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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt — for Ancestors!
 
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What the Numbers in the U.S. Federal and State Censuses Mean
Below are the column headings for the 1790-1940 U.S. Census Population Schedules, plus some state census and other census schedules.  Items are listed in the order they appear on the schedules as columns, left to right.  Be aware that there are some differences from state to state, for example, northern states are apt to omit columns for slaves.  With regard to immigration, "Na" means naturalized, "Al" means alien, and "Pa" means papers of intent (to become a citizien) have been filed.

Also, see below, for a discussion on improving the ease and accuracy of dealing with long series of numerical data.

1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1855 1860 1865 1870 1875 1880 1885 1887 1890 1895 1900 1905 1910 1915 1920 1925 1930 1940
Alternate 1820 Form (w/o slaves) Mortality Schedules 1852 State 1856 State 1890 Veterans 1892 State Census 1900 Naval / Military Form 1920 Naval / Military Form
 
1790
1. free white males 16 and over
2. free white males 15 and under
3. free white females
4. all other free people
5. slaves

The columns in Montgomery Co., MD, were non-standard:
1.  free white males of sixteen years and upwards including heads of families
2.  free white males under sixteen years
3.  free white females including heads of families
4.  free yellow and black males of sixteen years and upwards
5.  free yellow and black males under sixteen years
6.  free yellow and black females
7.  slaves

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1800 and 1810
These headings and labels are taken verbatim from an actual census sheet, except for Column Number (the columns on the sheet are not numbered) and the "Preferred" Label column.  The "Preferred" Label is preferred because it eliminates the ambiguity of the "Numerical" Label. 
Heading Text Label Numerical 
Label
Preferred
Label
Col.
No.
FREE
WHITE
MALES
Under ten years of age. to 10 9 or under 1
Of ten and under sixteen. 10 to 16 10 - 15 2
Of sixteen and under twenty-six,
including heads of families.
16 to 26 16 - 25 3
Of twenty-six and under forty five,
including heads of families.
26 to 45 26 - 44 4
Of forty-five and upwards,
including heads of families.
45, &c. 45 or over 5
FREE
WHITE
FEMALES
Under ten years of age. to 10 9 or under 6
Of ten and under sixteen. 10 to 16 10 - 15 7
Of sixteen and under twenty-six,
including heads of families.
16 to 26 16 - 25 8
Of twenty-six and under forty five,
including heads of families.
26 to 45 26 - 44 9
Of forty-five and upwards,
including heads of families.
45, &c. 45 or over 10
  All other free persons,
except Indians not taxed.
    11
  Slaves.     12

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1820
  1. free white males, 9 and under
  2. free white males, 10-15
  3. free white males, 16-18  [these individuals will be duplicated in the next age category]
  4. free white males, 16-25
  5. free white males, 26-44
  6. free white males, 45 and over

  7. free white females, 9 and under
  8. free white females, 10-15
  9. free white females, 16-25
10. free white females, 26-44
11. free white females, 45 and over

12. foreigners not naturalized

13. people in agriculture
14. people in commerce
15. people in manufacture

16. male slaves, 13 and under
17. male slaves, 14-25
18. male slaves, 26-44
19. male slaves, 45 and over

20. female slaves, 13 and under
21. female slaves, 14-25
22. female slaves, 26-44
23. female slaves, 45 and over

24. free male colored persons, 13 and under
25. free male colored persons, 14-25
26. free male colored persons, 26-44
27. free male colored persons, 45 and over

28. free female colored persons, 13 and under
29. free female colored persons, 14-25
30. free female colored persons, 26-44
31. free female colored persons, 45 and over

32. all other persons, except Indians not taxed

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Alternate 1820 Form — Used in Perry Co., PA, and Possibly in Other Non-Slave States
  1. free white males, 9 and under
  2. free white males, 10-15
  3. free white males, 16-18  [these individuals will be duplicated in the next age category]
  4. free white males, 16-25
  5. free white males, 26-44
  6. free white males, 45 and over

  7. free white females, 9 and under
  8. free white females, 10-15
  9. free white females, 16-25
10. free white females, 26-44
11. free white females, 45 and over

12.  Number of persons engaged in Agriculture.
13.  Number of persons engaged in Manufactures.
14.  Foreigners not naturalized.

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1830
These headings and labels are taken verbatim from an actual census sheet, except for Column Number (the columns on the sheet are not numbered) and the "Preferred" Label column.  The "Preferred" Label eliminates the ambiguity of the "Numerical" Label that is most often used to describe the age classes.
Main Head Sub Head Text Label Numerical 
Label
"Preferred"
Label
Col.
No.
FREE 
WHITE
PERSONS
MALES Under five years of age. under 5 4 or under 1
Of five and under ten. 5 to 10 5 - 9 2
Of ten and under fifteen. 10 to 15 10 - 14 3
Of fifteen and under twenty. 15 to 20 15 - 19 4
Of twenty and under thirty. 20 to 30 20 - 29 5
Of thirty and under forty. 30 to 40 30 - 39 6
Of forty and under fifty. 40 to 50 40 - 49 7
Of fifty and under sixty. 50 to 60 50 - 59 8
Of sixty and under seventy. 60 to 70 60 - 69 9
Of seventy and under eighty. 70 to 80 70 - 79 10
Of eighty and under ninety. 80 to 90 80 - 89 11
Of ninety and under one hundred. 90 to 100 90 - 99 12
Of one hundred and upwards. 100, &c. 100 or over 13
FEMALES Under five years of age. under 5 4 or under 14
Of five and under ten. 5 to 10 5 - 9 15
Of ten and under fifteen. 10 to 15 10 - 14 16
Of fifteen and under twenty. 15 to 20 15 - 19 17
Of twenty and under thirty. 20 to 30 20 - 29 18
Of thirty and under forty. 30 to 40 30 - 39 19
Of forty and under fifty. 40 to 50 40 - 49 20
Of fifty and under sixty. 50 to 60 50 - 59 21
Of sixty and under seventy. 60 to 70 60 - 69 22
Of seventy and under eighty. 70 to 80 70 - 79 23
Of eighty and under ninety. 80 to 90 80 - 89 24
Of ninety and under one hundred. 90 to 100 90 - 99 25
Of one hundred and upwards. 100, &c. 100 or over 26
27. male slaves, 9 and under
28. male slaves, 10-23
29. male slaves, 24-35
30. male slaves, 36-54
31. male slaves, 55-99
32. male slaves, 100 and over

33. female slaves, 9 and under
34. female slaves, 10-23
35. female slaves, 24-35
36. female slaves, 36-54
37. female slaves, 55-99
38. female slaves, 100 and over

39. white persons included in the forgoing, deaf and dumb, 13 and under
40. white persons included in the forgoing, deaf and dumb, 14-24
41. white persons included in the forgoing, deaf and dumb, 25 and over
42. white persons included in the forgoing, who are blind
43. white persons included in the forgoing, aliens - foreigners not naturalized

45. free black males, 9 and under
46. free black males, 10-23
47. free black males, 24-35
48. free black males, 36-54
49. free black males, 55-99
50. free black males, 100 and over

51. free black females, 9 and under
52. free black females, 10-23
53. free black females, 24-35
54. free black females, 36-54
55. free black females, 55-99
56. free black females, 100 and over

57. free black persons and slaves, deaf and dumb, 13 and under
58. free black persons and slaves, deaf and dumb, 14-25
59. free black persons and slaves, deaf and dumb, 25 and over
60. free black persons and slaves, who are blind

