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Henry LYON of Newark
Elizabeth BATEMAN
Mary __?__
Notice:  Patrilineal line descendants of our subject have been Y-DNA tested for the Lyon(s) DNA Surname Project.  Results indicate they are closely related to descendants of Richard LYON of Fairfield and William LYON of Roxbury, but not at all related to Thomas LYON of Rye.
Husband:  Henry LYON
Birth:  1623/4
Death:  23 Mar 1707/8, at age 84, Newark, Essex Co., New Jersey Colony
Disposition:  interred Old Burying Ground, Newark, Essex Co., NJ
Y-DNA Haplogroup:  R1b-DF5
Office:  ca. 1667, 1st Treasurer of the City of Newark, Essex Co., New Jersey Colony

Henry is said to have been born in Glen Lyon, Perthshire, Scotland, but I know of nothing to document this location nor is there any historical evidence that any LYON ever lived in the Glen.  The genetic connecton of Henry and Richard to William of Middlesex, England, then Roxbury, MA, suggests their origin is England, not Scotland.

WARNING:  There is not a shred of evidence identifying Henry's parents, only secondary sources.
Father possiblyRichard LYON
Father very doubtfullyJohn LYON
Mother very doubtfullyEupham GLEDSTANES
Father definitely notSir Glenn LYON
Mother definitely notLady Priscilla BOWES

Marriage-1:  4 May 1652, Fairfield, Connecticut Colony
Wife-1:  Elizabeth BATEMAN
Birth:  ca. 1631, Toppesfield, co. Essex, England
Death:  aft. 1669/70, Newark, East Jersey Province 
Father:  William BATEMAN
Marriage-2:  prob. ca. 1690, prob. in Elizabethtown, East Jersey Province
Wife-2:  Mary __?__
Children with Elizabeth BATEMAN (birthdates and places undocumented, except for Ebenezer's birthyear):
by deduction, born in Fairfield, Connecticut Colony:
1.  Thomas LYON, b. 1653
2.  Mary LYON, b. 1654/5; m. John WARD
3.  Samuel LYON, b. 1655/6
4.  Joseph LYON, b. aft. 1658; d. 1726, Newark, Essex Co., NJ; m1. Mary PIERSON; m2. Sarah BROWN 
5.  Nathaniel LYON, b. 1663/4; d. 1701; m. Mary __?__
6.  John LYON, b. 1665/6; d. Oct/Nov 1694, Burlington, NJ; m. Hannah BALDWIN

by deduction, born in Newark, East Jersey Province:
7.  Benjamin LYON, b. ca. 1668; m. Bethia/Bethyah __?__ 6th great-grandparents of Barbara PIERCE, wife of President George H.W. BUSH
8.  Ebenezer LYON, b. 1669/70 

Children with Mary born in Elizabethtown, East Jersey Province:
  9.  Mary LYON, b. 1690/1
10.  Dorcas LYON, b. 1692/3
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; UK, United Kingdom, Britain; USA, US, United States, Connecticut, New Jersey

