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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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Gideon THOMPSON, Jr.
Jane VANCE
Nancy (__?__) GOLLAHAY
Husband:  Gideon THOMPSON, Jr.
Birth:   1764, Mecklenburg Co., NC
Death:  21 Dec 1841, Todd Co., KY
Father:  Gideon THOMPSON, Sr.
Mother:  Janette Ann REID
Marriage-1:  3 or 8 Jan 1793, Mecklenburg Co., NC
Wife-1:  Jane VANCE
Birth:  1774/5, Mecklenburg Co., NC
Death:  bef. Aug 1830
Brother:  John VANCE
Father:  David VANCE
Mother:  Ruth __?__
Marriage-2:  12 Aug 1830, Todd Co., KY
Wife-2:  Nancy __?__
Birth:  1778/9
Resident:  1867, Logan Co., KY (gave age as 88 yrs)
Other Spouse:  m1. Mr. GOLLAHAY / GOLLADAY / GALLAHER
These three must be Nancy's daughters by a former marriage:
.  (Daughter C) GOLLAHAY?, b. 1810-15
.  (Daughter D) GOLLAHAY?, b. 1815-20
.  (Daughter E) GOLLAHAY?, b. 1815-20
Children with Jane VANCE:
born in Mecklenburg Co., NC:
  1.  (Daughter A) THOMPSON, b. 1793-1800 
  2.  James Turner Vance THOMPSON, b. 27 Jul 1793 
  3.  Ruth Wilson THOMPSON, b. 16 Sep 1795; d. 1817 
  4.  Mary "Polly" THOMPSON, b. 2 Jun 1800

born in KY:
  5.  Robert C. THOMPSON, b. 25 Dec 1801
  6.  Gideon R. THOMPSON, b. 13 Sep 1807 
  7.  J.C. or John C. THOMPSON, b. 1 Jan 1808 
  8.  Ann THOMPSON, b. 1808 

born in Christian [now Todd] Co., KY:
  9.  Jane THOMPSON, b. 1810
10.  (Son A) THOMPSON, b. 1810-15
11.  (Daughter B) THOMPSON, b. 1820-25

WARNING:  I do not know for certain that "J.C." THOMPSON, s/o Gideon, is the "John" THOMPSON who shows up in Cooper Co., MO, in 1830, but the evidence points in that direction.

In the 1850 census, Jane is age 40, making her the daughter born 1810-15, but Jane married in 1822.  Was she really married at the age of 12?  Or was she really the daughter born 1793-1800 and fibbing about her age?  She gives her birthplace as KY, which suggests she is, indeed, the younger daughter.

Children with Nancy GOLLAHAY:
none she was too old to have more children when she married our subject
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Kentucky, North Carolina

Timeline
Abbreviations:  EFRR = Elk Fork of the Red River; PR = Pond River; RLC = Reins Lick Creek, a sinking tributary of the West Fork of the Red River
Year Location Event
1764 NC: Mecklenburg Co. birth of Gideon THOMPSON
1774/5 NC: Mecklenburg Co. birth of Jane VANCE
1793 NC: Mecklenburg Co. marriage of Gideon THOMPSON to Jane VANCE
1793-1800   birth of Daughter A
1793   birth of son, James Turner Vance
1795   birth of daughter, Ruth
1800 NC birth of daughter, Mary
1800 Census NC: Mecklenburg Co. Gideon THOMPSON, head-of-household
1801   birth of son, Robert
1804 KY: Logan Co.: Duck Lick Fork Gideon THOMPSON granted 400 a.
1807   birth of son, Gideon R.
1808   birth of son, J.C.
1808   birth of daughter, Ann
1808 KY: Christian [now Todd] Co.: RLC Gideon THOMPSON granted 210 a.
1809 KY: Christian [now Todd] Co.: EFRR Gideon THOMPSON granted 400 a.
1809 KY: Christian [now Todd] Co.: EFRR Gideon THOMPSON, taxpayer (on rolls for 1st time)
1810 Census KY: Christian Co. Gideon THOMPSON, head-of-household
1810   birth of daughter, Jane
1810-13 KY: Christian [now Todd] Co.: EFRR Gideon THOMPSON, taxpayer
1810-15   birth of Son A
1810-15   birth of Daughter B
1813 KY: Christian Co. marriage of daughter, Ruth, to William GREENFIELD
1815 KY: Christian Co. Gideon THOMPSON mentioned in estate settlement
1816 KY: Christian Co. Gedion THOMPSON appraises an estate
1817 KY: Christian Co. marriage of daughter, Mary, to Samuel GREENFIELD
1818 KY: Christian Co. Gideon THOMPSON makes purchase at estate sale
1815-20   birth of Daughter D
1815-20   birth of Daughter E
1819 KY: Christian [now Todd] Co.: EFRR/PR Gideon THOMPSON, taxpayer
1819/20 KY: Todd Co. formed from Christian Co.
1820 Census KY: Todd Co. Gid. THOMPSON, head-of-household
1820-25   birth of daughter F
1822 KY: Todd Co. marriage of son, Robert C., to Eveline ROBERTS
1822 KY: Todd Co. marriage of son, James T.V., to Ruth ROBERTS
1826 KY: Todd Co. marriage of daughter, Ann, to Arnett ROBERTS
1826 KY: Todd Co. marriage of son, Gideon R., to Ann GILLIAN
1826 Kentucky to Missouri son, J.C., moves to Cooper Co.
1830 Census KY: Todd Co. Gideon THOMPSON, head-of-household
1830 KY: Todd Co. marriage of Gideon THOMPSON & Nancy GOLLAAY
1832 KY: Todd Co. Gideon THOMPSON applies for pension
1835 KY: Todd Co. Gideon THOMPSON, pensioner
1837 KY: Todd Co. marriage of daughter, Mary, to Caleb BELL
1839 KY: Todd Co.: EFRR Gideon & Nancy THOMPSON and Caleb & Mary BELL sell 26 a.
1840 Census
1840 KY: Todd Co.: EFRR Gideon THOMPSON, taxpayer

