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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
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James Nelson ROBARDS
Catherine HARTMAN
Husband:  James Nelson ROBARDS
Birth:  21 Aug 1832, Michigan Territory in Dexter, Washtenaw Co., MI, or Litchfield Twp., Hillsdale Co., MI
Death:  1912, MI
Occupation:  farmer
Father:  George ROBERTS / ROBARDS
Mother:  Temperance MONROE
Marriage-1:  Sep 1855; Divorced 1873
Wife-1:  Catherine "Kate" HARTMAN
Birth:  1837/8, MA
Occupation:  homemaker
Marriage-2:  1876/7
Wife-2:  Mary E. TERWILLIGER
Birth:  Apr 1852, MI
Occupation:  homemaker
Parents:  born in NY
Children with Kate HARTMAN:
1.  Frank P. ROBARDS, b. Jul 1858, Liberty Twp., Buchanan Co., IA 
2.  (Child) ROBARDS; died young
Children with Mary TERWILLIGER:
Adopted Child:
.  [Harriet] "Hattie" MARSH, b. 1868/9, OH
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Iowa, Michigan, New York, Ohio


2.  Jordan R. Dodd.  Marriage Index:  Michigan and Wisconsin, 1830-1900.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-251):  not found, and at least some Hillsdale County records were included on the CD.

3.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #28 of 33):  Litchfield Twp., Hillsdale Co., MI, p. 431B, 204/211, enumerated 3 Oct 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Elisha E Murry 32 M   Farmer 2000 NY
Mary J Murry 28 F       NY
[Elisha's children, et al.]
James N Robards 19 M   Farmer   Mich
Mary Jane (ROBARDS) MURRAY is James's sister. 

4.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #20 of 28):  Quasqueton P.O., Liberty Twp., Buchanan Co., IA, Roll M653_313, p. 529, PN 47, 332/322, enumerated 16 Jun 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
James Roberts 28 M   Farmer 600 125 Mich
Kate Roberts 24 F         Mass
Frank Roberts  3 M         Iowa

5.  Library of Michigan 1870 Census Index and Images (online at the Library of Michigan [link died]):  Hillsdale P.O., City of Hillsdale, Fourth Ward, Hillsdale Co., MI, p. 346B, PN 4, enumerated 16 Jun 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
29 26 Roberts James 37 M W Farmer 2500 300 Michigan
    _______ Kate 32 F W Keeping House     Massachusetts
    _______ Frank 12 M W At School     Iowa
  27 Roberts John 40 M W Farmer  400 300 Michigan
    _______ Sarah A 32 F W At Home     New York
    _______ Jessie  3 F W  "   "      Michigan
John ROBERTS/ROBARDS is James's brother.

6.  1880 United States Census and National Index (LDS Family History Resource File: CD-ROM Library):
Census Place: Hillsdale, Hillsdale, Michigan
Source: FHL Film 1254580; NARA Film T9-0580; Pg 135B
  Relation Sex Marr Race Age Birthplace Occupation Fa Mo
James N. ROBARDS Self M M W 47 MI Farmer -- --
Mary E. ROBARDS Wife F M W 28 MI Keeping House NY NY
Hattie MARSH Dau F S W 11 OH   -- --
Hattie must be adopted.  I would have taken her for Mary's child from a former marriage (although Mary's very young to be her mother), but in the 1900 census, Mary states she had no children or did she take the question to mean only her children with James?  I might also have taken Hattie to be Mary's younger sister, except Mary's maiden name is said to be TERWILLIGER.  I'm unable to find Hattie in the 1870 census, at least not one near her age born in Ohio. 

7.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

8.  1900 Census Index/Microfilm (online at Genealogy.com):  Hillsdale Twp., Hillsdale Co., MI, p. 146B, SN 2B, SD 3, ED 90, enumerated 5 Jun 1900, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1900 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1900:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 19 20 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
47 49 Robards Janes? Head W M Aug 1832 67 M 23     MI NY NY Farmer 0 Y Y Y O F F 48
    _______ Mary E Wife W F Apr 1852 48 M 23 0 0 MI NY NY     Y Y Y        
Listed two households from son, Frank P. ROBARDS.

2.  Messages in the Robards Family Genealogy Forum (online at GenForum.com).  One message includes an excerpt on the ROBARDS family from the following source:

2a.  Vivian Lyon Moore.  1933.  Lineages of Some Early Hillsdale County Families.  Typescript MS.

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