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Thomas WILLIAMS
Ruth TODD
Husband:  Thomas WILLIAMS
Birth:  1803/4, SC
Death:  23 Nov 1872, Jefferson Co., MO
Disposition:  buried Stroup Cemetery, Jefferson Co., MO
Occupation:  farmer
Father:  John WILLIAMS (1776-1830)
Mother:  Mary Ann OGLE (1793-1880)
Marriage:  6 Feb 1828, Jefferson Co., MO
Wife:  Ruth TODD
Birth:  1810, MO
Death:  1886, Jefferson Co., MO
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  Richard TODD
Mother:  Elizabeth __?__
Children born in Jefferson Co., MO:
  1.  Thomas WILLIAMS, b. 1828; d. bef. 1830
  2.  Elizabeth WILLIAMS, b. 1829; d. bef. 1830
  3.  (Daughter A) WILLIAMS, b. 1830-35
  4.  John WILLIAMS, b. 5 Aug 1832; m. 10 Oct 1850, Jefferson Co., MO, Jane COOK (b. 1830/1, MO)
  5.  Mary WILLIAMS, b. 1834/5
  6.  Nancy WILLIAMS, b. 1836/7
  7.  Washington WILLIAMS, b. 1837/8
  8.  (Daughter B) WILLIAMS, b. 1835-40; d. bef. 1850
  9.  Peter WILLIAMS, b. 1841/2
10.  Catharine Jane WILLIAMS, b. Nov 1843
11.  Clarissa WILLIAMS, b. 1845/6
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Missouri, South Carolina

Sources:

1.  Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1993.  Missouri Marriages:  Early to 1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-227):
Williams, Thomas Todd, Ruth 6 Feb 1828 Jefferson Co.
Williams, John Cook, Jane 10 Oct 1850 Jefferson Co.

2.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #7 of 12; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1830 MO Jefferson Co. Joachim Twp. Roll 72 p. 122 Ln. 9 and 24 Thomas Williams 000 010 - 000 100 no slaves
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 20-29 1800-1810 = Thomas (b. 1803/4)
1 female 15-19 1810-1815 = Ruth (b. 1810)
Our subject appears to have been enumerated twice, one on Line 9 and again on Line 24.  Either that or there were two newlywed Thomas WILLIAMSes in the township, but as there was only one such marriage record, it seems more likely he was accidentally enumerated twice.  John WILLIAMS (æ 30-40) is on Line 23, and Peter STROUP is on Line 22.

3.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #0-1 of 8; online at Genealogy.com, Image #2-3 of 10; the numerical data pages precede the name pages; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1840 MO Jefferson Co. Joachim Twp. Roll 224 pp. 105A-105B Ln. 3 Thomas William 110 001 - 220 001 100000-201000 0300000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 white male 4 or under 1835-1840 = Washington (b. 1837/8)
1 white male 5-9 1830-1835 = John (b. 1832)
1 white male 30-39 1800-1810 = Thomas (b. 1803/4) 
2 white females 4 or under 1835-1840 = Daughter B
= Nancy (b. 1836/7
2 white females 5-9 1830-1835 = Mary (b. 1834/5)
= Daughter A
1 white female 30-39 1800-1810 = Ruth (b. 1810) 
 
1 male slave 9 or under 1830-1840 = ?
2 female slaves 9 or under 1830-1840 = ? ?
1 female slave 24-35 1804-1816 = ?
3 persons employed in agriculture
Listed two lines from John STROUP, who is next to John WILLIAMS, Sr. (æ 40-50), who is next to Peter STROUP.

4.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #149 of 153):  District No. 42, Jefferson Co., MO, Roll M432_402, pp. 480B-481A, 1088/1088, enumerated 2 Nov 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Thomas Williams 46 M   Farmer 500 SC
[next page]
Ruth        " 40 F       Mo
John        " 17 M   Laborer   Mo
Jane        " 19 F       Mo
Mary        " 15 F       Mo
Nancy       " 13 F       Mo
Washington  " 12 M       Mo
Peter       "  8 M       Mo
Jane        "  7 F       Mo
Clarissa    "  4 F       Mo
The elder Jane is John's wife, not his sister.

5.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #17 of 28):  Pevely P.O., Joachim Twp., Jefferson Co., MO, Roll M653_626, p. 711, PN 17/61, 1221/1211, enumerated 22 Aug 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Thomas Williams 56 M   farmer 1600 200 SC
Ruth Williams 49 F         Mo
Peter 18 M   farm hand     "

6.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #23 of 45):  Hillsboro P.O., Central Twp., Jefferson Co., MO, Roll, p. 232A, PN 23, 161/168, enumerated 14 Jul 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Williams Thomas 63 M W Farmer     South Carolina
         Ruth 58 F W Keeps House     Missouri
Sharing domicile with married son, Washington WILLIAMS (æ 30,b. MO; 161/169).

7.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #18 of 38):  Central Twp., Jefferson Co., MO, Roll T9_695, p. 98B, PN 18, SD 1, ED 193, enumerated 10 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13d 22 23 24 25 26
171 175 Calahan Jane W M 36       \ \ Farmer \ \ MO MO MO
    [Jane's eight children]
    Williams Ruth W F 70   Mother   \ \ At home \ \ MO MO MO
This record was marked out with the notation, "Correction, not in my Dist.," but with another note that said, "Erased before comparison."

8.  Stroup Family Cemetery [S5.T40_.R5_] (online at the Jefferson County, Missouri, Historical Society web site; contributed by Jean O'Brien, Helen Magre, and Frank Magre):
Last Name First Name Birth Death Cemetery Notes
Williams Thomas none given Nov 23 1872 Stroup Aged 67 yrs 6 mo

9.  OneWorldTree (online at Ancestry.com).

10.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

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