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James Polk STROUP
Mary E. BALSLEY
Sophia G. SHAFFER
Husband:  James Polk STROUP
Birth:  May 1840, Van Buren Twp., Grant Co., IN
Death:  1910-20, Washington Twp., Blackford Co., IN
Occupation:  sawmill worker
Military Service:  Civil War:  Pvt., Co. C, 153rd Rgmt., Indiana Infantry
Father:  Jacob STROUP
Mother:  Anna M. PUCKETT
Marriage-1:  12 Dec 1860, Blackford Co., IN
Wife-1:  Mary E. BALSLEY
Birth:  22 Sep 1839, Washington Twp., Blackford Co., IN
Death:  9 Jun 1879, Washington Twp., Blackford Co., IN
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  Jacob BALSLEY (1810-1890)
Mother:  Mariah M. PALMER (1816-1860)
Marriage-2:  12 Jan 1887, Allen Co., IN
Wife-2:  Sophia G. SHAFFER
Birth:  Mar 1857, IN
Death:  after 1930 census
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  Henry SHAFFER, b. 1833/4, OH
Mother:  Joanna / Joannah GORRELL, b. 1836/7, OH
Children with Mary E. BALSLEY born in IN:
  1.  Maria STROUP, b. 1861/2
  2.  Margaret Estella STROUP, b. 1864/5
  3.  [John?] Jacob Ulysses STROUP, b. Jul 1869 
  4.  Edith STROUP, b. 1871/2
  5.  Alice A. STROUP, b. 1873/4
Children with Sophia G. SHAFFER born in IN:
  6.  Mary STROUP, b. Feb 1889
  7.  Franklin "Frank" S. STROUP, b. 6 Oct 1890; d. Jan 1966, Wells Co., IN
  8.  James A./H. STROUP, b. Feb 1893
  9.  Larence / Laurence R./H. STROUP, b. May 1895
10.  Elbridge G. STROUP, b. 26 Mar 1897; Feb 1988, Kalamazoo, Kalamazoo Co., MI
11.  (Child) STROUP; died young
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Indiana, Michigan

Sources (n.b., Wells Co. is adjacent to Allen, Huntington, Grant, and Blackford Cos.):

1.  Indiana Marriage Collection, 1800-1941 (online at Ancestry.com):
James P. Stroup Mary E. Balsley 12 Dec 1860 Blackford Co. Min. Silas T. Stout Book A, p. 74
James Stroup Sophia G. Shaffer 12 Jan 1887 Allen Co.   Book 17, p. 140

2.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #37 of 42 indexed "Strong"):  Huntington P.O., Rock Creek Twp., Huntington Co., IN, Roll M593_325, p. 189A, 289/287, enumerated 25 Jul 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Stroup James 29 M W Works on Saw Mill     Indiana
______ Mary 30 F W Keeping house     Indiana
______ Maria?  8 F W       Indiana
______ Margaret  4 F W       Indiana
______ John  1 M W       Indiana
Is "John" enumerator error?  Or was Jacob's full name actually John Jacob U. STROUP?

3a.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #1 of 2):  Greenwood, Wells Co., IN, Roll T9_323, p. 40A, PN 45, SD 6, ED 141, enumerated 24 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 13 21 22 23 24 25 26
435 446 Stroup James W M 39     / Sawyer       IN OH OH
    ______ A Allice W F  6 Dau /   at home       IN IN IN
    ______ Estella W F 15 Dau /   at home       IN IN IN
    ______ U Jacob W M 11 Son /     /     IN IN IN
    ______ Edith W F  8 Dau /     /     IN IN IN
    Zent J Sarah W F 24     / House Keeper   / / IN    
The enumerated apparently filled in a wife initially, then rubbed it out and put daughter Alice instead.  Also, this enumerator literally reversed the name order, placing the middle initials before the first name for everyone.  Jacob was mis-indexed, "M. Jacob Stroup."

3b.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  Sophia G. SHAFFER (æ 22, b. IN) is living in Springfield Twp., Allen Co., IN (p. 224A), with her parents, Henry SHAFFER (æ 46, b. OH) & Joannah (æ 43, b. OH), plus siblings.