Timeline many items tentative (still seeking documentation)
Year Location Now Event
1620 Separatist pilgrims arrive on the Mayflower and establish Plymouth Colony
1623/4 probably England [doubtfully Scotland] birth of Henry LYON
1630 Massachusetts Bay Colony settled by a group of about 1000 Puritans under the leadership of John WINTHROP, later Governor of Massachusetts  [n.b. that Thomas LYON (believed to be Henry's brother), married a granddaughter of Gov. WINTHROP]
c1631 ENG: co. Essex: Toppesfield  birth of Elizabeth BATEMAN
1630s? probably England [doubtfully Scotland] to America Henry LYON immigrates
1630s/40s? England to America Elizabeth BATEMAN immigrates with her father (& mother?)
1633 distruntled Puritan, John DAVENPORT, Vicar of St. Stephens, London, leaves to found English Church in Amsterdam
1633-35 (CT): disgruntled Puritans from the Massachusetts Bay Colony commence settlement of the Connecticut Valley
1635-38 (CT): disgruntled Puritans from the Massachusetts Bay Colony commence settlement of the New Haven-Saybrook coastal strip
1637 (MA): disgruntled Puritans, John DAVENPORT and Thophilus EATON, leave Amsterdam and arrive in Boston 
1638 (CT): New Haven is founded (originally as Quinnipiac) by Puritans led by John DAVENPORT and Theophilus EATON;
possibly named for Newhaven, co. Sussex, England, but I suspect the name was intended literally, as in "a new haven," because neither DAVENPORT nor EATON was from Sussex and these Puritans certainly were seeking a haven
1639 (CT): Guilford is founded (originally as Menunketuck), presumably renamed for Guildford, co. Surrey, England
1639 (CT): Milford is founded on land purchased from the Paugusset Indians, presumably named for Milford, co. Surrey, England
1639 [CT: New Haven Co.:] Milford Henry LYON is allotted three acres
1643 [CT:] New Haven Colony formed by joining of New Haven, Milford, Guilford, and several other communities
1644 [CT:] Branford is founded, its name a corruption of Brentford in co. Middlesex [now Greater London], England
1649 New Haven Colony [now CT: New Haven Co.]: Milford Henry LYON admitted to Milford Church
1649-52 Milford to Fairfield family moves
1652 Connecticut Colony [now CT: Fairfield Co.]: Fairfield Henry LYON granted a homelot
1652 Connecticut Colony [now CT: Fairfield Co.]: Fairfield marriage of Henry LYON & Elizabeth BATEMAN
1653   birth of son, Thomas
1654/5   birth of daughter, Mary
1655/6   birth of son, Samuel
1656 Connecticut Colony [now CT: Fairfield Co.]: Fairfield Henry LYON records deed
aft. 1658   birth of son, Joseph
1659/60   birth of son, Ebenezer
1660 New Amsterdam: Bergen [now NJ: Hudson Co.: Jersey City] Dutch begin first settlements in what would become NJ
1662 [CT:] by order of the King, New Haven Colony is absorbed into Connecticut Colony
1663/4   birth of son, Nathaniel
1664 English take over New Amsterdam; includes region the English name Nova Caesarea (New Jersey)
Elizabethtown Purchase: the "Elizabethtown Associates" (Henry not one of them) buy land from Lenni Lanapi Amerindians
[n.b., the purchase included land 30 miles in extent, not just the land that today includes Elizabeth and Newark]
19 Feb 1665 Potential settlers take Oath of Allegiance [in CT?] (Henry not included)
1665/6   birth of son, John
1666 Connecticut Colony: Fairfield Co. is formed
30 Oct 1666 Potential settlers from Brandon and Guilford, CT, sign "Plantation Covenant" [in CT?] (Henry not one of them) 
1667 Connecticut Colony to Province of New Jersey family moves
24 Jun 1667 Prov. of NJ: New Milford [now NJ: Essex Co.: Newark] Henry LYON signs "Plantation Covenant" with other Milford settlers
1667? Prov. of NJ: New Worke/ New Ark [now NJ: Essex Co.: Newark] Henry LYON chosen town Treasurer
c1668   birth of son, Benjamin
c1668?   death of Elizabeth (BATEMAN) LYON
1668 Prov. of NJ: colonists meet to set dividing line between Newark and Elizabethtown
1668 Prov. of NJ [now NJ: Essex Co.]: Newark Henry LYON licensed to run ordinary (tavern)
