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Adam STROUP
Catherine ALEXANDER
Husband:  Adam STROUP
Birth:  1746, near Baltimore, Baltimore Co., MD
Death:  1835, Sailor's Branch, Hoyle Ck., Lincoln [now Gaston] Co., NC 
Occupation:  iron furnace builder
Military Service:  Revolutionary War:  Pvt. under Lt. James Hill, Capt. Armstrong's Company, NC Line
Father:  Johann Jacob STRAUB, a.k.a., Jacob STROUP I, 1733 immigrant to Philadelphia, with his parents
Mother:  Maria FRENSCH
Marriage:
Wife:  Catherine ALEXANDER
Birth:  1747 or 1750, PA
Death:  1811, Lincoln Co., NC

Once source shows her surname as REEL, but all others show her as ALEXANDER.
Was one of these surnames her maiden name and the other the name of a prior husband?
Did she also have a prior spouse or partner surnamed BIDDLE?

Stepson(?):
  1.  Jacob STROUP II, b. 18 Mar 1771

Descendants of Jacob II are not a Y-DNA match with other descendants of Jacob STROUP I or with at least one of our subject's other sons (viz., Andrew).  They do, however, have a 35/37 match with a BIDDLE.  Normally, I would insist on a higher level match to declare a connection, but their haplotype is rare, reducing the possibility the match could be coincidental.

Given that Jacob II is our subject's eldest child, the most likely explanation is that Jacob II was Catherine's son from a prior marriage (or relationship).  I realize this discovery comes as a tremendous shock to Jacob II's many descendants, but I'm afraid the DNA evidence is undeniable.  Please see this page for further discussion.

Children:
  2.  Katherine STROUP, b. 1772; d. 1830
  3.  Michael STROUP, b. ca. 1772

born at Hoyle Creek, Lincoln Co., NC:
  4.  Joseph STROUP, b. 2 May 1776
  5.  John STROUP, b. ca. 1778
  6.  Elizabeth STROUP, b. 1779; d. aft. 1858; m. 15 Feb 1800, Alexander Spencer HEAD
  7.  Andrew STROUP, b. 1782 
  8.  David STROUP, b. 1765-84
  9.  Peter STROUP, b. 1787 
10.  Solomon STROUP, b. 1790

Some sources do not show Nancy as their child.
11.  Nancy STROUP, b. 1795; m. 8 Sep 1811, Jesse ROSS

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Maryland, North Carolina

Timeline
Year Location Event
1746 MD: Baltimore Co.: near Baltimore birth of Adam STROUP
1747   birth of Catherine
1753/4   Adam indentured to learn trade of iron making
1770   marriage of Adam STROUP & Catherine Elizabeth __?__
1772   birth of daughter, Katherine
c1772   birth of son, Michael
c1772 Pennsylvania or Maryland to North Carolina family moves
1776 NC birth of son, Joseph
c1778   birth of son, John
1778 NC: Tryon [now Cleveland] Co.: Buffalo Ck. Adam STROUP sells 200 a to Henry TANKERSLEY
1779 NC: Tryon Co. is divided into Rutherford and Lincoln Cos.; Tryon Co. ceases to exist
1779 NC: Lincoln [now Gaston] Co.: Sailors Branch Adam STROUP buys 200 a from Jacob STROUP (his father)
1779 NC birth of daughter, Elizabeth
1780 NC: Lincoln [now Gaston] Co. enlisted North Carolina Line
1782 NC birth of son, Andrew
c1784 NC birth of son, David
1787 NC birth of son, Peter
1788 NC birth of son, Solomon
1790 Census NC: Lincoln [now  Gaston] Co. Adam "SHOUP," head-of-household
1798 NC: Lincoln Co. marriage of son, Joseph, to Catherine CREASMAN
1800 Census NC: Lincoln [now Gaston] Co. Adam STROUP, head-of-household
1810 Census NC: Lincoln [now Gaston] Co. Adam STROUP, head-of-household
1820 Census NC: Lincoln [now Gaston] Co. not found
1826 NC: Lincoln [now Gaston] Co.: Hoyle's Creek Adam sells land to Jacob STROUP (his son)
1830 Census NC: Lincoln [now Gaston] Co. not found
1832 NC military pension issued
1834 NC: Lincoln [now Gaston] Co. Adam in residence
1835 NC: Lincoln [now Gaston] Co.: Sailors Branch death of Adam STROUP
1846 NC: Gaston Co. formed from Lincoln Co.

