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John ELY
Catharine JOHNSONBACH
WARNING:  Our subject is being mixed up with a different John ELY, thanks principally to the databases at the LDS.  The other John being mixed up here is the John ELY (b. 1773), son of Michael & Anna Maria (REGINA) ELY, who married Mary DENNIS.  Our subject is said to have married an Ellen MOSHER, but I've found no evidence for the marriage..
Husband:  John ELY / EALY / ELEY
Birth:  1775, PA
Death:  1850, Washington Twp., Green Co., WI 

Father said to beGeorge ELY / EALY / IHLE
Mother said to beEva Christina STROH-SCHNEIDER

Marriage:  ca. 1795, PA
Wife:  Catharine JOHNSONBACH / JOHNSONBAUGH / SCHANTZENBACH
Birth:  1775-80
Death:  1846, OH
Brother almost certainlyJacob JOHNSONBAUGH, Sr.
Other Possible Kin:  JOHNSONBAUGH data hub

The same source that says she died 1846 in OH also says she was born ca. 1783 and married in 1803, both of which dates are inconsistent with the censuses and absurd if Jacob really is their son.

Children born in PA:
  1.  Jacob ELY, b. 30 Mar 1796
  2.  (Daughter A) ELY, b. 1800-1810
  3.  Mary "Polly" ELY, b. 1800-1810 said to be Mary (ELEY) KING
  4.  George ELY, b. 28 Feb 1807
  5.  John ELY, Jr., b. 16 Mar 1809
  6.  (Son A) ELY, b. 1810-20
  7.  Christina A. ELY, b. 1 Jan 1812 
  8.  Henry ELY, b. 9/19 Jan 1815
  9.  Elizabeth ELY, b. ca. 10 Jul 1817 
10.  Catherine ELY, ca. 1819; d. bef. 1830
11.  James ELY, b. 2 Feb 1822

UPDATE (7 Dec 2015):  I have a FamilyFinder (autosomal-DNA) match with a descendant of Mary (ELEY) KING, as do several of my first cousins.  Given that we descend from John & Catharine, through their daughter, Elizabeth, this certainly supports the assertion that Mary is their daughter, too, or at least close kin.

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin

Timeline
Year Location Event
1775 PA birth of John ELY
    birth of Catharine JOHNSONBACH
    marriage of John ELY & Catharine JOHNSONBACH
1796   birth of son, Jacob
1800 Census   can't find
1800-10 birth of Daughter A
1800-10   birth of daughter, Mary
1807 PA birth of son, George
1809 PA birth of son, John
1810 Census PA: Centre Co.: Walker Twp. John ELY, head-of-household
1812 PA birth of daughter, Christina
1815 PA birth of son, Henry
1817 PA birth of daughter, Elizabeth
1817 Pennsylvania to Ohio family moves
1817 OH: Coshocton Co. marriage of son, Jacob, to Lovina BUSENBERG
c1819   birth of daughter, Catherine
1820 Census OH: Coshocton Co.: Newcastle Twp.  John ELY, head-of-household
1822 PA birth of son, James
1829 OH: Knox Co. marriage of daughter, Christina, to James PARKS
1830 OH: Knox Co. marriage of son, John, to Elizabeth PARKS
1830 Census OH: Knox Co. John ELY, head-of-household
1831 OH: Knox Co. marriage of son, George, to Lucinda FORSYTHE
1836 OH: Knox Co. marriage of daughter, Elizabeth, to Elijah CORBIN
1837 OH: Knox Co. marriage of son, Henry, to Elizabeth BENNETT
1840 Census OH: Knox Co.: Jackson Twp. John ELY, head-of-household
1842 OH: Knox Co. marriage of son, James, to Sarah Ellen CORBIN
1846 Ohio to Wisconsin family moves
1850 Census WI: Green Co.: Washington Dist. John ELY, living w/daughter, Christina (ELY) PARKS
1850   death of John ELY

Sources (n.b., Centre Co. was formed in 1800 from Huntingdon, Lycoming, Mifflin, and Northumberland Cos.):

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1800 (Broderbund CD-312):  not found (the John EAKLY in Centre Co., PA, is EAKLY; and he is still there in 1810).