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1840
These headings and labels are taken verbatim from an actual census sheet, except for Column Number (the columns on the sheet are not numbered) and the "Preferred" Label column.  The "Preferred" Label eliminates the ambiguity of the "Numerical" Label that is most often used to describe the age classes.
Main Head Sub Head Text Label Numerical 
Label
"Preferred"
Label
Col.
No.
FREE 
WHITE 
PERSONS
MALES Under five years of age. under 5 4 or under 1
Of five and under ten. 5 to 10 5 - 9 2
Of ten and under fifteen. 10 to 15 10 - 14 3
Of fifteen and under twenty. 15 to 20 15 - 19 4
Of twenty and under thirty. 20 to 30 20 - 29 5
Of thirty and under forty. 30 to 40 30 - 39 6
Of forty and under fifty. 40 to 50 40 - 49 7
Of fifty and under sixty. 50 to 60 50 - 59 8
Of sixty and under seventy. 60 to 70 60 - 69 9
Of seventy and under eighty. 70 to 80 70 - 79 10
Of eighty and under ninety. 80 to 90 80 - 89 11
Of ninety and under one hundred. 90 to 100 90 - 99 12
Of one hundred and upwards. 100, &c. 100 or over 13
FEMALES Under five years of age. under 5 4 or under 14
Of five and under ten. 5 to 10 5 - 9 15
Of ten and under fifteen. 10 to 15 10 - 14 16
Of fifteen and under twenty. 15 to 20 15 - 19 17
Of twenty and under thirty. 20 to 30 20 - 29 18
Of thirty and under forty. 30 to 40 30 - 39 19
Of forty and under fifty. 40 to 50 40 - 49 20
Of fifty and under sixty. 50 to 60 50 - 59 21
Of sixty and under seventy. 60 to 70 60 - 69 22
Of seventy and under eighty. 70 to 80 70 - 79 23
Of eighty and under ninety. 80 to 90 80 - 89 24
Of ninety and under one hundred. 90 to 100 90 - 99 25
Of one hundred and upwards. 100, &c. 100 or over 26
NOTE:  some forms have free colored before slaves with a Total column before employments.

27. male slaves, 9 and under
28. male slaves, 10-23
29. male slaves, 24-35
30. male slaves, 36-54
31. male slaves, 55-99
32. male slaves, 100 and over

33. female slaves, 9 and under
34. female slaves, 10-23
35. female slaves, 24-35
36. female slaves, 36-54
37. female slaves, 55-99
38. female slaves, 100 and over

39. number of persons in each family employed in
  a. mining
  b. agriculture
  c. commerce
  d. manufactures and trades
  e. navigation of the ocean
  f. navigation of canals, lakes, and rivers
  g. learned professionals and engineers

40. name and age of Revolutionary War pensioners (some forms have two separate columns for name and age)

41. free colored males, 9 and under
42. free colored males, 10-23
43. free colored males, 24-35
44. free colored males, 36-54
45. free colored males, 55-99
46. free colored males, 100 and over

47. free colored females, 9 and under
48. free colored females, 10-23
49. free colored females, 24-35
50. free colored females, 36-54
51. free colored females, 55-99
52. free colored females, 100 and over

53. white persons included in the forgoing, deaf and dumb, 13 and under
54. white persons included in the forgoing, deaf and dumb, 14-24
55. white persons included in the forgoing, deaf and dumb, 25 and older
56. white persons included in the forgoing, who are blind
57. white persons included in the forgoing, idiotic or insane
58. white persons included in the forgoing, illiterate males over 21
59. white persons included in the forgoing, aliens - foreigners not naturalized

60. free blacks and slaves included in the forgoing, deaf and dumb, 13 and under
61. free blacks and slaves included in the forgoing, deaf and dumb, 14-24
62. free blacks and slaves included in the forgoing, deaf and dumb, 25 and older
63. free blacks and slaves included in the forgoing, who are blind
64. free blacks and slaves included in the forgoing, idiotic or insane

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1850
  1. Dwelling #
  2. Family #
  3. The name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1850, was in this family.
  4. Age
  5. Sex
  6. Color - white, black or mulatto.
  7. Profession, occupation, or trade of each male person 16 or over.
  8. Value of real estate owned.
  9. Place of birth, naming the state, territory, or country.
10. Married with the year.
11. Attended school within the year.
12. Persons 21 or over who cannot read and write.
13. Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict.

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1852 State Census
1852 California State Census

1.  Names of Persons of every Description.
2.  Age.
3.  Sex.
4.  Color: White, Black, or Mulatto.
5.  Profession, trade or occupation.
6.  Place of Birth, naming State or Country.
7.  Last residence.

No. of White inhabitants.
8.  Male.
9.  Female.
10.  No. of citizens of the U.S. over 21 years.

No. of Negroes.
11.  Male.
12.  Female.
13.  No. over 21 years old.

No. of Mulattoes.
14.  Male.
15.  Female.
16.  No. over 21 years old.

No. of Domesticated Indians.
17.  Male.
18.  Female.
19.  No. over 21 years old.

No. of Foreign Residents.
20.  Male.
21.  Female.
22.  No. over 21 years old.

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1855 State Census
1855 Illinois State Census

Across the top of the page is the location in the PLSS (Public Land Survey System).

  1.  NAMES.
FREE WHITE MALE PERSONS.
  2.  Under 10
  3.  10 to 20
  4.  20 to 30
  5.  30 to 40
  6.  40 to 50 
  7.  50 to 60
  8.  60 to 70
  9.  70 to 80
10.  80 to 90
11.  Over 90

12.  Empty?

FREE WHITE FEMALE PERSONS.
13.  Under 10
14.  10 to 20
15.  20 to 30
16.  30 to 40
17.  40 to 50 
18.  50 to 60
19.  60 to 70
20.  70 to 80
21.  80 to 90
22.  Over 90

NEGROES AND Mulattoes.
23.  Males.
24.  Females.

25.  Total.
26.  Militia.
27.  MANUFACTORIES OF ALL KINDS.
28.  Value of products of manufactories.
29.  Value of products of Coal Mines.
30.  Value of Live Stock.
31.  Number of lbs. of Wool.
32.  No. of Colleges.
33.  No. of Pupils.
34.  No. of Common Schools.
35.  No. of Pupils.
36.  REMARKS.

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1856 State
1856 Iowa State Census

  1.  Number of dwelling houses.
  2.  Number of families.
  3.  NAMES OF PERSONS.
  4.  Age.
  5.  Sex.
  6.  Color.
  7.  Married.
  8.  Widowed.
  9.  Years resident in the State.
10.  In what State, or Foreign Country, born.
11.  Profession, trade or occupation.
12.  Native voters.
13.  Naturalized voters.
14.  Aliens.
15.  Militia.
16.  Deaf and Dumb.
17.  Blind.
18.  Insane.
19.  Idiotic.
20.  Owners of land.
21.  Paupers.



22.  Acres of improved land.
23.  Acres of unimproved land.
24.  Acres in meadow.
25.  Tons of hay.
26.  Bushels of grass seed.

WHEAT
27.  Acres of spring wheat.
28.  Bushels harvested.
29.  Acres of winter wheat.
30.  Bushels harvested.

OATS
31.  Acres of oats.
32.  Bushels harvested.

CORN
33.  Acres of corn.
34.  Bushels harvested.

POTATOES
35.  Acres of potatoes.
36.  Bushels harvested.

