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Royal T. WILLIAMS
Delilah Sampson GAULDING
Husband:  Royal / Royall T. WILLIAMS
Birth:  1800, VA
Death:  27 Jan 1865, Middlebury, Mercer Co., MO
Disposition:  buried Middlebury Cemetery, Mercer Co., MO
Occupation:  merchant (general store), Middlebury
Occupation:  1847, appointed Postmaster, Middlebury
Fraternal:  Mason 
Father:  Edward WILLIAMS
Mother:  Mary WOODCOCK
Marriage:  14 Feb 1826, VA
Wife:  Delilah Sampson GAULDING
Birth:  15 Nov 1799, Farmville, Prince Edward Co., VA
Death:  5 Nov 1879, Dixon, Solano Co., CA
Occupation:  homemaker
mtDNA Haplogroup (of matrilineal line descendant):  H4a1a3a
Father:  Jacob GAULDING
Mother:  Ms. ANDERSON
Photograph of Delilah (Gaulding) Williams.
Children:
born in Farmville, Prince Edward Co., VA:
1.  Elizabeth LaVernia WILLIAMS, b. 9 Dec 1826 
2.  Amanda Caroline WILLIAMS, b. 27/28 Aug 1828 
3.  David A. WILLIAMS, b. 21 Oct 1832 
4.  Macedonia Alice WILLIAMS, b. 19 Dec 1830/33 
5.  Mary Jane WILLIAMS, b. 1 Sep 1834 
6.  Sarah Ann WILLIAMS, b. 22 Dec 1836 

born in Livingston (now Mercer) Co., MO:
7.  William Monroe WILLIAMS, b. 16 Aug 1840; d. Union soldier killed in battle in Saline Co., MO

born in Grundy (now Mercer) Co., MO:
8.  Virginia Carol "Jennie" WILLIAMS, b. 25 Jan 1844; m. B. F. CORNWALL

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, California, Missouri, Virginia

Sources:

1.  Family Group Sheet by Betty Ann (MATTHIESEN) COGLIATI and her maternal grandmother, Maude Irene (THOMPSON) ROSE, whose mother died young so was raised by her maternal grandmother, the above Elizabeth LaVernia (WILLIAMS) McCRAY.

2a.  1820 Census:  Prince Edward Co., VA (records extracted by Mrs. Thomas W. Botts, 1205 University Ave., Columbia, MO, and supplied courtesy of Art Daly).  The following are listed as heads-of-households:  John B. ROYAL, Littleberry ROYAL, William WILLIAMS, John R. WILLIAMS, Theodore WILLIAMS, and Thomas D. WILLIAMS.

2b.  1820 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  Royal not enumerated, as expected.

3.  1830 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #57-58 of 74; official enumeration date 1 Jun 1830; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1830 Virginia Prince Edward Co. Roll M19-201 p. 126 (125B-126A) Ln. 17 Royall T Williams 000 010 - 200 010 000000-200000
These data indicate:
No., Race, Gender Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 white male 20-29 1800-1810 = Royal (b. 1800) 
2 white females 4 or under 1825-1830 = Amanda (b. 1828)
= Elizabeth (b. 1826)
1 white female 20-29 1800-1810 = Delilah (b. 1799)
 
2 female slaves 9 or under 1820-1830 = ? ?

4.  1840 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #4-5 of 8 indexed as being in Jackson Twp., but it says Franklin Twp. on the page; note that number pages precede name pages; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1840 MO Livingston [then Grundy, now Mercer] Co. Franklin Twp. Roll 225 pp. 274A-274B Ln. 3 Royal Williams 010 001 - 203 001 100 000 - 100 100 _______
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 white male 5-9 1830-1835 = David (b. 1833)
1 white male 30-39 1800-1810 = Royal (b. 1800) 
2 white females 4 or under 1835-1840 = Sarah Ann (b. 1836)
= Mary Jane (b. 1834)
3 white females 10-14 1825-1830 = Macedonia (b. 1830)
= Amanda (b. 1828)
= Elizabeth (b. 1826)
1 white female 30-39 1800-1810 = Delilah (b. 1799) 
1 male slave 9 or under 1830-1840 = ?
1 female slave 9 or under 1830-1840 = ?
1 female slave 36-54 1785-1804 = ?
Listed two lines below Benjamin THAXTON and four lines above William WYATT.

5a.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #27 of 66):  District 56, Mercer Co., MO, p. 386A, 171/4, enumerated 26 Aug 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Royal Williams 50 M   Merchandising 1640 Virginia
Delila 51 F       do
Mary J 16 F       do
Ann 13 F       do
David Williams 17 M   Farmer   do
Monrow  9 M       Mo
Virginia  5 F       do
Listed two households from Delilah's sister, Malinda GAULDING, and her husband, Benjamin D. THAXTON.

5b.  1850 Slave Schedule Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #1 of 1; missing columns contained no data):  District 56, Mercer Co., MO, p. 649, enumerated 25 Aug 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Names of Slave Owners Number
of Slaves
Description
Age Sex Colour
Royal Williams 1 18 F blk
There are only six slaveowners in District 56; Benjamin THAXTON was one of the other five.

