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Charles THOMPSON
(Nancy) Ann Pettus GRAVES
Husband:  Charles THOMPSON
Birth:  7 Mar 1773, Louisa Co., VA
Death:  9 Apr 1844, Hancock Co., IL
Father:  William THOMPSON, Jr.
Mother:  Frances Jackson MILLS
Marriage:  14 Dec 1800, Louisa Co., VA
Wife:  (Nancy) Ann Pettus GRAVES
Birth:  13 May 1781, Louisa Co., VA
Death:  24 Jul 1858, Hancock Co., IL
Father:  William Bartlett GRAVES
Mother:  Ann PETTUS
Children: 
born in VA:
  1.  America M. THOMPSON, b. 23 Jan 1802 
  2.  William G. THOMPSON, b. 30 Apr 1804 
  3.  George Overton THOMPSON, b. 20 Dec 1805 
  4.  Frances Ann THOMPSON, b. 5 Dec 1807; 1808 
  5.  Albert Nelson THOMPSON, b. 15 Oct 1809, Culpeper Co. 

born in Christian Co., KY: 
  6.  Mary Jackson THOMPSON, b. 25 Jan 1812 or 29 Jan 1813, Hopkinsville 
  7.  Amelia Overton THOMPSON, b. 3 Sep 1814 
  8.  Charles Mills THOMPSON, b. 23 Dec 1816 
  9.  Nathaniel THOMPSON, b. 11 Jul 1819; d. bef. 1884
10.  James Henry THOMPSON, b. 20 Aug 1822; d. Feb 1905; ended up in Carthage, Hancock Co., IL

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Illinois, Kentucky, Virginia

Timeline
Year Location Event
1773 VA: Louisa Co. birth of Charles THOMPSON
1781 VA: Louisa Co. birth of Ann Pettus GRAVES
1800 Census VA destroyed (except Accomack and Louisa Cos.)
1800 VA: Louisa Co. marriage of Charles THOMPSON & Ann Pettus GRAVES
1802 VA birth of daughter, America
1804 VA birth of son, William
1805 VA birth of son, George
1807 VA birth of daughter, Frances
1808 VA death of daughter, Frances
1809 VA: Culpeper Co. birth of son, Albert
1810 Census - not found
1811 VA > KY family moves
1812 KY: Christian Co. Charles THOMPSON, taxpayer (on tax rolls for the first time)
1812/3   birth of daughter, Mary
1814   birth of daughter, Amelia
1816   birth of son, Charles
1819   birth of son, Nathaniel
1820 Census KY: Christian Co. Charles THOMPSON, head-of-household
1822 KY: Christian Co. Charles THOMPSON makes purchase at estate sale
1822   birth of son, James
1830 Census KY: Christian Co. Charles THOMPSON, head-of-household
1832 KY: Christian Co. marriage of daughter, Mary to John HAGGARD
1835 KY: Christian Co. marriage of son, George, to Margaret PHAUP
1835 KY > IL family moves
1835 IL: Schuyler Co. marriage of daughter, America, to James G. SWAN
1837 IL: Hancock Co. marriage of son, Albert, to Rebecca REYNOLDS
1840 IL: Hancock Co. marriage of son, Charles, to Henrietta WILKE
1840 Census IL: Hancock Co. Charles THOMPSON, head-of-household
1844 IL: Hancock Co. death of Charles THOMPSON
1848 IL: Hancock Co. marriage of daughter, Amelia, to Benedict REYNOLDS
1850 Census IL: Hancock Co. Ann THOMPSON, head-of-household
1858 IL: Hancock Co. death of Ann Pettus (GRAVES) THOMPSON

Sources:

1.  Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1993.  Virginia Marriages:  Early to 1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-229):
Thomson, Charles Graves, Nancy 14 Dec 1800 Louisa Co.

2.  1810 Census Index (online at GenealogyLibrary.com):  This index doesn't contain Louisa Co., only Accomack Co. and "Army Lands" of Virginia.  In any case, as Charles and Ann weren't married until Dec 14th, Charles was probably too late to be enumerated as head-of-household. 

3.  1820 Census:  (extracted by A. Robert Matthiesen; see 1820 Table): 
1820 Charles Thompson 221001-20110 Christian Co., KY p. 36
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 9 or under 1810-1820 = Nathaniel (b. 1819)
= Charles (b. 1816)
2 males 10-15 1804-1810 = Albert (b. 1809)
= George (b. 1805)
1 male 16-18 1801-1804 = William (b. 1804)
1 male 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = Charles (b. 1773)
2 females 9 or under 1810-1820 = Amelia (b. 1814)
= Mary (b. 1812/13)
1 female 16-25 1794-1804 = America (b. 1802)
1 female 26-44 1775-1794 = Ann (b. 1781)
Either the dates in Perrin are slightly off or the census is slightly off. 

