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Peter  THOMPSON
Ms. __?__
Notice:  We now have two patrilineal descendants of Peter, through his son, Thomas, Y-DNA tested.  They are a match with each other, but not with anyone else, even remotely (their haplotype is rare).  We now have 11 descendants of son, Thomas, FamilyFinder tested.  They match each other to varying degrees, but this testing has not yet produced a THOMPSON breakthrough and may not because the tested descendants are so many generations removed from Thomas.  All we can do at this point is continue to wait and hope for a Y-DNA match.
Husband:  Peter THOMPSON
Birth:  in or bef. 1765
Death:  1839/40, MO
Y-DNA Haplogroup:  I1-L338 AngloSaxon-1 Cluster
Marriage:  bef. 1792
Wife:  Ms. __?__
Birth:  in or bef. 1765
Death:  aft. 1810, bef. 1826
Children:
1.  (Son A) THOMPSON, b. 1791/2 [age based on the fact that he turned 16 in late 1807 or 1808, see tax lists] 
2.  Thomas THOMPSON, b. 7 Jul 1797, KY 
3.  (Daughter A) THOMPSON, b. 1794-1800
4.  (Daughter B) THOMSPON, b. 1794-1800
5.  (Son B) THOMPSON, b. 1794-1800
6.  Rachel THOMPSON, b. 17 Jul 1803, Christian [now Todd] Co., KY 
7.  (Daughter C) THOMPSON, b. 1800-1810
8.  (Daughter D) THOMPSON, b. 1800-1810

