Table of Contents
of the Hunt — for Ancestors!
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|Mark HOPKINS — of "The Big Four" of California
Mary Frances SHERWOOD
|As with any famous person, you will find bogus pedigrees in print and
online asserting a connection to Mark HOPKINS, one of the richest men in
the United States in the late 19th Century. The problem of bogus
pedigrees is especially acute with regard to Mark HOPKINS because he died
without issue and intestate. The litigation over his estate lasted
for years, during which time there were those who had an extraordinary
incentive to create a connection to our subject (i.e., to become
his heir). Some of these pedigrees are being accepted by novice genealogists
to this very day, in part because some of them are still contained in the
LDS Ancestral File, but also due to the publication of Estelle LATTA's
book on his supposed genealogy (see below).
So… do your homework on this one, and don't
even think about asserting a link to Mark HOPKINS until you have consulted
Timothy HOPKINS's book on HOPKINS genealogy (see
below). And please note, the HOPKINS estate was legally settled
in 1883, and that settlement was upheld against repeated challenges in
subsequent years, so even if you can prove a connection, there is
hope of getting any money from the estate, now. Absolutely none.
Despite all the documentation I've placed online showing that Mark HOPKINS, railroad baron, was the one born in New York (s/o Mark HOPKINS & Anastasia Lukens KELLOGG), people still email me arguing that he was born in North Carolina (s/o Edward HOPKINS & Hannah CROW), so I've created this page discussing the evidence. Please study this page. If you have evidence to the contrary, I'm always open to new data and to correcting any mistakes I may have made, but please don't write me about your unproven, undocumented family legend. It's your job to prove your legend, not my job to disprove it.
|Husband: Mark HOPKINS
Birth: 1 Sep 1813, Henderson, Jefferson Co., NY
Death: 29 Mar 1878, Yuma, Arizona Territory
Disposition: buried Sacramento City Cemetery, Sacramento Co., CA
Occupation-1: merchant in New York
Passage: departed NYC 22 Jan 1849 on the ship S.S. Pacific, arrived San Francisco via Cape Horn on 5 Aug 1849
Occupation-2: 1849, New England Trading & Mining Company
Occupation-3: 1850, wholesale grocery w/partner, Edward H. MILLER, in Sacramento, CA
Occupation-4: 1855, entered hardware and iron business in partnership with Collis P. HUNTINGTON
Occupation-5: 1861-1878, founder and Treasurer, Central Pacific Railroad
Historical: namesake of San Francisco's Mark Hopkins Hotel (built on the site of his former mansion on Nob Hill)
Politics: a Whig, then a Free Soiler, then an organizer of the Republican Party in California; ardent abolitionist
Father: Mark HOPKINS (Sr.)
Mother: Anastasia Lukens KELLOGG
|Marriage: 22 Sep 1854, Presbyterian Church, New York City, New York Co., NY|
|Wife: Mary Frances SHERWOOD
Birth: 8 Mar 1818, New York City, NY
Death: 25 Jul 1891, Methuen, Essex Co., MA
Other Spouse: m2. 7 Nov 1887, Edward Francis SEARLES (1841-1920)
Father: William SHERWOOD
Mother: Lydia Ann KELLOGG
Not only were Mark HOPKINS and Mary SHERWOOD first cousins, Mark's parents were first cousins, the genetic consequences of which may explain our subject's lack of issue.
|Adopted by Widow Mary Frances (SHERWOOD) HOPKINS:|
|After Mark's death, Mary legally adopted the adult son of her widowed housekeeper — an act she apparently came to regret because, in the end, she disinherited him. After her death, Timothy successfully sued for a portion of her estate, but the bulk of it went to Mary's (much younger) second husband.|
|Keywords for search engines: genealogy; USA, US, United States, AZ, California, Massachusetts, New York|
1. 1820 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com): Mark HOPKINS appears to be living with his parents in the Town of Henderson, Jefferson Co., NY (q.v.).
2. 1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com): Mark HOPKINS appears to be living with his widowed mother, Mrs. Tacy L. HOPKINS, in St. Clair Twp., St. Clair Co., MI (q.v.).