Sources:

1a.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org).
Gedion THOMSON
Spouse: Janie VANCE
Marriage: 8 Jan 1793, Mecklenburg, North Carolina
Source: patron submission

1b.  Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1993.  Kentucky Marriages:  Early to 1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-229) :
Thompson, Gideon Gollahay, Nancy 12 Aug 1830 Todd Co.

2.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1800 (Broderbund CD-312):
1800 Gideon Thompson NC Mecklenburg Co. 10010-30100-03
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 9 or under 1790-1800 = James T.V. (b. 1793)
1 male 26-44 1755-1774 = Gideon (b. 1764)
3 females 9 or under 1790-1800 = Mary (b. 1800)
= Ruth (b. 1795)
= Daughter A 
1 female 16-25 1774-1784 = Jane (b. 1774/5)
3 slaves all ages in or bef. 1800 = names unknown

3.  1810 Census (extracted by A. Robert Matthiesen; see 1810 Table). 
1810 Gideon Thompson KY Christian [now Todd] Co. 21010-21010-09
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 9 or under 1800-1810 = J.C. (b. 1808)
= Gideon R. (b. 1807)
= Robert C. (b. 1801)
1 male 10-15 1794-1800 = James T.V. (b. 1793)
1 male 26-44 1765-1784 = Gideon (b. 1764)
2 females 9 or under 1800-1810 = Ann (b. 1808)
= Mary (b. 1800)
1 female 10-15 1794-1800 = Ruth (b. 1795)
1 female 26-44 1765-1784 = Jane (b. 1774/5)
9 slaves all ages in or bef. 1810 = name unknown

4a. Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1820 (Broderbund CD-314):
1820 Gollaher, F. KY Todd Co. p. 129
1820 Thompson, Gideon KY Todd Co. p. 129
Based on the Broderbund Census Index CDs and the census indices at GenealogyLibrary.com, there are very few Gallahers [or variants] in Kentucky.   The first one to appear in the census indices for Christian, Todd, or Trigg Co. is "F. Gollaher" in 1820.  There is a John Gallaher in nearby Logan Co., KY, in 1830; and there is a Samuel Golladay in Christian Co. in 1840. 

4b.  1820 Census (extracted by A. Robert Matthiesen; see 1820 Table): 
1820 Thompson, Gid KY Todd Co. p. 129A 010101-11201
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 10-15 1804-1810 = J.C. (b. 1808)
= Gideon R. (b. 1807)
1 male 19-25* 1794-1801 = Robert C. (b. 1801)
1 male 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = Gideon (b. 1764)
1 female 9 or under 1810-1820 = Daughter B
1 female 10-15 1804-1810 = Ann (b. 1808)
2 females 16-25 1794-1804 = Mary (b. 1800)
= Ruth (b. 1795)
1 female 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = Jane (b. 1774/5)
*In the 1820 Census, the third column is age class 16-18 and the fourth column is age class 16-25;
therefore, any individual in column three is duplicated in column four.  By subtracting the number
in column three from the number in column four, you can create an age class "19-25."

