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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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Solomon STRAUB
Mary __?__
WARNING:  I have no proof that the Solomon STRAUB in the 1830 and 1840 censuses was the husband of the Widow Mary STRAUB in the 1850 census.  This connection definitely still needs to be proven; however, all other STRAUB/STROUP families in Chapman Township have been accounted for, except for Solomon and Mary.  I would be more confident if there were a better match between the censuses, but census enumerators did make errors, and deaths do cause disruption in families. 
Husband:  Solomon STRAUB / STRAUP
Birth:  ca. 1805, Mohantango [now Chapman] Twp., Northumberland [now Snyder] Co., PA
Death:  1849/50, presumably in Chapman Twp., Union [now Snyder] Co., PA
Occupation:  farmer
Father:  Johann Heinrich STRAUB
Mother:  Barbara __?__
Marriage:
Wife:  Mary __?__
Birth:  1804/5 or 1810-15, PA
Death:  aft. 1850 census
Occupation:  homemaker
Children born in Chapman Twp., Union [now Snyder] Co., PA:
  1.  (Son A) STROUP, b. 1820-25; died young
  2.  (Son B) STROUP, b. 1825-30
  3.  (Daughter A) STROUP, b. 1825-30; died young
  4.  (Son C) STROUP, b. 1830-35
  5.  Eliza STRAUB, b. 1832/3
  6.  Rebecca STRAUB, b. 1833/4 
  7.  Benjamin STRAUB , b. 1836/7
  8.  Solomon STRAUB, b. 1837/8
  9.  Jeremiah STRAUB, b. 1839/40 probably this Jeremiah STRAUB
10.  West STRAUB, b. 1841/2 
11.  Frederick STRAUB, b. 1843/4 
12.  Lydia STRAUB, b. Oct/Nov 1849

Presumed son:
13.  Charles STROUP, b. 1850

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Pennsylvania

Sources (n.b., Union Co. was formed in 1813 from Northumberland Co.; Snyder Co. was formed in 1855 from Union Co.):

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  1830 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #11 of 18; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1830 PA Union [now Snyder] Co. Chapman Twp. p. 322 Ln. 7 Straub Solomon 110 010 - 100 100
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1825-1830 = Son B
1 male 5-9 1820-1825 = Son A
1 male 20-29 1800-1810 = Solomon (b. ca. 1805)
1 female 4 or under 1825-1830 = Daughter A
1 female 15-19 1810-1815 = Mary (b. 1804/5)
Listed one line below David STRAUB, who is two lines below Henry STRAUB.

3.  1840 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #9 of 16; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 PA Union [now Snyder] Co. Chapman Twp. p. 368A Ln. 31 Straup Soloman 311 010 - 010 010 0500000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
3 males 4 or under 1835-1840 = Jeremiah (b. 1839/40)
= Solomon (b. 1837/8)
= Benjamin (b. 1836/7)
1 male 5-9 1830-1835 = Son C
1 male 10-14 1825-1830 = Son B
1 male 20-29 1810-1820 = Solomon (b. ca. 1805)
1 female 5-9 1830-1835 = Rebecca (b. 1833/4)
= Eliza (b. 1832/3)
1 female 20-29 1810-1820 = Mary (b. 1804/5)
5 persons engaged in agricultural

4a.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #35 of 36):  Chapman Twp., Union [now Snyder] Co., PA, p. 162A, 245/245, enumerated 12 Dec 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Mary Straub 45 F Penna
Eliza Straub 17 F   "
Rebecka Straub 16 F   "
Solomon Straub 12 M   "
Jeremiah Straub 10 M   "
West Straub  8 M   "
Frederick Straub  6 M   "
Lydia Straub 8/12 F   "
Is Mary's age wrong here?  Or is it wrong in 1830 and 1840?  Certainly, Solomon's age was wrong in 1840.

4b.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #35 of 37):  Chapman Twp., Union [now Snyder] Co., PA, Roll M432_831, p. 162A, 243/243, enumerated 12 Dec 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
William German 25 M   Carpenter 300 Penna
Leah German 23 F       "
Benjmain Straub 13 M       "
Listed two households from Widow Mary STRAUB, who is almost certainly Benjamin's mother.

5a.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  Mary not found.

5b.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #5 of 12):  Salt Lick P.O., Karthaus Twp., Clearfield Co., PA, Roll M653_1096, p. 1047, PN 5, 29/27, enumerated 5 Jun 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Isaac Gaines 39 M M Farmer 5000 670 Penna
Isabella  do 32 F         "
[Isaac & Isabella's children]
Solomon Stroup 23 M   Farm Hand     "
In the 1870 census, Sarah (GLACE) STROUP, wife of presumbed son, Charles STROUP, is living with Isaac GAINES and his family.

6.  Archives of the STRAUB-L mailing list (online at RootsWeb.com).

7.  Emails from Francis D. Stroup.

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