Test Results and Member Lineages
Haplogroup R1b is by far the most common haplogroup
subclade in western Europe and I1 is the next most common, so it is not
surprising that these two subclades are the ones most represented among
test subjects. Haplogroup E is a distant third.
Haplogroup E1b1b has a high frequency in some of the oldest populations
in Europe (e.g., the Welsh).
One of our project members is a descendant of Antonius STRAUB,
of the German-speaking STRAUBs of Glogowatz, Austro-Hungary [now Romania].
Haplogroup I1 is the most common form of Haplogroup I. It is sometimes
called the "Viking" haplogroup because of its concentration in northwestern
Europe and Scandinavia (others consider only R1a to be the "true" Viking
haplogroup, see below). Due to the paucity of SNPs usefully dividing
Hg I1, clusters based on STR haplotypes have been defined by Nordtvedt.
= I-M253 — AngloSaxon-9a Cluster
This individual is a descendant of Jacob TRAUB / TROUP of Armstrong
= I-M253 — AngloSaxon-gen2 Cluster
This individual's ancestor was an adopted STROUP, so he is not genetically
matching anyone in the project — or, as it happens, anyone else in the
FTDNA, Ysearch, or SMGF databases.
= I-L22 — Norse-Dansk Cluster
Norse is the most common I1 cluster in Sweden and Finland and the next
most common in Norway and Denmark; the Norse-Dansk cluster is more common
in Denmark. We have two matching individuals in this group, each
of whom was an unexpected result. Their haplotype is uncommon: at
37 markers, they match no one else, except each other.
One individual is a purported descendant of John STRAUB, Sr.
of Beaver Twp., Union [now Snyder] Co., PA, but he does not match the other
purported descendant of John, who turns out to be a match with descendants
of Johann Pieter STRAUB, the 1733 immigrant (I1-AS5, above). As the
other descendant has an essentially unassailable paper connection to John
Sr., it appears this individual, who descends from Jonathan Francis
STRAUB, is the one with the bad connection, especially in light of
his connection to the next member. Or is his paper connection correct,
meaning this is yet another NPE?
His matching member is a TROUPE who descends from John Peter TRAUB
/ TROUP, also of Union [now Snyder] Co., PA, at the level of 37/37.
= I-M253 — AngloSaxon-5 Cluster
Several members of this family have undergone deep SNP testing with
the result that they are officially I-M253*. One family member has
taken the WTY
test and found a new SNP: L592. This SNP has,
so far, turned out to be "private" to the family, so it will not be forming
a new subclade on the haplotree, at least not until other start showing
up with it. There are clusters of Haplogroup I1 defined by STR haplotypes
and, based on them, this family is an uncommon cluster known as AngloSaxon-5
Of the members who belong to this cluster, most are paper descendants
Martin STRAUB (1616-1676) of Gemmingen and Grossgartach, Heilbronn,
Wuerttemberg. Of these, one is still living in Germany, a descendant
of Martin's grandson,
Antonius STRAUB, while the others are living
in the U.S., presumed descendants of Antonius's brother,
STRAUB, 1733 immigrant to Philadelphia. The rest are Americans
with paper trails that fall short of reaching Johann Peter, but have DNA
test results indicating they are genetically closely related to the other
descendants in this family.
Johann Pieter is the second earliest known STRAUB immigrant to the United
States and has the most descendants of any single STRAUB immigrant to the
United States (at least based on my research to date). Results of
these subjects match their modal haplotype at the level of 64/67 or better,
one as high as 136/136, despite being nine to twelve generations from their
common ancestor. Other than their close matches with each other,
their haplotypes are unique at 25 or more makers.
Among the descendants of Johann Pieter, DNA results support the allegation
that John Peter STROUP of Wythe Co.,
VA, is a descendant of Johann Pieter I. Interestingly, two other
paper descendants of John Peter have been tested, and each has a different
NPE in his lineage (see the listings below under
Two unanticipated connections revealed by this testing are a descendant
John STRAUB of Beaver Twp., Union [now Snyder] Co., PA, and a
descendant of John STRAUB, miller of Berks (now Schuylkill) Co.,
DNA results also confirm that an individual who acquired the surname
from his foster father really is a descendant of Johann Pieter, as indicated
in his paper genealogy.
