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Lineages and Results of Y-chromosome DNA Testing for Surname RASEY
and Similar Surnames, such as, RAZEE, RACEY, RAZEY, RASAY, RAASAY, RAASEY, RACIE, RACEE, RASY, RASSY, RACY, RAZY, RACE, RAZE, RAISEY, RAISY, RASIE, RAYSAY, RAYSE, etc.
So far, the RASEY Surname Project has results returned for four members representing two major progenitors in the United States: Joseph RAZEE I of Massachusetts, then Rhode Island and Joseph RASEY I of Massachusetts, then New Hampshire.  Testing just these four individuals has resolved two long-standing issues for RASEY/RAZEE/etc. genealogists:

1.  The two families are not genetically matching based on both their STR haplotypes and their SNP haplogroup subclades, thus firmly debunking the assertion that Joseph RAZEE I was the father of Joseph RASEY I. 

2.  The results for the descendants of Joseph RASEY I debunk the legend of a connection to Malcolm MacLEOD of the Isle of Raasay, Scotland, whose kin are Haplogroup R1b, while Joseph's are a subclade of Haplogroup I2.  Being in these different haplogroups means they cannot possibly have shared a common ancestor for tens of thousands of years.

Distribution Map of Haplogroup I, released to the public domain by Hxseek at Wikipedia.
Haplogroup I is found almost exclusively in Europe where it is represented in about 20% of the population, making it the second most common haplogroup in western Europe, after R1b.  Overall, Hg I has a broad European distribution, from the British Isles east to the Ural Mountains of Russia and south to Anatolia and the Mediterranean Sea.  Hg I is divided into two main groups:  I1 and I2, with the former being more common than the latter.
It's difficult to generalize about I2 because it contains a number of geographically separate subgroups.  One subgroup of I2 is concentrated in the Balkans and is called "Dinaric" (named for a mountain range there, the Dinaric Alps), while another subgroup is found around the Baltic and North Sea coastal areas, another in the British Isles, and another in Sardinia and Iberia.  One subgroup of I2, called "Isles," is almost exclusive to the British Isles, with a high concentration in Scotland, while our members turn out to belong to two different sub-clusters of "Continental."  Continental is believed to have originated in western France and to have spread from there northwards into Scandinavia and eastwards to the Black Sea.
If you are interested in your deep ancestry, as evidenced by your haplogroup subclade, I would recommend being deep SNP tested, joining the Y-Haplogroup-I-M223 project, and subscribing to the Y-DNA-Haplogroup-I mailing list.
So far, we have four project members representing two separate families.
Most
Downstream
Positive
SNP
STR Cluster Earliest Known Patrilineal Ancestor n
L1198 Continental-1 Group 1 Joseph RAZEE I (1686-<1755) — of Attleboro, MA, and Providence, RI 2
Y7829 Continental-2b Group 1 Joseph RASEY I (c1734- ) — of Worcester Co., MA, and Cheshire Co., NH 2
Legend of Known Progenitors
John RASYE / RASEY / RAZEY (b. ca. 1530s), of Wiltshire, England
Joseph RAZEE I (1686-1755), Bristol Co., MA > Providence Co., RI
Joseph RASEY I (c1734-1810), Worcester Co., MA > Cheshire Co., NH
Joseph RASEY (b. ca. 1768), of Isle La Motte, VT, through his only known son,
James RASEY / RACEY / RACY (1792-1883) of Franklin Co., NY 
This Joseph RASEY is probably Joseph RASEY II, s/o Joseph RASEY I (above), but proof is needed.
Philip RACEY of Norfolk, England, whose grandson, Luke RACEY (1750-1813)
immigrated to Pennsylvania in 1773, then settled in Hampshire Co., VA [now WV]

To view more of the page without scrolling, temporarily reduce the text size or page size in your browser.  Red labels indicate markers that typically mutate more frequently than those labeled in black.  (Empty cells that are darkened indicate tests not ordered.)  Keywords for search engines: genetic genealogy.

