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Lineages and Results of Y-chromosome DNA Testing for Surname LYON and Its Variations
Haplogroup I2
Project
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Y-DNA Haplogroups Represented in the Project Results
Hub
E I1 I2 J1 J2 N R1a R1b Hub

Haplogroup I is found almost exclusively in Europe where it is represented in about 20% of the population, making it the second most common haplogroup in western Europe, after R1b.  Overall, Hg I has a broad European distribution, from the British Isles east to the Ural Mountains of Russia and south to Anatolia and the Mediterranean Sea.  Haplogroup I is divided into two main groups:  I1, which is concentrated in Scandinavia, and I2, which is concentrated in the Balkans, with the former being much more common than the latter. Distribution Map of Haplogroup I, released to the public domain by Hxseek at Wikipedia.
Image released to the public domain by Hxseek at Wikipedia.
Labels in white are the SNP mutations; percentages are the frequency of Haplogroup I in the population.  SNPs that appear on the map, but not in the chart at the left are SNPs for Haplogroup I1.  Note that although M423 is concentrated in the Balkans, it also appears in Scotland and Ireland — as the "Isles" cluster of I2a2.
Y-DNA Haplogroup I2 SNPs and Subclades
(An equal sign in the ISOGG column means the value is the same as FTDNA.)
Mutations Standard
FTDNA ISOGG
M170 P19 L41 M258 P212 P38 PS76 U179 I =
  M253 I-1 =
P215=M438=S31 L68 I-2 =
  L460   I-2a
P37.2 I-2a I-2a1
  M26 L158 L159.1=S169.1 I-2a1 I-2a1a
  M161 I-2a1a I-2a1a-1a
L160 I-2a1b I-2a1a-1
M423 L178 I-2a2 I-2a1b
  P41.2=M359 I-2a2a I-2a1b-1
L161 I-2a2b I-2a1b-2
L233 I-2a3 I-2a1c
P217=S23 L181 L35=S150 L37=S153 P214=M436=S33 P216=S30 P218=S32 I-2b I-2a2
  M223 L34=S151 L36=S152 L59 P219=S24 P220=S119 P221=S120 P222=S118=U250 P223=S117 | L368 L622 I-2b1 I-2a2a
  M284 I-2b1a I-2a2a-1
  L126=S165 L137=S166 I-2b1a-1 I-2a2a-1a
M379 I-2b1b I-2a2a-2
P78 I-2b1c I-2a2a-3
P95 I-2b1d I-2a2a-4
L38=S154 L39=S155 L40=S156 L65.1=S159.1 | L272.3 I-2b2 I-2a2b
L415 L416 L417   I-2b
L596 L597   I-2c
So far, we have eleven individuals in two families who are some form of Haplogroup I2.
Subclade Shorthand D
e
m
e
Surname Earliest Known Patrilineal Ancestor n
I-2a P37.2 1 LYON Noah LYON (c1776- ) — of Fayette Co., PA 1
I-2a2b L161 2 LYON John LYON (1649-1681) — 1673 immigrant to MD 4
LYON William LYONS (1784/5-1850s) — VA > Trigg Co., KY 1
LYON William Henry LYON (1846-1921) — Jones Co., MS > Smith Co., TX 1
LYON John LYON (1806/7-1860s) — of Shelby Co., AL 1
BURKS John LYON (c1760s- ) — Jasper Co., GA 3

Haplogroup I2a = I-P37.2
Deme 1 ("Haplogroup I - No Match" of the FTDNA Lyon(s) Project)
To view lineages, please scroll to the right.
Surname Kit# Ysearch
UserID
  Panel 1 — Standard Markers 1-12   Panel 2 — Standard Markers 13-25   Panel 3 — Standard Markers 26-37   Panel 4 — Standard Markers 38-67   Panel 5 — Standard Markers 68-111   Known Lineage
STR PP3 PP5 MP6 MP7 MP8 MP9 [mixed] MP10 [EA] MP11 [SMGF] MP12 [all new] MP13 [mixed]
3
9
3
3
9
0
19
/
3
9
4
3
9
1
a
|
3
8
5
b
|
3
8
5
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
i
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3
8
9
3
9
2
ii
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3
8
9
4
5
8
a
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4
5
9
b
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4
5
9
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
a
|
4
6
4
b
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4
6
4
c
|
4
6
4
d
|
4
6
4
4
6
0
H4
|
G
A
T
A
IIa
|
Y
C
A
IIb
|
Y
C
A
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
a
|
C
D
Y
b
|
C
D
Y
4
4
2
4
3
8
5
3
1
5
7
8
a
|
S1
3
9
5
b
|
S1
3
9
5
5
9
0
5
3
7
6
4
1
4
7
2
S1
4
0
6
5
1
1
4
2
5
a
|
4
1
3
b
|
4
1
3
5
5
7
5
9
4
4
3
6
4
9
0
5
3
4
4
5
0
4
4
4
4
8
1
5
2
0
4
4
6
6
1
7
5
6
8
4
8
7
5
7
2
6
4
0
4
9
2
5
6
5
7
1
0
4
8
5
6
3
2
4
9
5
5
4
0
7
1
4
7
1
6
7
1
7
5
0
5
5
5
6
5
4
9
5
8
9
5
2
2
4
9
4
5
3
3
6
3
6
5
7
5
6
3
8
4
6
2
4
5
2
4
4
5
A10
|
G
A
T
A
4
6
3
4
4
1
1B
07
|
GG
AA
T
5
2
5
7
1
2
5
9
3
6
5
0
5
3
2
7
1
5
5
0
4
5
1
3
5
6
1
5
5
2
7
2
6
6
3
5
5
8
7
6
4
3
4
9
7
5
1
0
4
3
4
4
6
1
4
3
5
I2a-P37.2-Western Modals   13 23 15 10 12 15 11 15 12 14 11 30   18 8 9 11 11 26 14 18 29 11 14 14 15   10 10 21 21 14 10         12 10   11 8 16 17 8 11 10 8 12 10 12 21 21 17 10 12 12 16 8 14 27 20 11 14 12 13 10 11 12 11   32 12 8 17 12 24 27 19 11 12 12 13 11 9 11 11 10 12 12 31 11 13 21 16 11 10 23 15 19 11 24 17 13 15 25 12 21 18 12 14 18 9 12 11    
                                         
