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Lineages and Results of Y-chromosome DNA Testing for Surname RASEY
and Similar Surnames, such as, RAZEE, RACEY, RAZEY, RASAY, RAASAY, RAASEY, RACIE, RACEE, RASY, RASSY, RACY, RAZY, RACE, RAZE, RAISEY, RAISY, RASIE, RAYSAY, RAYSE, etc.
So far, the RASEY Surname Project has results returned for four members representing two major progenitors in the United States: Joseph RAZEE I of Massachusetts, then Rhode Island and Joseph RASEY I of Massachusetts, then New Hampshire.  Testing just these four individuals has resolved two long-standing issues for RASEY/RAZEE/etc. genealogists:

1.  Although both progenitors turn out to be Haplogroup_I2-M223, their STR haplotypes and their differing results testing SNPs downstream of M223 indicate they are not closely related, totally debunking the assertion that Joseph RAZEE I was the father of Joseph RASEY I. 

2.  The results for the descendants of Joseph RASEY I debunk the legend of a connection to Malcolm MacLEOD of the Isle of Raasay, Scotland, whose kin are Haplogroup R1b.  Being in different haplogroups means they cannot possibly have shared a common ancestor for tens of thousands of years.

 
Haplogroup I is found almost exclusively in Europe where it is represented in about 20% of the population, making it the second most common haplogroup in western Europe, after R1b.  Overall, Hg I has a broad European distribution, from the British Isles east to the Ural Mountains of Russia and south to Anatolia and the Mediterranean Sea.  Hg I is divided into two main groups:  I1 and I2, with the former being more common than the latter.
It's difficult to generalize about I2 because it contains a number of geographically separate subgroups.  The two basic divisions of I2 are I2a and I2b.  The main subgroup of I2a is concentrated in the Balkans and is called "Dinaric" (named for a mountain range there, the Dinaric Alps), while another subgroup of I2a is found around the Baltic and North Sea coastal areas, another in the British Isles, and another in Sardinia and Iberia.  One subgroup of I2b, called "Isles," is almost exclusive to the British Isles, with a high concentration in Scotland, while the subgroup of I2b, dubbed "Continental," is most common in northwestern Europe, southern Scandinavia, and Britain.  Our members turn out to be clusters of I2b1 designated "Continental."  I2b1 is believed to have originated in western France and to have spread from there northwards into Scandinavia and eastwards to the Black Sea.
If you are interested in your deep ancestry, as evidenced by your haplogroup subclade, I would recommend being deep SNP tested, joining the Y-Haplogroup-I2b1 project, and subscribing to the Y-DNA-Haplogroup-I mailing list.
So far, we have four project members representing two separate families.
Most
Downstream
Positive
SNP
Cluster D
E
M
E
Earliest Known Patrilineal Ancestor n
L1198 Continental-1 1 Joseph RAZEE I (1686-<1755) of Attleboro, MA, and Providence, RI 2
CTS1977 Continental-2a 2 Joseph RASEY I (c1734- ) of Worcester Co., MA, and Cheshire Co., NH 2
Legend of Known Progenitors
John RASYE / RASEY / RAZEY (b. ca. 1530s), of Wiltshire, England
Joseph RAZEE I (1686-1755), Bristol Co., MA > Providence Co., RI
Joseph RASEY I (c1734-1810), Worcester Co., MA > Cheshire Co., NH
Joseph RASEY (b. ca. 1768), of Isle La Motte, VT, through his only known son,
James RASEY / RACEY / RACY (1792-1883) of Franklin Co., NY 
This Joseph RASEY is probably a son of Joseph RASEY I (above), but we need proof.
Philip RACEY of Norfolk, England, whose grandson, Luke RACEY (1750-1813)
immigrated to Pennsylvania in 1773, then settled in Hampshire Co., VA [now WV]

To view more of the page without scrolling, temporarily reduce the text size or page size in your browser.  Red labels indicate markers that typically mutate more frequently than those labeled in black.  (Empty cells that are darkened indicate tests not ordered.)  Keywords for search engines: genetic genealogy.

