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Lineages and Results of Y-DNA Testing for Surname LYON and Its Variations
Haplogroup I2
Project
Home
Results
Hub
Y-DNA Haplogroups Represented in the Project
(number of individuals / number of families)
Member
Index
Earliest
Ancestor
Index
E
(2/2)
G
(1/1)
I1
(10/3)
I2
(12/3)
J1
(1/1)
J2
(1/1)
N
(1/1)
R1a
(3/2)
R1b
(74/33)

Haplogroup I is found almost exclusively in Europe where it is represented in about 20% of the population, making it the second most common haplogroup in western Europe, after R1b.  Overall, Hg I has a broad European distribution, from the British Isles east to the Ural Mountains of Russia and south to Anatolia and the Mediterranean Sea.  Haplogroup I is divided into two main groups:  I1, which is concentrated in Scandinavia, and I2, which is concentrated in the Balkans, with the former being much more common than the latter. Distribution Map of Haplogroup I, released to the public domain by Hxseek at Wikipedia.
Image released to the public domain by Hxseek at Wikipedia.
Labels in white are the SNP mutations; percentages are the frequency of Haplogroup I in the population.  SNPs that appear on the map, but not in the chart at the left are SNPs for Haplogroup I1.  Note that although M423 is concentrated in the Balkans, it also appears in Scotland and Ireland — as the "Isles" cluster of I2a2.
Y-DNA Haplogroup I2 SNPs and Subclades
[this table is out-of-date; update pending]
So far, we have 12 individuals in three families who are some form of Haplogroup I2.
Haplogroup D
e
m
e
Surname Earliest Known Patrilineal Ancestor n
I2-P37 1 LYON Noah LYON (c1776- ) — of Fayette Co., PA 1
I2-L1498 2 LYON John LYON (1649-1681) — 1673 immigrant to MD 4
LYON William LYONS (1784/5-1850s) — VA > Trigg Co., KY 1
LYON William Henry LYON (1846-1921) — Jones Co., MS > Smith Co., TX 1
LYON John LYON (1806/7-1860s) — of Shelby Co., AL 1
BURKS John LYON (c1760s- ) — Jasper Co., GA 3
I2-M223 3 LYONS Henry LYON — of Scotland 1

 
To view more of the page without scrolling, temporarily reduce the text size or page size in your browser.  Red labels indicate markers that typically mutate more frequently than those labeled in black.  (Empty cells that are darkened indicate tests not ordered.)  Keywords for search engines: genetic genealogy.

I2-P37
Deme 1 ("Haplogroup I - No Match yet in the Project" of the FTDNA / WFN Lyon(s) Surname Project)
Position of P37 on the I haplotree:  M170 > P215 > L460 > P37
To view lineages, please scroll to the right.
Surname Kit# Most
Downstream
Positive
SNP
Actually
Tested
  Panel 1 — Standard Markers 1-12   Panel 2 — Standard Markers 13-25   Panel 3 — Standard Markers 26-37   Panel 4 — Standard Markers 38-67   Panel 5 — Standard Markers 68-111   Known Lineage
STR PP3 PP5 MP6 MP7 MP8 MP9 [mixed] MP10 [EA] MP11 [SMGF] MP12 [all new] MP13 [mixed]
3
9
3
3
9
0
19
/
3
9
4
3
9
1
a
|
3
8
5
b
|
3
8
5
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
i
|
3
8
9
3
9
2
ii
|
3
8
9
4
5
8
a
|
4
5
9
b
|
4
5
9
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
a
|
4
6
4
b
|
4
6
4
c
|
4
6
4
d
|
4
6
4
4
6
0
H4
|
G
A
T
A
IIa
|
Y
C
A
IIb
|
Y
C
A
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
a
|
C
D
Y
b
|
C
D
Y
4
4
2
4
3
8
5
3
1
5
7
8
a
|
S1
3
9
5
b
|
S1
3
9
5
5
9
0
5
3
7
6
4
1
4
7
2
S1
4
0
6
5
1
1
4
2
5
a
|
4
1
3
b
|
4
1
3
5
5
7
5
9
4
4
3
6
4
9
0
5
3
4
4
5
0
4
4
4
4
8
1
5
2
0
4
4
6
6
1
7
5
6
8
4
8
7
5
7
2
6
4
0
4
9
2
5
6
5
7
1
0
4
8
5
6
3
2
4
9
5
5
4
0
7
1
4
7
1
6
7
1
7
5
0
5
5
5
6
5
4
9
5
8
9
5
2
2
4
9
4
5
3
3
6
3
6
5
7
5
6
3
8
4
6
2
4
5
2
4
4
5
A10
|
G
A
T
A
4
6
3
4
4
1
1B
07
|
GG
AA
T
5
2
5
7
1
2
5
9
3
6
5
0
5
3
2
7
1
5
5
0
4
5
1
3
5
6
1
5
5
2
7
2
6
6
3
5
5
8
7
6
4
3
4
9
7
5
1
0
4
3
4
4
6
1
4
3
5
I2-P37-Western Modals   13 24 15 10 12 15 11 15 12 14 11 30   18 8 9 11 11 26 14 18 29 11 14 14 15   10 10 21 21 14 10         12 10   11 8 16 17 8 11 10 8 12 10 12 21 21 17 10 12 12 16 8 14 27 20 11 14 12 13 10 11 12 11   32 12 8 17 12 24 27 19 11 12 12 13 11 9 11 11 10 12 12 31 11 13 21 16 11 10 23 15 19 11 24 17 13 15 25 12 21 18 12 14 18 9 12 11    
                                         
