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Joel THOMPSON
Nancy __?__
Husband:  Joel THOMPSON
Birth:  1765-1784
Death:  1812/3  [Did he die in the War of 1812?]
WARNING:  I have no proof that these are Joel's parents; the evidence is entirely circumstantial (see Comment A below).
Father:  John THOMPSON II
Mother:  Sarah ALLEN?
Marriage:  bef. 1794
Resided:  in the watershed of the Muddy Fork of the Little River, Cerulean Precinct, northeastern Trigg Co., KY
Wife:  Nancy __?__
Birth:  1775-1784
Children:
1.  (Son A) THOMPSON, b. 1784-1794
2.  (Son B) THOMPSON, b. 1794-1800
3.  (Son C) THOMPSON, b. 1800-1810
4.  (Son D) THOMPSON, b. 1804-1810
5.  (Daughter A) THOMPSON, b. 1800-1810
6.  (Daughter B) THOMPSON, b. 1810-1820


Comment:

A.  My sole reason for attaching Joel to these parents is the fact that he gave bond for the marriage of one of their sons (viz., the marriage of John Thompson to Elizabeth Spencer in 1806 in Christian Co., KY).  The person most likely to post bond for a marriage is a brother, so this is a strong piece of circumstantial evidence. 


Sources:

1.  1810 Census (extracted by A. Robert Matthiesen; see 1810 Table): 
1810 Joel THOMPSON 21110 - 10020 Christian Co., KY p. 90
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 9 or under 1800-1810 = Son D
= Son C
1 male 10-15 1794-1800 = Son B
1 male 16-25 1784-1794 = Son A
1 male 26-44 1765-1784 = Joel
1 female 9 or under 1800-1810 = Daughter A
2 females 26-44 1765-1784 = Nancy
= Mother?

2.  1820 Census (extracted by A. Robert Matthiesen; see 1820 Table): 
1820 Nancy THOMPSON 010000 - 10010 Trigg Co., KY p. 13
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 10-15 1804-1810 = Son D
1 female 9 or under 1810-1820 = Daughter B
1 female 26-44 1775-1794 = Nancy

3.  Christian County, Kentucky, Tax Rolls, 1797-1816.  Heritage Quest, Microfilm No. V20-72 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Year District Dates of 
Receiving
Lists
Persons Names 
Chargeable with
the Tax
A B C D E F G Acres Watercourse In Whose Name
Entered
In Whose Name
Surveyed
In Whose Name
Patented
1st 2nd 3rd
1797-8 - - [not found] - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1799 No. 2 Aug 20 Thompson Joel 1 - - - 3 - - - - - - - - -
1800   May 20 Thompson Joel 1 - - - 1 - - - 200 - Little R J Thompson  Same -
1801 South Mar 20 Thompson Joel 1 - - - 4 - - - - 200  Little River J Thompson Same -
1802   July 3 Thompson Joel 1 - - - 3 - - -
-
-
-
200 
 16½
Little R
Little R
J Thompson
J Thompson
Same
-
-
-
1803   May 16 Thompson Joel 1 - - - 4 - - -
-
-
-
200 
 16 
Little R
Little R
J Thompson
J Thompson
Same
Same
-
-
1804 South Sep 6 Thompson Joel 1 - - - 4 - - -
-
-
-
200 
 16 
M Fork
same
J Thompson
same
same
same
-
-
1805 South Ap 22 Thompson Joel 1 - - - 5 - - -
-
-
-
200 
 16 
L River
same
J Thompson
J Thompson
same
same
-
-
1806 South May 21 Joel Thompson 1 - - - 5 - - -
-
-
-
216¼
200 
L River
same
J Thompson
J Thompson
same
same
-
-
1807 West - Thompson Joel 1 - - - 5 - - - - 200  Muddy Fork his own name same -
1808 - - [not found] - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1809 No. 2 Apl 10 Thompson Joel 1   - - 3 - - -
-
-
-
216 
110 
horse creek
horse creek
Joel Thompson
Jno thompson
J thompson
Joel thompson
-
-
1810   Aug 15 Thompson Joel 1   - - 4 - - -
-
-
-
300 
 60 
Mudy fork
Same
-
-
-
-
-
-
1811   May 4 Thompson Joel 1 - - - 6 - - -
-
-
-
216 
144 
Mudy fork
Same
L Rogers
Joel Thompson
-
Same
-
_
1812     Thompson Joel 1   - - 6 - - - - 360  Mudy fork Thompson Same S (sic)
1813     Thompson Nancy -   - - 9 - - -
-
-
-
-
-
200 
 16¼
110 
M Fork
-
-
J thompson
same
same
same
same
same
-
-
-
1814     Thompson Nancy -   - - 6 - - -
-
-
-
-
-
200 
 16¼
160 
M Fork
same
same
J Thompson
J Thompson
Jno Thompson
same
same
same
-
-
-
1815     Thompson Nancy -   - - 7 - - - - 325  M fork J Thompson same same
1816     Thompson Nancy -   - - 3 - - - - 325  TC? Creek J Thompson - -
Legend for numerical data [grey indicates that particular datum was not taken that year]:  A = White Males 21 or over; B = White Males 16-20; C = Blacks over 16; D = Total Blacks; E = Horses & Mares (gelded male horses and female horses); F = Stud Horses (intact male horses); G = Rate of Covering (stud fee, in dollars); 1st/2nd/3rd refer to 1st Rate, 2nd Rate, or 3rd Rate land.