Y-DNA SNP Haplogroup I2-M223...
FTDNA SNP Path:  I-M223 > Z161 > L801 > Z78 > L1198
YFull SNP Path:  I2a2a-M223 > Y4450 > CTS616 > CTS10057 > Z161 > L801 > CTS6433 > S2364 > S2361 > Z78 > CTS8584 > Z185 > Z180 > L1198
Continental-1 Group 1 STR Cluster
To view lineages, please scroll to the right.
Surname Kit# Ysearch
UserID
  Panel 1 — Standard Markers 1-12   Panel 2 — Standard Markers 13-25   Panel 3 — Standard Markers 26-37   Panel 4 — Standard Markers 38-67   Panel 5 — Standard Markers 68-111   Lineages
STR PP3 PP5 MP6 MP7 MP8 MP9 [mixed] MP10 [EA] MP11 [SMGF] MP12 [all new] MP13 [mixed]
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Continental-1 modal values   15 23 15 10 15 15 11 13 11 14 12 31   15 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 15   11  9 19 21 14 14 17 19 33 39 12 10   11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 10  9 12 21 22 15 11 12 12 13 9 13 27 20 11 13 12 12 11 12 12 11   31 13 8 15 11 24 27 16 12 11 12 11 13 9 11 11 10 11 12 32 10 12 22 13 11 10 20 15 22 9 23 14 12 14 28 12 21 18 12 15 17 9 12 11   modals per Hg I2-M223 Project (2 Feb 2012)
                                     
RAZEE 70816 99R47   15 23 15 10 15 15 11 13 11 14 12 31   16 8  9 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 15   11  9 19 21 14 14 18 18 32 40 12 10   11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 21 21 16 11 12 12 13 9 13 27 20 11 13 12 12 11 12 12 11   31 13 8 15 11 24 27 16 12 11 12 10 12 9 11 11 10 11 12 32 10 12 22 13 11 10 20 15 23 9 23 14 14 14 28 12 20 18 12 15 17 9 12 11   Pvt6, George Dallas5, Benjamin4, Anthony3, Benjamin2, Joseph1 RAZEE I
RASEY 110919     15 23 15 10 15 15 11 13 11 14 12 31   15 8  9 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 15   11  9 19 21 14 14 18 18 34 40 12 10                                                                                                                                                           Pvt9, Pvt8, Isaac S.7, Norval Adelbert6, Edward Arnold5, Aaron4, Joseph3, Joseph2, Joseph1 RAZEE I
Based on Jim Cullen's Haplogroup I Subclade Predictor, this family has a 100% probability of being I-M223-Continental-1
#70816 has been deep SNP tested, with these results:
V218+ M223+ L800+ M284- L126- M379- P78- P95- L380-  L801
Update (23 May 2012; 30 May 2012):
Z186+ Z161+ L340+ Z78+ L1198+ Z79- L343-
#70816 and #110919 have a paper descent from Joseph RAZEE I, and they match each other 35/37 (genetic distance 3), with the differences being on fast-mutating markers.  This result is consistent with them having a near common ancestor and supports their paper connection.  They have no significant matches with anyone else in either the FTDNA or Ysearch databases.
           

Y-DNA SNP Haplogroup I2-M223...
FTDNA Path:  I-M223 > Z161 > L801 > CTS1977 > Y7824 > CTS5892
ISOOG Path:  I2a2a-M233 > CTS616 > CTS10057 > Z161 > L801 > CTS1977 > Y5282 > Y7152
YFull Path:  I2a2a-M223 > Y4450 > CTS616 > Y3721 > CTS10057 > Z161 > L801 > CTS1977 > Y7829
Continental-2b Group 1 STR Cluster
To view lineages, please scroll to the right.
Genetic Distance
(per panel) 
STR Cluster Surname Kit# Ysearch
UserID
Advanced
SNP
Testing
YFull ID   Panel 1 — Standard Markers 1-12   Panel 2 — Standard Markers 13-25   Panel 3 — Standard Markers 26-37   Panel 4 — Standard Markers 38-67   Panel 5 — Standard Markers 68-111   Lineages
STR PP3 PP5 MP6 MP7 MP8 MP9 [mixed] MP10 [EA] MP11 [SMGF] MP12 [all new] MP13 [mixed]
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19 16 12 26   MacLEOD R1b modal values   13 25 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29   16 9 11 11 11 26 15 19 31 14 15 15 16       11 11 19 23 16 15 18 17 37 37 12 12   11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23 23 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 20 15 12 11 13 11 11 12 12                                                                                             Modals for markers 1-67 per MacLeod Project (Sep 2006)
2 2 4 9 10 Continental-2b modal values   14 23 15 10 14 15 11 13 11 14 12 32   15 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 15       11 10 19 21 15 14 17 18 34 39 12 10   11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 10  9 12 21 22 15 12 12 12 14 9 14 26 20 11 13 12 12 11 12 12 11   31 13 8 15 11 24 27 16 12 11 12 11 12 9 12 11 10 11 12 32 10 12 22 13 11 10 20 15 22  9 23 14 13 14 27 12 21 18 12 15 17 9 12 11   per DGM
0 0 0 0 0 RASEY Family modal values   14 23 15 10 15 15 11 13 11 14 12 33   16 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11g 14 14 15 14 14   11 10 19 21 14 14 17 17 36 39 12 10   11 8 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21 22 16 11 12 12 14 9 13 28 18 11 13 12 12 11 12 12 11   31 13 8 15 11 25 27 16 13 11 12 11 12 9 12 11 10 11 12 30 10 12 22 14 11 10 21 15 23 11 23 14 13 14 27 12 21 18 13 15 17 9 12 11   n = 2 at 111 markers
                                     