The eldest son may be:
Hiram THOMPSON, b. 1792/3, TN 

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Kentucky, Missouri

Timeline
Abbreviation:  WFRR = West Fork of the Red River, of which Sinking Creek is a tributary.
Year Location Event
bef. 1766   birth of Peter THOMPSON
bef. 1766   birth of Ms. __?__
1776 VA: creation of Kentucky Co., which includes all of what would become the state of Kentucky
1780 VA: Lincoln Co. formed from Kentucky Co.
bef. 1792   marriage of Peter THOMPSON to Ms. __?__
1791/2   birth of Son A
1792 Kentucky achieves statehood; Logan Co. formed from Lincoln Co.
1792-95 Tax Rolls KY: Logan [now Logan/Christian/Todd/&c.] Co. Peter THOMPSON not found
1795 Tax Rolls KY: entire state Peter THOMPSON not found
1796-97 Tax Rolls KY: Logan [now Logan/Christian/Todd/&c.] Co. Peter THOMPSON not found
1796/7 KY: Christian Co. formed from Logan Co.
1795-97 to Kentucky family moves
1797 KY  birth of son, Thomas
1797-98 Tax Rolls KY: Christian [now Christian/Todd/Trigg] Co. Peter THOMPSON not found
1798/9 to Christian/Todd Co. family moves
1799 Tax Rolls KY: Christian [now Todd] Co. Peter THOMPSON, taxpayer (first appearance in county)
1794-1800   birth of Daughter A
1794-1800   birth of Daughter B
1794-1800   birth of Son B
bef. 1800 KY: Christian [now Todd] Co.: WFRR Peter THOMPSON acquires 150 acres from E. CLARK¹
1800 KY: Christian [now Todd] Co.: WFRR Peter THOMPSON is granted 123 acres
1800 Census - 1800 KY Census destroyed
1800 thru 1810 KY: Christian [now Todd] Co.: Red R. Peter THOMPSON, taxpayer
1802 KY: Christian [now Todd] Co.: Sinking Ck. Peter THOMPSON is granted 25 acres
1802 KY: Christian [now Todd] Co.: Sinking Ck. Peter THOMPSON buys 200 acres from Thomas REDDICK
1803 KY: Christian [now Todd] Co. Peter THOMPSON sells land to Church of Christ
1803 KY: Christian Co. Peter THOMPSON serves on grand jury
1803 KY  birth of daughter, Rachel
1800-1810   birth of Daughter C
1800-1810   birth of Daughter D
1810 Census KY: Christian [now Todd] Co. Peter THOMPSON, head-of-household
1810 thru 1816 KY: Christian [now Todd] Co.: WFRR Peter THOMPSON, taxpayer
1815 KY: Christian Co. marriage of son, Thomas, to Delilah DAVIS
1819 KY: Christian [now Todd] Co. Peter THOMPSON, taxpayer
1819/20 KY: Todd Co. formed from Christian and Logan Cos.
1820 Census - not found
1820 KY: Todd Co. Peter THOMPSON buys land from Thomas BRYAN
1821 thru 1826 KY: Todd Co.: WFRR Peter THOMPSON, taxpayer
1825 KY: Todd Co. marriage of daughter, Rachel, to William T. WYATT
1826 KY: Todd Co.: WFRR Peter THOMPSON, taxpayer
1826 KY: Todd Co. Peter THOMPSON sells land to R.G. WAGGONER
1827 KY: Todd Co. Peter THOMPSON sells land to C. MOBLEY
1827 KY: Todd Co. Peter THOMPSON sells land to Wm. WYATT
1827 Kentucky to Missouri(?) family moves
1828 thru 1830 KY: Todd Co.: WFRR (260 a.) Peter THOMPSON, taxpayer (as absentee landowner)
1830 Census   where???? (son, Thomas, is in Boone Co., MO)
1833 thru 1839 KY: Todd Co.: WFRR (260 a.) Peter THOMPSON, taxpayer (as absentee landowner)
1839/40 MO death of Peter THOMPSON
1840 KY: Todd Co.: WFRR (260 a.) Thomas THOMPSON, taxpayer (as absentee landowner)
1845 KY: Todd Co.: WFRR (260 a.) "heirs of Peter THOMPSON," taxpayers (as absentee landowners)
¹E. CLARK is very likely Ephraim CLARK, grand-uncle of Delilah DAVIS (Peter's daughter-in-law).
Others who should also be in Todd Co., KY, in 1820, are also missing from the census (e.g., Peter's next-door-neighbor, Gideon MIMS), so I wonder if an area wasn't missed by the enumerator or if part of the census isn't missing.

ANNOUNCEMENT:  There is a mailing list for researchers of the genealogy and family history of Thomas THOMPSON and kin, including his sister, Rachel THOMPSON and her husband, William T. WYATT, and the ancestors of Thomas's wife, Delilah DAVIS.  Please join and share in the research.  To subscribe, visit this web page and follow the instructions.

Sources:

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  1810 Census (as extracted by A. Robert Matthiesen; see 1810 Table): 
1810 Peter Thompson Christian Co., KY p. 116 02101-32001-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 10-15 1794-1800 = Son B
= Thomas (b. 1797) 
1 male 16-25 1784-1794 = Son A (b. 1791/2)
1 male 45 or over in or bef. 1765 = Peter
3 females 9 or under 1800-1810 = Daughter D
= Daughter C
= Rachel (b. 1803)
2 females 10-15 1794-1800 = Daughter B
= Daughter A
1 female 45 or over in or bef. 1765 = Wife

3.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1820 (Broderbund CD-314):  not found.  Peter is on the Todd Co. tax rolls, so it's a bit odd that he's missing from the census in 1820, but people do get missed by the census-taker.

4.  Anon.  1990.  Logan County, Kentucky, Taxpayers, 1792-1799.  T.L.C. Genealogy, Miami Beach, FL.  Peter Thompson not found.

5.  Anon.  1991.  The 1795 Census of Kentucky [as constructed from tax lists].  T.L.C. Genealogy, Miami Beach, FL.  Peter Thompson not found.