1668 Prov. of NJ [now NJ: Essex Co.]: Newark Henry LYON et al. appointed to oversee building of mill
1670 Prov. of NJ [now NJ: Essex Co.]: Newark Henry LYON on quit-rent roll
1670 Prov. of NJ [now NJ: Essex Co.]: Newark Henry LYON appointed receiver of town quit-rents
1672 Prov. of NJ [now NJ: Essex Co.]: Newark Henry LYON et al. placed in charge of controlled burning
1672/3 Newark to Elizabethtown family moves
1673 Prov. of NJ: Elizabethtown [now NJ: Union Co.: Elizabeth] Henry LYON on committee to send petition to England
1675 Prov. of NJ: Elizabethtown [now NJ: Union Co.: Elizabeth] Henry LYON Deputy to the Assembly of NJ
1676 Province of New Jersey divided into East and West
1680 Prov. of EJ: Elizabethtown [now NJ: Union Co.: Elizabeth] Henry LYON shall have a Seat at the Meeting House
1682 Prov. of EJ: Elizabethtown [now NJ: Union Co.: Elizabeth] Henry LYON attends a General Assembly
1682/3 Prov. of EJ [now NJ: Essex Co.]: Newark Henry LYON acquires deed
1683 Province of East Jersey:  Essex Co. is formed
1684 Prov. of EJ: Essex Co.: Elizabethtown [now NJ: Union Co.: Elizabeth] Henry LYON, member of the House of Deputies
1685 Prov. of EJ [now NJ: Essex Co.]: Newark Henry LYON on quit-rent roll
?   Marriage of Henry LYON & Mary __?__
24 Mar 1690 Prov. of EJ: Essex Co.: Elizabethtown [now NJ: Union Co.: Elizabeth] Henry LYON owns land
19 Aug 1690 Prov. of EJ: Essex Co.: Elizabethtown [now NJ: Union Co.: Elizabeth] Henry LYON sells 20 acres
1690/1   birth of daughter, Mary
1692/3   birth of daughter, Dorcas
1693 Prov. of EJ: Essex Co.: Elizabethtown [now NJ: Union Co.: Elizabeth] Henry LYON a petitioner
1693-6? Elizabethtown to Newark family moves
1696 Prov. of EJ [now NJ: Essex Co.]: Newark Henry LYON on Quit Rent Rolls
1702 East and West New Jersey Provinces reunited as a Royal Colony under the Governor of New York
1707/8 Colony of NJ [now NJ]: Essex Co.: Newark death of Henry LYON
1738 New Jersey became a separate colony under its own government
1787 New Jersey became the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution
1857 NJ: Union Co. formed from Essex Co.
Discussion of Timeline:
  • If Henry's tombstone is correct as to his date of birth tombstones are often wrong because they depend on the knowledge of the person ordering the stone then he was only 16 years old when allotted three acres in Milford in 1639, which seems young to be given land of his own, and not just for legal reasons.  Among farming families, young men usually stayed at home with their parents helping the family to survive, until they married; they did not go off on their own as bachelors.  What we need to find out is whether the record for Henry receiving the three acres is documented and what legalities regarding age would have been enforced.  My guess would be that the land record is real and that he would have had to have been "of age" (20 or 21) to receive it, which makes the tombstone wrong.  That is, I would take the land record over the tombstone as being the more contemporary and more accurate.
  • If Henry's tombstone is correct as to his date of birth and if the marriage date of 1652 is correct, then Henry was 28 or 29 years old when he married Elizabeth Bateman.  This is late for a first marriage.  Did he have an earlier wife?  Is the marriage date incorrect?  Is his age incorrect?  If he is even older than the tombstone indicates, which seems likely, then there is an even stronger case for an earlier marriage date and earlier children.
  • The names given to the new communities in Connecticut and New Jersey are a strong indicator of the origins of the settlers, who appear to have been Puritans from southeastern England.  Another reason to bury the myth that Henry was Scottish.
  • The fact that Henry continued to have land transactions and to be taxed in Newark after moving to Elizabethtown simply indicates that he was a land-owner in both towns, not that he was necessarily moving back and forth, and the moving dates in the table are only my best deductions, which may be wrong.