HOGS
37.  Number of hogs sold.
38.  Value of hogs sold.

CATTLE
39.  Number of cattle sold.
40.  Value of cattle sold.

41.  Pounds of butter manufactured.
42.  Pounds of cheese.
43.  Value of domestic manufactures.
44.  Value of general manufactures.
45.  Remarks.

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1860
 1. Dwelling #
 2. Family #
 3. The name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1860, was in this family.
 4. Age
 5. Sex
 6. Color - white, black to mulatto.
 7. Profession, occupation, or trade of each male person 16 or over.
 8. Value of real estate owned.
 9. Value of personal estate.
10. Place of birth, naming the state, territory, or country.
11. Married with the year.
12. Attended school within the year.
13. Persons 21 or over who cannot read and write.
14. Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict.

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1865
1865 Kansas State Census

 1. Dwelling-houses — numbered in the order of vivitation.
 2. Families numbered in the order of visitation.
 3. The name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of May, 1865, was in this family.
DESCRIPTION.
 4. Age.
 5. Sex.
 6. Color - White, black, or mulatto.
 7. Regiment.
 8. Company.
 9. Profession, Occupation or Trade of each person, male and female, over 15 years of age.
VALUE OF ESTATE OWNED.
10. Value of Eeal Estate.
11. Value of Personal Estate.
12. Place of Birth, Naming the State, Territory, or Country.
13. Married or Single.
14. Attended school within the year.
15. Persons over 20 y'rs of age who cannot read Y write.
16. Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict.

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1870
 1. Dwelling #
 2. Family #
 3. The name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1870, was in this family.
 4. Age at last birthday. If under 1 year, give months in fractions, thus 2/12.
 5. Sex
 6. Color - White, Black, Mulatto, Chinese, Indian.
 7. Profession, occupation, or trade of each person, male and female.
 8. Value of real estate.
 9. Value of personal estate.
10. Place of birth, naming state or territory of U.S.; or the country, if of foreign birth.
11. Father of foreign birth.
12. Mother of foreign birth.
13. If born within the year, state month (Jan., Feb., etc.).
14. If married within the year, state the month (Jan., Feb., etc.).
15. Attended school within the year.
16. Cannot read.
17. Cannot write.
18. Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic.
19. Male citizens of U.S. of 21 years of age and upwards.
20. Male citizens of U.S. of 21 years of age and upwards, where right to vote is denied or abridged on other grounds than rebellion or other crime.

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1875
1875 Kansas State Census

 1. Dwelling Houses, numbered in the order of visitation.
 2. Families, numbered in the order of visitation.
 3. The name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of March, 1875, was in this family.
DESCRIPTION
 4. Age at last birthday. If under 1 year, give months in fractions, thus — 3-12.
 5. Sex. Male (M), Female (F).
 6. Color.  White (W), Black (B), Mulatto (M), Chinese (C), Indian (I).
 7. Profession, Occupation or Trade of each person, Male or Female.
 8. Value of Real Estate.
 9. Value of Personal Pstate.
10. Place of Birth — naming State or Territory of U.S., or the country, if of Foreign birth.
11. Where from to Kansas — naming State or Territory of U.S., or country, if a Foreigner.
12. Attended school within the year.
ILLITERACY.
— CANNOT READ.
13. Persons 10 to 15 yrs. of age.
14. Persons 15 to 21 yrs. of age.
15. Persons 21 years of age and over.
— CANNOT WRITE.
16. Persons 10 to 15 yrs. of age.
17. Persons 15 to 21 yrs. of age.
18. Persons 21 years of age and over.
— CANNOT READ OR WRITE.
19. Persons 10 to 15 yrs. of age.
20. Persons 15 to 21 yrs. of age.
21. Persons 21 years of age and over.

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1875 New York State Census

Dwellings.
1.  Numbered in order of visitation.
2.  Of what material built.
3.  Value.

4.  Families numbered in order of visitation.
5.  Name of every person whose usual place of abode was in the Family on the 1st day of June, 1865.  [Yes, 1865, which I have to assume is a printing error.]
6.  Age
7.  Sex
8.  Color: White, Black, Mulatto or Ind'n.
9.  Relation to the head of the family.
10.  In what county of this state, or in what other state, or foreign country born.
11.  Now married.
12.  Now widowed.
13.  Single.
14.  Profession, trade or occupation.
15.  Usual place of employment, if out of the dity or town, where the family resides. | If in U.S. Service, or absent as specified in Art. II, § 3 of Constitution, write former home in this column.

16.  Voters: Native.
17.  Voters: Naturalized.
18.  Alien.
19.  Owner of land.
20.  Over 21 and not able to readn and write.
21.  Deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic.

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1880 and 1890
The entire 1890 census was lost to fire, except for a few counties.
.  Name of Street
.  House Number

 1. Dwelling #
 2. Family #
 3. The name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1880, was in this family.
 4. Color - White, Black, Mulatto, Chinese, Indian
 5. Sex
 6. Age at last birthday prior to June 1, 1880.  If under 1 year, give months in fractions, thus 2/12.
 7. If born within the Census year, give month.
 8. Relationship of each person to the head of this family - whether wife, son, daughter, servant, boarder, or other.
 9. Single
10. Married
11. Widowed or divorced.
12. Married during Census year.
13. Profession, occupation, or trade of each person, male and female.
14. Number of months person has been unemployed during the Census year.
15. Is the person [on the day of the numerator's visit] sick or temporarily disabled, so as to be unable to attend to ordinary business or duties? If so, what is the sickness or disability?
16. Blind
17. Deaf and dumb
18. Idiotic
19. Insane
20. Maimed, crippled, bedridden, or otherwise disabled.
21. Attended school within the Census year.
22. Cannot read
23. Cannot write
24. Place of birth of this person, naming state or territory of U.S. or the country, if of foreign birth.
25. Place of birth of the FATHER of this person, naming state or territory of U.S. or the country, if of foreign birth.
26. Place of birth of the MOTHER of this person, naming state or territory of U.S. or the country, if of foreign birth.

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1885
1885 Colorado State Census

_.  Name of street.
_.  House number.

  1.  Dwelling house numbered in order of visitation.
  2.  Families numbered in order of visitation.
  3.  The Name of each Person whose place of abode on 1st day of June, 1885, was in this family.

Personal Description
  4.  Color — White, W; Black, B; Mulatto, Mu; Chinese, C; Indian, I.
  5.  Sex — Male, M.; Female, F.
  6.  Age at last birthday prior to Jun 1, 1885.  If under 1 year give months in fractions, thus: 2/12.

  7.  If born withing the Census year, give the month.
  8.  Relationship of each person to the head of this family — whether wife, son, daughter, servant, boarder, or other.

Civil Condition
  9.  Single, /.
10.  Married, /.
11.  Widowed, /, Divorced, D.

12.  Married during census year, /.

Occupation
13.  Profession, Occupation or Trade of each person, male or female.
14.  Number of months this person has been unemployed during the Census year.

Health
15.  Is the person [on the day of the Enumerator's visit] sick or temporarily disabled so as to be unable to attend to ordinary business or duties?  If so, what is the sickness or disability?
16.  Blind, /.
17.  Deaf and Dumb, /.
18.  Idiotic, /.
19.  Insane, /.
20.  Maimed, Crippled, Bedridden, or otherwise disabled.

Education
21.  Attended school within the Census year, /.
22.  Cannot read, /.
23.  Cannot write, /.

