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Philip CUPP
Ms. CRONINGER
Elizabeth MESIMORE
Husband:  Philip CUPP
Birth said to be1784, PA?
Birth according to censuses:  1780-90
Death:  1840-50, presumably in Wood Co., OH
Military Service:  War of 1812 (enlisted Delaware Co., OH):  Pvt., Capt. Robert Reid's Co., 2nd Brigade, Denny's Rgmt., Ohio Militia
Event:  1840, bought 40 acres of uncleared land in Wood Co., OH

What evidence do we have that he was born in 1784 or that he was born in either PA or Germany?

Brother believed to beConrad KOP / CUPP, Jr., b. ca. 1775
If so, his parents would be—
Father:  Conrad KOPP/KOP, Sr.
Mother:  Eva Elisabetha KNOEDLER

Marriage-1:
Wife-1:  Ms. CRONINGER / GRONINGER / KRONINGER

Conrad KOP/CUPP II married Elizabeth KRONINGER.  Did Philip marry a sister of Elizabeth?

Marriage-2:  29 Jan 1811, Fairfield Co., OH
Wife-2:  Elizabeth MESIMORE / MESSEMORE / MESSAMORE / MESSMORE / MESSIMORE / MESIMER
Birth:  1780s/90s, VA
Death:  in or aft. 1870

Checking various sources, the original surname appears to have been German (or German-Swiss):  MESMER / MESSMER.

Children with Ms. CRONINGER:
  1.  Hester/Esther "Hettie/Hetty" CUPP, b. 11 Dec 1805, PA
  2.  Daniel CUPP, b. Apr 1807 or 1809/10, OH
  3.  Charles CUPP, b. 1808, OH; d. 1840-50
Children with Elizabeth MESIMORE — born in Fairfield Co., OH:
  4.  (Son A) CUPP, b. 1810-20
  5.  (Daughter A) CUPP, b. 1810-20
  6.  Susan CUPP, b. 1811/2 
  7.  John CUPP, b. 1814/5
  8.  Oliver Perry CUPP [twin], b. 7 Sep 1816 
  9.  Jackson CUPP [twin], b. 7 Sep 1816
10.  Stephen CUPP, b. 27 Dec 1825 
11.  (Son B) CUPP, b. 1825-30
12.  George Washington CUPP, b. 4 Feb 1835 
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Ohio, Pennsylvania

Sources:

1a.  Anon.  1966.  Marriage Index:  Ohio, 1789-1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-400):
Cup, Phillip Nisirmore, Betsy 29 Jan 1811 Fairfield Co.

1b.  Fairfield County Marriages, 1800-1811 (online at the web site of the Fairfield County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogy Society):
CUP, Phillip//MESSERMAN, Betsey; license 8 Jan 1811; PAB-15
P = Probate Book - Page (e.g., PAA-8 = Probate Marriage Book A, Part A, Page 8)

1c.  Fairfield County, Ohio, Marriages extracted from "Ye Ancient Swains" Column in the Lancaster Gazette, 1801-1836 (online at the web site of the Fairfield County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogy Society):
CAP, PHILLIP-BETSEY MESSMORE-JAN 1811

2.  1820 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #4 of 7 — wrongly indexed as being in "Rush" Twp.; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
1820 OH Fairfield Co. Bloom Twp. p. 107A Phillip Cup 420010-20010-0-100
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
4 males 9 or under 1810-1820 = Jackson (b. 1819/20)
= Oliver (b. 1816)
= John (b. 1814/5)
= Son A
2 males 10-15 1804-1810 = Charles (b. 1808)
= Daniel (b. 1807)
1 male 26-44 1775-1794 = Philip (b. 1784) 
2 females 9 or under 1810-1820 = Daughter A
= Susan (b. 1811/2)
1 female 26-44 1775-1794 = Elizabeth
1 engaged in agriculture
Where is Hettie?  She didn't marry until 1824, so she should be at home, in the 10-15 age class.  Is she working out of the home?  Listed one line above Samuel DRAKE, one line below John RUNKLE, and three lines below John DRAKE.  Also in county:  Joseph CUPP and Coonrod CUPP.

