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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt — for Ancestors!
 
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Rev. Benjamin STRAUB
Elizabeth HAAS
NOTICE:  A descendant of our subject has undergone testing for the Straub Y-DNA Surname Project, the results of which prove he is a descendant of Johann Pieter STRAUB, 1733 immigrant to Philadelphia.
Husband:  Benjamin STRAUB / STROUB / STROUP / STROP
Birth:  1802, PA
Death:  1 Jan 1873, Salem Twp., Allegan Co., MI
Y-DNA Haplogroup:  I1 (M253+ L-592+), AngloSaxon-5 Cluster
Occupation:  clergyman
Religion:  United Brethren
Father:  Mr. STRAUB
Mother:  Ms. __?__
Marriage:  1820/21, PA
Wife:  Elizabeth HAAS / HOSS
Birth:  1802, PA
Death:  1870-80, presumably Allegan Co., MI
Children:
— born in PA:
  1.  Susanna "Susan" STRAUB, b. 15 Apr 1822

— born in OH:
  2.  Mary STRAUB, b. 1827/8
  3.  Adam STRAUB, b. 1825-30; d. by 1840
  4.  Hester / Esther STRAUB, b. 1830/1
  5.  Benjamin STRAUB, Jr., b. 1833

— born in Hancock Co., OH:
  6.  Samuel STRAUB, b. 1836 
  7.  Aaron STRAUB, b. 1839; fought in Civil War; d. 1865

— born in Amanda Twp., Hancock Co., OH:
  8.  Hiram "Hi / High" STRAUB, b. Apr 1837 or 26 Feb 1842
  9.  Sheldon Parker "Shel" STRAUB, b. Feb 1844
10.  Thomas N. "Tom" STRAUB, b. 17 Mar 1847 or 1848

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania

Timeline
Year Location Event
1802 PA birth of Benjamin STRAUB
1802 PA birth of Elizabeth HAAS
c1821   marriage of Benjamin STRAUB & Elizabeth HAAS
1822 PA birth of daughter, Susanna
1822-24 Pennsylvania to Ohio family moves
1824 OH: Marion Co. Benjamin STROUB buys land from Andrew STROUB
1824 OH: Marion Co. Benjamin STROUB sells land to James HOLMES
1824-30 Marion Co. to Fairfield Co. family moves
1827/8 OH birth of daughter, Mary
1830 Census OH: Fairfield Co.: Bloom Twp. Benjamin STROUP, head-of-household
1830/1 OH birth of daughter, Esther
1833/4 OH birth of son, Benjamin
1833-35 Fairfield Co. to Hancock Co. family moves
1836 OH birth of son, Samuel
1838 OH birth of son, Aaron
1839 OH: Hancock Co. marriage of daughter, Susanna, to Hiram PLOTTS
1840 Census OH: Hancock Co.: Amanda Twp. Benjamin STROUT, head-of-household
1842 OH birth of son, Hiram
1844 OH birth of son, Sheldon
1846/7 OH birth of son, Thomas
1850 OH: Hancock Co. marriage of daughter, Esther, to Andrew MOREHART
1850 Census OH: Hancock Co.: Amanda Twp. Benj. STROUP, head-of-household
1853 OH: Marion Co. Rev. Benjamin STRAUB officiated at a double-wedding
1856 OH: Hancock Co.  marriage of son, Benjamin, to Rebecca BENNER 
1860 Census OH: Hancock Co.: Findlay Twp. Benjamin STROUB, head-of-household 
1865   death of son, Aaron
17 Jan 1867 OH: Hancock Co. marriage of daughter, Esther, to Josiah MOREHART
1867 Ohio to Michigan family moves
16 May1868 MI: Allegan Co. marriage of son, Thomas, to Caroline HOYER
1870 Census MI: Allegan Co.: Salem Twp. Benjamin STROUP, head-of-household
1873 MI: Allegan Co.: Salem Twp.  death of Benjamin STRAUB
1876 MI: Berrien Co. marriage of son, Sheldon, to Mary BOLGER
1880 Census   not found
1886   marriage of daughter, Esther, to Washington MOREHART

Sources:

1a.  Anon.  1966.  Marriage Index:  Ohio, 1789-1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-400):  not found.

