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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
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Jeremiah STRAUB
Husband:  Jeremiah STRAUB / STROUB / STROUP
Birth:  6 Feb 1835
Death:  3 Jun 1890
Disposition:  buried Zion's United Brethren Cemetery, Union Twp., Snyder Co., PA
Military Service:  Civil War:  Co. D, 208th Rgmt., Pennsylvania Volunteers
Father possiblySolomon STRAUB
Mother possiblyMary __?__
Wife:  Mary Ann DUDLY / DUDLEY
Birth:  1833/4, PA
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  Alvin DUDLEY (b. 1800/1, PA)
Mother:  Elizabeth __?__ (b. 1801/2, PA)
Adopted(?) Child:
1.  Emma J. STRAUB, b. 1857/8
Children with Mary Ann DUDLY:
born in Chapman [now Union] Twp., Snyder Co., PA:
2.  Delila / Delilah STRAUB, b. 1862/3
3.  Caroline STRAUB, b. 1863/4
4.  Susan R. STRAUB, b. 1865/6
5.  Mary A. STRAUB, b. 1867/8

born in Union Twp., Snyder Co., PA:
6.  Nettie A. STRAUB, b. 1871/2
7.  Charles W. STRAUB, b. 1875/6

.  Minnie WITMER, b. 1868/9, PA
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Pennsylvania

Sources (n.b., Union Twp. was formed in 1869 from Chapman Twp.):

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  Jeremiah STRAUB (æ 10) is living in Chapman Twp., Union [now Snyder] Co., PA, with his widowed mother (q.v.).  Mary Ann DUDLEY (æ 16, b. PA) is living in the Borough of Liverpool, Perry Co., PA (p. 499A), with her parents, Alvin DUDLEY (æ 49, b. PA) & Elizabeth (æ 48, b. PA), plus siblings.

3.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  Cannot find Jeremiah (or his mother or siblings) or Mary Ann.  Widow Elizabeth DUDLY (æ 56, b. PA) is living in the Borough of Liverpool, Perry Co., PA (p. 535A), with one of her sons.

4.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #20 of 28):  Port Trevorton P.O., Union Twp., Snyder Co., PA, Roll M593_1451, PN 20, 144/155, enumerated 3 Aug 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Stroup Jeremiah 40 M W Laborer 600 100 Pa
______ Mary A 36 F W Keeping house     "
______ Emma J 12 F W       "
______ Delila  7 F W       "
______ Caroline  6 F W       "
______ Susan R  4 F W       "
______ Mary A  2 F W       "
Dudly Elizabeth 68 F W Keeping house     "
Reineer Susan  2 F W       "
Jeremiah should be age 30, not 40.  It's likely that Mary was the informant and that she lied about Jeremiah's age to make him appear older than she was, rather than younger.  There were many widows in the wake of the Civil War, and it's not unusual to find one married to a younger man.

5.  1880 Census: Every-Name-Index/Extraction (online at FamilySearch.org); Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #12 of 49):  Union Twp., Snyder Co., PA, Roll T9-1194, p. 65D, PN 12, SD 7, ED 149, enumerated 5/7 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 13 21 22 23 24 25 26
97 103 Stroub Jeremiah W M 45     /   Farm laborer       PA PA PA
    ______ Mary A W F 34 Wife   /   Keeping house   / / PA PA PA
    ______ Emma J W F 22 Dau /             PA NJ PA
    ______ Caroline W F 16 Dau /       /     PA PA PA
    ______ Susan R W F 13 Dau /       /     PA PA PA
    ______ Mary A W F 10 Dau /       /     PA PA PA
    ______ Nettie A W F  8 Dau /       /     PA PA PA
    ______ Charles W W M  4 Son /             PA PA PA
    Witmer Minnie W F  1 G-Dau /             PA PA PA
    Dudly Elizabeth W F 74 Mother in law     / Retired house keeper       PA PA unk
Again it appears that Mary was the informant and that she likely lied about Jeremiah's age to support her (whopping) lie about her own age.  If Emma's father was truly born in NJ, then she has either been adopted or she's Mary's child from a former marriage.  The only one of Jeremiah's children who could be Minnie WITMER's mother is Delilah.

6.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

7.  1900 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  Mary not found, though I can't say my search was exhaustive, and she could have remarried.

8.  George W. Wagenseller.  1904.  Tombstone Inscriptions of Snyder County, Penna.  Wagenseller Publ., Middleburgh, PA (facsimile hard copies available from HigginsonBooks.com; online at the Snyder County PAGenWeb site):
p. 241 Straub, Jeremiah, Co. D. 208, P.V., d June 3, 1890, aged 55 y 3 m 28 d.

9.  Birthdate calculated using Ben Buckner's Birthdate Calculator.
Name Deathdate Age at Death Result
Jeremiah STRAUB 3 Jun 1890 28d 3m 55y 6 Feb 1835

10.  Anon.  1997-2000.  Military Records of Individual Civil War Soldiers.  Historical Data Systems, Provo, UT (online at Ancestry.com):
Name: Jeremiah Straub
Enlistment Date: 07 September 1864
Distinguished Service: DISTINGUISHED SERVICE
Side Served: Union
State Served: Pennsylvania
Unit Numbers: 2214 2214
Service Record: Enlisted as a Private on 07 September 1864.
Enlisted in Company D, 208th Infantry Regiment Pennsylvania on 07 September 1864.
Mustered out Company D, 208th Infantry Regiment Pennsylvnia on 01 June 1865 in Alexandria, VA.

11.  Civil War Pension Index (index and images online at Ancestry.com):
Name of Soldier Stroub Jeremiah
Name of
Widow Stroub Mary
Service D 208 Pa. Inf.
Date of Filing Claim Application No. Certificate No. State from which Filed
1890 July 14 Widow 434,979 307,101 Pa

12.  Messages posted to the STRAUB Surname Board (online at Ancestry.com/RootsWeb.com).

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