LYON 34987     13 23 15 10 12 15 11 15 12 14 11 30   18 8 9 11 11 25 14 18 29 11 14 14 15   10 10 21 21 14 10 17 17 34 36 12 10   11 8 17 17 8 11 10 8 13 10 12 21 21 17 10 12 12 16 8 14 27 20 12 14 12 13 10 11 12 11                                                                                             Pvt… Noah1 LYON (c1776- ) of Fayette Co., PA
This individual has no matches in the project.  I urge him to contact me and supply his lineage.
           
[Top]

I2-L1498
Deme 2 ("Haplogroup I - Lineage I" of the FTDNA / WFN Lyon(s) Surname Project)
Position of L1498 on the I haplotree:  M170 > P215 > L460 > P37 > M423 > L161 > L1498
To view lineages, please scroll to the right.
Genetic Distance
(per panel)
Surname Kit# Ysearch
UserID
Deep
SNP
Most
Downstream
Positive
SNP
Actually
Tested
  Panel 1 — Standard Markers 1-12   Panel 2 — Standard Markers 13-25   Panel 3 — Standard Markers 26-37   Panel 4 — Standard Markers 38-67   Panel 5 — Standard Markers 68-111   Sample Sizes (n per panel)
Known Lineage
STR PP3 PP5 MP6 MP7 MP8 MP9 [mixed] MP10 [EA] MP11 [SMGF] MP12 [all new] MP13 [mixed]
12 25 37 67 111 3
9
3
3
9
0
19
/
3
9
4
3
9
1
a
|
3
8
5
b
|
3
8
5
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
i
|
3
8
9
3
9
2
ii
|
3
8
9
4
5
8
a
|
4
5
9
b
|
4
5
9
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
a
|
4
6
4
b
|
4
6
4
c
|
4
6
4
d
|
4
6
4
4
6
0
H4
|
G
A
T
A
IIa
|
Y
C
A
IIb
|
Y
C
A
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
a
|
C
D
Y
b
|
C
D
Y
4
4
2
4
3
8
5
3
1
5
7
8
a
|
S1
3
9
5
b
|
S1
3
9
5
5
9
0
5
3
7
6
4
1
4
7
2
S1
4
0
6
5
1
1
4
2
5
a
|
4
1
3
b
|
4
1
3
5
5
7
5
9
4
4
3
6
4
9
0
5
3
4
4
5
0
4
4
4
4
8
1
5
2
0
4
4
6
6
1
7
5
6
8
4
8
7
5
7
2
6
4
0
4
9
2
5
6
5
7
1
0
4
8
5
6
3
2
4
9
5
5
4
0
7
1
4
7
1
6
7
1
7
5
0
5
5
5
6
5
4
9
5
8
9
5
2
2
4
9
4
5
3
3
6
3
6
5
7
5
6
3
8
4
6
2
4
5
2
4
4
5
A10
|
G
A
T
A
4
6
3
4
4
1
1B
07
|
GG
AA
T
5
2
5
7
1
2
5
9
3
6
5
0
5
3
2
7
1
5
5
0
4
5
1
3
5
6
1
5
5
2
7
2
6
6
3
5
5
8
7
6
4
3
4
9
7
5
1
0
4
3
4
4
6
1
4
3
5
3 3 8 15 21       I2-P37 Modals   13 24 15 10 12 15 11 13 12 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 29 12 14 14 15   10 10 21 21 14 12 18 18 34 35 12 10   11 8 15 16 7 11 10 8 11  9 12 22 22 16 10 12 12 12 8 10 22 20 13 14 10 13 11 11 12 11   31 14 8 15 11 27 27 19 12 11 11 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 31 11 12 22 15 11 10 22 15 18 11 25 16 11 14 23 12 21 18 12 15 17 9 11 11   531, 466, 438, 275, 36 — except for Panel 5, these modals are unlikely to change with an increase in sample size
2 3 3  7 16       I2-L161 Modals   13 24 15 11 12 16 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 29 12 14 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 19 35 36 12 10   11 8 15 16 7 11 10 8 12 10 12 22 22 17 10 12 12 15 8 11 22 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11   32 14 8 15 11 26 28 19 12 11 12 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 31 11 11 24 14 11 11 21 15 18 10 24 16 11 14 23 12 22 19 12 14 17 9 11 11   74, 74, 74, 60, 29 — these modals may change with larger sample sizes
1 3 3  7 16       I2-L1498 Modals   13 24 15 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 29 12 12 14 14   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 19 35 36 12 10   11 8 15 16 7 11 10 8 12 10 12 22 22 16 10 12 12 15 8 11 21 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11   33 14 8 15 11 26 28 19 11 11 12 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 31 11 11 24 14 11 11 21 15 18 10 24 16 11 14 23 12 22 19 12 14 17 9 11 11   28, 27, 26, 21, 12 — these modals will almost certain change with larger sample sizes, especially Panel 5
0 0 0  0  0     5VBDU Family Modals   13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 18 35 37 11 10   11 8 15 16 7 12 10 8 12 10 12 22 22 15 10 12 12 15 8 11 26 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11   32 14 8 15 11 24 28 19 11 11 10 12 11 9 13 11 10 11 13 31 11 12 24 14 11 11 21 15 18 11 26 16 11 14 24 13 23 19 12 14 17 9 11 11   10, 10, 9, 6, 3 
                                               
