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John THOMPSON
Nancy Ann LEA
NOTICE:  A patrilineal descendant of our subject is participating in the THOMPSON Y-DNA Surname Project.  Anyone who suspects he descends from our subject on a direct male line can support that connection with a DNA test.
Husband:  John THOMPSON
Birth:  7 May 1785, Caswell Co., NC
Death:  1 Nov 1866, Caswell Co., NC
Occupation:  farmer
Military Service:  War of 1812: Pvt., Capt. James HOLDEN's Co., 5th NCI
Y-DNA Haplogroup:  I1
Father:  Mr. THOMPSON
Mother:  Nancy Ann __?__

Some secondary sources give John the middle name, Henry, but I have yet to find a primary record giving him a middle name (or initial).  The middle name may have been acquired by attaching him to the wrong parents because some secondary sources have mistakenly given John these parents:
Father:  John THOMPSON (1755-1842) of Robeson Co., NC, and Sumter Co., AL said to descend from the THOMPSONs of Dumbarton, SCT
Mother:  Mary STRONG (1767- )
Their son, John Henry THOMPSON (1790s- ), married Mary INGRAM on 9 Nov 1826 in Greene Co. (adjacent to Sumter Co.), AL.  In the 1840 census, this John H. THOMPSON (æ 40-50) is living in Sumter Co., AL, next to four of his brothers (all named in his father's will), so clearly, he is not our subject.

Note that from birth to at least 1860, our subject is living in Caswell Co., NC, which is nowhere near Robeson Co., NC, much less Sumter Co., AL.  Even more importantly, however, two paper descendants of the Dumbarton THOMPSONs have been Y-DNA tested, and they are Haplogroup R1b1 (see T-82 and T-130).  People in different haplogroups cannot have had a common ancestor for thousands of years.

Marriage Bond:  19 Feb 1823, Caswell Co., NC
Wife:  Nancy Ann LEA
Birth:  23 Apr 1804 or 1807/8, Caswell Co., NC
Death said to be:  11 Oct 1874, Alamance Co., NC
Occupation:  homemaker
Children born in Caswell Co., NC:
  1.  Elizabeth J. "Bettie" THOMPSON, b. 8 Mar 1824
  2.  Nancy E. THOMPSON, b. 1825/6
  3.  Mary F. THOMPSON, b. 1827/8
  4.  James P. THOMPSON, b. 1830
  5.  (Daughter A) THOMPSON, b. 1830-35
  6.  William L. THOMPSON, b. 1832/3
  7.  Sarah M. THOMPSON, b. 1835/6
  8.  Benjamin Franklin THOMPSON, b. 1837/8
  9.  Sidney A. THOMPSON, b. 1841/2
10.  Manerva A. THOMPSON, b. 1842/3
11.  Zachariah T. "Ruffin" THOMPSON, b. 1846/7
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; Scotland; USA, US, United States, North Carolina, Virginia

Sources (n.b., Caswell Co. was formed in 1777 from Orange Co.):

1.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service: IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org).
John THOMPSON
Spouse: Nancy LEA
Marriage: 19 Feb 1823, Caswell, North Carolina
Source: An Index to Marriage Bonds Filed in the North Carolina State Archives. North Carolina. Division of Archives and History.

2.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #61-62 of 112; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1830 NC Caswell Co. Roll 119 p. 293 Ln. 5 John Thomson 000 000 100 - 210 010 100000-010000
These data indicate:
No., Race, Gender Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 white male 40-49 1780-1790 = John (b. 1783/4) 
2 white females 4 or under 1825-1830 = Mary (b. 1827/8)
= Nancy (b. 1825/6)
1 white female 5-9 1820-1825 = Elizabeth (b. 1823/4)
1 white female 20-29 1800-1810 = Nancy (b. 1807/8)
 
1 male slave 9 or under 1820-1830 = ?
1 female slave 10-23 1806-1820 = ?

