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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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James F. M. STROUP
Catharine H. TAYLOR
Husband:  James F. M. STROUP
Birth:  21 Oct 1842, PA
Death:  27 Mar 1886, PA presumably in Davidson Twp., Sullivan Co., PA
Father:  Elias STROUP
Mother:  Rebecca NEWMAN
Marriage:  aft. 1870
Wife:  Catharine / Katharine H. TAYLOR
Birth:  20 Oct 1837, PA [one secondary source says Dec, but the census says Oct]
Death:  29 Dec 1903, presumably in Davidson Twp., Sullivan Co., PA
Father:  James TAYLOR
Mother:  Cordelia EDKIN
Adopted Child of Catharine TAYLOR born in Davidson Twp., Sullivan Co., PA:
1.  Sarah Margaret "Maggie" TAYLOR-STROUP, b. 1867/8; m. George CROWLEY
Children with Catharine TAYLOR born in Davidson Twp., Sullivan Co., PA:
2.  Johanna STROUP; died age 6m
3.  Curtis D. STROUP, b. Sep 1874
4.  Taylor M. STROUP, b. Oct 1875
5.  Delia STROUP; d. 1882

Based on the 1900 census and on her biographical sketch, Catharine had only the above five children with only three surviving, which means these two children are attributed to them incorrectly, which also solves the problem that Curtis and Flora were born only a month apart.
.  Flora J. STROUP, b. 6 Aug 1874; d. 21 Feb 1875
.  (Child) STROUP, b. Aug 1881; d. 5 Sep 1881

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Pennsylvania

Sources:

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #13 of 16):  Jonestown P.O., Davidson Twp., Sullivan Co., PA, Roll M593_1453, p. 41A, PN 13, 82/86, enumrated 16 Jun 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Taylor James 60 M W Farmer 10000 2500 Pa
______ Adelia 60 F W Keeping house     Pa
______ Alfred 35 M W Works on Farm  1200  400 Pa
______ Catharine 33 F W       Pa
______ Sarah M  2 F W       Pa
______ Laura  6 F W       Pa
Stroup James 26 M W Work on Farm     Pa
Either this census record is grossly in error or the 1866 marriage date given for our subjects in Catharine's bio is in error because James and Catharine certainly do not appear married here.  What does appear to be the case is that Sarah M. is Catharine's illegitimate daughter and that she's the Margaret S. in the 1880 census, having been adopted by James.

3.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #19 of 30):  Davidson Twp., Sullivan Co., PA, Roll T9_1195, p. 615C, PN 19, SD 5, ED 232, enumerated 17 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 13 21 24 25 26
159 159 Stroup James W M 37     / Farmer   Pa Pa Pa
    ______ Cathren W F 40 Wife   / Keeping House   Pa Pa Pa
    ______ Marget S W M 12 Dau /     / Pa Pa Pa
    ______ Curtis D W M  5 Son /       Pa Pa Pa
    ______ Taylor M W M  4 Son /       Pa Pa Pa
    Willson George W M 21 Boarder /   Laborer   Pa Pa Pa
Catharine is fibbing about her age.  Margret S. here appears to be the Sarah M. in the 1870 census and has to be the "Maggie" in Catharine's bio (see below).  Listed next to Catharine's uncle, Robert TAYLOR (æ 76, b. PA, wife Mary).

4 .  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

5.  1900 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #26 of 35):  Davidson Twp., Sullivan Co., PA, Roll T623_1487, p. 63B, SN 13, SD 5, ED 64, enumerated 23 Jun 1900, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1900 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1900:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 19 20 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
246 255 Stroup Catharine Head W M Oct 1837 62 Wd 5 3 Pa Pa Pa Farmer 0 Y Y Y O F F 57
    ______ Curtis D Son W M Sep 1874 25 M 5     Pa Pa Pa Farm Laborer 1 Y Y Y R   F  
    ______ Laura Wife W F May 1870 30 M 5 4 4 Pa Pa Pa     Y Y Y        
    ______ James L Son W M Nov 1895  4 S       Pa Pa Pa                  
    ______ Harry D Son W M Dec 1897  2 S       Pa Pa Pa                  
    ______ Franklin D Son W M Jun 1898  1 S       Pa Pa Pa                  
    ______ Emery Son W M Nov 1899 7/12 S       Pa Pa Pa                  
Can't find daughter, Maggie, in the 1900 census (there are five George CROWLEY's in PA, but none are married; and, there are six Maggie CROWLEY's in PA, but the only married one has husband Timothy).

6.  George Streby.  1903.  History of Sullivan County, Pennsylvania.  Sullivan Gazette, Printer, Dushore, PA (information extracted and online at the Sullivan County PAGenWeb site).
MRS. CATHARINE H. STROUP
She is a daughter of James Taylor, of Davidson Township, and a granddaughter of Robert Taylor, one of the first settlers of Shrewsbury Township.  Her mother was Delia Edkin whose family were among the early settlers of Shrewsbury Township.  She was married in 1866 to James F. Stroup, who died about 15 years ago.  To them have been born five children:  Maggie, married George Crowley; Johanna who died at the age of six months; Taylor; Delia who died in 1882, and Curtis who married Laura Brink, of Eaglesmere in 1895 and who lives on the homestead and conducts the farm.
Either the 1870 census is wrong or the 1866 marriage is wrong and is intended to cover up the fact that Maggie was Catharine's illegitimate child, born before she married James STROUP.  If James legally adopted Maggie, there should be court proceedings to that effect.

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