3.  1830 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #5-6 of 24 — mis-indexed "Cuss"; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
1830 OH Fairfield Co. Violet Twp. p. 263 Ln. 25 Philip Cup 202 000 100 - 001 001
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 4 or under 1825-1830 = Son B
= Stephen (b. 1825)
2 males 10-14 1815-1820 = Jackson (b. 1819/20)
= Oliver (b. 1816)
1 male 40-49 1780-1790 = Philip (b. 1784) 
1 female 10-14 1815-1820 = Susan (b. 1811/2)
1 female 30-39 1790-1800 = Elizabeth
Either Susan was placed in the wrong age class or we have her birthyear wrong, but she did not marry until 1836, so surely she is still at home.

4.  1840 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #20-21 of 44 — the numerical data pages precede the names pages; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
1840 OH Wood Co. Bloom Twp. pp. 419A-419B Ln. 24 Phillip Cupp 010 120 010 - 000 000 010 0100000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 5-9 1830-1835 = Washington (b. 1835)
1 male 15-19 1820-1825 = Stephen (b. 1825)
2 males 20-29 1810-1820 = Jackson (b. 1819/20)
= Oliver (b. 1816)
1 male 50-59 1780-1790 = Philip (b. 1784)
1 female 50-59 1780-1790 = Elizabeth 
Listed one line above William DRAKE, husband of their daughter Susan CUPP. 

5.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #6 of 16):  Bloom Twp., Wood Co., OH, p. 139B/278, enumerated 24 Aug 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
473 498 William Drake 40 M       Penn
    Susan 38 F       Ohio
    [William & Susan's children]
    Elizabeth Cup 53 F       Virginia
    Washington Cup 14 M       Ohio
  494 Abert Stouard 43 M       Vermont
    Hannah 18 F       Ohio
    Sarah ? 13 F       "
    Charles A 12 M       "
    Ruth B  9 F       "
Elizabeth appears to be fibbing about her age.  Susan (CUPP) DRAKE is Elizabeth's daughter, and Washington is almost certainly Elizabeth's son.  Abert appears to be a widower with four children; he may be just a boarder, or he could be Elizabeth's son-in-law.  Could "Abert Stouard" be Albert STEWARD

6a.  AIS (Accelerated Index System) 1860 Census Index (online at Ancestry.com):  not found, and Wood Co., OH, is indexed in the database.

6b.  1860 Census Images (online at Ancestry.com):  I checked Bloom Twp., Wood Co., OH, line-by-line and did not find Elizabeth.

7.  1870 Census Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #18 of 36 — mis-indexed as "Cupt"):  Bloom Center P.O., Bloom Twp., Wood Co., OH, p. 285B, PN 18, 143/141, enumerated 20 Jul 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
Delansa Reuben 22 M W Farmer 700 350 Ohio
_______ Hulda 28 F W Keeping House     Ohio
[Reuben & Huldah's children]
Cupp Elizabeth 62? F W No Occupation     Pennsylvania
This record was difficult to read, especially the numbers; Elizabeth should be aged ca. 73, not 62.  Huldah (DRAKE) DELANCY is Elizabeth's granddaughter, daughter of Susan (CUPP) DRAKE.  Living next door to Elizabeth's grandson, Samuel CUPP

8.  Adjutant General of Ohio.  nd.  Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War of 1812. Transcription of 1916 (online at the Ohio Historical Society web site).  This text was digitized with OCR (optical character recognition) software and contains the mistakes typical of that process.
Roster 7,
p. 33
Pages 189-190.
ROLL OF CAPT. ROBERT REID'S COMPANY.
(Probably from Delaware County.)
Served from July 28, until Sept 6, 1813.


Sergt. _____ Missamore...
Privates...
Cup, Phillip...
Cupt, Conrad...
Almost certainly, "Cupt" was a mistake in OCR.  Philip and Conrad are believed to be brothers; their Sergeant may have been Philip's father-in-law.

9.  Emails from Betty J. Herman.

10.  Archives of the CUPP-L mailing list (online at RootsWeb.com).

11.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

12.  Messages in the CUPP Family Genealogy Forum (online at GenForum.com).

13.  Messages on the CUPP Surname Board (online at Ancestry.com/RootsWeb.com).

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