6a.  1860 Census:  Middlebury P.O., Mercer Co., MO, p. 193 (extracted by Doreen McGowan and Mrs. Botts, the latter courtesy of Art Daly):
WILLIAMS, Royal Sr 66 M VA
WILLIAMS, Delila 68 F VA
WILLIAMS, Monroe 18 M MO
WILLIAMS, Virginia 15 F MO

6b.  1860 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #6 of 14):  Middlebury P.O., Washington Twp., Mercer Co., MO, Roll, PN 92, 672/672, enumerated 18 Jun 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Royal Williams Sen 66 M   Merchant 4000 3000 Virginia
Delila    " 68 F         "
Monroe    " 18 M   Student     Missouri
Virginia  " 15 F         "
The ages of both Royal and Delilah are inflated:  he should be 60 and she 61.

6c.  1860 Slave Schedule Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #1 of 1; missing columns contained no data):  Various Townships, Mercer Co., MO, p. 80A, PN 1, enumerated 1 Jun 1860, (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Names
of
Slave Owners
Number
of
Slaves
Description
Age Sex Colour
Royal Williams 1 14 M B
There were only 12 slaveholders in the county; Royal WILLIAMS and Benjamin THAXTON were two of them.

7.  Family Quest Archives:  California Federal Census 1870:  Sonoma County.  Heritage Quest CD M593-91:  Cloverdale Township, Sonoma Co., CA, p. 267B, 21/21, enumerated 21 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Williams, Delila 69 F W At daughters ___ ___ Va
Listed next to daughter, Macedonia (WILLIAMS) McCRAY, and eight households from daughter, Amanda (WILLIAMS) THOMPSON

8.  Mrs. B.F. Hoover & Mrs. D. Hesler.  1965.  Middlebury Cemetery, Mercer County, MO.  (Online at the Mercer County MOGenWeb site):
WILLIAMS Royal ____ 27 Jan 1865 age about 65y; stone is down

9.  Art Daly kindly sent me a photocopy of a photograph of the stone.   It reads:
#
In Memory of
ROYAL WILLIAMS
*
WHO
departed this life
Jan. 27, 1865.
AGED
about 65 years
#A Masonic symbol.
*A five pointed star pointing downwards (symbol of the Order of the Eastern Star).

10.  Betty Ann (Matthiesen) Cogliati.  Tombstone photograph taken 21 May 1977 in the Silveyville Cemetery, Dixon, Solano Co., CA.  It reads:
DELILAH S. WILLIAMS
DIED
Nov. 5, 1879
AGED
80 years.

11.  Bev Daly kindly sent this excerpt of a letter from Mrs. W.S. Morton of Farmville, VA (dated 12 Mar 1957):
(Farmville, Pr Edw. Co)
Deed Book #2 pg 125 Dec 20, 1836:
Royal Williams and Delila his wife of Buckingham Co VA convey to Robert Venable, Nath'l Venable, James Venable, and Joseph Venable for $85.00 a tract of land in Prince Edward Co., containing 42 1/2 acres, adj. lands of Nath'l Venable, on Appomattox River and being this same land conveyed to said Williams by the Sheriff of Prince Edward Co. being sold for delinquent taxes, formerly the property of Freeman D. Gaulding
This deed was acknowledged in Buckingham County on Jan 12, 1837.
....... The Buckingham Court records were all burned in 1868 and there is no way of tracing Royal Williams through any records except the property tax papers which date back to about 1784.  A copy of the property tax papers are filed in the State Library at Richmond, VA.

12.  From "Mary Hart, 25 Jul 1963," presumably entries in the Deed Books of Mercer Co., MO (courtesy of Art Daly):
Date of Deed Grantor Warranty
Book
Grantee
27 Dec 1851 Royal & Delilah Williams B330 Gideon Bosley
27 Dec 1851 " B397 John A.C. Thompson
 4 Feb 1856 " D529 Siras Jones
 9 Feb 1857 " D694 James M. Williams
17 May 1857 " I629 Amos S. Bailey
29 Jul 1857 " I192 William Reid
19 Sep 1857 " F267 Mirandy Blalock
16 Nov 1857 " E457 Samuel Shook
24 Nov 1859 " F428 James M. Williams
 9 Oct 1861 " I187 John A.C. Thompson
 8 Mar 1862 Royal Williams, Sr. H969 Armons L. Wynn
14 Mar 1863 Royal & Delilah Williams I504 B.C. Whitten
As six of the grantees are known to be kin, the rest may be as well; and we do know that Priscilla McCRAY married a BOSLEY. 

13.  Emails from William Gaulding, Art Daly, Lawrence May, Doreen McGowan, Carol Mahoney.

14.  Broderbund.  World Family Trees.  Vol. 1, Pedigrees #1943 and #2923, submitted by Thomas A. Gauldin.

15.  J.M. Guinn.  1904.  A History of the State of California and Biographical Record of Coast Counties, California.  Chapman Publ. Co., Chicago.  See biographical sketch of William Lafayette McCRAY, son of William Henry McCRAY and Macedonia Alice WILLIAMS. 

16.  Mrs. Mary Casteel Linn.  [n.d.]  Notes on Royal Williams from the History of Mercer County (1888).

17.  Author and title of article unknown.  Dec 1965. Clues.  On p. 812:
Delilah Sampson GAULDING born Prince Edward Co., VA 15 Nov 1799...
I'm still trying to find out what Clues is and to get a copy of the original article. 

18.  See article on "Old Middleburg or Middlebury" by Doris Thompson (courtesy of Art Daly). 

19.  Messages posted to the Williams Family Genealogy Forum (online at GenForum.com).

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