3. 1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #53-54 of 68; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
6. 1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #18 of 220): Sacramento City, Sacramento Co., CA, p. 144B, 164/171, enumerated 7 Oct 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
7. Marriage Records published in the The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record (Broderbund CD-239):
8. 1860 Census Images (online at Genealogy.com; Image #76 of 118): Sacramento P.O., Fourth Dist. Sacramento City, Sacramento Co., CA, p. 571A, PN 285, 2391/2320, enumerated 11 Aug 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
9. 1870 Census Images (online at Genealogy.com, Image #4 of 121; online at Ancestry.com, Image #300 of 417): Sacramento (Ward 4), Sacramento Co., CA, p. 320B, PN 4, enumerated ca. 9 Jun 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
10. 1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #6-7 of 22): California [St.], San Francisco, San Francisco Co., CA, Roll T9_74, pp. 701B-702C, PN 6-7, SD 1, ED 55, enumerated 2 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
|11. 1890 Census: the 1890 Census Population Schedules
12. Photograph of Mark HOPKINS's tombstone (online at the "Hopkins Clearing House"). The stone reads:
13. Anon. Tuesday, 21 May 1878. "Estate of Mark Hopkins." Daily Nevada State Jounal (Reno, NV), Vol. 9, No. 43, p. 2 (online at Ancestry.com):
14. Timothy Hopkins. 1932. John Hopkins of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1634, and Some of His Descendants. Stanford Univ. Press, Stanford, CA (available as a facsimile reprint from Higginson Books; online at GenealogyLibrary.com). Timothy was son of the HOPKINS's housekeeper, and he grew up in the HOPKINS household. After the death of Mark HOPKINS, he was adopted (as an adult) by Mark's widow, Mary (SHERWOOD) HOPKINS, and he married Mark's niece, so presumably Timothy had a lifelong and intimate knowledge of the family. In addition, while compiling the book, Timothy presumably had full access to Mark HOPKINS's papers and, as a trustee of Stanford University, the presumed cooperation of the editorial staff at Stanford Univerity Press and the research librarians at Stanford University Library.
15. Oscar Lewis. 1963. The Big Four: The Story
of Huntington, Stanford, Hopkins, and Crocker, and of the Building of the
Central Pacific. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.
16. Encyclopædia Britannica CD 98 — errors highlighted in red and discussed below:
17. Mark Hopkins. 1871. Evidences of Christianity. T.R. Marvin & Sons, Boston. Images courtesy of Ron Blitstein, who owns a copy of this book which is inscribed by the author: "Mrs. Mark Hopkins, from the author, Williams College, March 31st, 1880." The inside cover has the bookplate of "Edward Francis Searles," second husband of Mary (SHERWOOD) HOPKINS. While not proof that the two Mark HOPKINS'es were blood kin, the book certainly proves that the families were aware of each other.
19. Rockwell D. Hunt, ed. 1932. California and Californians. Vol. 4. Lewis Publ., Chicago (online at Ancestry.com; boldface added):
20. John Debo Galloway. 1959. The First Transcontinental Railroad: Central Pacific, Union Pacific. Simmons-Boardman, NY (reprinted 1981 by Arno Press, NY; online at the Central Pacific Railroad Photographic History Museum). Excerpt about Mark HOPKINS:
21. Mountain Democrat, Placerville, CA, 31 Dec 1892 (online at Ancestry.com):
22. Richard H. Dillon. 2005. "HOPKINS, Mark." Pp. 267-268 in Mark C. Carnes, ed. American National Biography: Supplement 2. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford and New York (online at GoogleBooks):
24. Messages posted to the Hopkins Family Genealogy Forum (online at GenForum.com). See especially, Message #4262.
|Bogus Genealogies of Mark HOPKINS:
A. LDS. Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service: AF - Ancestral File (online at FamilySearch.org). Several lineages, including one making Mark the son of Edward HOPKINS and Hannah CROW (see next source).
B. Doyle Clinton Akers. 1992. The Hopkins/Coger Connection: including efforts in the 1920s to redistribute the estate of railroad builder Mark Hopkins. Self-published, Denison, TX. 87 pp (LDS Call No. 929.273 H774; LDS Film No. 1750757, Item 10). Abstract and Analysis.
C. Estelle Latta. 1953. Controversial Mark Hopkins. Self-published, Greenberg Publ. Corp., NY. An exceedingly verbose, poorly documented, non-scholarly work devoted to promulgating the existence of a widespread conspiracy to obscure the "true" identity of Mark HOPKINS, whom she contends was born in North Carolina. While one would like to be charitable and suggest she was simply an incompetent researcher with an obsession, the facts suggest the book is a deliberate fraud (please see this message at GenForum). Please also see the Pedigree of Estelle Latta debunking her claims of her own connections to Mark HOPKINS.
|Everything I have is online at this web site. I have no further information, so please don't write asking me if I do.
On the other hand, if you feel I've made an error, please don't hesitate to notify me, but in which case,
There are over 16,000 pages on this web site, and I simply don't remember every page, much less every person on every page.
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