Haplogroup I2-L1198
Continental-1 Cluster
Deme 1
To view lineages, please scroll to the right.
Surname Kit# Ysearch
UserID
  Panel 1 Standard Markers 1-12   Panel 2 Standard Markers 13-25   Panel 3 Standard Markers 26-37   Panel 4 Standard Markers 38-67   Panel 5 Standard Markers 68-111   Lineages
STR PP3 PP5 MP6 MP7 MP8 MP9 [mixed] MP10 [EA] MP11 [SMGF] MP12 [all new] MP13 [mixed]
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Continental-1 modals   15 23 15 10 15 15 11 13 11 14 12 31   15 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 15   11  9 19 21 14 14 17 19 33 39 12 10   11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 10  9 12 21 22 15 11 12 12 13 9 13 27 20 11 13 12 12 11 12 12 11   31 13 8 15 11 24 27 16 12 11 12 11 13 9 11 11 10 11 12 32 10 12 22 13 11 10 20 15 22 9 23 14 12 14 28 12 21 18 12 15 17 9 12 11   modals per Hg I2-M223 Project (2 Feb 2012)
                                     
RAZEE 70816 99R47   15 23 15 10 15 15 11 13 11 14 12 31   16 8  9 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 15   11  9 19 21 14 14 18 18 32 40 12 10   11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 21 21 16 11 12 12 13 9 13 27 20 11 13 12 12 11 12 12 11   31 13 8 15 11 24 27 16 12 11 12 10 12 9 11 11 10 11 12 32 10 12 22 13 11 10 20 15 23 9 23 14 14 14 28 12 20 18 12 15 17 9 12 11   Pvt6, George Dallas5, Benjamin4, Anthony3, Benjamin2, Joseph1 RAZEE I
RASEY 110919     15 23 15 10 15 15 11 13 11 14 12 31   15 8  9 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 15   11  9 19 21 14 14 18 18 34 40 12 10                                                                                                                                                           Pvt9, Pvt8, Isaac S.7, Norval Adelbert6, Edward Arnold5, Aaron4, Joseph3, Joseph2, Joseph1 RAZEE I
Based on Jim Cullen's Haplogroup I Subclade Predictor, Deme 1 has a 100% probability of being I-M223-Continental-1
#70816 has been deep SNP tested, with these results:
V218+ M223+ L800+ M284- L126- M379- P78- P95- L380-  L801
Update (23 May 2012; 30 May 2012):
Z186+ Z161+ L340+ Z78+ L1198+ Z79- L343-
#70816 and #110919 have a paper descent from Joseph RAZEE I, and they match each other 35/37 (genetic distance 3), with the differences being on fast-mutating markers.  This result is consistent with them having a near common ancestor and supports their paper connection.  They have no significant matches with anyone else in either the FTDNA or Ysearch databases.
           

Haplogroup I2-CTS1977
Continental-2a Cluster
Deme 2
To view lineages, please scroll to the right.
Surname Kit# Ysearch
UserID
  Panel 1 Standard Markers 1-12   Panel 2 Standard Markers 13-25   Panel 3 Standard Markers 26-37   Panel 4 Standard Markers 38-67   Panel 5 Standard Markers 68-111   Lineages
STR PP3 PP5 MP6 MP7 MP8 MP9 [mixed] MP10 [EA] MP11 [SMGF] MP12 [all new] MP13 [mixed]
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MacLEOD R1b modals   13 25 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29   16 9 11 11 11 26 15 19 31 14 15 15 16       11 11 19 23 16 15 18 17 37 37 12 12   11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 20 15 12 11 13 11 11 12 12                                                                                             Modals for markers 1-67 per MacLeod Project (Sep 2006)
Continental-2a modals   15 23 15 10 15 15 11 13 11 14 12 32   15 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 15       11 10 19 21 15 14 17 19 34 38 12 10   11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 10  9 12 21 22 15 11 12 12 14 9 14 27 20 11 13 12 12 11 12 12 11   31 13 8 15 11 24 27 16 12 11 12 11 12 9 12 11 10 11 12 32 10 12 22 13 11 10 20 15 23 10 23 14 12 14 27 12 21 18 12 15 17 9 12 11   modals per Hg I2-M223 Project (2 Feb 2012)
                                     
