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Surname LYON in Narratives of Newark (1917)
Source:  David Lawrence Pierson.  1917.  Narratives of Newark (in New Jersey) from the Days of Its Founding.  Pierson Publishing Company, Newark, NJ (online at GenealogyLibrary.com).
...The religious spirit finds expression in positive manner in the Fundamental Agreement or constitution upon which the town was founded. Unanimously adopted at the first town meeting on May 21, 1666, by the Milford company and delegates representing Branford and Guilford, the document was then forwarded to the two latter places for signatures of residents of those places contemplating the pilgrimage. Credit is therefore given the men of Branford and Guilford of signing first.

October 30, 1666.
At a meeting touching the Intended design of many of the inhabitants of Branford, the following was subscribed:

1st. That none shall be admitted freemen or free Burgesses [Deut. i-13] within our Town upon Pesayak River in the Province [Exod. xviii-21] of New Jersey but such Planters as are members [Deut. xvii-15] of some or other of the Congregational Churches, nor shall [Jer. xxx-21] any but such be chosen to magistracy or to Carry on any part of said Civil Judicature, or as deputies or assistants, to have power to Vote in Establishing laws,

and making or Repealing them or to any Chief Military Trust or Office.

Nor shall any But such Church Members have any Vote in any such elections; Tho' all others admitted to be planters have Right to their proper Inheritances, and do and shall enjoy all other Civil Liberties and Privileges, According to all Laws, Orders, Grants, which are or shall hereafter be made for this Town.

2d. We shall with Care and Diligence provide for the maintenance of the purity of Religion professed in the Congregational Churches. Wherefore unto subscribed the Inhabitants of Branford.

Jasper Crane Thomas Huntington
Abraham Pierson Ebenezer Canfield
Samuel Swaine John Ward, Sr.
Laurence Ward Edward Ball
Thomas Blacthly John Harrison
Samuel Plum John Crane
Josiah Ward Delivered Crane
Samuel Rose Aaron Blatchly
Thomas Pierson Richard Laurence
John Ward John Johnson
John Catling Thomas his L mark Lyon
Richard Harrison

And upon the reception of their Letters and Subscriptions, the present inhabitants, in November following, declare their consent and readiness to do likewise, and at a meeting the twenty-fourth of next June, following, in 1667, they also subscribed with their own hands unto the two fundamental agreements expressed on the other side, their names as follows:

Robert Treat Edward Rigs Daniel Tichenor
Obadiah Bruen Robert Kitchell John Bauldwin, Sr.
Matthew Canfield John his B mark Brooks John Bauldwin, Jr.
Samuel Kitchell   Jonathan Tompkins
Jeremiah Peck   George Day
Michael Tompkins Robert his V mark Lymens Thomas Johnson
Stephen Freeman John Curtis
Henry Lyon Francis his F mark Linle Ephraim Burwell
John Browne    
John Rogers   Robert his R. mark Dennison
Stephen Davis    
Nathaniel Wheeler xxxxxxxxxxxx Ephraim Pennington
Zachariah Burwell Martin Tichenor
William Camp John Brown, Jr.
Joseph Walters Jonathan Seargeant
Robert Dalglesh Azariah Crane
Hauns Albers Samuel Lyon
Thomas Morris Joseph Riggs
Hugh Roberts Stephen Bond

The texts of Scripture incorporated, emphasized the complete obedience to an overruling Providence:

"Take you wise men, and understanding, and known among your tribes, and I will make them rulers over you."--Deut. i-13.

"Moreover, thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens."--Exod. xviii-21.

"Thou shalt in any wise set him King over thee, whom the Lord thy God shall choose; one from among thy brethren shalt thou set king over thee; thou mayest not set a stranger over thee, which is not thy brother."--Deut. xvii-15.

"And their nobles shall be of themselves and their governor shall proceed from the midst of them."--Jer. xxx-31.

The Surveyor-General of Elizabeth Town arranged "Middle highways in the length and breadth of the town (Broad and Market streets of our day) to be eight Rods wide and the Rest four." Mulberry and Washington streets, included in the first map of road laying, were named respectively East Back Lane and West Back Lane.

Three ranges were provided "with due preparation and solemnization," one each for the people of Milford, Branford, and Guilford. Drawing for home lots was adopted as the most expeditious and harmonious method of settlement. These lots consisted of six acres, except that of Captain Treat. He was allowed not only two additional acres, but also the privilege of first choice. This honor was in return for his skill and expense in negotiating the purchase of the land. He selected the lot at the southeast

corner of the highways running the length and breadth of the towns and extending easterly to East Back Lane (now Mulberry Street) and in a southerly direction beyond the point now occupied by the First Presbyterian Church. The two extra acres were on the westerly side of the roadway, near the watering place.

All the men capable of handling axe, adz and saw, made inroads into the adjacent forests as huge trees were felled and hewn into required length for home building. Before the summer and autumn passed the virgin soil of early spring was dotted with neatly laid-out farms, on which were erected the homes of the people.


