
5
1
0
4
3
4
4
6
1
4
3
5
D
Y
S
725
D
Y
F
371X
D
Y
F
385
D
Y
F
397
D
Y
F
399X
D
Y
F
401
D
Y
F
408
D
Y
F
411
Haplogroup J2-M67 Modal Values         12 23 14 10 13 15 11 15 11 13 11 30   17 9 9 11 11 25 15 20 30 12 14 15 16   10 10 19 22 15 14 19 16 33 38 11 9   11 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 17 18 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 12 11 13 10 12 12 11   33 17 8 16 12 26 27 20 12 12 13 11 12 10 11 11 10 11 11 31 12 13 23 14 11 11 23 15 22 10 22 16 11 14 25 12 22 20 10 15 17 9 14 11                                                        
                                           
0 0 0 0     CARRICO 107978     CUYPH   12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 37 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11                                                                                                                                                 Pvt8  Pvt7 Thomas Francis6 Joseph Haesley5 Wm Constantine4 Ignatius Francis3 Corneliusthe younger2 Henry1 of Charles Co., MD, then Washington Co., KY
0 0 0 0 1 0 CARRICO 145426 FF Y CPYAV   12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 37 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11   33.2 16 8 14 12 25 27 20 11 11 13 11 11 10 10 10 10 11 11 31 11 12 22 14 11 11 23 15 19 10 22 16 11 14 25 12 22 20 10 15 17 9 14 11   28 28 32 32 9c 10t 10c 14c 10 10 13 14 15 15 21c 22t 24.1t 16 19 188 188 9 10 11 12   Pvt5 John4 Winant Gillaspy3 William David2 Matthew Gillaspie1 of Spencer Co., KY, then Panola Co., TX
0 0 0 0 0   CARRICO 256089 FF       12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 37 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11   33.2 16 8 14 12 26 27 20 11 11 13 11 11 10 10 10 10 11 11 31 11 12 22 14 11 11 23 15 19 10 22 16 11 14 25 12 22 20 10 15 17 9 14 11                                                       Pvt5 Wynant4
0 0 0       CARRICO 256091 FF Y     12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 37 11 9                                                                                                                                                                                                               Pvt5 Vernon4
0 0 0 0     CARRICO 157080 FF       12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 37 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11                                                                                                                                                 Pvt5 Pvt4 Walter Scott3 Thomas John2 Proteus1 of Hardin / Larue Cos., KY, then Siskiyou Co., CA
0 0 1       PHELPS 237923 FF       12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 18 16 35 37 11 9                                                                                                                                                                                                               Pvt5 Pvt4 Onnie Ray3 John Crockett2 John Calvin1 PHELPS of Grayson Co., VA
0 0 1 0     CARRICO 122176         12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 18 16 35 37 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11                                                                                                                                                 Pvt7 Pvt6 Oscar John5 Arthur Wellington4 John Holbert3 Joseph2 Peter1 of Preston Co., WV
0 0 0 0     CARRICO 122177         12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 37 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11                                                                                                                                                 Pvt7 Pvt6 Walter Lemuel5
0 0 1 0     CARRICO 94556 FF       12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 20 16 35 37 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11   33.2                                                                                                                                             Pvt7 Pvt6 Otha Nicholas5 Alphonsus K4 Francis Marion3 Henry C2 John Alexander1 of Montgomery Co., MD, then PA, then OH, then Martin Co., IN
0 1 0 2     CARRICO 121108     WAEPV   12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 31 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 37 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 17 8 12 21 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11                                                                                                                                                 Pvt6 Pvt5 Joseph Boothe4 John Edward3 Edward2 Corneliusthe elder1 of MD, Nelson Co., KY, then Washington Co., KY
0 0 0 0     CARRICO 155627 FF   M34W6   12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 37 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11                                                                                                                                                 Pvt6 Pvt5 Francis Arnold4 Francis Marion3 Pius2 Nathaniel1 of MD, then Washington Co., KY
0 0 0 0     CARRICO 391495 FF       12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 37 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11                                                                                                                                                 Pvt5 James Wallace4
0 0 1 0 0 0 CARICO 86809 FF   US98T   12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 38 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11   33.2 16 8 14 12 26 27 20 11 11 13 11 11 10 10 10 10 11 11 31 11 12 22 14 11 11 23 15 19 10 22 16 11 14 25 12 22 20 10 15 17 9 14 11   28 28 32 32 9c 10t 10c 14c 10 10 13 14 15 15 21c 22t 24.1t 16 19 188 188 9 10 11 12   Pvt9 Pvt8 Onia Lee7 Saml Lafayette6 Alexander5 Joseph4 Abel II3 Abel I2 Peter I1 1674 immigrant to MD
0 0 1 1     CARICO 447519         12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 39 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 18 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11                                                                                                                                                 Pvt9 Pvt8 Isaac Boyd7 William A.6