1b.  Allen L. Potts.  Marion County, Ohio, Probate Court Marriage Records, Vols. I-XII, 1824-1902 (online at Heritage Pursuit):  subjects' marriage record not found, but Rev. Benjamin appears to have officiated at a double wedding:
James, William Petterson, Amanda 7/7/1853 Rev. Benjamin Straub
Petty, John D. Sandford, Eveline 7/7/1853 Rev. Benjamin Straub

2.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1820 (Broderbund CD-314):  not found, which suggests our subjects were not yet married.

3.  1830 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #19 of 26; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1830 OH Fairfield Co. Bloom Twp. p. 164 Ln. 13 Benjamin Stroup 100 110 - 110 010
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1825-1830 = Adam
1 male 15-19 1810-1815 = ?
1 male 20-29 1800-1810 = Benjamin (b. 1802)
1 female 4 or under 1825-1830 = Mary (b. 1827/8)
1 female 5-9 1820-1825 = Susan (b. 1822)
1 female 20-29 1800-1810 = Elizabeth (b. 1802)
The older boy is much too old to be their child — a brother? nephew? hired help?  Listed 11 lines from Frederick BENNER, whose daughter, Rebecca, later married our subject's son, Benjamin. 

4.  1840 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #2-3 of 6; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 OH Hancock Co. Amanda Twp. pp. 50A-50B Ln. 9 Benjamin Strout 210 001 - 011 101 0100000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 4 or under 1835-1840 = Aaron (b. 1838)
= Samuel (b. 1836)
1 male 5-9 1830-1835 = Benjamin Jr. (b. 1833/4)
1 male 30-39 1800-1810 = Benjamin (b. 1802) 
1 female 5-9 1830-1835 = Esther (b. 1830/1)
1 female 10-14 1825-1830 = Mary (b. 1827/8)
1 female 15-19 1820-1825 = ? 
1 female 30-39 1800-1810 = Elizabeth (b. 1802)
1 person engaged in agriculture
Who is the older girl?  Hired help?  Susan has married, so she should not be at home.  Listed next to Frederick BENNER

5.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #157 of 427 — mis-indexed "Shroup"):  Amanda Twp, Dist. 48, Hancock Co., OH, p. 467B, enumerated 9 Sep 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1850:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12
107 107 Benj. Stroup 48 m W färmer 800 Pa  /   
    Elisabeth 47 f W        /  / 
    Benj 16 m W färmer   O    
    Saml. 13 m W          
    Aaron 10 m W          
    Hiram  8 m W          
    Shelden  6 m W          
    Thos. N.  3 m W          
    Juliann Grines 22 f W          
Column 10 means "married within the year," which would be a real bombshell if it were true.  But this census-taker must not have understood what the column meant, for he appears to have misused it throughout his enumeration.  All I can guess is that, while he was literate in German, his English was poor— and he was obviously German because he spells Elizabeth with an "s" and farmer with an umlaut-a (ä).  That he didn't understand the column is best exemplified by the census record of Benjamin and Elizabeth's daughter, Susanna (STRAUB) PLOTTS, who was enumerated ten households before them.  Susanna's name was ticked as having been married within the year, but not her husband's!  Not to mention that we know Susanna and her husband were married in 1839. 

6.  1860 Census Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #70 of 85):  Findlay Twp., Hancock Co., OH, p. 79A, 1117/1083, enumerated 13 Jul 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Benjamin Stroub 58 M United Br. Minister   1600 Pa
Elizabeth 57 F       "
Aaron 21 M Laborer     O
Hiram 18 M "     "
Sheldon 15 M "     "
Thomas 13 M       "
Elizabeth Shoemaker 15 F       "
Elizabeth SHOEMAKER is their granddaughter, whose parents appear to have died.

7.  1870 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com, Image #9 of 30):  Burnips Corners P.O., Salem Township, Allegan Co., MI, p. 330A, enumerated 13 Jul 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1870:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 15 17 19
59 59 Stroub Benjamin 68 M W United Breth. Clerg. 1800 900 Pennsylvania     /
    ______ Elizabeth 68 F W Keeping House     do   /  
    Morehart Lucinda 19 F W       Ohio      
    Plotts Margaret 10 F W       Michigan / /  
Listed next to married son, Thomas N. STROUB.