4.  A.B. Willhite.   [n.d.]  Christian Co., Kentucky, Tax List, 1819-1823.   (Self-published; available from author at 4396 Coopertown Rd., Russellville, KY 42276, or from the Christian County Genealogical Society, Hopkinsville, KY).
Pg. in
Willhite
Year First 
Name
Last 
Name
A B C D Acres Watercourse
65 1819 Nancy Thompson - - 1 - 217 -
- 1820-23 - - - - - - - -
Legend for numerical data:
A = White Males 21 or over; B = Blacks over 16; C = Total Blacks; D = Horses
As expected, Nancy drops off the tax rolls when Trigg Co. is formed in 1820.

5.  From The Kentucky Land Grants by Willard Rouse Jillson (1925, Filson Club Publ., Louisville, KY; reprinted 1994 by Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD; also online at Ancestry.com).   Land grants in Christian Co. (n.b., these are the only land grants in all of KY to any Joel Thompson).
Grantee Acres Date Watercourse
Thompson, Joel 200 20 Oct 1798 Horse Cr
Thompson, Joel  16½  4 Jun 1803 Norris Cr, Muddy Fk
Thompson, Joel 160 13 Apr 1807 none
Horse Creek and the Muddy Fork (of the Little River) are in Trigg Co., KY.

6.  Christian County Genealogical Society.  1997.  Christian County, Kentucky, Deed Abstracts of Books G-H-I (1816-1819).  Christian Co. Gen. Soc. (1101 Bethel St.), Hopkinsville, KY 42240.  On p. 134:
DBI-411, July 6, 1818, from NEVEL HOPSON, JOHN McCAUGHN and SPENCER A. CALEMES, Commissioners on behalf of the heirs of JOEL THOMPSON, Dec'd, to SAMUEL GOODWIN, for $50.00, evidenced by a bond held by said Goodwin against Thompson's heirs, 50 A. bounded by Goodwins Survey & Thompson's Survey, w/road leading to Brown-Fisher's Horse Mill to Thompson's sugar camp, other mrks., S/John McCaughn, S.A. Calmes, Nevel Hopson, Wit: David Mitchel, Ashford L. Gore, Rec. 5 Oct. 1818.

7a.  Lon Arneld Bostick, Sr. & James Taylor Killebrew.  1985. County Court Order Book "A" for Christian County, Kentucky for the Years 21 March 1797 - 29 August 1805...  Christian County Genealogical Society (1101 Bethel St., Hopkinsville, KY 42240).  First column is the page number in Bostick & Killebrew; second column is the page number in Court Order Book A.
p. p. Date Motions
128 245 14 Jan
1805
Joel Thompson appointed Surveyor of the road leading from the Sinking Fork of Little to the Muddy Fork of Little River at Willis Hicks in the room of Elisha Harbour resigned with the same allottment.