1 1 0 0     BLAINE 136280         12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 11 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 26 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 37 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11                                                                                                                                                 Pvt11 Pvt10 John Wiley9 Albert8 BLAINE* Wiley Crockett7 Gordon Kent6 Stephen5 Peter4
1           CARRICO 257006         12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 11 13 12 30                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Pvt10 Pvt9 Marvin Harold8
1 0 0 0     CARRICO 62917     5NKTP   12 21 15  9 12 17 11 14 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 37 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11                                                                                                     9c 10t 10c 14c                                     Pvt9 Pvt8 Floyd Huston7 Thomas Elisha6 James5 Dennis Sylvester4 James3 Peter II2
0 0 1 0 0   CARRICO 197948         12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 38 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11   33.2 16 8 14 12 26 27 20 11 11 13 11 11 10 10 10 10 11 11 31 11 12 22 14 11 11 23 15 19 10 22 16 11 14 25 12 22 20 10 15 17 9 14 11                                                       Pvt8
0 0 1 0     CARRICO 149914         12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 36 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11                                                                                                                                                 Pvt9 Arthur Burdett8 Ernest7 John6 Thos Ignatius VI5 Vincent4 Thos Ignatius I3
0 1 0 1     CARRICO 377574 FF       12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 31 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 37 11 9   12 7 14 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11                                                                                                                                                 Pvt10 Pvt9 Aaron Felix8 James Virgil7 Felix Blumer6 James Michael5 James4
0 0 1 0     CARRICO N9852         12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 36 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11                                                                                                                                                 Pvt6 Jesse5 Chas Thomas4 George Henson3 George G2 James T1 of Charles Co., MD, then Washington Co., KY
0           CARRICO 240684         12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Pvt9 Pvt8 Arthur William7 William L6 John William5 Wm Thomas4 Pius Richard3 Aquila2
1 0 1 0     CARRICO 146407         12 21 15 10 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 36 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11                                                                                                                                                 Pvt4 William Temple3 Francis Marion2 John W1 of Prince William Co., VA
0 0 1 0 0 0 CARRICO 143924   Y     12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 36 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11   33.2 16 8 14 12 26 27 20 11 11 13 11 11 10 10 10 10 11 11 31 11 12 22 14 11 11 23 15 19 10 22 16 11 14 25 12 22 20 10 15 17 9 14 11   28 28 32 32 9c 10t 10c 14c 10 10 13 14 15 15 21c 22t 24.1t 16 19 188 188 9 10 11 12   Pvt7 Pvt6 Max William5 John Robert4 Charles G3 Basil2 Charles1 of MD, then Washington Co., KY, then Sullivan Co., IN
0 0 0 0 1   CARRICO 160239   Y     12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30   14 9 9 11 11 25 14 21 30 11 12 15 16   11 10 19 22 18 14 19 16 35 37 11 9   12 7 15 15 8 11 10 8 11 9 10 17 17 14 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 21 12 13 11 13 11 12 12 11   33 16 8 14 12 26 27 20 11 11 13 11 11 10 10 10 10 11 11 31 11 12 22 14 11 11 23 15 19 10 22 16 11 14 25 12 22 20 10 15 17 9 14 11                                                       Pvt6 Pvt5 Josiah Converse4 Basil Jordan3 Josiah2
0           CARRICO1 ??????         12 21 15  9 12 17 11 15 10 13 12 30                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Pvt5 Charles Garfield4 Josephus Cyrus3
1Never joined the project and is now deceased.               *a.k.a., Blaine8 CARRICO
Discussion
Our subjects' haplotypes are unique, with no full or even near matches at any level in the FTDNA or Ysearch databases, except with each other.  At 67 markers, six individuals bear the modal haplotype for the group, which is presumed to be the haplotype of their common ancestor.  None of the others tested to 67 markers has less than a 64/67 match with the modal haplotype or less than a 62/67 match with each other.  These matches are close, demonstrating without doubt that they descend from a near common ancestor.  Their haplotypes are not only unique, their closest matches at Ysearch have genetic distances of 5 at 12 markers, 9 at 25 markers, 17 at 37 markers, and 25 at 67 markers.  These genetic distances are huge, and they mean no one even remotely related to them "in genealogical time" has yet been tested.  There are no comparable test subjects, at all, in the SMGF (Sorensen Molecular Genealogy Foundation) database.  Their lack of matches stems in part from unusual values at four markers (green table cells):  DYS390, which is most commonly 23, less commonly 22, rarely 21 (11%); DYS391, which is generally 10 or 11, rarely 9 (3%); DYS392, which is usually 11 in Haplogroup J; and, especially, DYS425, which is usually 12t 10t is unique!
#62917, #86809, and #145426 have completed deep SNP testing, with these results:
M304+ M172+ L26+ L27+ M67+ M92- M163- M166-
The positive M304 result proves they are Haplogroup J; the positive M172 result proves they are subclade J2; the positive results for L26 and L27 prove they are J2a4; and the positive M67 result proves they are J2a4b.  The negative results for M92, M163, and M166 prove they are not a subclade of J2a4b.
M267- M62- M365- M390- M367- M368- M369- M289- M340- M47- M68- M339- L24- L25- M137- M158- M12- M102- M205- M99- M280-
The first set of these negative results redundantly proves they are not J1 or any of its subclades.  The second set of negative results redundantly proves they are not J2a1 or J2a2.  The third set of negative results redundantly proves they are not some other subclade of J2a4.  The last set of negative results redundantly proves they are not J2b or any of its subclades.