Nativity
24.  Place of Birth of this person, naming State or Territory of the United States, or the Country, if of foreign birth.
25.  Place of Birth of the FATHER of this person, naming State or Territory of the United States, or the Country, if of foreign birth.
26.  Place of Birth of the MOTHER of this person, naming State or Territory of the United States, or the Country, if of foreign birth.

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1885 Florida State Census

  The form appears to be the same as the 1880 Federal Census (q.v.).

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1885 Iowa State Census

A.  Dwelling in order of visitation
B.  Families numered in order of visitation
C.  NAME OF EACH PERSON (Write full first name)

RESIDENCE
_ Township | Range (or Lot) | Section (or Block)
D.  Street and number, or other accurate designation, if in town plat.  Smallest legal subdivision if in country.

E.  Age at birthday in 1894
F.  Sex
G.  Color
H.  Married [M], single [S], widowed [W], or divorced [D]
I.  PROFESSION, EMPLOYER OR OCCUPATION

--------

PLACE OF BIRTH
J.  [buried in binding, but appear to refer to county of birth]
K.  If in United States, name of state or territory
L.  If abroad, which country

PARENTAGE [N, Native; F, Foreign]
M.  Father
N.  Mother

O.  Subject to military duty
P.  Entitled to vote
Q.  Alien who has taken out firs papers
R.  Alien who has not taken out first papers
S.  Cannot read or write, over 10 years old
T.  Can read but not write, over 10 years old
U.  Deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiots
V.  REMARKS

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1885 Kansas State Census

  1.  Dwelling House, numbered in the order of visitation.
  2.  Families, numbered in the order of visitation.
  3.  The name of every person whose place of abode on the first day of March, 1885, was in this family.
  4.  Age at last birthday.  If under 1 year, give months, thus—3 M.
  5.  Sex. Male (M), Female (F).
  6.  Color. White (W), Black (B), Mulatto (M), Chinese (C), Indian (I).
  7.  Married (/).
  8.  Single (/).
  9.  Widow or Widower (/).
10.  Profession, Occupation or Trade of each Person, Male or Female, 10 years old and over.
11.  Place of Birth, naming State or Territory of U.S., or the country, if of Foreign birth.
12.  Where from to Kansas, naming State or Territory of U.S., or country, if a Foreigner.
13.  Trade or Profession being learned by each Person, Male or Female, under 21 years of age.
14.  Attended school within the year.
ILLITERACY.
CANNOT READ OR WRITE.
15.  Persons 10 to 15 yrs. of age.
16.  Persons 15 to 21 yrs. of age.
17.  Persons 21 years of age and over.

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1885 Minnesota State Census

1.  Families, numbered in the order of visitation.
2.  Name of every person whose residence was in this family on the 1st of May, 1885.

DESCRIPTION
3.  Age at last birthday. If under one year, give months in fractions, thus 3/12.
4.  Sex — Males (M), Females (F).
5.  Color — White (W), Black (B), Mulatto (M), Chinese (C), Indian (I).

6.  Place of Birth, naming State or Territory of U.S.; or the Country, if of foreign birth.

PARENTAGE
7.  Father of foreign birth.
8.  Mother of foreign birth.

CONDITION
9. Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic.

10.  Served as a soldier in Federal Army during rebellion.

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1885 Census of Washington Territory

  1.  Line Number
  2.  Names of persons residing in Washington Territory on the first Monday in February, 1885.
  3.  Age.
  4.  M (Male).
  5.  F (Female).
  6.  White.
  7.  Black.
  8.  Mulatto.
  9.  Chinese.
10.  Indiana half-bloods.
11.  Kanakas.
12.  Profession, Occupation or Trade, of Male or Female.
13.  Married.
14.  Single.
15.  Nativity. State, Territory, or Foreign Country.
16.  Can not Read, age over 15 years.
17.  Can not Write, age over 15 years.
18.  Deaf, Dumb, Blind, Insane or Idiotic.
19.  Male citizen of U S over 21 years of age.
20.  Female citizen of U S over 21 years of age.
21.  Aliens over 21 years of age — Males.
22.  Aliens over 21 years of age — Females.

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1887
1887 Census of Washington Territory

  1.  Line Number
  2.  Names of persons residing in Washington Territory on the first Monday in April, 1887.
  3.  Age.
  4.  M (Male).
  5.  F (Female).
  6.  White.
  7.  Black.
  8.  Mulatto.
  9.  Chinese.
10.  Indiana half-bloods.
11.  Kanakas.
12.  Profession, Occupation or Trade, of Male or Female.
13.  Married.
14.  Single.
15.  Nativity. State, Territory, or Foreign Country.
16.  Can not Read, age over 15 years.
17.  Can not Write, age over 15 years.
18.  Deaf, Dumb, Blind, Insane or Idiotic.
19.  Male citizen of U S over 21 years of age.
20.  Female citizen of U S over 21 years of age.
21.  Aliens over 21 years of age — Males.
22.  Aliens over 21 years of age — Females.

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1890 Veterans Schedules
  1.  From Schedule No. 1: Home No.
  2.  From Schedule No. 1: Family No.
  3.  Names of Surviving Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines, and Widows.
  4.  Rank.
  5.  Company.
  6.  Name of Regiment or Vessel.
  7.  Date of Enlistment.
  8.  Date of Discharge.
  9.  Length of Service.
10.  Post-Office Address.
11.  Disability Incurred.
12.  Remarks.

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1892
1892 New York State Census

1.  NAME.
2.  Male or Female.
3.  AGE.
4.  Color.
5.  IN WHAT COUNTRY BORN.
6.  Citizen or Alien.
7.  OCCUPATION.

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1895
1895 Kansas State Census

  1.  Dwelling House, numbered in the order of visitation.
  2.  Families, numbered in the order of visitation.
DESCRIPTION
  3.  The name of every person whose place of abode on the first day of March, 1895, was in this family.
  4.  Age at last birthday.  If under 1 year, give months, thus—3 M.
  5.  Sex. Male (M), Female (F).
  6.  Color. White (W), Black (B), Mulatto (M), Chinese (C), Indian (I).
  7.  Place of birth, naming state or territory of United States, or the country, if of foreign birth. 
  8.  Where from to Kansas, naming state or territory of United States, or country, if a foreigner. 
  9.  Profession, occupation or trade of each person, male or female, 10 years old or older.
10.  Trade or profession being learned by each person, male or female, under 21 years of age.
11.  Attended school within the year.
ILLITERACY.
CANNOT READ OR WRITE.
12.  Persons 10 to 15 years of age.
13.  Persons 15 to 21 years of age.
14.  Persons 21 years of age and over.

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1895 Minnesota State Census

1.  Families Numbered in Order of Visitation.
2.  Name of Every Person Whose Residence was in this Family on the First of June, 1895.
3.  Age at Last Birthday.  If under one year mark in Fraction of Years Thus — 3-12.
4.  Sex:  Male (M), Female (F).
5.  Color:  White (W), Black (B), Mulatto (M), Chinese (C), Indian (I), if a Voter.
6.  Place of Birth, giving State or Territory of U.S., or give Country if of Foreign Birth.

IF A MALE OVER 21.
How long a resident of this State, give time in Years and Months.
7.  Years.
8.  Mo.
How long a resident of this enumeration district.  Give time in years and months.
9.  Years.
10.  Mo.