6a.  Christian County, Kentucky, Tax Rolls, 1797-1816.  Heritage Quest, Microfilm No. V20-72 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Year District Dates of 
Receiving
Lists
Persons Names 
Chargeable with
the Tax
A B C D E F Acres Watercourse In Whose Name
Entered
In Whose Name
Surveyed
In Whose Name
Patented
1st 2nd 3rd
1799 No. 2  July 4th Thompson Peter 1       5                
1800   May 5 Thompson Peter 1       5       150 Red R P Thompson Same  
1801 South Mar 23 Thompson Peter 1       6    
123
150 W F R River
W F R River
E Clark
P Thompson
Same
Same
 
 1802   Aug 12 Thompson Peter 1       7     200

 


170
175
 29
W F R R
W F R R
W F R R
W F R R
     
1803   Aug 29 Thompson Peter 1       7     200
148
150
W F R R
W F R R
W F R R
T. Reddecks
P. Thompson
P. Thompson
Same
Same
Same
Same
1804 South Aug 30 Thompson Peter 1       4       200
123
 25
150
W F R R
same
same
same
P Thompson
P Thompson
P Thompson
E Clark
same
same
same
same
 
1805 South Ap 22 Thompson Peter 1       6     200
123
 25
W F R River
same
same
T Reddic
P Thompson
same
same
same
same
same
1806 South Apl 16 Peter Thompson 1       6     200
123
 ? 
W F R R
same
Same
Ths Reddec
P Thompson
P Thompson
same
same
same
same
same
same
1807 East Oct 28 Thompson Peter 1       7     200
123
 25
W F R R
same
same
T Reddick
P Thompson
P Thompson
same
same
same
 
1808 No. 1 Oct 22 Thompson Peter 1 1     6     200
150
W F R River
same
Thos Redick
P Thompson
same
same
 
1809 No. 1 Aug 25 Thompson Peter 1       7     200
123
 25
  West Fork R R
same
same
T Reddick
P Thompson
P Thompson
same
same
same
same
same
same
1810     Thompson Peter 1       6     200
123
 25
  W F Red River
Same
Same
Thos Reddick Same
P Thompson
Same
Same
P Thompson
1811     Thompson Peter 1       7     200
123
 25
W fork
Same
    Jno Redic
P Thomson
Same
1812     Thompson Peter 1       6     200
123
W fork
Same
Thos Redick Same Same
1813     Thompson Peter 1       6     200
123
 25
W Fork
same
W Fork
T Reddick
self
same
same
same
same
same
same
same
1814   [unreadable] Thompson Peter 1       5     200
123
 25
West Fork
West Fork
West Fork
Reddick
Thompson
Thompson
Same
Same
Same
Same
Same
Same
1815   [unreadable] Thompson Peter               200
123
 25
West Fork
West Fork
West Fork
Reddick
Thompson
Thompson
Same
Same
Same
Same
Same
Same
1816   [unreadable] Thompson Peter               200
123
 25
W Fork
"
"
T Reddick
"
"
-
Thompson
Thompson
 
Legend for numerical data [grey indicates that particular datum was not taken that year]:  A = White Males 21 or over; B = White Males 16-20; C = Blacks over 16; D = Total Blacks; E = Horses & Mares (gelded male horses and female horses); F = Stud Horses (intact males); 1st/2nd/3rd refers to 1st Rate, 2nd Rate, or 3rd Rate land.  Abbreviations:  W F R R = West Fork Red River
"E Clark" is very likely "Ephraim Clark," brother of Col. Henry Clark, maternal grandfather of Delilah Davis, who married Peter's son, Thomas.