It's a virtual certainty that all CARRICOs with haplotypes matching at the above levels will be the same haplogroup (i.e., have the same SNP mutations).  It is always desirable that a second member undergo these deep SNP tests, as confirmation.  Now that three members have completed this testing, your project admin recommends other members invest in STR testing of additional cousins or maxing out their STR markers, rather than their own deep SNP testing unless, of course, money is no object or you're just curious, then test away.  There's no such thing as too much proof.

Update (7 Sep 2011):  #86809 has taken the L210 SNP, with the result that he was negative.
Update (2 Feb 2012):  #86809 has taken three of the new "Z" SNPs (viz., Z502, Z508, and Z509).  Results were negative for all three.
A backbone (basic) SNP test result of M172+ confirms that #N9852 is J-2.
.
In STR testing, not all repeats are complete segments.  When results are reported, the partial segments can be rounded up, rounded down, or expressed as a decimal fraction.  In the case of DYS710, it has a 0.2 "micro allele," a partial segment that may or may not be present (please see frequency distribution of DYS710 results on the DNP-Fingerprint web site).  A result of 33.2 occurs in 12% of those tested.
DYS425 is part of the DYF371 palindromic set.  The nearly universal value for this marker is 12, so its rare value of 10 raised the question as to whether there are any other anomalies in this set.  DYS425 shows up here as the t-allele in the DYF371 set; our CARRICOs appear to be the only individuals ever tested to have a value of 10t at this marker.  A value of 9 for any of the DYF371 alleles is uncommon, being known in just a few individuals, all of whom are Haplogroup J.  Our closest match in the DNA-Fingerprint Ymatch database is #6122.70, who is the only J-2f (=J-2a4b) in the database; he has the "normal" value of 12 for the t-allele.

To compare results of advanced markers, see the DNA-Fingerprint Ymatch database.  You can pull up all results in the database by entering % in any field (except "country").  You can pull up results for all subclades of Haplogroup J by entering just "j" in the "yhgroup" field. 

Don't be confused by the ordering of the numbers in the database or in your test results.  By convention, the laboratories automatically put the alleles in alpha-numeric order, from low to high; hence, the DYF371 results were returned by FTDNA as 9c-10c-10t-14c.  But when comparing results, the single t-allele is customarilly placed second, so the order is changed in the table above.  Not everyone in the Ymatch database corrected the order of their results as they entered them, so you see the t-allele in various positions there.

#136280 has a deliberate and documented surname change from CARRICO to BLAINE in his lineage.
#237923 is surnamed PHELPS but is a tight match with the CARRICO haplotype, so he appears to have an NPE in his line.
The individual with ????? for a kit number was tested at FTDNA, but did not join the project, so I don't know his kit number.  The test subject is now deceased.
#86809 has undergone a Kittler test proving the order of the two alleles at 385ab is "lo-hi," that is, 12-17.  (Standard testing does not reveal the true order of the two values.  By convention, they are reported "lo-hi," but without a Kittler test, the actual order is unknown.)  Now that one member has taken the Kittler test, there's no real need for anyone else to take it as you should all have the same result.

What constitutes a match?
Matches in other surnames are usually mere coincidence, so please ignore them I'll let you know when you shouldn't!
For 12 markers: 9 or less is a non-relative; for 10-12 markers, please see this table compiled by FTDNA.
For 25 markers: 21 or less is a non-relative; for 22-25 markers,
For 37 markers: 31 or less is a non-relative; for 32-37 markers,
For 67 markers: 59 or less is a non-relative; for 60-67 markers,
For 111 markers: 100 or less is a non-relative; for 101-111 markers,
For any test:  0 matching markers, please contact NASA.

 
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