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Thaddaeus STRAUB
Prisca RIESTER
NOTICE:  Our subject is very likely related to Frantz Xavier STRAUB (c1790- ), also of Felldorf, Wuerttemberg.  Y-DNA testing of a patrilineal male descendant of our subject could prove a connection because a descendant of Frantz has already been tested for the STRAUB Y-DNA Surname Project.
Husband:  Thaddæus / Thaddaeus / Thaddeus STRAUB
Birth:  25 Oct 1793, Wuerttemberg
Death:  4 Jun 1871, Hamilton City, Butler Co., OH
Occupation:  farmer
Religion:  Catholic

Thaddaeus is a scriptural name.  "Thaddæus" is the Greek spelling while "Thaddeus" is the English spelling (forms with a single "d" are misspellings).

Marriage:  17 Nov 1818, Catholic Church, Felldorf, Black Forest Dist., Wuerttemberg
Wife:  Prisca / Priska "Priscilla" RIESTER
Birth:  11 Jan 1802, Wuerttemberg
Baptism:  14 Jan 1802, Catholic Church, Felldorf, Black Forest Dist., Wurrttemberg
Occupation:  homemaker
Religion:  Catholic
Father:  Josephus RIESTER / REISTER
Mother:  Josepha MERZ

Prisca is a Latin scriptural name, the diminutive of which is "Priscilla."

Children:
— baptized in the Catholic Church, Felldorf, Black Forest Dist., Wuerttemberg:
  1.  Dionysius / Dennis R. STRAUB (Sr.), bap. 10 Oct 1819
  2.  Genovefa STRAUB, bap. 30 Dec 1820
  3.  Johanna "Jane" STRAUB, bap. 18 May 1822
  4.  Felicitas STRAUB, bap. 9 Jun 1823; d. 26 Jul 1823
  5.  Felix STRAUB, bap. 7 Jun 1824 
  6.  Annastasia / Anastasia STRAUB, bap. 14 Apr 1826
  7.  Josefus / Joseph STRAUB, bap. 30 Jan 1828 
  8.  Cleophas STRAUB, bap. 25 Sep 1829 

— born in Wuerttemberg:
  9.  Valentine STRAUB, b. Feb 1832 
10.  Mary Anna STRAUB, b. 1832/3 
11.  Anna / Hanna / Hanah / Hannah STRAUB, b. 1834/5 

— born in OH, presumably in Butler Co., OH:
12.  Jacob STRAUB, b. 1838/9 
13.  Sophia STRAUB, b. 1840/1 

("St. Genovefa" [Genevieve] was a legendary figure in the Rhineland. Dionysius and Cleophas are Greek names from scripture.  The English/French form of Dionysius is Dennis, by which name the son went.)

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; FRG, Germany, DEU, Deutschland, Württemberg, Schwarzwaldkreis, Katholisch Kirche; USA, US, United States, Ohio

Sources (n.b., there is currently no Hamilton Twp. in Butler Co.; Hamilton City has grown to span Fairfield, St. Clair, and Hanover Twps.):

1.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org).
Thadae STRAUB; Spouse: Priska Riester; Marriage: 17 Nov 1818
Prisca RIESTER; Birth [surely Christening]: 14 Jan 1802
Father: Josephus RIESTER; Mother: Josepha MERZ
Dionysius STRAUB, Christening: 10 Oct 1819
Genovefa STRAUB, Christening: 30 Dec 1820
Johanna STRAUB, Christening: 18 May 1822
Felicitas STRAUB, Christening: 09 Jun 1823; Death: 26 Jul 1823
Father: Thaddaeus STRAUB; Mother: Prisca RIESTER
Felix STRAUB, Christening: 07 Jun 1824
Annastasia STRAUB, Christening: 14 Apr 1826
Josefus STRAUB, Christening: 30 Jan 1828
Cleophas STRAUB, Christening: 25 Sep 1829
Father: Thaddae STRAUB; Mother: Prisca RIESTER
Location for all: Katholisch, Felldorf, Schwarzwaldkreis, Wuerttemberg
Source: LDS Film #0958273: Kirchenbuch, 1801-1968, Katholische Kirche Felldorf (OA. Horb)
"Kreis" are civil districts roughly equivalent to U.S. counties.  A translation of "Schwarz-wald-kreis" would be Black Forest District.