5.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #19-20 of 68; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen; see 1830 Table)): 
1830 KY Todd Co. p. 367 Ln. 22 Gideon Thompson 000 200 010 - 012 200 100 ?
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 15-19 1810-1815 = Son A
1 male 50-59 1770-1780 = Gideon (b. 1764)
1 female 5-9 1820-1825 = Daughter F
2 females 10-14 1815-1820 = Daughter E
= Daughter D
2 females 15-19 1810-1815 = Daughter C
= Daughter B
1 female 40-49 1780-1790 = Nancy (b. 1778/9)
Daughters C, D, and E did not appear in the 1820 Census, so they cannot be Gideon's daughters.  Are they Nancy's by a former marriage?  She is old enough to have had a prior marriage.

6.  Census Index (online at GenealogyLibrary.com):
1835 Pension Roll Thompson, Gideon KY Todd Co.

7.  1840 Tax List - Todd County, Ky [link died] transcribed by Karen Combs.
Pg.  Name Acres Watercourse Value
46 Thompson, Gideon 150 Elkfork 1200

8.  Kentucky Court Records (LDS Microfiche No. 6049306, Fiche No. 6), Vol. 2, p. 203:
Revolutionary Soldiers in Kentucky, 
Alphabetical List of Pensioners
Gideon Thompson, Todd Co.

9.  Beverly M. Stercula.  1966.  "Thompsons of New England and Surry Co., Va."  Thompson Family Magazine  (online in the Archives of THOMPSON-L at RootsWeb).  This Gideon Thompson is said to be the son of the Gideon Thompson who died in Mecklenburg Co., NC, in 1796.  This Gideon is described as being the "Revolutionary soldier" who "removed to Kentucky."

10.  From The Kentucky Land Grants by Willard Rouse Jillson (1925, Filson Club Publ., Louisville, KY; reprinted 1994 by Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD; also online at Ancestry.com).  These are the only land grants to any Gideon Thompson in Kentucky.
Thompson, Gideon 400 acres 28 May 1804 Duck Lick Fk Logan Co.
Thompson, Gideon 210 acres  9 Jul 1808 Rains Lick Cr Christian [now Todd] Co.
Thompson, Gideon 400 acres 15 Apr 1809 E Fk Red R  Christian [now Todd] Co.
¤ Duck Lick Creek is in NW Logan Co.
¤ Reins Lick was then in Christian Co., is now in Todd Co.  It courses southwestwards from Elkton.
¤ The Elk Fork of the Red River is today in Todd Co.  It courses southeastwards from Elkton.

11.  Anon.  1993.  Christian County, Kentucky, Wills and Estates, 1815-1823.  T.L.C. Genealogy, Miami Beach, FL.
p. 7 Page 17. Per [Christian County] Court order of Sep Term 1815, appointing Robert Coleman, Benjamin H Reeves, & Elijah Garth to settle with Simral (Semeral) Johnson, executor of James Johnson decd, we find the following vouchers in the hands of the executor against the estate, but know not the Amt of the estate which he is chargeable with or holds in his hands.  People mentioned: ...Gideon Thompson... Recorded Nov Term 1815.
p. 21 Page 21.  Per [Christian County] Court order, we appraised the property of Joseph Shanklin deceased... Signed Dec 11, 1816 - Isaac Bean, Joseph C. Frazer, Gedion Thomson, John M. Berry.  Recorded Jan Term 1817.
p. 45 Page 165. Acct of sales of the property of John Gibson, deceased, this Feb 17, 1818.  Purchasers: ...Gideon Thompson... Recorded Sep Term 1818.

12a.  A.B. Willhite.  [n.d.]  Christian Co., Kentucky, Tax List, 1804-1809.  (self-published; available from author at 4396 Coopertown Rd., Russellville, KY 42276, or from the Christian County Genealogical Society, Hopkinsville, KY):
Pg. in
Willhite
Year Dist.* Last 
Name
First 
Name
A B C D E Acres Watercourse
- 1804-8 - - - - - - - - - -
227 1809 East Thompson Gideon 1   3 8 7 200
200
E F
E F
Legend for numerical data:
A = White Males 21 or over; B = White Males 16-20 (this column not used in 1809);
C = Blacks over 16; D = Total Blacks; E = Horses
Abbreviations:  E F = Elk Fork of the Red River
*The county was divided into just two districts:  from 1804 to 1806, into North and South Districts;
beginning in 1807, into East and West Districts.  The Elk Fork of the Red River is in central and eastern
Todd Co., which is consistent with Gideon having been in the East Dist. of Christian Co.