4.  1830 Census:  (extracted by A. Robert Matthiesen; see 1830 Table): 
1830 Charles Thompson 021 120 010 - 001 110 100 Christian Co., KY p. 12
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 5-10 1820-1825 = James (b. 1822)
= Nathaniel (b. 1819)?
1 male 10-14 1815-1820 = Charles (b. 1816)
1 male 15-19 1810-1815 =  Albert (b. 1809)?
2 males 20-29 1800-1810 = George (b. 1805)
= William (b. 1804)
1 male 50-59 1770-1780 = Charles (b. 1773)
1 female 10-14 1815-1820 = Amelia (b. 1814)?
1 female 15-19 1810-1815 = Mary (b. 1812/3)
1 female 20-29 1800-1810 = America (b. 1802)
1 female 40-49 1780-1790 = Ann (b. 1781)
Either the dates in Perrin are slightly off or the census is slightly off.

5.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1840 (Broderbund CD-316):
1840 Thompson, Charles IL Hancock Co. p. 213

6.  1850 Census Index/Microfilm (online at GenealogyLibrary.com): Hancock Co., IL, p. 290, 300/300, enumerated 10 Sep 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Ann Thompson 69 F   400 Va
America Swan 48 F     "
James Swan 38 M     Ky
Ann     " 11 F     Ill
Geo W   " 10 M      "
Ellen A "  7 F      "
Henry J Thompson 23 M Farmer   Ky
Mary E Haggard 14 F     Ill
Margaret E Thompson  5 F     Ky
America (THOMPSON) SWAN is Ann's daughter.  Mary Eliza HAGGARD is Ann's granddaughter.  They are living two doors down from Ann's son, Charles M. THOMPSON.  Who is Henry J.?  And Margaret E.? 

7a. A.B. Willhite.   [n.d.]  Christian Co., Kentucky, Tax List, 1810-1813.   (Self-published; available from author at 4396 Coopertown Rd., Russellville, KY 42276, or from the Christian County Genealogical Society, Hopkinsville, KY).
Pg. in
Willhite
Year First 
Name
Last 
Name
A B C D Acres Watercourse
- 1810-11 - - - - - - - -
144 1812 Chas Thompson 1 1 1 3 - -
- 1813 - - - - - - - -
Legend:  A = White Males 21 or over; B =  Blacks over 16; C = Total Blacks; D = Horses
Note:  many records appear to be missing from the 1813 rolls, at least as transcribed in this book

7b.  A.B. Willhite.   [n.d.]  Christian Co., Kentucky, Tax List, 1814-1818.   (Self-published.  This book is out of print.  I do not have a copy.  If you have one to sell, please contact me.)

7c.  A.B. Willhite.   [n.d.]  Christian Co., Kentucky, Tax List, 1819-1823.   (Self-published; available from author at 4396 Coopertown Rd., Russellville, KY 42276, or from the Christian County Genealogical Society, Hopkinsville, KY).
Pg. in
Willhite
Year First 
Name
Last 
Name
A B C D Acres Watercourse
63 1819 Chas Thompson 1 1 1 2 282  L R
113 1820 Chas Thompson 1 1 1 2 282½ S F of L R
155 1821 Chas Thompson 1 1 3 2 282½ L R
197 1822 Chas Thompson 1 1 2 3 282  L R
242 1823 Chas Thompson 1 - - 2 140 T W
Legend:  A = White Males 21 or over; B = Blacks over 16; C = Total Blacks; D = Horses
Abbreviations:  L R = Little River; S F of L R = South Fork of the Little River; T W = Tradewater River
I find it hard to believe the Charles THOMPSON in 1823 is the same man as the Charles THOMPSON in 1812-22; yet, our subject has two children married in Christian Co. as late as 1832 and 1835, and he is head-of-household in the 1830 Census, though there is not a perfect match in that census.   Yet, I can find no Charles THOMPSON anywhere in Illinois in 1830, so it must be our subject.  The other possibility is transcriber error or an error in the tax rolls.  I'd like to see the tax rolls from 1824 on through the 1830s to understand what's going on here.

8.  Anon.  1993.  Christian County, Kentucky, Wills and Estates, 1815-1823.  T.L.C. Genealogy, Miami Beach, FL.  On p. 109:
Page 446.  Account of sales.  Jul 19, 1822.  The following articles were sold by the [Christian County] Sheriff as the property of Mordicai Cook deceased, by order of [Christian County] Court, on a credit of 12 months.  Purchasers: ...Charles Thompson...

9.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org).
America THOMPSON
Birth:  23 Jan 1802, Misc, Virginia
Father:  Charles THOMPSON
Mother:  Ann Pettus GRAVES

10.  Beverly M. Stercula.  Thompson Family Magazine (partially online in the Archives of the THOMPSON-L mailing list (online at RootsWeb.com).

11.  William Henry Perrin, ed.  1884.  County of Christian, Kentucky: Historical and Biographical.  F.A. Battey Publ. Co., Chicago, pp. 420-421.  Biographical sketch of their son, George O. Thompson.

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