11.  REGULAR OCCUPATION.
12.  Amount of time employed at regular occupation during year ending June 1895, in months.
13.  Soldier or Sailor in War of Rebellion.  For Soldier (Sold.) For Sailor (Sail.)

PARENTAGE
14.  Father of Foreign Birth. Answer (Yes) or (No).
15.  Mother of Foreign Birth. Answer (Yes) or (No).

16.  Previously enumerated.

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1895 Wisconsin State Census

1.  Names of Heads of Families.
AGGREGATE POPULATION.
White
2.  Males.
3.  Females.
Colored.
4.  Males. 
5.  Females.
NATIVITY
6.  United States.
7.  Germany.
8.  Great Britain.
9.  Ireland.
10.  France.
11.  British America.
12.  Scandinavia.
13.  Holland.
14.  All other Countries.

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1900
 1. Dwelling #
 2. Family #
 3. The name of every person whose place of abode on the first day of June, 1900, was in this family.  Enter surname first, then the given name and middle initial, if any.  Include every person living on June 1, 1900. Omit children born since June 1, 1900.
 4. Relationship of each person to the head of this family - whether wife, son, daughter, servant, boarder, or other.

 5. Personal description: Color or race.
 6. Personal description: Sex
 7. Personal description: Date of birth / Month.
 7. Personal description: Date of birth / Year. [two columns in one]
 8. Personal description: Age at last birthday
 9. Personal description: Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced.
10. Personal description: Number of years married.
11. Personal description: Mother of how many children.
12. Personal description: Number of children living.

13. Nativity: place of birth of this person.
14. Nativity: place of birth of FATHER of this person.
15. Nativity: place of birth of MOTHER of this person.

16. Citizenship: year of immigration to the U.S.
17. Citizenship: number of years in the U.S.
18. Naturalization.

19. Occupation.
20. Months not employed.

21. Education: attended school (in months)
22. Education: can read
23. Education: can write
24. Education: can speak English

25. Ownership of home: owned or rented
26. Ownership of home: owned free or mortaged
27. Ownership of home: farm or house
28. Ownership of home: number of farm schedule

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With regard to occupations in 1900, you will sometimes see "Ng" in the Occupation field.  It stands for "not given."  You will also sometimes see code numbers of the form "n-n-n."  These were penciled in for the key punch operators and don't add any information to the record, but simply encode it.
Population Schedules for the Hawaiian Islands

18. Citizenship:  Year of Immigration to the Hawaiin Islands.
25. Education: can speak Hawaiian
26. Ownership of home: owned or rented
27. Ownership of home: owned free or mortaged
28. Ownership of home: homestead lot, kuleana, or house

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Additional Columns on Indian Population Schedules

29. Other Name, If Any.
30. Nativity:  Tribe of this Indian.
31. Nativity:  Tribe of the Father of this Indian.
32. Nativity:  Tribe of the Mother of this Indian.
33. Mixed Blood:  Has this Indiana any white blood; if so, how much?
34. Conjugal Condition:  Is this Indian, if married, living in polygamy?
35. Citizenship:  Is this Indian taxed?
36. Citizenship:  Year of acquiring citizenship.
37. Citizenship:  Was citizenship acquired by allotment?
38. Dwellings:  Is this Indian living in a fixed or in a movable dwelling?

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1900 Naval / Military Form
  1.  Name.

  2.  Rank, Grade, or Class.

RESIDENCE IN THE UNITED STATES.
  3.  City or Town.
  4.  State.
  5.  Street and Number.

PERSONAL DESCRIPTION.
  6.  Color or race.
  7.  Sex.
  8.  Date of Birth: Month | Year.
  9.  Age at last birthday.
10.  Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced.
11.  Number of years married.

NATIVITY.
12.  Place of birth of this Person.
13.  Place of birth of Father of this person.
14.  Place of birth of Mother of this person.

CITIZENSHIP.
15. Year of immigration to the United States.
16.  Number of years in the United States.
17.  Naturalization.

EDUCATION.
18.  Can read.
19.  Can write.
20.  Can speak English.

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1905
1905 Kansas State Census

OWNERSHIP OF HOME
1.  Owned or rented.
2.  Owned free or mortgaged.
3.  Farm or home.

4.  Dwelling house, numbered in the order of visitation.
5.  Families, numbered in the order of visitation.
6.  The name of every person whose place of abode on the 1st day of March, 1905, was in this family.

DESCRIPTION
7.  Age at last birthday.  If under 1 year, give months; thus, 3 M.
8.  Sex: Male (M), Female (F).
9.  Color: White (W), black (B), mulatto (M), Chinese (C), Indian (I).

10.  Place of birth, naming state of territory of United States; or the country if of foreign birth.
11.  Where from to Kansas, naming state or territory of United States, or country, if a foreigner.
12.  Profession, Occupation or trade of each person, male or female, 10 years old or over.
13.  Number of months unemployed.
14.  Trade or profession being learned by each person, male or female, under 21 years of age.
15.  Attended school within the year.

ILLITERACY
Cannot read or write.
16.  Persons 10 to 15 years of age.
17.  Persons 15 to 21 years of age.
18.  Persons 21 years of age and over.

MILITARY RECORD
19.  Honorably discharged from the volunteer military service of the United States.
20.  Name of state in which enlisted.
21.  Letter or name of company or command.
22.  Number of regiment or other organization to which attached.
23.  Arm of service: Infantry (I), calvary (sic) (C), artillery (A), or navy (N).
24.  Name of prison in which confined as a prisoner of war, if any.

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1905 Minnesota State Census

1.  Consecutive Number of Enumeration.
2.  NAME of each person whose place of abode on June 1, 1905, was in this family.  Enter Surname First, then the given name and middle initial, if any.  INCLUDE every person living on June 1, 1905.  OMIT children born since Jun 1, 1905
3.  STREET OR AVENUE, OR NUMBER RURAL FREE DELIVERY.
4.  Number on Street or Avenue.
5.  SEX: Male (M) Female (F).
6.  AGE: Age at Last Birthday. If under one year mark in Fraction of Year, THUS — 3-12.
7.  COLOR: White (W), Black (B), Japanese (Jp), Chinese (C), Indian (I).

NATIVITY. Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated.  If born in the United States, give the State of Territory, if of foreign birth, give the County only.
8.  Place of birth of this Person.
9.  Place of birth of FATHER of this person.
10.  Place of birth of MOTHER of this person.

PERIOD OF RESIDENCE.
How long a resident of this State. Give time in Years and Months.
11.  Years.
12.  Months.
How long a resident of this enumeration district. Give time in Years and Months.
13.  Years.
14.  Months

15.  REGULAR OCCUPATION.
16.  ARMY SERVICE: Soldier or Sailor, For Soldier, (Sold.) For Sailor, (Sail.).
17.  WARS: Civil or Spanish, For Civil, (Civ.) For Spanish, (Span.). 

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1905 New York State Census

RESIDENCE
1.  Street. | House Number.

2.  NAME of each person whose usual place of abode on June 1, 1905, was in this family.  Enter surname first, then the given name and middle initial, if any.  INCLUDE every person living on June 1, 1905.  OMIT children born since June 1, 1905.

RELATION.
3.  Relationship of each person to the head of the family.

COLOR, SEX, AND AGE
4.  Color or race.
5.  Sex.
6.  Age at last birthday.

NATIVITY
7.  If born in this country write United States; if of foreign birth, write the name of the country.

CITIZENSHIP
8.  Number of years in the United States.
9.  Citizen or alien.