6b.  Todd County, Kentucky, Tax Rolls, 1820-39.  Heritage Quest, Microfilm No. V20-359 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen).  All of the films are difficult to read.  The 1820 records are almost entirely unreadable, and the 1827 records were partially unreadable.  So, absence from the table does not necessarily indicate absence from the county.
Year Persons Names 
Chargeable with the Tax
A B C D E F Acres Watercourse In Whose Name
Entered
In Whose Name
Surveyed
In Whose Name
Patented
1st 2nd 3rd
1820  [unreadable]                          
1821  Thompson Peter 1     4       300       T Reddick P Thompson
1822  Thompson Peter 1     4       150
150
  West fork
West fork
    T Reddick
P Thompson
1823  Thompson Peter 1     4       300   West fork     Thos Reddick
1824  Thompson Peter 1     4       300   West fork     Tho Riddic
1825  [all names S-Z missing]                          
1826  Thompson Peter 1 1 1 3       160   W W F R R (sic)      
1827  [not found, but film barely readable]                          
1828*
1829 
Burrus, Nathaniel...
same, agent for Peter Thompson
              260
260
  West fork RR
same
     
1830  Buriss, Nathaniel...
Same, as agent for Peter Thompson
              260   Westfork patented Thompson & Reddick
1831-
1832 
[rolls missings]                          
1833  Burres, Nathaniel...
Same, Agent for Peter Thompson
              160   Westfork      
1834  [not found]                          
1835  Burrey, Nathl...
Same, as Agent for Peter Thompson
              260   W Fork      
1836  [roll missing]                          
1837  Burris Nathaniel...
Same, as Agent for Peter Thompson
              260   West fork      
1838  Burrey, Nathaniel...
Same, as agent for Peter Thompson
              260   W fork      
1839  B????, Nathaniel...
Same, agt for Peter Thompson 
              260   W F      
Legend for numerical data:  A = White Males 21 or over; B = Blacks over 16; C = Total Blacks; D = Horses, Mares, Mules, & Jennets (i.e., gelded male horses, gelded male mules, female horses, female mules); E = Stud Horses and Jacks (intact male horses and intact male mules); F = Town Lots; 1st/2nd/3rd refer to 1st Rate, 2nd Rate, or 3rd Rate land.
*1828 tax paid in 1829.  Next on the list, also with Nathaniel Burrus as his agent, is William Wyatt (Peter's son-in-law), who also paid both 1828 and 1829 taxes in 1829.

7a.  1840 Tax List - Todd County, Ky [link died] (extracted by Karen Combs):
Name Land County Watercourse Value
Burrus, Nathaniel...
Same, agent for Thos Thompson
260 Todd Westfork 2000

7b.  1845 Tax List - Todd County, Ky [link died] (extracted by Karen Combs):
Name Land County Watercourse Value
Burrus, Nattel...
Same, Agt for Peter Thompson heirs
260 Todd Westfork 2600

8.  Willard Rouse Jillson.  1925.  The Kentucky Land Grants. 2 vols.  Filson Club Publ., Louisville, KY (Broderbund CD-650, Land Records: Kentucky, 1774-1924):
Pg. Survey Date Grantee County Watercourse Acres Book Pg. 
The Kentucky Land Grants, Part 1, Chap. IV, Grants South of Green River, 1797-1866
421  5-23-1800 Thompson, Peter Christian W Fk Red R 123  3  80
The Kentucky Land Grants, Part 1, Chap. III, Old Kentucky Grants, 1793-1856
246 10-19-1802 Thompson, Peter Christian Sinking Cr  25 15 579
Sinking Creek is a tributary of the West Fork of the Red River.

9a.  Ila Earl Fowler.   Abstract of Deed Book A, Christian County, KY:
pp. 
163-
164
Dec 14,
1805
Peter Thompson to Thomas Reddick $400; E. Sinking Fork of N Fork of Red River. Witnesses: 
J. Cravens, Young Ewing, Josiah Caits, and John Campbell
p.
187
Mar 5,
1804
Peter Thompson to Jesse Brooks and the Church of Christ for $6; for meeting house and burial ground; successors; William Wallyce's line; Military line of Peter Thompson, Buildings, etc. Witnesses: 
Josiah Fort, Jno. Riggs, Wm. Brooks, Jesse Brooks
She has buyer and seller reversed.

