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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt — for Ancestors!
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Johann Jacob STRAUB, a.k.a., Jacob STROUP I
Catharine __?__
NOTICE:  paper descendants of our subject are participating in the STRAUB Y-chromosome DNA Surname Project.  They have a tight genetic match to the Haplogroup I1-L592 descendants of Johann Pieter STRAUB, the 1733 immigrant to Philadelphia.  This DNA match resurrects and supports the assertion that our subject is the Jacob STRAUB who is son of Johann Pieter STRAUB (i.e., that he's the minor child, Jacob, who accompanied his parents on the crossing).
WARNING:  Secondary sources disagree as to the wives of our subject.  Some say Catharine was Catharine MASTERS; some say she was Catharine BIRKHOVER; and some say she is simply Maria Catharina FRENCH (i.e., that Jacob had two wives, not three).  Another says he had a wife, Betsy, who was the mother of Peter and Elizabeth.  I have not done the research necessary to determine which is correct.  It is certain he had at least two wives, if for no other reason than that no one woman could bear children over a span of 32 years (i.e., from 1746 to 1778), and the 13-year break in child births between ca. 1750 and 1763 would appear to signal the change from one wife to the next.  However, the roughly seven-year break between the births of Margaret and Peter is not wide enough to positively indicate a change in wife, but if there were two earlier wives, that would be the logical place for the change.  In general, the early generations of this family are not well documented, and much of what I have comes from secondary sources, so caveat emptor.
Husband:  Johann Jacob STRAUB, a.k.a., Jacob STROUP I
Birth:  7 Jan 1722, Grossgartach, Heilbronn, Wuerttemberg
Will signed:  27 Mar 1800, Lincoln [now Gaston] Co., NC
Death:  1804/5, Lincoln [now Gaston] Co., NC
Will proved:  Jan 1805
Migration (with parents):  1733, Rotterdam to Plymouth to Philadelphia on the brigantine Pennsylvania Merchant
Military Service:  Revolutionary War (at the Battle of Camden, SC)
Y-DNA Haplogroup:  I1 (L592+), AngloSaxon-5 Cluster
Father:  (Johann) Pieter STRAUB I
Mother:  Anna Maria Barbara HOFFMAN

Father said to be, but notAdam STROUP — son of Mathias STROOP, 1687 immigrant to Maryland 
Mother said to be, but notMargaret __?__

Marriage-1:  1745
Wife-1:  Maria FRENSCH
Birth:  ca. 1725
Death:  1751
Marriage-2:  ca. 1754
Wife-2:  Catharine / Catherine __?__ [MASTERS? BIRKHOVER?]
Birth:  ca. 1730
Marriage-3:  ca. 1762
Migration:  ca. 1769, moved to NC
Wife-3:  Nancy HAMBRIGHT
Birth:  1727/8 or 1740/41
Death (æ 96):  8 Jan 1824 or 13 Apr 1837, Hoyle's Creek, Lincoln Co., NC
Other Spouse:  m1.  Mr. RHYNE
Father:  Frederick HAMBRIGHT

I do not know the source of Nancy's alleged death dates or her alleged age at death.

Children with Maria FRENSCH:
  1.  Adam STROUP, b. 1746, near Baltimore, Baltimore Co., MD
  2.  Margaret STROUP, b. ca. 1748
Children with Catherine:
They are alleged to have had these children, but there is no son, Peter, mentioned in Jacob's will.
   .  Peter STROUP / STROPES, b. ca. 1755; d. 1835
   .  Elizabeth STROUP, b. ca. 1750s
Children with Nancy HAMBRIGHT:
  3.  Mary STROUP, b. ca. 1763 
  4.  Phillip STROUP, b. 16 Aug 1764 
  5.  Veronica/Vronica/Fronica "Fanny" STROUP, b. 1765; m. Mr. CLONIGER; m. John Joseph ECKERT
  6.  Elizabeth "Betsy" STROUP, b. ca. 1767
  7.  Barbara STROUP, b. 1768
  8.  Hannah STROUP, b. ca. 1770
  9.  George STROUP, b. ca. 1772 
10.  John H. STROUP, b. ca. 1775 
11.  Michael STROUP, b. 1776/7 
12.  Daniel STROUP, b. 26 Feb 1778

Said to have had 22 children.  What is the source of this statement, and who are the other children?