0 0 0 0 2 Cont2b Gp 1 Rasey 69631 45ZVC WTY     14 23 15 10 15 15 11 13 11 14 12 33   16 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11g 14 14 15 14 14   11 10 19 21 14 14 17 17 36 39 12 10   11 8 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21 22 16 11 12 12 14 9 13 28 18 11 13 12 12 11 12 12 11   31 13 8 15 11 25 27 16 13 11 12 11 12 9 12 11 10 11 12 30 10 12 22 14 11 10 16 15 23 11 23 14 13 14 27 12 22 18 13 15 17 9 12 11   Pvt7 Donald Elza6 Ira Cornelius5 John C.4 Joseph3 John2 Joseph1 RASEY I (c1728-1780s)
of New England
0 1 0 0 0 Cont2b Gp 1 Rasey 221356   BigY YF03501   14 23 15 10 15 15 11 13 11 14 12 33   17 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 15 14 14   11 10 19 21 14 14 17 17 36 39 12 10   11 8 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21 22 16 11 12 12 14 9 13 28 18 11 13 12 12 11 12 12 11   31 13 8 15 11 25 27 16 13 11 12 11 12 9 12 11 10 11 12 30 10 12 22 14 11 10 21 15 23 11 23 14 13 14 27 12 21 18 13 15 17 9 12 11   Pvt7 Virgil6 Sidney5 Charles4 Chester3 Silas2
                                     
3 1 2 4 15 Cont2b Gp 1a Embregts / Embrechts 69631 2CJDX BigY YF01782   14 23 14 10 15 15 11 13 11 13 12 31   16 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 15       11 10 19 21 15 14 17 16 34 40 12 10   11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 10  9 12 21 22 17 11 12 12 14 9 14 27 18 11 13 12 12 11 12 12 10   31 13 8 15 11 24 27 16 12 11 12 11 12 9 12 11 10 11 12 33 10 14 22 14 10 10 19 15 22 11 23 14 13 14 26 12 22 18 12 15 17 9 13 11   Pvt… Wouterus / Walterus EMBRECHTS (1764-1805) of the Netherlands
2 1 1 4 6                                      
1 2 3 6 17 Cont2b Gp 1a Molder > Huijbregts N123587 TTYV6 BigY YF02263   14 23 15 10 15 15 11 13 11 14 12 32   15 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 15       11 10 19 21 15 14 17 16 34 41 12 10   11 8 15 16 8 11 10 8 10  9 12 21 22 17 11 12 12 14 9 13 25 18 11 13 11 12 11 12 12 10 31 14 8 15 11 24 27 16 12 11 12 11 12 9 13 11 10 11 12 33 10 13 22 14 10 10 19 15 22 11 23 14 13 14 28 12 22 18 12 15 18 9 13 11   Pvt… Peter de MOLDER (1355- ) of Arendonk, Belgium
                                     