4.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

5.  1900 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #2 of 20):  Washington Twp., Blackford Co., IN, Roll T623_360, p. 318B, SN 1, SD 8, ED 29, enumerated 1/2 Jun 1900, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1900 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1900:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27
15 16 Stroup James P Head W M May 1840 60 M 13     IN OH OH Sawmill-sawyer 2 0 Y Y Y O M H
    ______ Sophia G Wife W F Mar 1857 43 M 13 6 5 IN OH OH Keeping House     Y Y Y      
    ______ Mary Dau W F Feb 1889 11 S       IN IN IN At school   5 Y Y Y      
    ______ Franklin Son W M Oct 1890  9 S       IN IN IN                  
    ______ James A Son W M Feb 1893  7 S       IN IN IN                  
    ______ Larence R Son W M May 1895  5 S       IN IN IN                  
    ______ Elbridge Son W M Mar 1897  3 S       IN IN IN                  

6.  1910 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #7 of 20):  Washington Twp., Blackford Co., IN, Roll T624_340 (Book 3), p. 181A, SN 4A, SD 11, ED 15, enumerated 21 Apr 1910, official enumeration date 15 Apr 1910 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1910:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
65 65 Stroup James P Head M W 69 M2 23     IN IN IN Eng Sawyer Saw Mill W Y 10 Y Y   O M F 22
    ______ Sophia G Wife F W 52 M1 23 6 5 IN IN IN Eng None         Y Y          
    ______ Frankln S Son M W 19 S       IN IN IN Eng Farm Labor At home W     Y Y 0        
    ______ James H Son M W 17 S       IN IN IN Eng Farm hand Works out W Y 8 Y Y 0        
    ______ Larence H Son M W 14 S       IN IN IN Eng Farm hand Works out W Y 4 Y Y 0        
    ______ Elbridge G Son M W 13 S       IN IN IN Eng None         Y Y Y        

7.  1920 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #2 of 14):  Van Buren & Montpelier Pike, Washington Twp., Blackford Co., IN, Roll T625_423 (Book 1), p. 277B, SN 1B, SD 11, ED 15, enumerated 5 Jan 1920, official enumeration date 1 Jan 1920 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1920:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 17 18 19 21 23 25 26 27 28
* X 24 24 Stroup Franklin S Head O F M W 29 S Y Y IN OH IN Y barber own shop OA
      ______ Sophia G Mother     F W 61 Wd Y Y IN IN OH Y None    
*Van Buren and Montpelier Pike

8.  1930 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #18 of 22):  Washington Twp., Blackford Co., IN, Roll 578, p. 143B, SN 9B, ED 5-10, SD 4, enumerated 23 Apr 1930, official enumeration date 1 Apr 1930 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1930:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
3 4 5 6 7 8 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 24 25 26 27 28 30 31
187 189 Stroup Sophia G Head O 300 N F W 72 Wd 29 N Y IN OH OH Y None          
    ______ Frank S Son       M W 39 Wd 36 N Y IN OH IN Y Barber Barber Shop W Y Y WW

9.  Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System.  National Park Service.  (online at www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ and at Ancestry.com):
Name: James P. Stroup
Side: Union
 Regiment State/Origin: Indiana
Regiment Name: 153 Indiana Infantry
Regiment Name Expanded: 153rd Regiment, Indiana Infantry
Company: C
Rank In: Private
Rank In Expanded: Private
Rank Out: Private
Rank Out Expanded: Private
Film Number: M540 Roll 75

10.  Military Records of Individual Civil War Soldiers.  Historical Data Systems, Kingston, MA (online at Ancestry.com):
Name: Jaames Stroup
Residence: Huntington County, Indiana
Enlistment Date: 21 Jan 1865
Distinguished Service: Union
Side Served: Indiana
State Served: Enlisted as a Private on 21 January 1865.
Enlisted in Company C, 153rd Infantry Regiment Indiana on 21 Jan 1865.
Mustered Out Company C, 153rd Infantry Regiment Indiana on 4 Sep 1865 at Louisville, KY.

11.  Civil War Pension Index (index and images online at Ancestry.com; Sophia's middle initial is mis-indexed as "L."):
Name of Soldier Stroup, James P.
Name
of
Dependent
Widow Stroup, Sophia G.
Minor  
   
Service C 153 Ind. Inf.
Date of Filing Claim Application No. Certificate No. State from which Filed
1890 Jul 14 Invalid 909813 616.380. Ind.
1914 Oct 31 Widow 1036273 798.478. Ind.
  Minor      
         
[unreadable:] J. B. Bryson
Civil War pension applications generally include valuable genealogical information; it would likely be well worth the effort of obtaining copies, especially as these applications usally name all of the solidier's children.

12.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

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