OCCUPATION, trade or profession of each person enumerated.
10.  Occupation.
11.  Class.

FOR INMATES OF INSTITUTIONS ONLY.
12.  If an inmate of an institution, enter the residence (borough, city or town, and county) given when admitted.

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1905 Wisconsin State Census

1.  Number of family in the order of visitation.
2.  NAME of each person whose place of abode on June 1, 1905, was in this family.

Enter surname first, then the given name and middle initial, if any.
INCLUDE every berson living on June 1, 1905.
OMIT children born since June 1, 1905.
3.  Relationship of each person to the head of the family.

PERSONAL DESCRIPTION.
4.  Color or race.
5.  Sex.
6.  Age at last birthday.
7.  Whether single, married, widowed or divorced.

NATIVITY.
Place of birth of each person and parents of each.
8.  Place of birth of this person.
9.  Place of birth of Parents of this person.

10.  OCCUPATION, TRADE, OR PROFESSION of each person FOURTEEN YEARS of age and over.
11.  Months employed.

OWNERSHIP OF HOME.
12.  Owned or rented.
13.  Owned free or mortgaged.
14.  Farm or home.

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1910
LOCATION.
Street, avenue, road, etc.
House number in cities or towns.
1.  Number of dwelling house in order of visitation.
2.  Numbe of family in order of visitation.

3.  NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family.
Enter surname first, then the given name and middle initial, if any.
Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910.

4.  RELATION. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.

PERSONAL DESCRIPTION.
5.  Sex.
6.  Color or race.
7.  Age at last birthday.
8.  Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced.
9.  Number of years of present marriage.

Mother of how many children.
10.  Number born.
11.  Number now living.

NATIVITY.
Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated.  If born in the United States, give the state or territory.  If of foreign birth, give the country.
12.  Place of birth of this Person.
13.  Place of birth of Father of this person.
14.  Place of birth of Mother of this person/

CITIZENSHIP
15.  Year of Immigration to the United States.
16.  Whether naturalized or alien.

17.  Whether able to speak English; or, if not, give language spoken.

OCCUPATION.
18.  Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, salesman, laborer, etc.
19.  General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, farm, etc.
20.  Whether an employer, employee, or working on own account.
If an employee—
21.  Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
22.  Number of weeks out of work during year 1909.

EDUCATION.
23.  Whether able to read.
24.  Whether able to write.
25.  Attended school any time since September 1, 1909.

OWNERSHIP OF HOME.
26.  Owned or rented.
27.  Owned free or mortgaged.
28.  Farm or house.
29.  Number of farm schedule.

30.  Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy.
31.  Whether blind (both eyes).
32.  Whether deaf and dumb.



Additional Columns on Indian Population Schedules:

TRIBAL RELATIONS.
33.  Tribe of this Indian.
34.  Tribe of Father of this Indian.
35.  Tribe of Mother of this Indian.

PROPORTIONS OF INDIAN AND OTHER BLOOD.
36.  Indian.
37.  White.
38.  Negro.

39.  Number of times married.
40.  Whether now living in polygamy.
41.  If living in polygamy, whether the wives are sisters.
42.  Graduated from what educational institutions.
43.  Is this Indian taxed.
44.  If Indian has received allotment, give year of allotment.
45.  Residing on his own lands.
46.  Living in civilized or aboriginal dwelling.

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1915
1915 Kansas State Census

OWNERSHIP OF HOME.
1.  Owned or rented.
2.  Owned free or mortgaged.
3.  Farm or home.

4.  Dwelling house, numbered in the order of visitation.
5.  Families, numbered in the order of visitation.
6.  The name of every person whose place of abode on the 1st day of March, 1915, was in this family.

DESCRIPTION.
7.  Age at last birthday. If under 1 year, give months; thus, 3 M.
8.  Sex:  Male (M), Female (F).
9.  Color:  White (W), black (B), mulatto (M), Chinese (C), Indian (I).

10.  Place of birth, naming state or territory of United States; or the country, if of foreign birth.
11.  Where from to Kansas, naming state or territory of United States, or country, if a foreigner.
12.  Profession, occupation or trade of each person, male or female, 10 years old or over.
13.  Number of months unemployed.
14.  Trade or profession being learned by apprentices and students.
15.  Attended school within the year.

ILLITERACY:  Can not read or write.
16.  Persons 10 to 15 years of age.
17.  Persons 16 to 21 years of age.
18.  Persons 21 years of age and over.

HOME LIBRARIES (Containing 20 or more volumes, exclusive of school books.)
19.  No. of volumes.

MILITARY RECORD.
20.  Honorably discharged from the volunteer military service of the United States.
21.  Name of state in which enlisted.
22.  Letter or name of company or command.
23.  Number of regiment or other organizatin to which attached.
24.  Arm of service:  Infantry (I), cavalry (C), artillary (A), or navy (N).

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1920
All of the original 1920 census schedules were destroyed by act of Congress; only microfilm copies remain.
PLACE OF ABODE.
 1. Street, avenue, road, etc.
 2. House number or farm.
 3. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation.
 4. Number of family in order of visitation.

NAME
 5. Name of each person whose place of abode on January 1, 1920 was in this family. Enter surname first, then given and middle initial, if any. Include any person living on January 1, 1920.  Omit children born since January 1, 1920.

RELATIVES
 6. Relationship of each person to the head of this family - whether wife, son, daughter, servant, boarder, or other.

TENURE.
 7. Home owned or rented.
 8. If owned, free or mortgaged.

PERSONAL DESCRIPTION.
 9. Sex.
10. Color or race.
11. Age at last birthday.
12. Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced.

CITIZENSHIP.
13. Year of immmigration to the U.S.
14. Whether naturalized or alien.
15. If naturalized, give the year.

EDUCATION.
16. Attended school any time since September 1, 1919.
17. Whether able to read.
18. Whether able to write.

NATIVITY.
19. Place of birth of this person.
20. Mother tongue of this person.
21. Place of birth of FATHER.
22. Mother tongue of FATHER.
23. Place of birth of MOTHER.
24. Mother tongue of MOTHER.

25. Whether able to speak English; or, if not, give language spoken.

OCCUPATION.
26. Trade, profession, or particular kind of work done, as spinner, salesman, laborer, etc.
27. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, farm, etc.
28. Whether an employer, employee, or working on own account.

29. Number of farm schedule.

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Population Schedule for the Island ofGuam

PLACE OF ABODE.
 1. Street, avenue, road, etc.
 2. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation.
 3. Number of family in order of visitation.

NAME
 4. Name of each person whose place of abode on January 1, 1920 was in this family. Enter surname first, then given and middle initial, if any.  Include any person living on January 1, 1920.  Omit children born since January 1, 1920.

RELATION
 5. Relationship of each person to the head of this family - whether wife, son, daughter, servant, boarder, or other.

PERSONAL DESCRIPTION.
 6. Sex.
 7. Color or race.
 8. Age at last birthday.
 9. Single, married, widowed, or divorced.

EDUCATION
10.  Attended school any time since Sept. 1, 1919.
11.  Whether able to read.
12.  Whether able to write.

NATIVITY.
13. Place of birth of this person.
14. Place of birth of father of this person.
15. Place of birth of mother of this person.

16.  Whether able to speak English.

OCCUPATION
17.  Trade, profession, or particular kind of work done...