12b.  A.B. Willhite.   [n.d.]  Christian Co., Kentucky, Tax List, 1810-1813.   (Self-published; available from author at 4396 Coopertown Rd., Russellville, KY 42276, or from the Christian County Genealogical Society, Hopkinsville, KY).
Pg. in
Willhite
Year First 
Name
Last 
Name
A B C D E Acres Watercourse
41 1810 Gideon Thompson 1   3 9 8 200
210
Elk Fk
Elk Fk
92 1811 Gideon Thompson 1 - 3 9 8 400 E F
144 1812 Gideon Thompson 1   3 9 10 200
210
E F
"
- 1813 - - -   - - - - -
Legend for numerical data:
A = White Males 21 or over; B = White Males 16-20 (this column used only in 1811);
C = Blacks over 16; D = Total Blacks; E = Horses
Abbreviations:  E F = Elk Fk = Elk Fork of the Red River [now in Todd Co.]
[Note:  many records seem to be missing from the 1813 rolls.]

12c.  A.B. Willhite.   [n.d.]  Christian Co., Kentucky, Tax List, 1814-1818.   (Self-published.  This book is out of print.  I do not have a copy.  If you have one to sell, please contact me.)

12d.  A.B. Willhite.   [n.d.]  Christian Co., Kentucky, Tax List, 1819-1823.   (Self-published; available from author at 4396 Coopertown Rd., Russellville, KY 42276, or from the Christian County Genealogical Society, Hopkinsville, KY).
Pg. in
Willhite
Year First 
Name
Last 
Name
A B C D Acres Watercourse
63 1819 Gideon Thompson 1 5 14 8 400
200
E F
P R
- 1820-23 - - - - - - - -
Legend for numerical data:
A = White Males 21 or over; B = Blacks over 16; C = Total Blacks; D = Horses
Abbreviations:  E F = Elk Fork of Red River [now in Todd Co.]; PR = Pond River [partly in NW Todd Co.]
As expected, Gideon drops off the Christian Co. tax rolls when Todd Co. is formed in 1820. 

12e.  For a chronological/quasi-geographical presentation of THOMPSONs on the Christian Co. tax rolls, click here

13.  Todd County, Kentucky, Deed Book M, 1839-1840 (LDS FHC Film No. 355909; abstracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
p. 110 9 Nov 1839.
Grantors, of Todd Co., KY =  Gideon & Nancy THOMPSON; Caleb N. & Mary BELL.
Grantees = John & Lucy BUNCH.
$182 for 26 acres on the Elk Fork of the Red River.
Mary (THOMPSON) BELL is Gideon's daughter.

14.  Anon.  1943.  "Index of Revolutionary War Pension Applications."  National Genealogical Society Quarterly.  Supplement I, 1284 pp.  (Broderbund CD-210).  On p. 1113:
THOMPSON...
(or THOMPSON), Gideon, N.C., Nancy R19424

15.  Anderson Chenault Quisenberry.  1896.  Revolutionary Soldiers in Kentucky.  Yearbook of the Kentucky Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, Louisville, KY (reprinted 1999 Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD; Broderbund CD-519):
p. 158 TODD COUNTY...
PENSIONERS UNDER THE ACT OF JUNE 7, 1832...
p. 159 Thompson, Gideon, private . . . North Caroline line
January 31, 1833; $33-55 Age __....

16.   Stuart Seely Sprague.  1984.  Kentuckians in Missouri.  Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD.  On p. 154:
BIRTHDATE NAME OF BIOGRAPHEE PARENTS BIRTHPLACE BIRTHDATE SOURCE PAGE FIRST MO. CO. DATE
01 Jan 1808 J.C. Thompson Gideon & Jane     NW 1954 Cooper 1826
"NW" is the next source.

17.  Walter Williams.  1915.  A History of Northwest Missouri... Lewis Publ. Co., Chicago. [not seen]

18.  Messages in the Thompson Family Genealogy Forum (online at GenForum.com).

19.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service: Ancestral File.

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