Discussion:
The Y-Haplogroup I-M223 Project has placed our two RASEYs in the Continental 2b - Group 1 STR Cluster.  They show these three SNPS as defining this cluster:  Y7152, S16196, Y7835.
Our two descendants of Joseph RASEY I are a tight match supporting that they have a near common ancestor.  They have no significant matches with anyone else in the FTDNA database.
DYS712 (in Panel 5) is an extremely volatile marker, so a five-step mutation is not an error.  It should be counted as 1 for the purpose of calculating GD (genetic distance) because it probably happened in a single mutation event.
Both RASEYs have six alleles at DYS464.  Having more than four alleles at DYS464 is uncommon, occurring in only about 1.5% of tested individuals.  The two extra 14 alleles probably appeared in a single mutation event, which duplicated the two existing 14 alleles.  The WTY test for #69631 revealed the six alleles at DYS464 are g-type alleles.
This family has so few values in common with the MacLEOD family modal haplotype that there is not the slighted possibility they are closely related to them.  Please see the discussion to the far right.

SNP Testing:
#69631 and #221356 have been deep SNP tested, with these results:
M223+ M284- L126- M379- P78- P95-
The positive value for M223 prove they are I2a2a.  #69631 has also tested L592; as expected, the result was negative.
#69631 has now (10 Oct 2011) been tested for the WTY program (GRC11054714), with these positive results:
L15 L16 L34 L35 L36 L37 L41 L74 L181 L340 L350 L352 L380 L403 L460 L470 L503 L622
M42 M89 M139 M170 M223 M294 P9.1 P38 P123 P143 P158 P214 P215 P217 P218 P222 P223
SRY10831.1 V64 V174 V189 V202 V203 V205 V226 V235 V238
including these three new SNPs:
V218.2 (ChrY:6722712 C to T) L800 (ChrY:7943549 G to A) L801 (ChrY:20223143 A to C)
As more people are taking these tests, it appears that V218.2 (a.k.a., V218) is synonymous with P19 and other SNPs defining Haplogroup I.  It also appears that L800 is synonymous with M223 and other SNPs definining Haplogroup I2a2a.  However, L801 appears to distinguish the various "Continental" STR clusters of M223.
Updates (28 Mar 2012; 23 May 2012; 30 May 2012; 2 Jan 2014; 20 Jan 2014; 27 Feb 2014; 3 Jan 2015):
L460+ L340+ Z186+ Z76+ Z161+ CTS1977+ L592- CTS1858- CTS6433- L343- L1439- Z78- Z79- L1290- S16196- PF2384-
The RAZEE is Z78+, so this is another difference between the two families.
Update (5 May 2015):  #221256 has taken the BigY:  has positive SNP downstream of CTS1977, namely Y7824, which will now divide CTS1977 pushing other, previously equivalent SNPs downstream under Y7152, plus our own, so far "private" SNP, CTS5892.
Update (29 May 2015):  the BigY results for #221256 have been analyzed by YFull (see discussion to the upper right).

 
BigY SNP Results for #221356 as Displayed by FTDNA:
CTS1977+, CTS2193+, CTS2392+, CTS2514+, CTS3296+, CTS3326+, CTS3517+, CTS3654+, CTS4039+, CTS4088+, CTS429+, CTS4314+, CTS4348+, CTS4437+, CTS4848+, CTS4982+, CTS5286+, CTS5650+, CTS5727+, CTS5884+, CTS5908+, CTS6136+, CTS616+, CTS623+, CTS6265+, CTS6331+, CTS674+, CTS6932+, CTS7329+, CTS7331+, CTS7682+, CTS7831+, CTS7865+, CTS7934+, CTS8333+, CTS8345+, CTS8420+, CTS8449+, CTS88+, CTS8876+, CTS8901+, CTS9183+, CTS9240+, CTS9264+, CTS9266+, CTS9482+, CTS9782+, 

F1209+, F3692+, F719+,

L132+, L15+, L16+, L181+, L34+, L35+, L350+, L36+, L37+, L403+, L41+, L460+, L468+, L470+, L498+, L578+, L59+, L68+, L748+, L751+, L755+, L756+, L758+, L772+, L800+,

M168+, M170+, M213+, M223+, M235+, M258+, M294+, M299+, M42+, M438+, M89+, M94+,

P123+, P124+, P125+, P126+, P127+, P129+, P130+, P133+, P134+, P135+, P136+, P138+, P139+, P14+, P140+, P141+, P143+, P145+, P146+, P148+, P149+, P151+, P157+, P158+, P159+, P160+, P161+, P163+, P166+, P187+, P212+, P214+, P216+, P217+, P218+, P219+, P220+, P221+, P222+, P223+, P316+,