Among this group, matching the descendants of Johann Pieter at the 64/67
to 67/67 level, are paper descendants of Jacob STROUP I (1724-1804)
of Lincoln [now Gaston] Co., NC, previously thought by many to be
a grandson of Mathias STROOP, the 1687 emigrant from Westphalia
to MD. This startling DNA test result resurrects and supports
the assertion by early researchers that this Jacob is the missing son,
Johann Jacob, who accompanied Johann Pieter on the 1733 crossing.
In other words, Jacob STROUP I is not a grandson of Mathias STROOP.
Jacob I had an enormous number of descendants, so this result affects many
living STROUPs and STROUPEs, mostly in the southern United States.
Also proven by DNA is that Jacob STROUP II (1771-1846), alleged grandson
of Jacob I, is not genetically related to him (see Haplogroup
J2 below). A fourth individual, a descendant of Elisha STROUP
(c1811-1893), has no paper connection to Jacob I, but is presumed to be
descended from him because he was married in Lincoln Co., NC, before eventually
settling in Georgia.
The most unexpected individuals in this group are two non-STROUPs who
apparently have NPE's, "non-paternal events" (i.e., a hidden adoption
or illicit paternity) in their patrilineal lines. [See
this page for a further discussion of NPEs and their resolution.]
One of the NPEs has a paper descent from Silas BELEW of Jefferson
Co., MO; he has a 67/67 match with the modal haplotype of this STROUP family.
For decades, the BELEW family was in close contact with the STROUPs of
Jefferson County, all of whom are believed to descend from sons of Adam
STROUP, son of Jacob STROUP I, who moved to Jefferson County
in the 1820s.
The other NPE is an individual with a paper descent from William
Waitsel CRUMP of Caldwell and Gaston Cos., NC, illegitimate son of
Rebecca CRUMP and Waightstill PRESTWOOD. The location of the NPE
in his line has not been determined, and it will require the testing of
some selected cousins to determine in which generation it occurred.
There is no doubt, however, that he really is a STROUP because he matches
the modal haplotype for this family at 66/67. Given his location in Gaston
Co., NC, he is presumed to be a descendant of Jacob I.
These Haplogroup I1-AS5 STRAUBs and STROUPs have the distinction of
being cousins of President Barack OBAMA through his mother, Stanley
Ann (DUNHAM) OBAMA, a descendant
of Johann Pieter STRAUB I.
Of our seven Haplogroup I2 members, six were tested at FTDNA, while
one was tested at SMGF. Three are a form of I2a and four are some
form of I2b.
= I-M423 — Dinaric-S Cluster
The two descendants of Jacob STROUP, who was born in PA and settled
in Grant Co., IN, were expected to match, and they did. What was
unexpected was their match to a descendant of (Adam?) Michael STROUP
of Maryland, whose sons settled in Highland Co., OH, and greatly proliferated
there. Their haplotype is uncommon, with just a handful of matches
at 12 markers and no full matches at 25 markers. Their haplotype
is a variety known as "Dinaric" because these populations are believed
to have refuged in the region of the Dinaric Alps in southeastern Europe
during the last glacial maximum. One of them has been deep SNP tested confirming
that they are Haplogroup I2a2 (M423+).
= I-M284 — Isles/Sc Cluster
This individual is the one tested at SMGF. He has no full or even
near matches with anyone in the project or in any of the major online databases.
His pedigree at SMGF shows him to be a descendant of George STROUP
of NY, whom we know as a descendant of Johannes STRAUB, the 1710
immigrant to NY and the earliest known STRAUB immigrant to the United States.
Most descendants converted to spelling STROPE, but some to STROUP.
The SMGF database gives no possible way to contact test subjects; so, if
you are the test subject and are reading this page, please contact me (I'm
willing to subsidize 50% of the cost of a conversion kit to join this project
here at FTDNA).
= I-P78 (deduced) — Continental-3a Cluster
The I2b1c subclade of Haplogroup I is found thinly thoughout Europe,
but is concentrated in central and northern Germany, the Netherlands, and
Denmark. The Continental Cluster is, as the name implies, concentrated
in continental Europe, as opposed to the Brithis Isles or Scandinavia.
This individual descends from Henry STRAUB of Northumberland Co.,
PA, whose immigrant ancestor has yet to be identified. His backbone
SNP test proves he is Hg I2b1 (M223+); he is deduced to be I-P78.