3.  1810 Census Index/ Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #2 of 3; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1810 PA Centre Co. Walker Twp. p. 165 Ely, John 21010-20010-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 9 or under 1800-1810 = John Jr. (b. 1809)
= George (b. 1807)
1 male 10-15 1794-1800 = Jacob (b. 1796)
1 male 26-44 1765-1784 = John (b. 1775) 
2 females 9 or under 1800-1810 = Mary
= Daughter A
1 female 26-44 1765-1784 = Catharine

4.  Family Quest Archives:  Ohio Federal Census 1820:  Clark, Coshocton, Gallia, Hocking, Huron, Knox, Lawrence, Meigs, and Monroe Counties.  Heritage Quest CD M33-88 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1820 OH Coshocton Co. Newcastle HQ Image #44 census p. 25 John Ely 211201-11111-0-400
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 9 or under 1810-1820 = Jacob's son (b. 1820)
= Henry (b. 1815)
1 male 10-15 1804-1810 = John Jr. (b. 1809)
1 male 16-18 1801-1804 = George (b. 1807)
1* male 19-25* 1794-1801 = Jacob (b. 1796)
1 male 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = John (b. 1775)
1 female 9 or under 1810-1820 = Elizabeth (b. 1817) 
1 female 10-15 1804-1810 = Christina (b. 1812)
1 female 16-25 1794-1804 = Jacob's wife
1 female 26-44 1775-1794 = Catharine
1 female 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = ?
4 engaged in agriculture
*In the 1820 Census, the third column is age class 16-18 and the fourth column is age class 16-25; therefore, any individual in column three is duplicated in column four.  By subtracting the number in column three from the number in column four, you can create an age class "19-25."
He is the only ELY in the county, so apparently their recently-wedded son, Jacob, is living with them.  John Jr. is in the wrong age class, yet I don't doubt this is our family

5.  1830 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #5 of 10; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1830 OH Knox Co. Jackson Twp. p. 213 Ln. 2 Ely John 010 110 010 - 001 000 010
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 5-9 1820-1825 = James (b. 1822)
1 male 15-19 1810-1815 = Henry (b. 1815)
1 male 20-29 1800-1810 = John Jr. (b. 1809)
1 male 50-59 1770-1780 = John (b. 1775)
1 female 10-14 1815-1820 = Elizabeth (b. 1817)
1 female 50-59 1770-1780 = Wife
List was roughly alphabetized, so no neighborhood reconstruction is possible.  For other residents of the township/county, see this table

6.  Family Quest Archives:  Ohio Federal Census 1840:  Knox County.  Heritage Quest CD M704-406 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 OH Knox Co. Jackson Twp. p. 402B John Ely 000 100 000 100 - 000 000 000 100
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 15-19 1820-1825 = James (b. 1822)
0 males 60-69 1770-1780 = John (b. 1775)
1 male 70-79 1760-1770
0 females 60-69 1770-1780 = Wife
1 female 70-79 1760-1770 =
John and his wife are off one age class, yet this has to be our couple.  Or was John's age wrong in the 1850 Census?  For neighbors, see this table

7.  Family Quest Archives:  Wisconsin Federal Census 1850: Green and Iowa Counties.  Heritage Quest CD M432-999:  The Town of Washington Dist., Green Co., WI, p. 294A, 55/55, enumerated 23 Aug 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
James Parks 41 Farmer 1000 Pennsylvania
Chrystia A " 38     "
[children of James & Christina]
John Ealy 74 none   Pennsylvania
"Chrystia" is John's daughter, Christina.  Listed next to John's son, Henry ELY

8.  Anon.  1884.  History of Green County, Wisconsin.  Union Publ. Co., Springfield, IL (PDF online at the South Central Library System, Madison, WI, web site).  The sketch was one long, continuous paragraph on p. 973; I've broken it into smaller paragraphs for improved readability.
James Ely, one of the pioneers of this county, was born in Green Co., Penn., on the 22d day of February, 1822.  His parents were John and Catharine Ely, natives of the same State.  About 1829, John Ely emigrated with his family to Knox Co., Ohio, which was then an unbroken wilderness, infested with Indians.  Here he cleared a farm, which he afterwards sold, and removed to another.  He came to Monroe in October, 1846, traveling overland with teams.  They were twenty-two days on the road, crossing the Black Swamp on corduroy bridges, and fording streams.  Mr. Ely died in 1850.  Mrs. Ely died in the fall of 1846.  They were both members of the Christian Church for many years...

9.  Raymond Bell.  The Families of George Ealy, East Finley Township, and Michael Ely, Buffalo Township, Washington [County], Pennsylvania (online at the Washington Co., PA, GenWeb site).  Says Catherine JOHNSONBACK died in 1846; does not have Ellen MOSHER as a wife of John.