8.  1880 United States Census and National Index (LDS Family History Resource File: CD-ROM Library):  not found.

9.  Text from the Minutes of the 1873 Michigan Conference (courtesy of Randy Neuman, United Brethren Historical Center, Huntington, IN; via Nancy Holben):
Rev. B. Stroub fell asleep in death in January 1873.  He was about 70 years of age and for more than 40 years a minister in this church the greater part of itinerant life having been spent in the Sandusky conference.  The last few years of his life he sustained a local relation to this Conference but in the years of his itinerancy was a faithful laborer.  He possessed a good mind and was a fair preacher.  He was not without his faults and yet he sought to be a Christian.  He died in peace.

10.  Ruth Robbins Monteith.  1956.  Abstracts of Wills and Estates, Allegan County, Michigan, 1835-1872.  NSDAR.
File No. 967

BENJAMIN STRAUB, Salem, d. Wed, Jan 1, 1873 Salem

Heirs at law:
ELISABETH STRAUB, widow, Salem
SUSANNA PLOTTS, dau, Monterey
HESTER MOREHART, dau, Van loo, Hancock Co, Ohio
MARY SHOEMAKER, dau, Geneva, Ottawa Co, Ohio
BENJAMIN STRAUB, Jr., son, Hancock Co, Ohio
SAMUEL STRAUB, son, Hancock Co, Ohio
HIRAM STRAUB, son, near Lansing, Michigan
SHELDON P. STRAUB, son, Salem
THOMAS N. STRAUB, son, Salem

ELISABETH STRAUB petitioned Mar 12, 1873 that HIRAM PLOTTS be appointed administrator which he was on May 5, 1873 with JOHN GOODELL, surety.

11.  Jane Peppler.  1999.  Marion County, Ohio, Deed Book, Volume I, 1821-1825 (online at Heritage Pursuit):
Page Grantor Grantee Date Signed Neighbors/Witnesses
171 Andrew Stroub Benjamin Stroub 03/04/1824 Paul Crawford; Jacob Crawford
172 Benjamin Stroub and Elizabeth Stroub James H. Holmes 10/22/1821 Benjamin Hillman; William Hoddy
The 1821 date has to be wrong because Benjamin was still in PA in 1822.  These deeds are being entered in chronological order by recording date in a bound book.  Page 172 is among the pages of deeds recorded in 1824, and while occasionally a deed gets recorded at a much later date than it was originally signed, three years is unusual.  I believe this out-of-sequence date has to be a case of misreading the record.  Also, Benjamin had to get land in order to have it to sell, and there is no record of Benjamin having earlier patented land in the county, at least not in the online BLM database (see next source).  It makes more sense that Benjamin got the land from Andrew (his presumed brother) in March of 1824 and sold it in October of 1824.

12.  U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management. The Official Land Patent Records Office.
Date Certificate No. Land Office Patented By Acres Aliquot  Sec.Twp.Rng State County*
21 MAY 1835 10881 BUCYRUS Benjamin Stroub of Fairfield County Ohio 80  W½ NW¼ S27.T1S.R11E OH HANCOCK
20 Apr 1837 15208 BUCYRUS Benjamin Stroub of Hancock County Ohio 40 NE¼ SE¼ S23.T1S.R11E OH HANCOCK
*The county is not given on the original certificate, which describes the location of the land solely in terms of Aliquot, Section, Township, and Range.  The county names must have been added to the database at some later time, probably when the certificate data were computerized.

13.  Letter from Kate (MOREHART) THOMPSON, granddaughter of our subjects, to her brother, Lindsey T. MOREHART, dated Jan 1925, in the possession of  Nancy Straub Holben, who kindly shared digital images of the pages (9 Jul 2001).  Among other things, Kate's letter names Benjamin's wife, Elizabeth HOSS, and their ten children:  Mary, Susan, Esther/Hester, Adam, Hiram, Aaron, Benjamin, Samuel, Sheldon, and Thomas. 

14.  Nancy Straub Holben.  My Straub Family of Michigan, Ohio, and Pennsylvania.  FamilyTreeMaker User Home Page.

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