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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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Roger THOMSON
Martha K. TILFORD
Husband:  Roger THOMPSON / THOMSON
Birth:  28 May 1790, Fayette Co., VA [now KY]
Death:  prob. 1840-50
Occupation:  farmer
Military:  War of 1812:  Battle of New Orleans 
Father:  Asa THOMSON
Mother:  Diana QUARLES
Marriage:  21 Feb 1815, Mercer Co., KY
Wife:  Martha K. "Patsy" TILFORD
Birth:  1795/6
Occupation:  homemaker
Children:
  1.  (Daughter A) THOMSON, b. 1810-15
  2.  (Daughter B) THOMSON, b. 1815-20
  3.  (Son A) THOMSON, b. 1815-20
  4.  (Son B) THOMSON, b. 1815-20 
  5.  Martha Jane THOMSON, b. 1823, Christian Co., KY 
  6.  (Daughter C) THOMSON, b. 1820-25
  7.  (Daughter D) THOMSON, b. 1825-30
  8.  Jane Q. THOMSON, b. 1828/9
  9.  Asa C. THOMSON, b. 1830/1, Christian Co., KY
10.  Julia H. THOMPSON, b. 1832/3
11.  (Daughter E) THOMPSON, b. 1835-40

Is William really their son?  That's stretching Martha's fecundity to the limit.
12.  William R. THOMPSON, b. 1843/4

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Kentucky, Virginia

Sources:

1.  Marriage Record

2.  U.S. Census, 1830 (extracted by A. Robert Matthiesen; see 1830 Table): 
1830 Thompson, Roger KY Christian Co. p. 32 002 000 100 - 221 101 000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 10-14 1815-1820 = Son B
= Son A
1 male 40-49 1780-1790 = Roger (b. 1790)
2 females 4 or under 1825-1830 = Jane (b. 1828/9)
= Daughter D
2 females 5-9 1820-1825 = Daughter C
= Martha Jane (b. 1823)
1 female 10-14 1815-1820 = Daughter B
1 female 15-19 1810-1815 = Daughter A
1 female 30-39 1790-1800 = Martha (b. 1795/6)
This is the only Roger THOMPSON / THOMSON / THOMAS indexed in Kentucky.

3.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #37 of 94 image missing; online at Genealogy.com, Image 39 of ??; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 KY Christian Co. Roll 107 pp. 209B-210A Ln. 19 Roger Thompson 010 010 010 - 112 310 100 000000-210100 0300000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 white male 5-9 1830-1835 = Asa (b. 1830/1) 
1 white male 20-29 1810-1820 = Son A or B
1 white male 50-59 1780-1790 = Roger (b. 1790)
1 white female 4 or under 1835-1840 = Daughter E
1 white female 5-9 1830-1835 = Julia (b. 1832/3)
2 white females 10-14 1825-1830 = Jane (b. 1828/9)
3 white females 15-19 1820-1825 = Daughter C or D
= Martha Jane (b. 1823)
= Daughter B or C
1 white female 20-29 1810-1820 = Daughter A or B
1 white female 40-49 1790-1800 = Martha (b. 1795/6) 
 
2 female slaves 9 or under 1830-1840 = ? ?
1 female slave 10-23 1816-1830 = ?
1 female slave 36-54 1785-1804 = ?
3 persons employed in agriculture
He is the only Roger THOMPSON / THOMSON / THOMAS indexed in Kentucky.

4a.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #123 of 137 image missing; online at Genealogy.com, Image #123 of 138):  District No. 1, Christian Co., KY, Roll M432_196, p. 491A, 860/924, enumerated 14 Oct 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Roger Thompson 60 M   Farmer 1000 Va
Martha K Thompson 54 F       Va
Jane Q Thompson 21 F       Ky
Julia H Thompson 17 F       Ky
Wm R Thompson  6 M       Ky

4b.   1850 Census Index/Microfilm (online at GenealogyLibrary.com):  District 1, Christian Co., KY, 795/835, p. 486, enumerated 4 Oct 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Geo O Thompson 44 M Cabinet Maker 6000 Ky
Martha J Thompson 27 F     Va
Jas J Thompson 14 M     Ky
Betty A Thompson 12 F     Ky
Ellen I Thompson 10 F     Ky
Chas A Thompson  8 M     Ky
Asa C Thomson 19 M Cabinet Maker   Ky
Geo Martin 19 M    "      "   Ky
The census-taker appears to have gotten the birthplaces of George and Martha switched.  Asa is presumably Martha's brother.

5.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #7 of 267):  Hopkinsville P.O., Christian Co., KY, Roll M653_352, p. 511, PN 7, 45/45, enumerated 22 Aug 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Roger Thomson 70 M   Farmer 1000 9000 Va
Martha K Thomson 65 F         Va
Jane O Thomson 30 F         Ky
Julia Thomson 27 F         Ky
Wm R J? K Thomson 16 M         Ky
Listed two households from Henry HOPSON (æ 77, b. VA, wife Betsy).

6.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org).
Martha THOMSON
Born: Abt. 1810, of Hopkinsville, Christian, Kentucky
Father: Roger THOMSON; Mother: Martha A.
Source: patron submission

7.  William Henry Perrin, ed.  1884.  County of Christian, Kentucky: Historical and Biographical.  F.A. Battey Publ. Co., Chicago.
p. 172 Among others who were at the Battle of New Orleans [War of 1812] may be mentioned... Roger Thompson, father-in-law to Mr. George O. Thompson of Hopkinsville.
pp. 420-
421
A biographical sketch of George O. Thompson.  Martha "Thomson," daughter of Roger "Thomson," was George's second wife. [DGM]

8.  Email from V.A. Thomson.

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