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; FRG, DEU, Deutschland; USA, US, United States, Maryland, North Carolina

Year Location Event
c1722 Germany birth of Jacob STROUP
1725   birth of Maria FRENSCH
c1730   birth of Catherine
1733 Germany to Philadelphia moved with parents
1740/1   birth of Nancy HAMBRIGHT
1745   marriage of Jacob STROUP & Maria FRENSCH
1746 MD: Baltimore [now Howard] Co. birth of son, Adam
c1748   birth of daughter, Margaret
c1751   death of Maria (FRENSCH) STROUP
c1752   marriage of Jacob STROUP & Catherine
c1750s   birth of son, Peter
c1755   birth of daughter, Elizabeth
c1763   birth of daughter, Mary
1764   birth of son, Philip
1765   birth of daughter, Fanny
c1767   birth of daughter, Elizabeth
1768   birth of daughter, Barbara
c1770   birth of daughter, Hannah
1770   marriage of son, Adam, to Catherine ALEXANDER
1772 NC: Tryon [now Lincoln/Gaston] Co.: Hoyle Ck. Jacob STROUP received land grant
c1772   birth of son, George
1774 NC land grant
c1775   birth of son, John
1776/7 NC birth of son, Michael
1778   birth of son, Daniel
1779 NC: Lincoln and Rutherford Cos. formed from Tryon Co. (Tryon Co. ceases to exist)
1779 NC: Lincoln [now Lincoln/Gaston] Co.: Sailors Br. Jacob STROUP sells land to son, Adam
1782 NC: Lincoln [now Lincoln/Gaston] Co. marriage of daughter, Barbara, to George DELLINGER
1784 NC: Lincoln [now Lincoln/Gaston] Co. marriage of daughter, Mary, to George REEL
1789 NC: Lincoln [now Lincoln/Gaston] Co. marriage of son, Phillip, to Molly EDELMANN
1790 Census NC: Lincoln [now Lincoln/Gaston] Co. Jacob "STOUP," head-of-household
1793 NC: Lincoln [now Lincoln/Gaston] Co. marriage of daughter, Hannah, to Daniel POSTEN
1796 NC: Lincoln [now Lincoln/Gaston] Co. marriage of son, John, to Barbara MASTERS
1800 NC: Lincoln [now Lincoln/Gaston] Co. Jacob STROUP signs his will
1800 NC: Lincoln [now Lincoln/Gaston] Co. marriage of son, Michael, to Jean GOODSON
1800 Census NC: Lincoln [now Lincoln/Gaston] Co. Jacob STROUP, head-of-household
1803 NC: Lincoln [now Lincoln/Gaston] Co. marriage of son, Daniel, to Polly GOODSON
c1804 NC: Lincoln [now Lincoln/Gaston] Co. death of Jacob STROUP
1841 NC: part of Cleveland Co. formed from part of Lincoln Co.
1842 NC: part of Catawba Co. formed from part of Lincoln Co.
1846 NC: Gaston Co. formed from Lincoln Co.
"Sailors Branch" is a branch of Hoyle's Creek, which flows from Lincoln Co. into Gaston Co., NC.


1.  Marriage Records:

2.  1790 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #8 of 11; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
1790 NC Lincoln Co. 9th Company Roll M637_7 p. 123 Ln. 7R Jacob Stoup 3-2-2-0-0
These data indicate:
Gender and Type Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
3 free white males 16 or over in or bef. 1774 = Jacob (b. 1722)
2 free white males 15 or under 1774-1790 =
2 free white females all ages in or bef. 1790 = Nancy (b. 1740)
= Hannah (b. 1767)
Nancy was alive in 1800 when Jacob wrote his will, so presumably she is one of the females.  Hannah did not marry until 1793, so one would expect her to still be living at home, which also means the other daughters were married — unless, of course, some of the unmarried daughters, including Hannah, were working out of the home, in which case it's hard to tell who the second female is.