LYON 34987 -   13 23 15 10 12 15 11 15 12 14 11 30   18 8 9 11 11 25 14 18 29 11 14 14 15   10 10 21 21 14 10 17 17 34 36 12 10   11 8 17 17 8 11 10 8 13 10 12 21 21 17 10 12 12 16 8 14 27 20 12 14 12 13 10 11 12 11                                                                                             Pvt… Noah1 LYON (c1776- ) of Fayette Co., PA
 
           

Haplogroup I-2a2b = I-L161
Deme 2 ("Haplogroup I - Lineage I" of the FTDNA Lyon(s) Project)
To view lineages, please scroll to the right.
Surname Kit# Ysearch
UserID
  Panel 1 — Standard Markers 1-12   Panel 2 — Standard Markers 13-25   Panel 3 — Standard Markers 26-37   Panel 4 — Standard Markers 38-67   Panel 5 — Standard Markers 68-111   Known Lineage
STR PP3 PP5 MP6 MP7 MP8 MP9 [mixed] MP10 [EA] MP11 [SMGF] MP12 [all new] MP13 [mixed]
3
9
3
3
9
0
19
/
3
9
4
3
9
1
a
|
3
8
5
b
|
3
8
5
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
i
|
3
8
9
3
9
2
ii
|
3
8
9
4
5
8
a
|
4
5
9
b
|
4
5
9
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
a
|
4
6
4
b
|
4
6
4
c
|
4
6
4
d
|
4
6
4
4
6
0
H4
|
G
A
T
A
IIa
|
Y
C
A
IIb
|
Y
C
A
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
a
|
C
D
Y
b
|
C
D
Y
4
4
2
4
3
8
5
3
1
5
7
8
a
|
S1
3
9
5
b
|
S1
3
9
5
5
9
0
5
3
7
6
4
1
4
7
2
S1
4
0
6
5
1
1
4
2
5
a
|
4
1
3
b
|
4
1
3
5
5
7
5
9
4
4
3
6
4
9
0
5
3
4
4
5
0
4
4
4
4
8
1
5
2
0
4
4
6
6
1
7
5
6
8
4
8
7
5
7
2
6
4
0
4
9
2
5
6
5
7
1
0
4
8
5
6
3
2
4
9
5
5
4
0
7
1
4
7
1
6
7
1
7
5
0
5
5
5
6
5
4
9
5
8
9
5
2
2
4
9
4
5
3
3
6
3
6
5
7
5
6
3
8
4
6
2
4
5
2
4
4
5
A10
|
G
A
T
A
4
6
3
4
4
1
1B
07
|
GG
AA
T
5
2
5
7
1
2
5
9
3
6
5
0
5
3
2
7
1
5
5
0
4
5
1
3
5
6
1
5
5
2
7
2
6
6
3
5
5
8
7
6
4
3
4
9
7
5
1
0
4
3
4
4
6
1
4
3
5
Modals   13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 32 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 18 35 36 11 10   11 8 15 16 7 12 10 8 12 10 12 22 22 15 10 12 12 15 8 11 26 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11   32 14 8 15 11 23 28 19 11 12 12 13 11 9 11 11 10 12 12 31 11 13 21 16 11 10 23 15 19 11 24 17 13 15 25 12 21 18 12 14 18 9 12 11    
LYON Modals 5VBDU   13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 18 35 37 11 10   11 8 15 16 7 12 10 8 12 10 12 22 22 15 10 12 12 15 8 11 26 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11   32 14 8 15 11 24 28 19 11 11 10 12 11 9 13 11 10 11 13 31 11 12 24 14 11 11 23 15 18 11 26 16 11 14 24 13 23 19 12 14 17 9 11 11   n=10 at 12 and 25 markers; 9 at 37; 6 at 67; 2 at 111 
                                         