7b.  Lon Arneld Bostick, Sr.  1987.  County Court Order Book "B" Part 1 for Christian County, Kentucky, for the years 14 Oct 1805 - 12 Sep 1809 for a County Court held at Town of Hopkinsville.  Christian County Family and History Research Society (4465 Cadiz Rd., Hopkinsville, KY 42240).  First column is the page number in Bostick; second column is the page number in Court Order Book B.
p. p. Date Motions
39 77 11 May
1806
William Wheeler appointed surveyor of the road leading from the Sinking Fork of Little River to the Muddy Fork of Little River in the room of Joel Thompson resigned with the former allottment which is filed.
68 147 9 Feb
1807
On motion of Elijah Stephens who took the oath of an administrator and entered into bond in the sum of 200 dollars with Ephraim Reece his security conditioned as the Law directs letters of administration was granted him in due form on the estate of Emanuel Stephens, deceased, and that Richard Stow, Joel Thompson, John Spencer and Nathaniel Ponder or any three of them be appointed appraisers.
83 182 5 Oct
1807
On Motion of Robert Rogers who took the oath of an administrator and entered into bond with John Roberts and Joel Thompson in the sum of one thousand dollars letters of Administration was granted him in due form on the estate of Bailey Cain deceased and that Jesse Goodwin, Samuel Baker, Samuel Goodwin, Burwell Massy, and Jacob Stanboy or any three of them being first sworn do appraise said estate and return an inventory thereof to our next Court.
99 212 4 Jan
1808
William Cane and Robert Cane infant orphans of Bailey Cane deceased came into Court and with the approbation of the Court made choice of Robert Rogers as their guardian whereupon the said Robert Rogers together with John Roberts and Joel Thompson his security entered into and acknowledged bond in the penalty of $800 conditioned agreeable to Law.
Ordered that Robert Rodgers be appointed guardian of Thomas Cane, Nancy Cane, Jane Cane, Lettice Cane, and Sally Cane infants of Bailey Cane deceased under the age of 14 years who entered into bond with John Roberts and Joel Thompson his security conditioned as the Law directs.
141 314 12 Jun
1809
On motion of Jesse Goodwin and Samuel Goodwin who took the oath of an administrator and entered into bond with Richard Stow and William Johnson their securities in the penal sum of twelve hundred dollars and took the oaths of administration, letters of administration was grated them in due form on the estate of their father, Robert Goodwin, Sr., and that Robert Goode, Joel Thompson, Robert Rodgers and Samuel Baker or any three being first sworn do appraise said estate and return and (sic) inventory thereof to our next County Court.

7c.  James Taylor Killebrew.  1987.  County Court Order Book "B" Part 2 for Christian County, Kentucky, for the years Nov. 1809 - 6 June 1814 for a County Court held at Town of Hopkinsville.  Christian County Family and History Research Society (4465 Cadiz Rd., Hopkinsville, KY 42240).  First column is the page number in Killebrew; second column is the page number in Court Order Book B.
p. p. Date Motions
52 131-A 13 May
1811
The last will and testament of William Cameron and proven by the oath of Arch. McDonald and Daniel _____ and ordered to be recorded and on the motion of Joel Thompson and Jesse Johnson who made oath as the law directs certificates of administration is granted them with the will annexed upon their entering into bond in the sum $300 conditioned according to law and took the necessary oath.

8.  Anon.  1993.  Christian County, Kentucky, Wills and Estates, 1815-1823:  Christian County Will Book C.  T.L.C. Genealogy, Miami Beach, FL.  On p. 4:
Page 5. Per [Christian County] Court order, we appraised the estate of Joel Thompson, decd, at $614.25.  Signed - John Goode, James Daniel, Richard Stow.  Recorded Jun Term 1815.

9.  William Henry Perrin, ed.  1994.  History of Trigg County, Kentucky.  Heritage Books, Bowie, MD (facsimile of just the Trigg Co. portion of Counties of Christian and Trigg, Kentucky: Historical and Biographical printed in 1884 by F.A. Battey, Chicago).
Introduction
p. 10
After the Goodwins came ... Joel Thompson ... all of whom became citizens and had homes in the northern part of the county as early as 1800.
Cerulean Springs Pct.
p. 121
Joel Thompson was among the first pioneers and made a home on land adjoining the old Goodwin farm.
To read entire excerpt, click here


Other data on "Joel" Thompsons (may or may not apply to the above Joel Thompson):

LDS.  IGI (online):
- Joel Thompson 22 Nov 1771 Surry Co., VA Father: Nicholas Thompson

1782 Surry County, VA, Census [link died]:
Joel Thompson Whites: 10 Blacks: 12

Heads of Families in the 1784 Surry Co., VA, Census [link died]:
Head of Family: Joel Thompson
White Souls: 9
Dwellings: 1
Other Buildings: 5

1787 Surry County, VA, Tax List B [link died]:
Person responsible for taxes: Joel Thompson
Negroes over age 16: Tom, Jenny, Jacob, Nanny, Dinah, Rose
Negroes under age 16: Hannah, Mike, Fed, Isaac, Jim, Marks, Tom

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