0 0 1  0  1 LYONS 199358   BigY L161   13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 18 35 38 11 10   11 8 15 16 7 12 10 8 12 10 12 22 22 15 10 12 12 15 8 11 26 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11   32 14 8 15 11 23 28 19 11 11 10 12 11 9 13 11 10 11 13 31 11 12 24 14 11 11 21 15 18 11 26 16 11 14 24 13 23 19 12 14 17 9 11 11   Pvt… John1 LYON (c1649-1684)
— 1673 immigrant to
Dorcester Co., MD
0 0 0  0   LYON 261886         13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 18 35 37 11 10   11 8 15 16 7 12 10 8 12 10 12 22 22 15 10 12 12 15 8 11 26 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11                                                                                             Pvt…
0 0 1  0  3 LYON 116667         13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 18 13 18 18 35 37 11 10   11 8 15 16 7 12 10 8 12 10 12 22 22 15 10 12 12 15 8 11 26 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11   33 14 8 15 11 24 28 19 11 11 10 12 11 9 13 11 10 11 13 31 11 12 24 14 11 11 23 15 18 11 26 16 11 14 24 13 23 19 12 14 17 9 11 11   Pvt10, Pvt9, George8, Robert7, Hiram6, Gutridge5, William4, John3, John2,
0 1 0  0   LYON 187652         13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   18 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 18 35 37 11 10   11 8 15 16 7 12 10 8 12 10 12 22 22 15 10 12 12 15 8 11 26 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11                                                                                             Pvt9, Pvt8, John7, John6, Peter5, Peter4,
0 2 1     LYON 46933 XVNZY       13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 30 12 13 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 12 18 18 35 37 11 10                                                                                                                                                           Pvt4, Martin Luther3, Jesse Collins2, John1, LYON (1806/7-1860s) — of Shelby Co., AL
0 0 1     LYON 191486     L1498   13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 18 35 36 11 10                                                                                                                                                           Pvt4, Pvt3, Henry2, William Henry1 LYON (1846-1921) — Jones Co., MS > Smith Co., TX
0 0 1  0   LYON N25829 EW8JC       13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 18 35 36 11 10   11 8 15 16 7 12 10 8 12 10 12 22 22 15 10 12 12 15 8 11 26 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11                                                                                             Pvt… William1LYON (1784/5-1830s) — of VA and Trigg Co., KY
0 0 1  0  1 BURKS N21963 UWE6S Geno2 L161   13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 18 34 37 11 10   11 8 15 16 7 12 10 8 12 10 12 22 22 15 10 12 12 15 8 11 26 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11   32 14 8 15 11 24 28 19 11 11 10 12 11 9 13 11 10 11 13 31 11 12 24 14 11 11 22 15 18 11 26 16 11 14 24 13 23 19 12 14 17 9 11 11   Pvt… James Lyon2 BURKS, John1 LYON (c1760s- ) & Ms. BURKS
— of Jasper Co., GA
0 0 1     BURKS 19861         13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 18 34 37 11 10                                                                                                                                                           Pvt…
0 1       BURKS 20348     P37   13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 26 15 20 31 12 12 14 15                   *                                                                                                                                                                 Pvt… William2 BURKS,
The above BURKS constitute Group II in the BURKS project at FTDNA.  Given their close match with these LYONs, it appears they are really LYONs, as alleged.  Files at WorldConnect suggest the two brothers (see lineages to the right) were the illegitimate sons of an alleged John LYON and an unknown female BURKS.  Certainly, the DNA evidence supports the same patrilineal LYON ancestor for both men.  I recommend #20348 upgrade to 37 markers to determine his value at CDYa
Several secondary sources have made our progenitor, John LYON, the 1673 immigrant to Maryland, son of "William LYON of Roxbury," who is so-called because he immigrated to Roxbury, MA, from Heston, Middlesex, England, in 1635.  Beyond the dual improbabilities that the son was born in England 14 years after the father left or that the son would immigrate to Maryland 38 years after the father immigrated to Massachusetts, Y-DNA testing shows that John's descendants are Haplogroup I2-L1498, while William's descendants are Haplogroup R1b-DF5.  People in different base haplogroups cannot have shared a common ancestor for thousands of years, much less be father and son.
           