Made by Samuel H. Conger

Northeast Section: A, Deacon Lawrence Ward; B, John Catlin; C, Samuel Kitchell; D, Josiah Ward; E, John Rogers; F, Robert Kitchell; G, Jeremiah Pecke; H, Obadiah Bruen; I, The Seaman's Lot; J, Thomas Richards; K, John Harrison; L, Aaron Blatchly; M. Stephen Davis; N, Samuel Plum; O, John Crane; P, The Boatman's Lot; Q, Robert Lymon; R, John Davis.

Northwest Section: A, Lieutenant Samuel Swaine; B, Sergeant Richard Harrison; C, Edward Ball; D, John Morris, in 1688; E, John Ward, Sr.; F, Matthew Canfield; G, Abraham Pierson, Jr.; H, Jasper Crane; I, Thomas Pierson, Sr.; J, Benjamin Baldwin; K, Thomas Huntington; L, Alexander Munrow; M, The Elder's Lot; N, John Ward, Jr., the turner; O, Deacon Richard Laurence; P, Delivered Crane; Q, Hans Albers; R, Samuel Rose; S, The Miller's Lot; T, Samuel Dod; U, Daniel Dod; V, The Corn Mill.

Southeast Section: A, Captain Robert Treat; B, Abraham Pierson, Sr.; C, Robert Denison; D, Thomas Johnson; E, George Day; F, Nathaniel Wheeler; G, Joseph Riggs; H, William Camp; I, Martin Tichenor; J, Stephen Freeman; K, John Curtis; L, John Baldwin, Sr.; M,

Thomas Staples; N, John Baldwin, Jr.; O, Deacon Michael Tompkins; P, Jonathan Tomkins; Q, Ephraim Pennington; R, Seth Tomkins; S, The Tailor's Lot; T, Thomas Pierson, Jr.; U, Samuel Harrison; V, John Browne, Jr.; W, Edward Riggs; X, Hugh Roberts. 

Southwest Section: A, The Meeting-house; B, Captain Treat's extra; C, John Johnson; D, The Parsonage Home Lot; E, John Browne, Sr.; F, Stephen Bond; G, Zachariah Burwell; H, Ephraim Burwell; I, Thomas Ludington; J, John Brooks; K, Thomas Lyon; L, Joseph Johnson; M, John Treat; N, John Gregory; O, Henry Lyon; P, Joseph Walters; Q, Samuel Camfield; R, Robert Dalglesh (or Douglas); S, Francis Linle (or Lindsley); T, Matthew Williams; U, Walter's second division...

Not till November did the delegation of New Englanders arrive with the long-awaited Fundamental Agreement, signed and sealed and necessary subscriptions guaranteed.  Chilling winds and snows of the long winter months were succeeded by the balmy days of the vernal season and singing birds filled the woods with their music.  The year 1667 had arrived and the Branford and Guilford contingents were daily expected.  Early in June they came with their worldly effects.  On the 24th of the month the items to be attached to the Fundamental Agreement for town guidance were read, discussed and adopted.  Signatures of the Milford people were duly attached to the document and the remainder of the meeting was devoted to solemn service of prayer.  In this manner was Milford by the Pesayak River dedicated to the service of God and man.  The name was later changed to Newark, in honor of Rev. Abraham Pierson, who received his ministerial orders at
Newark-on-the-Trent, in England.  The name was also pronounced and spelled New Worke and New Ark...

Strangers appearing in town [Newark] were first billeted among the homes.  This proved unsatisfactory and Henry Lyon was, in January, 1668, appointed first keeper of ordinary or tavern.  Two years later he moved southward and his place was known as Lyons Farms, now in the corporate limits of


The most notable transaction after acquiring the land was the establishing of the boundary line between Newark and Elizabeth Town. This was arranged on May 20, 1668, at Divident Hill, now in Weequahic Park. Newark representatives were Captain Robert Treat, Jasper Crane, Samuel Swaine, Matthew Canfield, and Thomas Johnson, every man well read and versed in diplomacy.  John Ogden, Luke Watson, Robert Bond, and Jeffrey Jones acted for the Elizabeth Town planters.



Henry Lyon, appointed first tavern keeper and who was living at Lyons Farms, near Elizabeth Town, "hath a Right to and shall have a Seat in the Meeting House, paying proportionately with his Neighbors," is a town record of July 24, 1680...


"The Town saw Cause, for the Incouragement of any amongst them that would Build and Maintain a Good Mill for the supply of the Town with Good Grinding... [At a meeting] on March 12, 1668..."  Robert Treat, Henry Lyon, John Brown and Stephen Davis were to oversee the work...

...the Town hath made choice of Henry Lyon to be their Town Treasurer for the Year Insueing, or until the first of January come Twelve Months."
In an item attached to the "Fundamental Agreement." No date, but appears to  refer to the first year of the colony's existence.
Family Group Sheet of Henry LYON & Elizabeth BATEMAN

Family Group Sheet of Samuel LYON & Sarah BEACH & Hannah PIERSON

Family Group Sheet of Thomas LYON

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