2.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #20-21 of 28 — number pages precede name pages; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
1840 OH Butler Co. St. Clair Twp. Roll 380 (Book 1) pp. 90A-90B Ln. 19 Thaddeus Strout 112 110 100 - 021 101 000 0200000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1835-1840 = Jacob (b. 1838/9)
1 male 5-9 1830-1835 = Valentine (b. 1831/2) 
2 males 10-14 1825-1830 = Cleophas (b. 1829/30)
= Joseph (b. 1828)
1 male 15-19 1820-1825 = Felix (b. 1823/4)
1 male 20-29 1810-1820 = Dionysius (b. 1819)
1 male 40-49 1790-1800 = Thaddeus (b. 1792/3)
2 females 5-9 1830-1835 = Hannah (b. 1834/5)
= Mary (b. 1832/3)
1 female 10-14 1825-1830 = Anastasia (b. 1826)
1 female 15-19 1820-1825 = Johanna (b. 1821)
1 female 30-39 1800-1810 = Rister (b. 1801/2) 
2 person employed in agriculture

3a.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #36 of 63):  St. Clair Twp., Butler Co., OH, p. 137B, 281/287, enumerated 16 Sep 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
Thadeus Straub 57 M   Farmer 1350 Germany
Rister     " 48 F       "
Voluntine  " 18 M   "   Ohio
Mary A     " 17 F       "
Hanah      " 15 F       "
Jacob      " 11 M       "
Sophia     "  9 F       "
Where are the older children?  If they really came to America in 1836, then only Jacob and Sophia were born in Ohio.  In the 1860 census, Valentine gives his birthplace as Wuerttemberg.

3b.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #73 of 144):  Fairfield Twp., Butler Co., OH, p. 250A, 595/614, enumerated 2 Jul 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
Cleophus Straub 20 M   Clerk   Germany
Lodger in boarding house.

3c.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #31 of 54):  Madison Twp., Butler Co., OH, p. 345A, 213/219, enumerated 27 Sep 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
Joseph Stroub 22 M   Cooper   Ger
Living with the HOUBLER family of PA. Someone later, in another hand, added a notation that records from p. 344B to p. 346A were in Poasttown.  Given Joseph's occupation, he probably did live in a village or town.

4a.  1860 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #8 of 58):  Hamilton P.O., Hamilton (Ward 1), St. Clair Twp., Butler Co., OH, Roll 941 (Book 1), p. 328B, PN8, 65/65, enumerated 4 Jun 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
Thaddeus Straub 67 M   Farmer 1000 75 Wurtemburg Germ
Brisca 58 F           do      do
Jane 39 F           do      do
Bridget Burns 22 F   Servant     Ireland
Is Jane their spinster daughter or their widowed daughter-in-law?  If the former, where was she in 1850?

4b.  1860 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #6 of 54):  Hamilton P.O., Hamilton (Ward 3), Butler Co., OH, Roll 941 (Book 1), p. 444A, PN 143, 1002/1066, enumerated 30 Jul 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
Sophia Straub 19 F         Ohio
Living with the HUREN? family.

5.  1870 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com, Image #62 of 62):  Hamilton P.O., Hotel, City of Hamilton (Ward 1), [St. Clair Twp.,] Butler Co., OH, Roll 1176 (Book 1), p. 62B, PN 62, enumerated 23 Jun 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
1870:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 15 19
492 516 Weiler Eugene A 25 M W Hotel Keeper 15000 4000 Pennsylvania / /   /
    ______ Josephine 24 F W Land Lady     Ohio / /    
    ______ Lillian C  1 F W At home     Ohio        
    Straub Eve 45 F W Ass't Landlady     Baden / /    
    ______ Pauline 17 F W At home     Ohio / /    
    ______ Eve 11 F W Attending School     Ohio / / /  
    ______ Phaddus 77 M W Living with Daughter   5000 Wurtemberg / /   /
    Krieg Barbara 66 F W Without Occupation  4000  700 Baden / /    
    16 other staff and guests…
Eve (BODMER) STRAUB is Thaddeus STRAUB's widowed daughter-in-law, not his daughter.  Josephine (STRAUB) WEILER is Eve's married daughter, and Barbara (__?__) BODMER KRIEG is Eve's re-married mother.

6.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  AF - Ancestral File (online at FamilySearch.org).

7.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org).

8.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service: Pedigree Resource File (index to CDs, online at FamilySearch.org).

9.  Archives of the STRAUB-L mailing list (online at RootsWeb.com).

10.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

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