9b.  Christian County Deed Book A (courtesy of the Christian County Genealogical Society, Hopkinsville, KY):A
p.
164
June 14,
1802
Thomas Reddick sold to Peter Thompson for $400.00, a parcel of land on East Sinking Fork of West Fork of Red River.  Signed:
Thomas Reddick
p.
187
March 5,
1803
Peter Thomson sold to Reverend Jese Brook and the Church of Christ, and their successors of the same faith, for $6.00, a two-acre tract for a meeting house and graveyard part of a military survey of Peter Thomas and bordering William Wallace. Witnesses: 
Josiah Fort, William Brooks, John Riggs, Jesse Brooks.
Signed:  Peter Thomson
It's odd that Peter did not need to have his wife sign the deed.  I would take this to mean she was deceased, but she appears in the 1810 Census or was she a second wife?

10.  General Cross Index to Deeds No. 1, 1820-1906.  Todd County Clerk, Elkton, KY (LDS FHC Film No. 1877112).  A hand-written, alphabetical index to both grantors and grantees, probably compiled ca. 1910 or not long after.
Date Grantee Grantor Type Bk Pg
16 Dec 1820 Thompson, Peter Thomas Bryan Deed A 90
27 Jul 1826 Thompson, P R G Wagner? Deed D 233
20 Oct 1827 Thompson, P C Mobley Deed E 73
24 Oct 1828 Thompson, P Wm Wyatt Deed E 223
With regard to the last deed, it was signed 24 Oct 1827, then proved in court on 12 May 1828. 

10a.  Deed:  Thomas BRYAN to Peter THOMPSON, 16 Dec 1820Todd County, Kentucky, Deed Book A.  LDS Microfilm #0355905. 

10b.  Deed: Peter THOMPSON to Robert G. Waggoner, 27 Jul 1826Todd County, Kentucky, Deed Book D.  LDS Microfilm #0355906. 

10c.  Deed:  Peter THOMPSON to Claibourne MOBLEY, 20 Oct 1827Todd County, Kentucky, Deed Book E.  LDS Microfilm #0355906. 

10d.  Deed:  Peter THOMPSON to William WYATT, 24 Oct 1827Todd County, Kentucky, Deed Book E.  LDS Microfilm #0355906. 

11.  James Taylor Killebrew.  1987.  County Court Order Book "B" Part 2 for Christian County, Kentucky, for the years Nov. 1809 - 6 June 1814 for a County Court held at Town of Hopkinsville.  Christian County Family and History Research Society (4465 Cadiz Rd., Hopkinsville, KY 42240).  On p. 33:
Pg. in
Book B
Date Motions
74 12
Nov
1810
The viewers of the road from Christian Carpenter to the Sinks of Little River this day made their report and approved by the Court which is ordered to be recorded and filed and the road established accordingly and John Thompson came into Court and made oath that Jos. Shanklin, John Thompson, Peter Thompson and Henry Burgess came before him and acknowledged that they were willing the said road might run through their lands and it is ordered that John Burgess be appointed surveyor from his house to the West Fork and John Thompson from the West Fork to Christian Carpenters and the following hands is alloted to said Thompson to wit:  William Wallace 7 hands, Henry and Peter Carpenter, John Mann, Charles Miller, _____ Tanner, Peter Thompson, Andrew Thompson, John Downey and Robert Downey, Thomas Bryant, Robert Baker, Wm. Garten, Joseph Shanklin, Isaac Bean, Christian, John, and Peter Carpenter, Joseph Frasier 2 hands and that Nathaniel Davis appointed to allot the hands to John Burgess and report to the next court.

12.  William Henry Perrin, ed.  1884.  County of Christian, Kentucky: Historical and Biogrphical.  F.A. Battey Publ. Co., Chicago.
p. 53 The Circuit Court... The first term was held in Christian County March 28, 1803... The Grand Jury for this court was as follows... Peter Thompson...