= I-L38 (deduced) — L38-A Cluster
The immigrant ancestor of these two Pennsylvania Deutsch STRAUBs is
not known, nor do we have a paper connection between them. One is
a descendent of Theobald / Dewaldt STRAUB of Carbon Co., PA, whose
early descendants are concentrated in that county and neighboring Northampton
County. The other is the Peter STRAUB / STROUP who lived in
Perry Co., PA, and was formerly believed to descend from Johann Pieter
= J-L24 (deduced)
These three individuals are paper descendants of Jacob STROUP II
(1771-1846), who was supposedly a grandson of
Jacob STROUP I (1724-1804),
but DNA evidence refutes this connection (see
above). These three match no other STRAUB / STROUP yet tested,
so as it stands, the parents of Jacob II are unknown. These J2 STROUPs
do match an individual surnamed BIDDLE (at the level of 35/37),
so the search is on for an explanation, the most likely being that Jacob
II, as the eldest paper son of Adam STROUP, was probably Adam's wife's
son from a prior marriage.
This individual descends from Mary STROUP (1845/6-1922) of Lincoln/Gaston
Co., NC. There was no expectation that he would match with STROUP,
and he doesn't, nor does he, so far, match with anyone else.
Two members with matching DNA are descendants of Andreas STRAUB,
of Östringen, Baden, four of whose sons immigrated to the United States,
three settling in Michigan and the fourth in Indiana. They are Haplogroup
R1a1, which originated on the Eurasian Steppes. These were the "Indo-Europeans"
(Aryans) who domesticated the horse and whose language group formed the
basis for today's European languages. Some consider them the only
R1b is the most common haplogroup in western Europe, so it is no surprise
that is is common in the project. Because it is so common, most R1b's
will need to test 67 markers to make a confident determination with regard
to matches. Your project admin recommends all R1b's be deep SNP tested
to help advance the knowledge of this huge group.
Some of our R1b1a2 members have a WAMH (Western Atlantic Modal Haplotype)
logo on their member page. This logo indicates they have one of the
four most common 12-marker haplotypes in western Europe.
Three of the six R1b1a2-WAMH members are descendants of Josef STRAUB
of Bieringen, Württemberg. Two are American first cousins, while
the third is a native and current resident of Bieringen.
The fourth R1b1a2-WAMH member is a descendant of Frantz Xavier STRAUB
of Felldorf, Württemberg. This family is the one whose descendant,
STRAUB, founded the Straub Brewery in St. Mary's, PA. Despite
the fact that the villages of Felldorf and Bieringen are just four miles
apart, the STRAUBs of Felldorf are not closely related to the Bieringen
The fifth R1b1a2-WAMH member is a STROOP who, though WAMH at 12 markers,
is distinct from the other R1b1b2-WAMH members at 25 markers and at 37
markers. His ancestor is Johannes STRUBE of Germany, who immigrated
to Pennsylvania in the late 1700s, then settled in North Carolina.
The sixth of the R1b1a2-WAMH subjects is a STROUP whose earliest known
ancestor, Joseph STROUP, who first appeared in Hamilton Co., OH,
then settled in Shelby Co., IN, but whose origin is otherwise unknown.
An initial resemblance to one of the Bieringen STRAUBs at 25 markers (23/25)
fell apart at 37 markers (28/37), amply demonstrating the need for R1b's
to go to 37 or more markers.
Three of our R1b members are deduced to be R1b1a2, but are not designated
WAMH. One is a descendant of Philip STROUP of Clarion Co.,
PA. He turned out rather unexpectedly not to match the descendants
of Johann Pieter STRAUB, the 1733 immigrant to Philadelphia, who is the
presumbed ancestor of Philip STROUP of Mifflin Co., PA, presumed father
of the Philip STROUP of Clarion County. Until a descendant of Philip
of Mifflin County is tested, we don't know which connection is incorrect,
the one between the two Philip's or the one between Philip and Johann Pieter.
The second R1b1a2 member is a descendant of Aloysius STRAUB,
immigrant to Missiouri from Alsace-Lorraine,
a location known to be the origin of many STRAUBs in the United States.
Will all of these STRAUB immigrants from Alsace-Lorraine turn out to have
the same progenitor?
The third R1b1a2 member is descended from Elisha STROUP of Union
Co., PA. He has no matches in the project and only a handful of 12/12
matches outside the project, in other surnames. Several of these
matches are in surname BUDWIG, so an upgrade to more markers is called
for to rule out the possibility that we're looking at an NPE.