[Top]

I2-M223
Deme 3 ("Haplogroup I - No Match yet in the Project" of the FTDNA / WFN Lyon(s) Surname Project)
Position of M223 on the I haplotree:  M170 > P215 > L460 > L37 > M223
To view lineage, please scroll to the right.
Surname Kit# Most
Downstream
Positive
SNP
Actually
Tested
  Panel 1 — Standard Markers 1-12   Panel 2 — Standard Markers 13-25   Panel 3 — Standard Markers 26-37   Panel 4 — Standard Markers 38-67   Panel 5 — Standard Markers 68-111   Known Lineage
STR PP3 PP5 MP6 MP7 MP8 MP9 [mixed] MP10 [EA] MP11 [SMGF] MP12 [all new] MP13 [mixed]
3
9
3
3
9
0
19
/
3
9
4
3
9
1
a
|
3
8
5
b
|
3
8
5
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
i
|
3
8
9
3
9
2
ii
|
3
8
9
4
5
8
a
|
4
5
9
b
|
4
5
9
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
a
|
4
6
4
b
|
4
6
4
c
|
4
6
4
d
|
4
6
4
4
6
0
H4
|
G
A
T
A
IIa
|
Y
C
A
IIb
|
Y
C
A
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
a
|
C
D
Y
b
|
C
D
Y
4
4
2
4
3
8
5
3
1
5
7
8
a
|
S1
3
9
5
b
|
S1
3
9
5
5
9
0
5
3
7
6
4
1
4
7
2
S1
4
0
6
5
1
1
4
2
5
a
|
4
1
3
b
|
4
1
3
5
5
7
5
9
4
4
3
6
4
9
0
5
3
4
4
5
0
4
4
4
4
8
1
5
2
0
4
4
6
6
1
7
5
6
8
4
8
7
5
7
2
6
4
0
4
9
2
5
6
5
7
1
0
4
8
5
6
3
2
4
9
5
5
4
0
7
1
4
7
1
6
7
1
7
5
0
5
5
5
6
5
4
9
5
8
9
5
2
2
4
9
4
5
3
3
6
3
6
5
7
5
6
3
8
4
6
2
4
5
2
4
4
5
A10
|
G
A
T
A
4
6
3
4
4
1
1B
07
|
GG
AA
T
5
2
5
7
1
2
5
9
3
6
5
0
5
3
2
7
1
5
5
0
4
5
1
3
5
6
1
5
5
2
7
2
6
6
3
5
5
8
7
6
4
3
4
9
7
5
1
0
4
3
4
4
6
1
4
3
5
I2-M223 Modals   15 23 15 10 15 15 11 13 11 13 12 29   15 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 15   11 10 19 21 14 14 17 18 34 38 12 10   11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 10 9 12 21 22 15 11 12 12 13 9 14 25 20 10 13 12 13 11 12 12 11   29 14 8 15 11 23 27 19 11 11 12 11 11 9 11 11 10 11 12 31 10 13 22 14 11 10 20 15 22 11 24 14 11 14 25 12 19 18 12 14 17 9 12 11    
                                         
LYONS 305976     15 22 15 10 15 15 11 13 12 14 12 32   15 8 10 11 11 28 14 19 27 11 14 14 15   11 10 19 21 15 14 18 20 35 37 12 10                                                                                                                                                           Pvt... Henry LYON — of Scotland
This individual has no matches in the project.  I urge him to contact me and supply his lineage.  Which Henry LYON of Scotland is this?
           
[Top]


What constitutes a match?
Matches in other surnames are usually mere coincidence, so please ignore them — I'll let you know when you shouldn't!
For 12 markers: 9 or less is a non-relative; for 10-12 markers, please see this table compiled by FTDNA.
For 25 markers: 21 or less is a non-relative; for 22-25 markers,
For 37 markers: 31 or less is a non-relative; for 32-37 markers,
For 67 markers: 59 or less is a non-relative; for 60-67 markers,
For 111 markers: 100 or less is a non-relative; for 101-111 markers,
For any test:  0 matching markers, please contact NASA.

 
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