RASEY 69631 45ZVC   14 23 15 10 15 15 11 13 11 14 12 33   16 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 15 14 14   11 10 19 21 14 14 17 17 36 39 12 10   11 8 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21 22 16 11 12 12 14 9 13 28 18 11 13 12 12 11 12 12 11   31 13 8 15 11 25 27 16 13 11 12 11 12 9 12 11 10 11 12 30 10 12 22 14 11 10 16 15 23 11 23 14 13 14 27 12 22 18 13 15 17 9 12 11   Pvt7, Donald Elza6, Ira Cornelius5, John C.4, Joseph3, John2, Joseph1 RASEY I
RASEY 221356     14 23 15 10 15 15 11 13 11 14 12 33   17 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 15 14 14   11 10 19 21 14 14 17 17 36 39 12 10   11 8 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21 22 16 11 12 12 14 9 13 28 18 11 13 12 12 11 12 12 11   31 13 8 15 11 25 27 16 13 11 12 11 12 9 12 11 10 11 12 30 10 12 22 14 11 10 21 15 23 11 23 14 13 14 27 12 21 18 13 15 17 9 12 11   Pvt7, Virgil6, Sidney5, Charles4, Chester3, Silas2,
Discussion:
The Haplogroup I2b1 Project has placed #69631 in the Continental 2a Cluster. 
Our two descendants of Joseph RASEY I are a tight match supporting that they have a near common ancestor.  They have no significant matches with anyone else in the FTDNA database.
DYS712 is an extremely volatile marker, so a five-step mutation is not an error.  It should be counted as 1 for the purpose of calculating GD (genetic distance) because it probably did happen in a single mutation event.
Both RASEYs have six alleles at DYS464.  Having more than four alleles at DYS464 is rare, occurring in only about 1.5% of tested individuals.  The two extra 14 alleles probably appeared in a single mutation event, which duplicated the existing two 14 alleles.  The WTY test for #69631 revealed the six alleles at DYS464 are g-type alleles.
Deme 2 has so few values in common with the MacLEOD family modal haplotype that there is not the slighted possibility they are closely related to them.  Please see the discussion to the right.

SNP Testing:
#69631 and #221356 have been deep SNP tested, with these results:
M223+ M284- L126- M379- P78- P95-
The positive value for M223 prove they are I2b1*.  The negative values prove they are none of these subclades of I2b1.  #69631 has also tested L592; as expected, the results was negative.
#69631 has now (10 Oct 2011) been tested for the WTY program (GRC11054714), with these positive results:
L15 L16 L34 L35 L36 L37 L41 L74 L181 L340 L350 L352 L380 L403 L460 L470 L503 L622
M42 M89 M139 M170 M223 M294 P9.1 P38 P123 P143 P158 P214 P215 P217 P218 P222 P223
SRY10831.1 V64 V174 V189 V202 V203 V205 V226 V235 V238
including these three new SNPs:
V218.2 (ChrY:6722712 C to T) L800 (ChrY:7943549 G to A) L801 (ChrY:20223143 A to C)
As more people are taking these tests, it appears that V218.2 (a.k.a., V218) is synonymous with P19 and other SNPs defining Haplogroup I.  It also appears that L800 is synonymous with M223 and other SNPs definining Haplogroup I2b1.  However, L801 appears to distinguish the various "Continental" STR clusters of M223, thus making our subject the founder of a new subclade.
Updates (28 Mar 2012; 23 May 2012; 30 May 2012; 2 Jan 2014; 20 Jan 2014; 27 Feb 2014):
L460+ L340+ Z186+ Z76+ Z161+ CTS1977+ L592- CTS1858- CTS6433- L343- L1439- Z78- Z79- L1290-
The RAZEE is Z78+, so this is another difference between the families.

 
Alleged Connection to Malcolm MacLEOD of the Isle of Raasay:
Knowing just the haplogroup, alone, is enough to debunk the legend of a connection between Joseph RASEY I and Malcolm MacLEOD of the Isle of Raasay, Scotland, whose kin are Haplogroup R1b.  People in different haplogroups cannot have had a common ancestor for thousands of years.  And given that the MacLEODs are different haplogroups from our subject, we wouldn't expect their haplotypes to match or be even close to our subject.  This expectation is overwhelmingly realized by comparing the Joseph RASEY descendant's haplotype to the modal R1b marker frequencies in the MacLEOD project (see above).  They have only a 0/12, 3/25, 7/37, or 22/67 correspondence a resounding non-match!
If you examine the Y-DNA test results at the MacLEOD web site, you will note most of the subjects are R1b, with a sizable number also being R1a, which indicates that the surname has at least two different, unrelated progenitors.  There are, no doubt, some additional separate lines within each haplogroup, which we would expect for any surname that is derived from a patronym.  In other words, not everyone surnamed MacLEOD will be a descendant of Leod, Chief I though Malcolm MacLEOD of Raasay supposedly is.
 
       

What constitutes a match?
Matches in other surnames are usually mere coincidence, so please ignore them I'll let you know when you shouldn't!
For 12 markers:  9 or less is a non-relative; 10-12, please see this table compiled by FTDNA.
For 25 markers:  21 or less is a non-relative; 22-25, please see this table compiled by FTDNA.
For 37 markers:  31 or less is a non-relative; 32-37, please see this table compiled by FTDNA.
For 67 markers:  57 or less is a non-relative; 58-67, please see this table compiled by FTDNA.
For 111 markers:  100 or less is a non-relative; 101-111, please see this table compiled by FTDNA.
For any test:  0 matching markers, please contact NASA.

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