13.  Ruth Hightower Smith, ed.  The Early Settlement of Todd County, Kentucky (courtesy of Betty McCorkle, Christian Co. Gen. Soc., Hopkinsville, KY).  On p. 29, from a newspaper sketch by Urban Ewing Kennedy, whose previous column had been about Henry Carpenter:
I closed with old Henry Carpenter, who built his block house and defended it successfully.  Then a half mile up the branch Billy Wallace settled, and planted a large orchard.  This was the first orchard in all this country.  Wallace was of French descent, raised a large family of boys and girls.  He sold his place to Thos. Bryan, and I married one of his daughters in 1822, one of the best women God ever gave to an unworthy man.  This settlement was made about 200 yards southeast of where Bell's Chapel now stands.  Then Peter Thompson, a Dane, was a half mile east of that.  These were the first settlers of the neighborhood.  Then, coming up north were Andrew Mann and John Mann, that many will recollect.  Old John Mann settled where Jack Bell now resides; then further up the creek Davis settled where J.T.C. Moore now lives.  He was the father of William C. Davis, a cousin of the Reeveses who married Ann North and was the father of Joseph and Edmund, Burrus's wife, and of Mrs. Townley.
Nathaniel Burrus is the agent who paid the taxes on Peter's land for Peter and, later, his heirs, 1828-1845.


Evidence that Rachel and Thomas were siblings:

Thomas Thompson was a Disciples of Christ (Christian Church) clergyman of some note, who came to California from Missouri in 1849.  In E.B. Ware's (1916) book on the History of the Disciples of Christ in California (see excerpt), Ware mentions that in 1850, Thomas baptized his nephew, "J.N.B. Wyatt," in a "miners' pit" near "Father Thompson's tavern," which was in Coloma, California.  J.N.B. Wyatt is "James Nathaniel Burroughs Wyatt," son of William T. and Rachel (Thompson) Wyatt (he shows up as their son, James N.B., in the 1850 Census).  William and Rachel both died in Spickard, Grundy Co., MO (where Thomas Thompson's wife, Delilah, died).  J.N.B. Wyatt came to California and ultimately settled in Winters, Yolo Co., CA. 

In a biographical sketch of J.N.B. Wyatt in his (1913) History of Yolo County, California (see excerpt), Gregory describes J.N.B.'s trip across the plains to reach California and mentions, "The journey ended in the Sacramento valley September 15, 1850, and soon afterward at Coloma, Eldorado (sic) county, Mr. Wyatt met an uncle, Rev. Thomas Thompson, who was the first Christian preacher in that region."  This meeting is consistent with the known whereabouts of Thomas Thompson in 1850 (i.e., Thomas arrived in Gold Run, Placer Co., in Sep 1849, moved to Coloma, El Dorado Co., in 1850, and moved to the Santa Clara Valley in 1851).  Gregory also mentions that, "In religion he [J.N.B. Wyatt] was connected with the Christian Church." 

Note that Gregory's book was published three years before Ware's book, so one might suspect Ware had simply gleaned the story from Gregory.  However, the E.B. Ware version of the story is more complete, including details not mentioned by Gregory.  It may be that both authors used the same source (the same informant), but if the story came from two different sources, it lends credibility to the story.

In 1829 in Todd Co., KY, Nathaniel Burrus pays 1828 and 1829 taxes as agent for Peter Thompson and for William Wyatt, who are adjacent on the tax list.

In the 1870s, J.N.B. Wyatt was living in Maine Prairie, Solano Co., CA, as was George Washington Thompson, a son of Thomas Thompson.   Also at that time, John A.C. Thompson, another son of Thomas Thompson, and his daughter, Mary Lucinda (Thompson) Marshall, and her family were living in Binghamton, about five miles NW of Maine Prairie.

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