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Capt. John THOMPSON
Mary JEFFERS
Mrs. Sarah (__?__) SPEAR
Husband:  John THOMPSON, Sr.
Birth:  1752, said to be of Augusta Co., VA, or Cecil Co., MD
Death:  17 Jan 1818, Cape Girardeau Co., Missouri Territory [now MO]
Disposition:  buried Thompson Cemetery, Egypt Mills, Cape Girardeau Co., MO
Military Service:  Revolutionary War
Father:  Matthew THOMPSON or William THOMPSONA
Marriage-1:
Wife-1:  Mary JEFFERS / JEFFRIES / JEFFERIES
Birth:  1756/7
Death:  9 Feb 1815, Cape Girardeau Co., Missouri Territory [now MO]
Disposition:  buried Thompson Cemetery, Egypt Mills, Cape Girardeau Co., MO
Marriage-2:  1816
Wife-2:  Sarah __?__
Birth:  bef. 1800
Other spouse:  m1. Lt. Edward A. SPEAR, Jr. (killed in the Battle of Sink Hole, Lincoln Co., MO, 24 May 1815)
Children with Mary JEFFERS: 
1.  John THOMPSON, Jr., b. 1770-76; d. 1833 
2.  James THOMPSON, b. 9 Oct 1776, Ninety-Six Dist. [now Union Co.], SC 
3.  Mary "Polly" THOMPSON, b. 15 Feb 1787, SC 
4.  Sarah A. "Sally" THOMPSON, b. 8 Jun 1789 
5.  Elizabeth "Betsy" THOMPSON, b. 26 Dec 1793, SC or 1799 in KY 
6.  Nero Morgan THOMPSON, b. 5 Oct 1794, Lancaster Co., SC 
7.  Margaret "Peggy" THOMPSON
8.  Narcissa THOMPSON, d. bef. 1824; m. bef. 1818, James ELLIS
Child with Sarah (__?__) SPEARS: 
9.  Elvira Caroline THOMPSON, b. ca. 1816
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Kentucky, Missouri, South Carolina

Timeline
Year Location Event
1752   birth of John THOMPSON
1756/7   birth of Mary JEFFERS
1770s   marriage of John THOMPSON and Mary JEFFERS
bef. 1776   birth of son, John Jr.
1776 SC: Ninety-Six Dist. [now Union Co.] birth of son, James
1785 SC: Union Co. is formed within the Ninety-Six Judicial Dist.
SC: Lancaster Co. is formed within the Camden Judicial Dist.
1787 SC birth of daughter, Mary
1789   birth of daughter, Sarah
1790 Census    
1791 SC: Kershaw Co. is formed from Lancaster Co.
1793   birth of daughter, Elizabeth
1794 SC: Lancaster Co. birth of son, Nero
    birth of daughter, Margaret
    birth of daughter, Narcissa
1794/5 Sourth Carolina to Kentucky family moves
1795 KY: Logan [now Christian] Co. John THOMSON on tax rolls
1796 KY: Logan [now Christian] Co. John THOMSON on tax rolls
1797 KY: Christian Co. is formed from Logan Co.
1797 KY: Christian Co. [Jno.?] THOMPSON on tax rolls (3-_-1-2-3)
1798 KY: Christian Co.: WFPR John THOMPSON receives land grant
1799 KY: Christian Co. John THOMPSON on tax rolls (3-0-1-2-3)
1800 Census - KY schedules destroyed
1800 KY: Christian Co. John THOMPSON on tax rolls (3-0-1-2-4)
1801 KY: Christian Co. John THOMPSON on tax rolls (1-0-1-2-6)
1802 KY: Christian Co. John THOMPSON on tax rolls (3-0-1-2-6)
1803 KY: Christian Co. John THOMPSON on tax rolls (1-0-1-2-7)
1804 KY: Christian Co. John THOMPSON on tax rolls (1-0-1-2-6)
1804 Cape Girardeau Dist. is formed from Louisiana District
1805 Louisiana District becomes Louisiana Territory
1805 KY: Christian Co. marriage of son, John, to Jane Goodin STRONG
1805 KY: Christian Co. John THOMPSON on tax rolls
1806 KY: Christian Co. John THOMPSON on tax rolls (1-0-2-3-9)
1807 KY: Christian Co. John THOMPSON on tax rolls (1-0-2-3-3)
1807 KY: Christian Co. marriage of son, James, to Frances Johnson STRONG
1807 KY: Christian Co. marriage of daughter, Mary, to Uriah WILLIAMS
1808 KY: Christian Co. John THOMPSON sells his land
1808 Kentucky to Louisianna Territory family moves
1809 La Terr [now MO]: Cape Girardeau Dist. [now Co.] marriage of daughter, Sarah, to John Rogers CLARK
1810 Census   none taken in the territory
1812 Louisiana Territory renamed Missouri Territory; Cape Girardeau becomes a county
1814 Mo Terr [now MO]: Cape Girardeau Co. John THOMPSON said to be on tax rolls
1815 Mo Terr [now MO]: Cape Girardeau Co. death of Mary (JEFFERS) THOMPSON
1816 Mo Terr [now MO]: Howard Co. formed from St. Louis Co. and unincorporated territory
    marriage of John THOMPSON, to Mrs. Sarah SPEARS
ca. 1816   birth of daughter, Elvira
1817/8 Mo Terr [now MO]: Howard Co.  marriage of son, Nero, to Elizabeth WILLIAMS
bef. 1818   marriage of daughter, Narcissa, to James ELLIS
1818 Mo Terr [now MO]: Cape Girardeau Co. death of John THOMPSON
aft. 1818 Mo Terr [now MO]: Cape Girardeau Co. marriage of daughter, Margaret, to Samuel Godwin DUNN
1820 Census   none taken in the territory
1821 Missouri admitted as 24th State of the Union
1824 MO: Cape Girardeau Co. marriage of daughter, Elizabeth, to Berry WILSON
bef. 1835 MO: Washington Co. marriage of daughter, Elivra, to Samuel Thomas McGEE