Sources (n.b., Fairfield Co., CT, was not formed until 1666):

1.  Family Group Sheet compiled by Betty Ann (Matthiesen) Cogliati.

2.  Clarence Almon Torrey.  1997.  New England Marriages Prior to 1700.  Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD.  On p. 481:
LYON, Henry (-1703) & 1/wf ?Elizabeth/?Mary BATEMAN; b 1653; Milford, CT / Elizabeth, NJ / Newark, NJ
The "b 1653" refers to the birthyear of the earlist known child, as an approximate indicator of marriage year.  Locations are known residences of the husband, ending with his place of death.

3.  The Old Newark Burying Ground, which cites "Essex County Gravestones" by E.A. Baldwin (Genealogical Magazine of New Jersey).
LYON, Mr. Henery - died 23 Mar 1707 aged 84 yrs
This would make Henry born in 1622 or 1623, depending on whether he'd had his birthday yet that year, though most likely in 1623 as the New Year was only two days away and he'd probably had his birthday.  Or, if this year is the "old system," which presumably it was, then by our calendar he died in 1708 and was born in 1623 or 1624, more likely 1624. 

4.  James Savage.  1860-62.  A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England.  Little, Brown & Co., Boston (reprinted 1965, Genealogical Pub. Co., Baltimore; online at GenealogyLibrary.com).  Section on William Bateman on pp. 90-91, in which William mentions son-in-law, Henry Lyon, in his will. 

5.  Colonial America, 1607-1789 NJ Census Index (online at GenealogyLibrary.com):
1670 Lyon, Henry NJ Essex Co. Newark   p. 239
1685 Lyon, Henry NJ Essex Co. Elizabethtown   p. 238
1696 Lyon, Henry NJ Essex Co.   Quit Rent p. 375
1696 Lyon, Henry NJ Essex Co.   Quit Rent p. 378
In 1685, Henry Lyon is on the Quit Rent rolls of Newark, not Elizabethtown. 

6.  David Lawrence Pierson.  1917.  Narratives of Newark (in New Jersey) from the Days of Its Founding.  Pierson Publ. Co., Newark, NJ (online at GenealogyLibrary.com). 
Extract of mention of LYON.  On pp. 10-11 is the "Fundamental Agreement" forming the "constitution" of Newark.  Henry LYON signed the agreement on 24 June 1667 (he was not one of the original signers on 30 Oct 1666).  He signed with his name, not a mark, so he was able to write. 

7.  Royal R. Hinman.  1852.  A Catalogue of the Names of the Early Puritan Settlers of the Colony of Connecticut.  Press of Case, Tiffany, & Co., Hartford (online at GenealogyLibrary.com).
Another version of the "constitution" of Newark, this time called the " Plantation Covenant," but this time including the towns of origin of the signers. 

8.  Sir John Bernard Burke.  1939.  Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry.  16th ed.  Burke's Peerage, London (reprinted 1996 as Burke's American Families with British Ancestry.  Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD).  On p. 2572 (boldface added):
CHARLES ANDERSON BOSTON, of New York City, b. 30 Aug. 1863; m. Ethel Gustava, dau. of Edward Lyon, of New York City, a descendant of Richard Lyon, of Perthshire, Member of Cromwell's Army, who emigrated to America in 1648, son of John Lyon, of Auldbar, and grandson of Sir Thomas Lyon, styled Master of Glamis (d. 1608) and his wife, Eupheme, dau. of the 7th Earl of Morton.  Sir Thomas Lyon was the son of John Lyon, 7th Lord Glamis (see BURKE'S Peerage, STRATHMORE, E.).
On the assumption that Richard is Henry's brother, then this is Henry's ancestry, too.

9.  Sidney Elizabeth Lyon, Louise Lyon Johnson, and A.B. Lyons, eds.  1907.  Lyon Memorial:  Families of Connecticut and New Jersey, including Records of the Descendants of the Immigrant Richard Lyon of Fairfield, Henry Lyon of Fairfield, with a Sketch "Lyons Farms" by S.R. Winans, Jr.  Self-published, Jeffersonville, IN (available as facsimile reprint from Higginson Books; online at Ancestry.com).