PAGES00026+, PAGES00081+,

PF2591+, PF2608+, PF2611+, PF2615+, PF2747+, PF2748+, PF2749+, PF2770+, PF3562+, PF3574+, PF3626+, PF3639+, PF3640+, PF3641+, PF3644+, PF3651+, PF3652+, PF3657+, PF3658+, PF3660+, PF3664+, PF3666+, PF3667+, PF3669+, PF3671+, PF3672+, PF3675+, PF3677+, PF3780+, PF3800+, PF3801+, PF3802+, PF3804+, PF3809+, PF3811+, PF3812+, PF3814+, PF3815+, PF3819+, PF3820+, PF3822+, PF3836+, PF3837+, PF3849+, PF3876+, PF6464+, PF6469+, PF6470+, PF6477+, PF6479+, PF6520+,

V241+, V250+,

YSC0000207+, YSC0000227+, YSC0000256+, YSC0000272+,

Z163+, Z164+, Z165+, Z168+, Z170+, Z174+, Z175+, Z178+, Z179+, Z184+, Z186+, Z188+, M223+,

CTS10057+, CTS10058+, CTS10100+, CTS10125+, CTS10834+, CTS11441+, 

CTS1858-, M284-, M379-, P78-, P95-, PF2384-, L126-, P95-
 
YFull Analysis of BigY Results (in progress):
YFull Experimental YTree v3.10
Y-Haplogroup I-Y7152:  formed ca. 3400 YBP, TMRCA ca. 1800 YBP

id: YF01782 (EMBREGTS #69631) — of the Netherlands
id: YF02263 (HUIJBREGTS #N123587) — of Belgium
id: YF03501 (RASEY #221356) — origin unknown

YBP = Years Before Present
TMRCA = Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor

Tested SNPs:  71,200
Known Positive SNPs:  2087; Known Negative SNPs: 55,068
Novel/Private SNPs:  50
Terminal SNPs (19):  CTS9107/PF2384 • FGC29319/Y7829 • S16196 • Y7152 • Y7153 • Y7822 • Y7823 • Y7824 • Y7825 • Y7826 • Y7827 • Y7828 • Y7830 • Y7831 • Y7832 • Y7833 • Y7834 • Y7835 • Y7836
STRs:  in progress
STR matches:  in progress
DGM Comment:  Despite being in the same I2-Y7152 SNP subclade, our RASEY is not a close STR match with the EMBREGTS or the MOLDER- HUIJBREGTS, nor are the latter two a tight match with each other, all of which jibes with their common ancestor being prior to the period of surname adoption.
 
Alleged Connection to Malcolm MacLEOD of the Isle of Raasay:
Knowing just the haplogroup, alone, is enough to debunk the legend of a connection between Joseph RASEY I and Malcolm MacLEOD of the Isle of Raasay, Scotland, whose kin are Haplogroup R1b.  People in these two different haplogroups haven't had a common ancestor for tens of thousands of years.  And given that fact, we wouldn't expect their haplotypes to match or be even close to our subject.  This expectation is overwhelmingly realized by comparing the Joseph RASEY descendants' haplotypes to the modal R1b haplotypes in the MacLEOD project (see above).  They have only a 0/12, 3/25, 7/37, or 22/67 correspondence — a resounding non-match!
If you examine the Y-DNA test results at the MacLEOD web site, you will note most of the subjects are R1b, with a sizable number also being R1a, which indicates that the surname has at least two different, unrelated progenitors.  There are, no doubt, some additional separate lines within each haplogroup, which we would expect for any surname that is derived from a patronym.  In other words, not everyone surnamed MacLEOD will be a descendant of Leod, Chief I — though Malcolm MacLEOD of Raasay supposedly is.

What constitutes a match?
Matches in other surnames are usually mere coincidence, so please ignore them — I'll let you know when you shouldn't!
For 12 markers: 9 or less is a non-relative; for 10-12 markers, please see this table compiled by FTDNA.
For 25 markers: 21 or less is a non-relative; for 22-25 markers,
For 37 markers: 31 or less is a non-relative; for 32-37 markers,
For 67 markers: 59 or less is a non-relative; for 60-67 markers,
For 111 markers: 100 or less is a non-relative; for 101-111 markers,
For any test:  0 matching markers, please contact NASA.

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