3.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #67-68 of 90; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 NC Caswell Co. Roll 358 pp. 121A-121B Ln. 11 Jno Thompson 111 000 010 - 110 001 301100-410100 0400000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 white male 4 or under 1835-1840 = Benjamin (b. 1837/8)
1 white male 5-9 1830-1835 = William (b. 1832/3)
1 white male 10-14 1825-1830 = James (b. 1829/30)
1 white male 50-59 1780-1790 = John (b. 1783/40
1 white female 4 or under 1835-1840 = Sarah (b. 1835/6)
1 white female 5-9 1830-1835 = Daughter A
1 white female 30-39 1800-1810 = Nancy (b. 1807/8) 
 
3 male slaves 9 or under 1830-1840 = ? ? ?
1 male slave 24-35 1804-1816 = ?
1 male slave 36-54 1785-1804 = ?
4 female slave 9 or under 1830-1840 = ? ? ? ?
1 female slave 10-23 1816-1830 = ?
1 female slave 36-54 1785-1804 = ?
4 persons employed in agriculture

4a.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #20 of 160):  Caswell Co., NC, Roll M432_623, p. 187B, 199/201, enumerated 16 Aug 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Manerva Harris 28 F B     North Hampton NC
William H  "  4 M B     Virginia
Isabella   "  3 F B     "
John Thompson 66 M   Farmer   Caswell NC
Last household on page.  Was John really living next door to his family (see next source)?  Or is this enumerator error?  If not, is he co-habitating with Manerva.

4b.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #21 of 160):  Caswell Co., NC, Roll M432_623, p. 188A, 200/202, enumerated 16 Aug 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Nancey Thompson 42 F       Caswell NC
Elizabeth J " 26 F       "
Nancey E    " 24 F       "
Mary F      " 22 F       "
James E?    " 20 M   Farmer   "
William L   " 17 M   do   "
Sarah M     " 14 F       "
Benjamin F  " 12 M       "
Sideny A    "  8 M       "
Manerva A   "  7 F       "
Zackariah T "  3 M       "
Patience    " 60 F       "
Patience appears to be John's unwed sister.

5.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #37 of 153):  Newtonville P.O., Caswell Co., NC, Roll M653_891, p. 323A/649, PN 37, 295/300, enumerated 28 Jun 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Jno Thompson 75 M   Farmer 600 200 NC
Nancy Thompson 51 F         NC
E Thompson 35 F         NC
M F Thompson 28 F         NC
S Thompson 23 F         NC
B Thompson 21 M   Farmer     NC
S A Thompson 17 M   Farmer     NC
N L Thompson 14 F         NC
Z Thompson 13 M         NC
P Thompson 68 F         NC
Who is "N.L."?  Listed eight households from William THOMPSON (æ 27, b. NC; unmarried, living alone), who is presumably their son.

6.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #12 of 48):  Dan River Twp., Caswell Co., NC, Roll M593_1128, p. 312B, PN 12, 87/87, enumerated 22 Jun 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Thompson Ann 69 F W Keeping house     N Carolina
________ Patience 80 F W House Keeper     "
________ Bettie 40 F W Teaching school     "
________ Mary 37 F W Without Occupation     "
________ Sarah 27 F W Without occupation     "
________ Franklin 29 M W Farm laborer     "
________ Ruffin 22 M W Farm laborer     "
As the elderly are inclined to do, Ann and Patience appear to have inflated their ages, while Bettie appears to be fibbing about hers, in the other direction, as the middle-aged are inclined to do.  "Ruffin" must be a nickname for Zachariah.  Listed next to James THOMPSON (æ 37, b. NC; wife Jannett), who is presumably Nancy Ann's son.

7.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #21 of 66):  Tunstall Magisterial Dist., Pittsylvania Co., VA, Roll T9_1385, p. 442A, PN 21, SD 2, ED 178, enumerated 8 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 13 22 23 24 25 26
188 197 Thompson Zachry T W M 33     / Farmer     NC NC NC
    ________ Mary A W F 23 Wife   / Keeping house     VA NC VA
    ________ John W W M  2 Son /   at home     NC NC VA
    ________ Robert S W M  1 Son /   at home     NC NC VA
    ________ Elizabeth J W F 52 Sister /   at home     NC NC NC
    ________ Sarah M W F 37 Sister /   at home     NC NC NC
    Goodson Charles W M 10 Nephew /   Farm laborer / / NC NC NC
    _______ James A W M  6 Nephew /   at home     NC NC NC

8.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).  A file there gives James H. THOMPSON as the bondsman for John's marriage record and John THOMPSON as the bondsman for James H's marriage.

9.  Email from Karen THOMPSON, Anne WASHBURN.

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