10.  June Cioppettini, Lynda McGinnis, and Betty Cogliati, eds.  1999.  Henry Lyon of MA, CT, & NJ, and Some of His Lineage.  Lyon(s) Family Association of America, Belton, MO.

11.  Brief mention in the June 2000 issue of The Lyon's Tale (published by the Lyon(s) Family Assn.) that the parents of Henry, Thomas, and Richard were Sir Glenn LYON (1570-1643) and Lady Priscilla BOWES (1573-1638).  Documentation has been requested from the Association.
UPDATE:  the submitter of the 'Glenn LYON - Priscilla BOWES' pedigree paid to have this research done in England.  I have seen the report, which is totally undocumented, and I have no doubt whatsoever that the pedigree is bogus and that the purchaser was scammed.  Let's hope a very strong retraction is printed because otherwise this thing will never die.  I should emphasize that I do not blame the submitter for this fiasco the submitter is guilty only of trusting what sounded, to an apparently novice genealogist, like a legitimate, professional source.  It's a little harder to understand how this item slipped by the editors...  It's too bad this had to happen.  No winners here, except the scumbag who pocketed the money.  [For further discussion and text of the pedigree, please see this page.] 

12.  Frederick A. Virkus.  1927.  The Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy.  Vol. I.  F.A. Virkus, Chicago.  On p. 593 (boldface added):
Henry Lyon (ca. 1625-1703), from Scotland to New Milford, Conn., 1648, one of the first settlers at Newark, N.J., 1666, where was dep. mem. Council and first treas., removed to Elizabeth Town, N.J., but returned to Newark, m 1652, Elizabeth Bateman...

13.  Richard W. Cook.  1996.  "The Thomas Osborn Family."  Pages 627-681 in Genealogies of New Jersey Families.  Vol. I.  Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD (Broderbund CD-182).  On p. 634 (boldface added):
Then on Aug. 19, 1690, Henry Lyon deeded Thomas Osborne, both of Elizabeth Town, 20 acres adjoining the grantor (NJA 21:185).
NJA = New Jersey Archives.

14.  Charles Carroll Gardner.  1996.  "A Genealogical Dictionary of New Jersey:  Abbott (Abbett, Abbitt, Abit)."  Pages 17-26 in Genealogies of New Jersey Families.  Vol. II.  Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD (Broderbund CD-182).  [Boldface added.]
p. 22 Dec. 28, 1682, John Cat-
p. 23 lin and Daniel Abbot (signs Abet), both of Newark, made an agreement whereby Daniel was to buy "one certaine out plantacon, Dwelling house Edifices and othe buildings" in the bounds of Newark, at the mountain, for the sum of £40., payable in instalments over a period of three years, the property to revert to the seller in the event of any default in payment.  On Feb. 20, 1682/3 John Catlin, by an endorsement on the back of the deed, quit-claimed to Henry Lyon all of his interest in the contract, including the right of re-entry in the event of nonpayment.  (EJD A:19).
EJD = East Jersey Deeds, Secretary of State's Office, Trenton, NJ.

15.  David Dobson.  1985.  Directory of Scottish Settlers in North America, 1625-1825.  Vol. 5.  Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD (Broderbund CD-354).  On p. 145 (boldface added):
Primary Individual: Lyon, Henry; Place: America; Year: 1649.
Date of emigration and intended destination or place and date of first mention of residence in the New World.

16.  Frederick A. Virkus, ed.  1964/86.  Immigrant Ancestors: a List of 2500 Immigrants to America before 1750.  Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD (Broderbund CD-354).  On p. 46:
Primary Individual: Lyon, Henry; Place: Connecticut; Year: 1648.