LYONS 199358     13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 18 35 38 11 10   11 8 15 16 7 12 10 8 12 10 12 22 22 15 10 12 12 15 8 11 26 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11   32 14 8 15 11 23 28 19 11 11 10 12 11 9 13 11 10 11 13 31 11 12 24 14 11 11 21 15 18 11 26 16 11 14 24 13 23 19 12 14 17 9 11 11   Pvt… John1 LYON (c1649-1684) — 1673 immigrant to Maryland
LYON 261886     13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 18 35 37 11 10   11 8 15 16 7 12 10 8 12 10 12 22 22 15 10 12 12 15 8 11 26 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11                                                                                             Pvt…
LYON 116667     13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 18 13 18 18 35 37 11 10   11 8 15 16 7 12 10 8 12 10 12 22 22 15 10 12 12 15 8 11 26 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11   33 14 8 15 11 24 28 19                     13 31 11 12 24 14 11 11 23 15 18 11 26 16 11 14 24 13 23 19 12 14 17 9 11 11   Pvt10, Pvt9, George8, Robert7, Hiram6, Gutridge5, William4, John3, John2,
LYON 187652     13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   18 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 18 35 37 11 10   11 8 15 16 7 12 10 8 12 10 12 22 22 15 10 12 12 15 8 11 26 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11                                                                                             Pvt9, Pvt8, John7, John6, Peter5, Peter4,
LYON 46933 XVNZY   13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 30 12 13 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 12 18 18 35 37 11 10                                                                                                                                                           Pvt4, Martin Luther3, Jesse Collins2, John1, LYON (1806/7-1860s) — of Shelby Co., AL
LYON 191486     13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 18 35 36 11 10                                                                                                                                                           Pvt4, Pvt3, Henry2, William Henry1 LYON (1846-1921) — Jones Co., MS > Smith Co., TX
LYON N25829 EW8JC   13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 18 35 36 11 10   11 8 15 16 7 12 10 8 12 10 12 22 22 15 10 12 12 15 8 11 26 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11                                                                                             Pvt… William1 LYON (1784/5-1830s) — of VA and Trigg Co., KY
                                         
BURKS N21963 UWE6S   13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 18 34 37 11 10   11 8 15 16 7 12 10 8 12 10 12 22 22 15 10 12 12 15 8 11 26 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11   32 14 8 15 11 24 28 19 11 11 10 12 11 9 13 11 10 11 13 31 11 12 24 14 11 11 22 15 18 11 26 16 11 14 24 13 23 19 12 14 17 9 11 11   Pvt… James Lyon2 BURKS, John1 LYON (c1760s- ) & Ms. BURKS — of Jasper Co., GA
BURKS 19861     13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 25 15 20 31 12 12 14 15   10 10 21 21 17 13 18 18 34 37 11 10                                                                                                                                                           Pvt…
BURKS 20348     13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 11 13 11 30   17 8 10 11 11 26 15 20 31 12 12 14 15                   *                                                                                                                                                                 Pvt… William2 BURKS,
BURKS #N21963 has been extensively SNP tested with the results that FTDNA is showing him as I-L161, that is, Haplogroup I2a2b.  LYON #199358 has confirmed that he is L161+.
The above BURKS constitute Group II in the BURKS project at FTDNA.  Given their 108/111 match with these LYONs, it appears they are really LYONs, as alleged.  Files at WorldConnect suggest the two brothers (see lineages to the right) were the illegitimate sons of an alleged John LYON and an unknown female BURKS.  Certainly, the DNA evidence supports the same patrilineal LYON ancestor for both men.  I recommend #20348 upgrade to 37 markers to determine his value at CDYa.  If we're lucky, this marker may eventually help more closely identify their specific LYON ancestor.
Several secondary sources have made our progenitor, John LYON, the 1673 immigrant to Maryland, son of William LYON of Heston, Middlesex, England, then Roxbury, Massachusetts.  Beyond the improbability that the father would immigrate to Massachusetts, while the son immigrated to Maryland, Y-DNA testing shows John's descendants are Haplogroup I2a2b, while William's descendants are a subclade of Haplogroup R1b.  People in different haplogroups cannot have shared a common ancestor for thousands of years, much less be father and son.
     
It's hard to believe that this family is as close to the modal haplotype of I-L161 as it is in Panels 1 thru 4, then as distant from the modal as it is in Panel 5.  What this suggests to me is that this modal was compiled when the sample size for Panel 5 was much too small.  I need to go back and recompile the modal haplotype for I-L161. 
   


What constitutes a match?
Matches in other surnames are usually mere coincidence, so please ignore them — I'll let you know when you shouldn't!
For 12 markers: 9 or less is a non-relative; 10-12, please see this table compiled by FTDNA.
For 25 markers: 21 or less is a non-relative; 22-25,
For 37 markers: 31 or less is a non-relative; 32-37,
For 67 markers: 59 or less is a non-relative; 60-67,
For 111 markers: 100 or less is a non-relative; 101-111,
For any test:  0 matching markers, please contact NASA.

 
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