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There was a statistical study done in 1923 on coal miners listed in the 1920 census.
The codes used were:
MH - Coal miners who were also the heads of their households
BD - Coal miners who were boarders in a household
BWF - Coal miners who lived in their parents' household
USC - Colored coal miners who were born in the United States
USW - White coal miners who were born in the United States
Because these codes have no additional genealogical significance, I do not extract them.

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1920 Naval / Military Form
1. NAME.

2. RANK OR RELATION.

RESIDENCE IN THE UNITED STATES.
3. State.
4. City of Town.
5. Street and [Number?].

PERSONAL DESCRIPTION.
6. Sex.
7. Color or Race.
8. Age at last birthday
9. Single, married, widowed, or divorced.

CITIZENSHIP.
10. Year of Immigration to the United States.
11. Naturalized or Alien.
12. If naturalized, year of naturalization.

EDUCATION.
13. Attended school any time since Sept. 1, 1919.
14. Whether able to read.
15. Whether able to write.

NATIVITY AND MOTHER TONGUE.
PERSON.
16. Place of birth.
17. Mother tongue.
FATHER.
18. Place of birth.
19. Mother tongue.
MOTHER.
20. Place of birth.
21. Mother tongue.

22. Whether able to speak English.

OCCUPATION.
23. Trade, professon, or particular kind of work done…

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1925
1925 Kansas State Census

PLACE OF ABODE
1.  Name or number of street, avenue, rural roads, etc.
2.  Number of house or box if on rural route.
3.  Dwelling number, in order of visitation.
4.  Family number, in order of visitation.

NAME OF EACH PERSON
who was a resident on March 1, 1925 (Include every person in family March 1, 1925)
5.  Surname.
6.  Given name and initials.

RELATION
7.  Relation of person to the head of the family.

TENURE OF HOME
8.  Home owned (o) or rented (r).
9.  If owned, whether free (f) or mortgaged (m).

PERSONAL DESCRIPTION
10.  Sex.
11.  Color or race.
12.  Age at last birthday.
13.  Single, married, widowed, or divorced.

14.  Where born? (State or country).
15.  Where from to Kansas? (State or country).

CITIZENSHIP
16.  Year of immigration to the United States.
17.  Naturalized, alien or first papers.
18.  If naturalized, year of naturalization

OCCUPATION
19.  Trade, profession or particular kind of work done, as farmer, laborer, carpenter, apprentice, clerk, etc.
20.  Industry, business or kind of establishment in which at work, as mill, coal mine, farm, grocery, etc.

EDUCATION
21.  Attended school within year (yes or no).
22.  Able to read.
23.  Able to write.

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1925 New York State Census

RESIDENCE
1.  Street. | House Number.

2.  NAME of each person whose usual place of abode on June 1, 1925, was in this family.  Enter surname first, then the given name and middle initial, if any.  INCLUDE every person living on June 1, 1925.  OMIT children born since June 1, 1925.

RELATION.
3.  Relationship of each person to the head of the family.

COLOR, SEX, AND AGE
4.  Color or race.
5.  Sex.
6.  Age at last birthday.

NATIVITY
7.  If born in this country write United States; if of foreign birth, write name of the country.

CITIZENSHIP
8.  Number of years in the United States.
9.  Citizen or alien.
10.  If naturalized, when and where.

OCCUPATION
11.  Trade or profession of , or kind of work done by, each person enumerated.
12.  Class.

FOR INMATES OF INSTITUTIONS.  INFANTS UNDER ONE YEAR OF AGE.
13.  If an inmate of an institution, enter the residence (borough, city or town, and county) given when admitted.

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1930
PLACE OF ABODE
1.  Street, avenue, road, etc.
2.  House number (in cities and towns).
3.  Number of dwelling House in order of visitation.
4.  Number of family in order of visitation.

NAME
5.  Name of each person whose place of abode on April 1, 1930, was in this family.  Enter Surname first, then the given name and middle initial, if any.  Include very person living on April 1, 1930.  Omit children born since April 1, 1930.

RELATION
6.  Relationship of this person to the head of the family.

HOME DATA
7.  Home owned or rented.
8.  Value of home, if owned, or monthly rental, if rented.
9.  Radio set.
10.  Does this family live on a farm?

PERSONAL DESCRIPTION
11.  Sex.
12.  Color or race.
13.  Age at last birthday.
14.  Marital condition.
15.  Age at first marriage.

EDUCATION
16.  Attended school or college any time since Sept. 1, 1929.
17.  Whether able to read and write.

PLACE OF BIRTH
18.  PERSON.
19.  FATHER.
20.  MOTHER.

MOTHER TONGUE (OR NATIVE LANGUAGE) OF FOREIGN BORN
21.  Language spoken in home before coming to the United States.

CITIZENSHIP, ETC.
22.  Year of immigration to the United States.
23.  Naturalization.
24.  Whether able to speak English.

OCCUPATION AND INDUSTRY
25.  OCCUPATION:  Trade, profession, or particular kind of work, as spinner, salesman, riveter, teacher, etc.
26.  INDUSTRY:  Industry or business, as cotton mill, dry-goods store, shipyard, public school, etc.
27.  Class of worker.

EMPLOYMENT
Whether actually at work yesterday (or the last regular working day)
28.  Yes or No.
29.  If not, line number on Unemployment Schedule.

VETERANS
Whether a veteran of U.S. military or naval forces.
30.  Yes or No.
31.  What war or expedition?

32.  Number of farm schedule.

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1930 — Territory of Hawaii

PLACE OF ABODE
1.  Street, avenue, road, etc.
2.  House number (in cities or towns).
3.  Number of dwelling houses in order of visitation.
4.  Number of family in order of visitation.

NAME
5.  Name of each person whose place of abode on April 1, 1930, was in this family.  Enter Surname first, then the given name and middle initial, if any.  Include very person living on April 1, 1930.  Omit children born since April 1, 1930.

RELATION
6.  Relationship of this person to the head of the family.

TENURE
7.  Home owned or rented.
8.  If owned, free or mortgaged.

PERSONAL DESCRIPTION
9.  Sex.
10.  race.
11.  Age at last birthday.
12.  Marital condition.

EDUCATION
13.  Attended school or college any time since Sept. 1, 1929.
14.  Whether able to read and write.

PLACE OF BIRTH
15.  PERSON.
16.  FATHER.
17.  MOTHER.

MOTHER TONGUE (OR NATIVE LANGUAGE) OF FOREIGN BORN
18.  Language spoken in home before coming to Hawaii or the United States.

CITIZENSHIP, ETC.
19.  Year of immigration to Hawaii or the United States.
20.  Naturalization.
21.  Whether able to speak English.

OCCUPATION AND INDUSTRY
22.  OCCUPATION:  Trade, profession, or particular kind of work, as foreman, salesman, carpenter, etc.
23.  INDUSTRY:  Industry or business, as pineapple cannery, dry goods store, sugar-cane plantation, etc.
24.  Class of worker.

UNEMPLOYMENT
25.  Does this person usually work at a gainful occupation? (Yes or No)
26.  Is this person now out of a job? (Yes or No)
27.  If so, how many weeks has he been out of a job?
28.  Number of farm schedule.