3.  1800 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #33 of 72 — list was roughly alphabetized; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
1800 NC Lincoln Co. Roll M32_29 p. 857 Ln. 12 Jacob Stroup 00001-00010-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 45 or over in or bef. 1755 = Jacob (b. 1722/24)
1 female 26-44 1755-1774 = Nancy (b. 1740)
Nancy must be fibbing about her age.  Where is son Daniel?  He did not marry until 1803.  I would doubt this household is our subjects, but there's no other with potential to be them.

4.  1810 Census.

5.  1820 Census.

6.  1830 Census.

7a.  "Will of Jacob Stroup," posted by Shirley Morton at the STRAUB Surname Message Board (online at RootsWeb.com).  Summary (by DGM):
Testator:  Jacob STROUP of Lincoln Co., NC
—Wife:  Nancy
—Sons:  Adam, Philip, George, John, Daniel, Michael
—Daughters:  Betsy, Fanny, Mary, Barbara, Elizabeth, Hannah
—Grandson:  John
—Friend:  William Cullony BOSC
Executors:  Martin FRIDAY, Jacob HOFFMAN
Witness:  Jos ABERNATHY
Date Signed:  27 Mar 1800
Date Proved:  Jan 1805

7b.  "Will of Jacob Stroup" from the Notes of a file online at WorldConnect (submitted by David Stroope, Jr.).  Original will in the North Carolina State Archives, Raleigh, NC.  Will was written by Joseph Abernathy and signed by Jacob Stroup in clear, English script.
In the name of God Amen.---
I, Jacob Stroup, of the County of Lincoln and State of North Carolina being of Sound Memory and understanding do make and ordain this to be my last Will and Testament and so to making my worldly Estate desire to dispose of in manner and form following.---
Viz. First I Give and bequeath to my Son Adam Stroup five Shillings.
Item: I Give to my Grandson John Stroup five Shillings.
Item: I Give to my Daughter Betsy one Shilling.
Item: I give to my daughter Fanny one Shilling.
Item: I give to my daughter Mary one Shilling. 
Item: I give to my Son Philip five Shillings. 
Item: I give to my Daughter Barbara one Shilling.----
Item: I give to my daughter Elizabeth twenty-four pounds of pewter and dresser, six knives and forks, one large pot, one small one, and one 'fryang' pan and two Chairs, one washing tub, two pickling tubs, one 'Scimmer' and one Ladle.----
Item: I give to my Daughter Hannah one Shilling.
Item: I give to my son George five Shillings. 
Item: I give to my Son John five Shillings and forty Acres of Land out of the Old Tract. 
Item: I give to my Son Daniel five Shillings.---
Item: I give to my Son Michael one bay Mare, two plows, two pair Chains, three hoes, one Wind Mill and one Culling Box.----
Lastly, I give to my Wife, Nancy, two cows, one bed and bed 'sted', one Chest and forty Dollars, and I do Ratify and Confirm this to be my Last will & Testament, 'disannuling' all Wills and testaments herefore by me Made, and I do appoint Martin Friday & Jacob Hoffman to be Executors of this Will & Testament.----
Witness my hand and seal this 27th day of March 1800. ---
(Signed) Jacob Stroup -- 
Jo. Abernathy, Testate---
Lincoln County Court, January Session 1805. The within will was proved in open Court by oath of Joseph Abernathy & Recorded.---
Witness: Leon Henderson.

8.  Brent Holcomb.  1977.  Deed Abstracts of Tryon, Lincoln & Rutherford Counties, North Carolina, 1769-1786, Tryon County Wills & Estates.  Southern Historical Press, Greenville, SC. Number in the first column is the page nubmer in Holcomb; number in the second column is the page number in the deed book.
p. p. Date Transaction
100 531-532 1 June 1779 JACOB STROUP & wf of Lincoln Co., to ADAM STROUP of same, for Þ 74...land on both sides of Sailors branch of Hoyles Creek, 200 A...JACOB STROUP (SEAL), Wit: ANDW NEEL. Rec. Apr. term 1780.
For a rough sketch map of the area, click here