10.  Bernard Eley.  Descendants of George ELEY.  Has John ELEY, s/o George & Christina (STROSNIDER) ELEY, married to both Catherine JOHNSONBACK and to Ellen MOSHER.  Shows children Mary, George, John, and Henry with wife, Catherine (first three born in Centre Co., PA); no children with wife, Ellen.  Says daughter, Mary, died in 1828.  If so, the Mary who married Otho KING is not the daughter of our subjects, something reinforced by the fact that the 1850 Census says Otho's wife, Mary, was born in Maryland.

11a.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org)
John ELY
Spouse: Catharine JOHNSONBACK
Marriage: Abt. 1795, Washington, Pennsylvania
Source: none given
John ELEY
Spouse: Catherine JOHNSONBACK
Marriage: Abt. 1804, Of Centre, Pennsylvania
Source: [patron submission]
John ELEY SR.
Spouse: Ellen MOSHIER
Marriage: Abt. 1804, <>, , Pennsylvania
Source: [patron submission]
John ELEY
Spouse: Ellen MOSHIER
Marriage: Abt. 1816, Of Centre, Pennsylvania
Source: [patron submission]
Jacob ELY
Birth: 30 Mar 1796, <>, Washington, Pennsylvania
Father: John ELY; Mother: Mary
Source:  [patron submission]
These marriage records all appear to be guesses, and all are certainly wrong.

11b.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service: Pedigree Resource File (index to CDs online at FamilySearch.org).
Compact Disc #12
John EALY
Birth: abt 1781; Place: , Berks, Pennsylvania
Death: aft 1830
Father: George Ealy
Mother: Christina Strofsnider
Spouse: Mary Dennis; Marriage: abt 1802
Spouse: Catherine Johnsonback; Marriage: abt 1820
Compact Disc #12
Mary Ealy
Birth: 1804; Place:
Death: 27 Apr 1871, Monroe, Green, Wisconsin
Burial: Place: Illiff Cem, Monroe, Green, Wisconsin
Father: John Ealy
Mother: Mary Dennis
Spouse: Othey or Otho King
Marriage: abt 1820
The John ELY who married Mary DENNIS was the son of Michael ELY and Anna Maria REGINA; he is not the John ELY who married Catherine JOHNSONBACH.  I am not convinced that we know the parentage of the John Ely who married Catherine JOHNSONBACH, nor am I confident of the parentage of the Mary ELY who married Otho KING, though I doubt she is the daughter of Mary DENNIS.

11c.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  AF - Ancestral File (online at FamilySearch.org).
John EALY
Birth: Abt 1781, Berks, Pennsylvania
Death: Aft 1830
Spouse: Mary DENNIS; Marriage: Abt 1802
Spouse: Catherine JOHNSONBACK; Marriage: Abt 1820
Husband's Name: John ELY
Born: 8 Jul 1773; Place: Derry Twp., Dauphin Co., Penn.
Christened: 24 Jul 1773; Place: Bindnagle Church, Palmyra, Lancastor (sic), Pennsylvania
Died: 16 May 1853; Place: North Bloomfield, Morrow, Ohio
Buried: Place: Shauck Cemetery, Perry Twp., Morrow, Ohio
Married: 1795; Place: , Washington, Pennsylvania
Father: Michael ELY
Mother: Mary (Regina)

Wife's Name: Mary Catharine JOHNSONBACK
Born: 11 Sep 1776; Place: , Washington, Pennsylvania
Died: 11 Mar 1849; Place: North Bloomfield, Morrow, Ohio
Buried: Place: Shauck Cemetery, Perry Twp., Morrow, Ohio
Married: 1795; Place: , Washington, Pennsylvania

1.  Michael ELEY
2.  Peter ELEY
3.  Mary ELEY
4.  David ELEY
5.  Martin ELEY
6.  Rosannah ELEY
7.  Elizabeth ELY
8.  Phillip ELEY
9.  Jacob ELEY

The John ELY who was born in 1773 in Derry Twp. is unquestionably the son of Michael & Anna Maria (REGINA) ELY; he also appears to be the John ELY who died in Morrow Co.; however, he is not the John ELY (b. 1775/6) who married Catherine JOHNSONBACH ca. 1795 and lived Centre Co., PA, and who died in Green Co., WI.  The "Mary ELY, wife of John," buried in Morrow Co. is almost certainly Mary (DENNIS) ELY.

12.  Emails from Lynda Bowersock.

13.  Messages in the Ely, Eley, and Ealy Family Genealogy Forums (online at GenForum.com).

14.  Ancestry World Trees (online at Ancestry.com).

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