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1940
LOCATION
1.  Street, avenue, road, etc.
2.  House number (in cities or towns).
HOUSEHOLD DATA
3.  Number of household in order of visitation.
4.  Home owned (O) or rented (R).
5.  Value of home, if owned, or monthly rental, if rented.
6.  Does this household live on a farm (Yes or No).
NAME
7.  Name of each person whose usual place of residence on April 1, 1940, was in this household.
    BE SURE TO INCLUDE:
        1.  Persons temporarily absent from household.  Write "Ab" after names of such persons.
        2.  Children under 1 year of age.  Write "Infant" if child has not been given a first name.
    Enter [an X in a circle] after name of person furnishing information.
RELATION
8.  Relationship of this person to the head of the household, as wife, daughter, father, mother-in-law, grandson, lodger, lodger's wife, servant, hired hand, etc.
PERSONAL DESCRIPTION
9.  Sex — Male (M), Female (F).
10.  Color or race.
11.  Age at last birthday.  Enter age of children born on or after April 1, 1939, as follows.  Born in:
April 1939 (11/12)
May 1939 (10/12)
June 1939 (9/12)
July 1939 (8/12)
August 1939 (7/12)
September 1939 (6/12)
October 1939 (5/12)
November 1939 (4/12)
December 1939 (3/12)
January 1940 (2/12)
February 1940 (1/12)
March 1940 (0/12)
 (Do not include children born on or after April 1, 1940.)
12.  Marital status — Single (S), Married (M), Widowed (Wd), Divorced (D).
EDUCATION
13.  Attended school or college any time since March 1, 1940? (Yes or No).
14.  Highest grade of school completed.
PLACE OF BIRTH
15.  If born in the United States, give State, Territory, or possession. 
       If foreign born, give country in which birthplace was situated on January 1, 1937.
       Distinguish Canada-French from Canada-English and Irish Free State (Eire) from Northern Ireland.
CITIZENSHIP
16.  Citizenship of the foreign born.
RESIDENCE, APRIL 1, 1935
IN WHAT PLACE DID THIS PERSON LIVE ON APRIL 1, 1935?

For a person who, on April 1, 1935, was living in the same house as at present, enter in Col. 17 "Same place," and for one living in a different house but is the same city or town, enter, "Same place," leaving Cols. 18, 19, and 20 blank, in both instances.

For a person who lived in a different place, enter city or town, county, and State, as directed in the Instructions. (Enter actual place of residence, which may differ from mail address.)

17.  City, town, or village having 2,500 or more inhabitants. Enter "R" for all other places."
18.  COUNTY.
19.  STATE (or Territory or foreign country).
20.  On a farm? (Yes or No).

PERSONS 14 YEARS OLD AND OVER — EMPLOYMENT STATUS

21.  Was this person AT WORK for pay or profit in private or nonemergency Govt. work during week of March 24-30? (Yes or No).
22.  If not, was he at work on, or assigned to, public EMERGENCY WORK (WPA, NYA, CCC, etc.) during week of March 24-30? (Yes or No).

If neither at work nor assigned to public emergency work ("No" in Cols. 21 and 22).
23.  Was this person SEEKING WORK?  (Yes or No).
24.  If not seeking work, did he HAVE A JOB, business, etc.? (Yes or No).

For persons ansering "No" to quest. 21, 22, 23, and 24.
25.  Indicate whether engaged in home housework (H), in school (S), unable to work (U) or other (Ot).

If at private of nonemergency Goverment work ("Yes" in Co. 21).
26.  Number of hours worked during week of March 24-30, 1940.

If seeking work or assigned to public emergency work ("Yes in Col. 22 of 23).
27.  Duration of unemployment up to March 30, 1940 - in weeks.

OCCUPATION, INDUSTRY, AND CLASS OF WORKER

For a person at work, assigned to public emergency work, or with a job ("Yes" in Col. 21, 22, or 24), enter present occupation, industry, and class of worker.

For a person seeking work ("Yes in Col. 23):  (a) If he has previous work experience, enter last occupation, industry, and class of worker; or (b) if he does not have previous work experience, enter "New worker" in Col., 28, and leave Cols. 29 and 30 blank.

28.  OCCUPATION
Trade, profession, or particular kind of work, as — frame spinner, salesman, laborer, rivet heater, music teacher.

29.  INDUSTRY
Industry or business, as — cotton mill, retail grocery, farm, shipyard, public school.

30.  Class of worker:  Wage or salary worker in private work (PW), Wage or salary worker in Government work (GW), Employer (E), Working on own account (OA), Unpaid family worker (NP)

31.  Number of weeks worked in 1939 (Equivalent full-time weeks).

INCOME IN 1939 (12 months ending December 31, 1939).
32.  Amount of money wages or salary received (including commissions).
33.  Did this person receive income of $50 or more from sources other than money wages or salary? (Yes or No).

34.  Number of farm schedule.

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Mortality Schedules
1850

  1.  NAME OF EVERY PERSON WHO DIED during the Year ending 1st June, 1850, whose usual Place of Abode at the Time of Death of his death was in his family.

DESCRIPTION.
  2.  Age.
  3.  Sex.
  4.  Color:  White, black, or mulatto.
  5.  Free or Slave.

  6.  Married or widowed.
  7.  PLACE OF BIRTH:  Naming the State, Territory, or Country.
  8.  The Month in which the Person died.
  9.  PROFESSION, OCCUPATION, OR TRADE.
10.  DISEASE, OR CAUSE OF DEATH.
11.  Number of DAYS ILL.

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1880
Note:  the image I'm reading from is almost unreadable.  I'll have to find a better image to redo this.  At the moment, I don't have time...
1.  [Can't decipher]
2.  Name of the person deceased.
3.  Age at last birthday...
4.  Sex...
5.  Color...
6.  Single.
7.  Married.
8.  Widowed / Divorced.
9.  Place of birth of this person...
10.  Where was the Father of this person born?...
11.  Where was the Mother of this person born?...
12.  Profession, Occupation, or Trade.
13.  The month in which the person died.
14.  Disease or cause of death.
15.  How long a resident of the county...
16.  If the disease was not contracted at place of death, state the place.
17.  Name of attending Physician.

[Top]

More about Census numbers
In censuses having a long list of age categories (viz., 1830 and 1840), the transcriber may leave off trailing zeroes.  For example, in a case where the tally for white males and white females is actually:

0220001000000-1001010000000

the transcription may be truncated to

0220001-100101

This dropping of zeroes for empty higher age classes is why you see variable numbers of digits in some transcriptions of the 1830 and 1840 censuses.  But I have a suggestion…

To reduce errors in transcribing and reading long rows of numbers, it has long been standard practice in other fields of research and accounting (currency) to set long series of digits in threes.  In other words, the above number would be

022 000 100 - 100 101 000

Once you get in the habit of doing it this way, you'll find it's not only easier to extract numbers and faster to read them, you will find yourself making fewer errors.  Using the same series of numbers as an example, you can instantly tell that the "1" in the series of numbers for males is in the 7th column, without having to carefully count the digits, one-by-one, from left to right.  And by using the column number and the tables I've constructed, you can quickly and easily tell the age class and range of potential birth years of the individual.  As a further example...

In both censuses, the middle digit in the second triplet indicates the individual is in his/her 20s (æ 20-30):

000 010 000

The last digit in the second triplet indicates the individual is in his/her 30s (æ 30-40):

000 001 000

The first digit in the third triplet indicates the individual is in his/her 40s (æ 40-50):

000 000 100

and so on.  The age increments by a decade with each move to the right, and it's the same for both 1830 and 1840.  So...

You can very quickly tell whether you have a young married couple:

000 010 000 - 100 010 000

or a mature couple with numerous children:

121 000 100 - 210 000 100

or a senior couple with an empty, or near empty, nest:

000 010 001 - 000 000 010

[Top]



 
 

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