9.  Edith Warren Huggins.  1957.  "Huggins and Allied Families of North Carolina." Pages 15-21 in John Bennett Bodie.  Historical Southern Families.  Vol. X.  Pacific Coast Publishers, Redwood City, CA (republ. 1966 by Clearfield, Blto., MD; repub. 1993/5 by Genealogy Publ. Co., Blto., MD; republ. 1998 as Broderbund CD-191).  On p. 19:
...Hannah P. STROUP... dau. of Caleb and Amy Abernethy Stroup, son of Moses and Susannah Masters Stroup, son of Philip and Molly Eddleman Stroup, son of Jacob and Nancy Rhyne Stroup, son of Peter and Marie Straub (German) of Pa.
Says source is census and bible records.

10.  Lorena Shell Eaker.  c1994.  German-speaking People West of the Catawba River in North Carolina, 1750-1800: and Some Émigés' Participation in the Early Settlement of Southeast Missouri.  Genealogy Pub. Service, Franklin, NC (book orders to L.S. Eaker, POB 2125, Church Hill, TN 37642).  [not seen]

11.  Laban M. Hoffman.  1915.  Our Kin.  Gaston Co., NC, Hist. Soc. (repub. 1980, Gateway Press, Blto.).  Book said to trace ancestry of German pioneers on the South Fork of the Catawba River in Lincoln and Gaston Cos., NC.  [not seen]

12.  Broderbund.  World Family Trees.  Vol. 21, Pedigree No. 2783.  Notes that family history says he had 22 children by three wives.

13.  Emails from [name withheld] (17 Sep 2001; some personal and other information edited out):
I am a descendant of Daniel STROUP and Mary aka Polly GOODSON...  I... have had personal contact with many people in the area of NC that my ancestors lived.  I still own land in the area that I inherited from my grandmother who was born in 1884... as a child I spent many hours visiting with my grandmother and people in the area.  According to family history Jacob divided his land between all 7 sons not just AdamDaniel sold his share sometime after 1812 and moved to what is now Cherryville.  He lived and farmed his 110 acres from 1804 [1814] to the time he sold the land.  There are many decendents still in the same area.  I have a lead on the grave of Jacob and his wife Nancy Rhyne but have not been able to check it out...  from the old home place Adam's farm was NW, Phillip on the east, Daniel on the SW etc...
Adam was the oldest son so therefore he was given a chance at family land first.  Peter who was born in 1750 opted to stay in MD because of the girl he married so the story goes.  Jacob, Adam, and Peter all fought in the Rev. War along with a grandson named Jacob.  Old Jacob's land was divided among the sons before his death as they came of age or married.  Daniel who was born in 1779 would have been 21 the year of the census, and also the year old Jacob decided to make it legal.  I figure he cut out a chunk of land for each of them, and they each lived on it and farmed.  The witness to the land sale to Daniel was witnessed by a Michael DELLINGER who was a neighbor and relative by marriage.  Descendents of the DELLINGER clan still live next to my land in NC.  The STROUP, DELLINGER, HARRELSON families have remained connected through the years. Daniel's daughter Nancy (my relative) married a HARRELSON.

14.  Descendants of Matthias Stroope (online at members.cox.net/wmson/strouppvt.htm).

15.  Messages posted to the Stroup Family Genealogy Forum (online at GenForum.com).

16.  Messages posted to the STROUP Surname Board (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

17.  Messages posted to the STROUP-L, STRAUB-L, and STRAUB-DNA Mailing Lists (online at RootsWeb.com).

18.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service (online):  Ancestral File.

19.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

Other Sources (which may or may not apply to our subject):

17.  V.L. Skinner, Jr.  1991.  Abstracts of the Inventories of the Prerogative Court, Libers 12-14, 1726-1729.  Brokeville, MD (Broderbund CD-206):
p. 53
Lists of Debts for Charles Christie
In the Inventories is a list of the debts due to the estate of Charles Christie. Other probate information shows that the inventory was filed in Baltimore County.  The list is date 29 Jun 1762.  This list can be found in Liber 78, Folios 98-132...
p. 55 Desperate Debts...
p. 56 Jacob Stroup...
I have no explanation for the apparent disjunct between this entry and the title of this work.

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