A fourth R1b1a2 member is descended from Georg Michael TRAUB
of Bretzfeld, Wuerttemberg, one of whose descendants immigrated to the
U.S. and ultimately settled in Indiana. He has a rare haplotype,
with no matches above 12 markers.
— NEUHAUS / NEWHOUSE
This individual is a paper descendant of John
Peter STROUP of Wythe Co., VA, but he is a high-level DNA match
with the NEWHOUSE family. There is circumstantial evidence to support
that Jacob Jackson was adopted and that his biological father was John
NEWHOUSE, grandson of Isaac NEWHOUSE, whom deeds show was a
next-door-neighbor of John Peter STROUP in the 1790s.
= R-L1 / S26 (Null 439)
One of our members is a descendant of Carl STRAUB, the 1881 emigrant
from Wuerttemberg to Philadelphia. He has a null value at DYS439,
indicating the marker has been completely lost (or at least the indicators
identifying the marker have been lost). This deletion is a rare condition
and is sufficiently distinct that there is a null439
DNA Project at FamilyTreeDNA. The mutation is found mostly in
the British Isles, but is also found elsewhere in western Europe.
Our subject resembles "Cluster 1" of this group, which is concentrated
in England, but also found in southern Germany.
= R-M222 — Northwest Irish
Another paper descendant of John Peter STROUP
of Wythe Co., VA, with an NPE in his lineage has a haplotype resembling
that of descendants of 5th-Century Irish warlord, Naill. His deep
SNP testing proves he is R-M222, the "Northwest Irish" subclade, and he
has some near matches with Irish surname DOHERTY / DOUGHTERY. This
individual is offering to subsidize the testing of a male STROUP who is
a patrilineal descent of John Peter through his son, George, or his grandson,
admin for details and conditions.)
Haplogroup T has been found in southern England, northern Spain, the
Shetland Islands, and Germany. (U.S. President Thomas Jefferson was
This individual is a descendant of Johann Valentin STRAUB, 1847
immigrant from Baden to Michigan, a descendant of Dionysius STRAUB
(c1655- ) of Heidelberg. His haplotype is unique, with no matches
in the entire FTDNA, Y-search, or SGMF databases.
It turns out that STRAUB/etc. has more origins than expected, at least
more than I had suspected. We've also uncovered several bad connections
and made some unexpected new ones. I knew this project would be interesting;
I never dreamt it would be this interesting!
In recognition of the fact that some individuals may find the cost of
DNA testing prohibitive and that these individuals may be the only representatives
of key lines in our genealogical research, Family Tree DNA has instituted
"General Funds" to allow researchers to subsidize the testing of these
key individuals. The fund can also be used as a simple way to give
someone a gift of DNA testing. Please see this
link at Family Tree DNA for more details. And please consider
a donation to the project as a way of bringing more lines into the project,
especially to help some of our elder kin be tested who may not otherwise
be able to afford it. There is also a field on the donation form
allowing you to make a donation in honor of a specific person. The
funds will be entirely collected and held by Family Tree DNA, but their
dispursement is implemented by your project administrator. You can
inform your project adminstrator whose test you want subsidized with your
donation or, if you wish, you can leave it up to the project administrator
to decide where the funds can best be applied. Please note that anonymous
donations are not just anonymous to the public; they are also anonymous
to the project admin. If you want the admin to know you made the
donation and/or have a special request for how it is to be spent, please
notify the admin by email at the time you make the donation.
There has been an instance in one of my projects where
a donor sent a prospective member a check, then the person never followed
through by joining the project. This situation can be avoided if
the researcher has, instead, donated the money to the project's General
Fund, because the money simply won't be spent if the person fails to join.
There has also been an instance in one of my projects
where a donor agreed to fund a test based on the promise of a secure line
to their progenitor, only for me to discover there was an adoption in the
line. In this case, the researcher had donated their money to the
General Fund, and I caught the NPE in time to deny the subsidy to the test
subject. This situation is also a reminder to examine someone's line,
yourself, before agreeing to subsidize their test — not that there was
intentional deception here, just flawed paper genealogy.
Bottom line: before sending a stranger a check,
please consider making a donation to the project's General Fund, instead.
And, please, in no case send money to me; I do not want the responsibility
of handling it.