17.  Donald Whyte.  1972/81.  A Dictionary of Scottish Emigrants to the USA. Vol. 1.  2nd pr.  Magna Carta Book Co., Baltimore, MD (Broderbund CD-354).  On p. 208:
Primary Individual: Lyon, Henry; Place: Connecticut; Year: 1648.
Compiled from correspondence and monument inscriptions...
Prepared for the Scottish Genealogical Society.

18.  Meredith B. Colket, Jr.  1975.  Founders of Early American Families: Emigrants from Europe, 1607-1657.  General Court of the Order of Founders and Patriots of America, Cleveland, OH (Broderbund CD-354).  On p. 185:
Primary Individual: Lyon, Henry; Place: Connecticut; Year: 1649.

19.  New Jersey Archives, 1664-1703.  Vol. 21, p. 184.  Extract found in the Archives of the NJEssex-L mailing list (online at RootsWeb.com).  On p. 185 (boldface added):
1690-1 Mar 24.  Do. Isaac Whitehead of Elizabeth Town, cordwainer, and wife abigail, to Samuel Whitehead of Southampton, L.I., cordwainer, for 45 acres in the bounds of Elizabeth Town, S.E. Joseph Meeker, S.W. Henry Lyon, N.W. unserveyed land, N.E. a road; also 8 acres of meadow there, S Mr. Woodruff, N. and E. unserveyed meadows, W. a small creek.

20.  Donald Lines Jacobus.  1930-32.  History and Genealogy of the Families of Old Fairfield.  Fairfield, CT (reprinted 1976/91 by Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore; Broderbund CD-515).  On p. 393:
Lyon, Henry.
  Admitted to Milford Church, 25 Feb. 1648/9; dismissed to Fairfield; where he was granted a homelot, 1652.  He m. a dau. of William Bateman.
  He entered for record at Fairfield, 9 Feb. 1655 [1655/6], land purchased of Richard Lyon, a house purchased of William Bateman, and land given him by the latter.
  He rem. to Newark, N.J.

21.  Susan Woodruff Abbott, compiler; Jacquelyn L. Ricker, ed.  1979.  Families of Early Milford, Connecticut.  Genealogy Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD (Broderbund CD-515).  On p. 410:
1.  Henry Lyon was not a freeplanter in 1639 but had 3 acres of land alloted (sic) to him, Lot #26.  He was admitted to the church in Milford 25 Feb 1648, but was dismissed to Fairfield church.  He married a daughter of William Bateman and removed to Newark, N.J.

22.  Frank R. Holmes.  1923.  Directory of the Ancestral Heads of New England Families, 1620-1700. American Historical Society, New York (republished 1964-99 by Genealogy Publ. Co., Baltimore; Broderbund CD-504).  On p. 154:
HENRY, came from Glen Lyon, Perthshire, Scotland, to Milford, Mass., 1648,
removed Fairfield, Conn., 1652.

23.  Henry Whittemore.  1898-1906.  Genealogical Guide to the Early Settlers of America.  Excerpted and reprinted from The Spirit of '76, vols. V-XII (reprinted 1967 by Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD; Broderbund CD-504).  On p. 341:
LYON, HENRY, Milford, 1646, was of Fairfield, 1652,
where he married the only daughter of William Bateman.

24.  Royal R. Hinman.  1852.  A Catalogue of the Names of the Early Puritan Settlers of the Colony of Connecticut...  Press of Case, Tiffany, & Co., Hartford (online at GenealogyLibrary.com).  On p. 116, in a sketch of Rev. Ebenezer BALDWIN:
...The Record of Newark, and Conger, both say that Catlin and his wife, Mary, were at Newark until about 1682, when Catlin sold out to Henry Lyon...

25.  Messages posted to the Lyon Family Genealogy Forum (online at GenForum.com).

26.  Encyclopedia Britannica CD-98.

27.  Lyon(s) Families Association of America: Database (on CD as of 22 Feb 2010; these are member submissions).

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