Sources:

1.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service (online):  International Genealogical Index (IGI).
Adam STROUP
Birth: 1746, Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland
Father:  Jacob STROUP
Source:  patron submission

2.  Brent Holcomb.  1977.  Deed Abstracts of Tryon, Lincoln & Rutherford Counties, North Carolina, 1769-1786, Tryon County Wills & Estates.  Southern Historical Press, Greenville, SC. Number in the first column is the page nubmer in Holcomb; number in the second column is the page number in the deed book.  (In 1779, Tryon Co. was divided into Lincoln and Rutherford Cos.; Tryon Co. ceased to exist.  In 1841, Cleveland Co. was formed from parts of Lincoln and Rutherford Cos.)
p. p. Date Transaction
111 652 16 Nov 1778 ADAM STROUP of Tryon Co., to HENRY TANKERSLEY of Craven Co., S.C., for Þ 70 north currency...land on both sides of Buffalo Creek including his own improvements where he now lives adj. THOMAS WELSHES, 200 A...HENRY CARLOCK (SEAL), Wit: FORNEY NORMAN, GEORGE PATTERSON.  Rec. Apr. term 1784.
100 531-
532 
1 June 1779 JACOB STROUP & wf of Lincoln Co., to ADAM STROUP of same, for Þ 74...land on both sides of Sailors branch of Hoyles Creek, 200 A...JACOB STROUP (SEAL), Wit: ANDW NEEL. Rec. Apr. term 1780.
The question in the first transaction is whether "his" refers to Adam or Henry; that is, was Adam living on the land, as owner, or was Henry living on the land, as tenant?  Buffalo Creek is now in Cleveland Co.  For a rough sketch map of the area of Sailor's Branch of Hoyle Creek, most of which is in Gaston Co., click here

3.  1790 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com mis-indexed "Shoup"; Image #8 of 11; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1790 NC Lincoln Co. 9th Company Roll M637_7 p. 123 Ln. L10 Adam Stroup 2-3-4-0
These data indicate:
Gender and Type Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 free white males 16 or over in or bef. 1774 = Adam (b. 1746)
= Jacob (b. 1771)
= Michael (b. ca. 1772)
3 free white males 15 or under 1774-1790 = Joseph (b. 1776)
= John (b. ca. 1778)
= Andrew (b. 1782)
= David (b. ca. 1784)
= Peter (b. 1787)
= Solomon (b. 1788)
4 free white females all ages in or bef. 1790 = Catherine (b. 1747)
= Katherine (b. 1772)
= Elizabeth (b. 1779)
= ?
Hard to say why all the numbers are off.  Is this not our subject?  The estimated birthdates of some of the children may be wrong.  Some of the older sons could be married, and there could easily be daughters who died before maturity.  It could also be that the secondary sources, which are all I have for the identity of their children, are way off.

4.  1800 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #33 of 72 list was roughly alphabetized; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1800 NC Lincoln Co. Roll M32_29 p. 857 Ln. 15 Adam Stroup 03001-10101-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
3 males 10-15 1784-1790 = Solomon (b. 1788)
= Peter (b. 1787)
= David (b. ca. 1784)
1 male 45 or over in or bef. 1755 = Adam (b. 1746)
1 female 9 or under 1790-1800 = Nancy (b. 1795)
1 female 16-25 1774-1784 = Elizabeth (b. 1779)
1 female 45 or over in or bef. 1755 = Catherine (b. 1747)

5.  1810 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #2 of 4; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1810 NC Lincoln Co. Roll M252-40 p. 375A/496 Ln. 13 Adam Stroup 00101-11101-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 16-25 1784-1794 = Solomon? (b. 1788)
1 male 45 or over in or bef. 1765 = Adam (b. 1746)
1 female 9 or under 1800-1810 = ?
1 female 10-15 1794-1800 = Nancy (b. 1795)
1 female 16-25 1784-1794 = ?
1 female 45 or over in or bef. 1765 = Catherine (b. 1747)

6.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1820 (Broderbund CD-314):  I checked every "A." or "Adam" in the county and found nothing close.

7.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1830 (Broderbund CD-315):  I checked every "A." or "Adam" in the county and found nothing close.

8.  Revolutionary War Pension Application (photo copy courtesy of Michael STROUPE).  From it we learn that Adam was born in 1746, "within three miles of the City of Baltimore," and that he was living in Lincoln Co., NC, when he enlisted in the North Carolina Line in 1780.

9.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service (online):  Ancestral File.

10.  Broderbund.  World Family Trees.  Vol. 10, Pedigree No. 1354.

11.  Bill Williamson.  Descendants of Matthias Stroope (online at members.cox.net/wmson/strouppvt.htm).

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