Sources:

1.  Anon.  1990.  Logan County, Kentucky, Taxpayers, 1792-1799.  T.L.C. Genealogy, Miami Beach, FL.
Year(s) Name
1792-4 [not found]
1795-6 Thomson, John
1797-9 [not found]
This record may not be of our subject, but it is coincidental that he falls off the Logan tax rolls when Christian Co. is formed in 1797.

2. Christian County, Kentucky, Tax Rolls, 1797-1816.  Heritage Quest, Microfilm No. V20-72 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Year District Dates of 
Receiving
Lists
Persons Names 
Chargeable with
the Tax
A B C D E F Acres Watercourse In Whose Name
Entered
In Whose Name
Surveyed
In Whose Name
Patented
1st 2nd 3rd
1797   July 29 Thompson [Jno.?]
[plus John, Jr., and James, Jr.]
3   1 2 3 - - - -        
1798   - - -   - - - - - - -        
1799 No. 2 [unreadable] Thompson John
[plus John, Jr., and James, Jr.]
3 - 1 2 3 - - - -        
1800   Ap 26 Thompson John
[plus John, Jr., and James, Jr.]
3 - 1 2 4 - -
-
160
150
-
-
Pond R
Pond R
J Thompson
J Thompson
Same
Same
 
1801 North March 11 Thompson John Senr 1 - 1 2 6 - - 160 - West fork P River John Thompson John Thompson  
1802   July 29 Thompson John
[plus John, Jr., and James, Jr.]
3 - 1 2 6 - -
-
-
-
-
-
165
-
150
100
100
 80
-
100
-
-
-
-
Pond R
Pond R
Pond R
Pond R
Pond R
[Henderson ??]
J Thompson
J Thompson
Jas Thompson
Jas Thompson
John Thompson
Jas Thompson
Same
--
Same
x
x
Same
 
1803   Aug 2 Thompson John Sen 1 - 1 2 7 - -
-
160
-
-
100
Pond R
Pond R
J Thompson Same  
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Legend for numerical data [grey indicates that particular datum was not taken that year]:  A = White Males 21 or over; B = White Males 16-20; C = Blacks over 16; D = Total Blacks; E = Horses & Mares (gelded male horses and female horses); F = Stud Horses (intact male horses); 1st/2nd/3rd refer to 1st Rate, 2nd Rate, or 3rd Rate land.
Capt. John Thompson is the only Thompson in Christian Co. owning slaves before 1806, so along with all the other concurrences in the data, I'm confident that these tax records are of just one individual:  our subject, Capt. John Thompson and his two eldest sons.
Only Capt. John's two eldest sons, John Jr. and James, were of age when he was living in Christian Co., KY.  These two unmarried sons are taxed as living with their father in the 1797, 1799, 1800, and 1802 Censuses.  But note the increase, then the apparent loss, of land-holdings by Capt. John between 1802 and 1803, at the same time that the number of adult males in the household rises, from 1801 to 1802, then drops back down from 1802 to 1803.  What is happening is that Capt. John owns the 160/165 acre parcel of 2nd rate land and the 100 acre parcel of 3rd rate land on the Pond River, while son, James, owns the 150 and 100 acre parcels of 2nd rate land on the Pond River, and son, John Jr., owns the 80 acre parcel in Henderson Co.   (See the sons' family group sheets for more details on their tax records.)  It is more than likely that they were all living together (the sons were not yet married), and for whatever reason, the tax collector chose to treat them as one household in some years and as multiple households in other years.

3.  A.B. Willhite.  [n.d.]  Christian Co., Kentucky, Tax List, 1804-1809.  (self-published; available from author at 4396 Coopertown Rd., Russellville, KY 42276, or from the Christian County Genealogical Society, Hopkinsville, KY):
Pg. in
Willhite
Year Dist.* Last 
Name
First 
Name
A B C D E Acres Watercourse
25 1804 North Thompson Jno 1 - 1 2 6 160
100
250
West Fork Pond River
West Fork Pond River
West Fork Pond River
48 1805 North Thompson John, Sr [data said to be unreadable]
66 1806 North Thompson John, Sr 1 - 2 3 9 160
100
200
P R
P R
P R
133 1807 East Thompson John 1 - 2
3
3 160
100
200
100
400
400
P R
P R
P R
P R
P R
P R
- 1808 - - - - - - - - - -
226 1809 East Thompson John 1   1 1 10 200
400
400
West Fk of P R
West Fk of P R
West Fk of P R
Legend for numerical data:
A = White Males 21 or over; B = White Males 16-20 (this datum not taken in 1809);C = Blacks over 16; D = Total Blacks; E = Horses
Abbreviations:  P R = Pond River
*The county was divided into just two districts:  from 1804 to 1806, into North and South Districts; beginning in 1807, into East and West Districts.  The change tells us that Capt. John was in the northeast quadrant of early Christian County, which is consistent with the location of the Pond River.
I strongly suspect the John Thompson in 1809 is John, Jr., not Capt. John.

4.  Lon Arneld Bostick, Sr. & James Taylor Killebrew.  1985.  County Court Order Book "A" for Christian County, Kentucky for the Years 21 March 1797 - 29 August 1805...  Christian County Genealogical Society (1101 Bethel St., Hopkinsville, KY 42240).  First column is the page number in Bostick & Killebrew; second column is the page number in Court Order Book A.
p. p. Date Motions
41 23 20 May 1800 On motion of John Thompson ordered that John Roberts, Robt. Cravens, John Williams, John Cordry, Nicholas Pyle, Ab__?__ Stuart, James Thompson, Jr., and John Thompson, Sr., be appointed to view and mark a road beginning at the County line on a direction from Port Royal to the Hyland Lick in Henderson County the nearest and best way until they come to Henderson County line and make report hereof to our next Court.
From 1798 to 1806, Henderson Co. was adjacent to northern Christian Co.  John, son of John Sr., had land in Henderson Co., so it's no surprise that he should be proposing a road in the district.

5.  Betty Rolwing Darnell.  1999.  John Thompson of Christian County, Kentucky, and Cape Girardeau County, Missouri, and His Descendants.  Self-published.
UPDATE: a new edition (2007) is available from the author.

6.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service: Ancestral File.

7.  Broderbund.  World Family Trees.  Vol. 6, Pedigree No. 2211.

8.  "Family Group Sheet No. 54023:  Capt. John Thompson, Sr." Everton Family File, Vol. 4 (Everton Publishers; Broderbund CD-14).

9.  Archives of the THOMPSON-L mailing list (online at RootsWeb.com).

10.  Emails from Betty R. Darnell.

11.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).


Comments: 

A.  Said to be brothers of Charles THOMSON, Secretary of the Continental Congress, but there is no evidence supporting this allegation. 

B.  John Thompson shows up on the tax rolls of Cape Girardeau Dist., Missouri Territory, by 1814 (Darnell, 1999); and some have taken this to mean he moved to Missouri ca. 1813/14.  However, his land in Christian Co., KY, was sold in 1808 and his daughter, Sarah, was married in Cape Girardeau Co. in 1809, which facts lead me to believe they left KY for MO in 1808.  This earlier date also clears up a problem in the 1810 Census of Christian Co., KY, because there are too few John THOMPSONs on the census to account for all the John THOMPSONs thought to be living in the county, based on other evidence.  The only member of this family who appears to still be in Christian Co. for the 1810 Census is Capt. John's daughter, Polly, and her husband Uriah WILLIAMS

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