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John PARKIN
Frances __?__
Sarah __?__
WARNING:  Consider this page tentative.  What I've pieced together from circumstantial evidence is at odds with a file submitted to World Family Trees (see Sources below).  I don't think the WFT pedigree can be correct because it gives one woman (the first wife) as mother of all the children, whose birthdates span 33 years.  The usually span of fecundity for a woman is 23 years, and I've never seen a woman with a span of 33 years.  The WFT pedigree gives Sarah DUNN as the first wife and Sarah LAKE (1822-1865) as the second wife, which may be correct, but Sarah LAKE is obviously the one who died giving birth to Elmer in 1865, so Sarah DUNN cannot have been the mother of all the children.  Obviously, we desperately need John's marriage records, but as both marriages appear to have taken place in NY, we are unlikely to find them.
Husband:  John PARKIN / PARKINS
Birth:  ca. 7 May 1812, England
Death:  17 Feb 1888, presumably in Wyandot Co., OH
Disposition:  buried Dunn Cemetery, Tymochtee Twp., Wyandot Co., OH
Possible Brother:  George PARKIN, b. 1800-1810
Marriage-1:
Wife-1:  Frances __?__
Birth:  1813/4
Death:  20 Aug 1838
Disposition:  buried Fairview Cemetery, Arcadia, Wayne Co., NY
Marriage:  1838-1840, presumably in Wayne Co., NY
Wife-2:  Sarah __?__
Birth:  ca. 31 Mar 1822, NY
Death:  10 Sep 1865, presumably in Wyandot Co., OH
Disposition:  buried Dunn Cemetery, Tymochtee Twp., Wyandot Co., OH
Children with Frances:
born in NY, presumably in Arcadia, Wayne Co., NY:
  1.  Thomas PARKIN, b. 1835 
  2.  (Daughter A) PARKIN, b. 1836-38
Children with Sarah:
born in Cleveland, Cuyahoga Co., OH:
  3.  Emily / Emma Jane PARKIN, b. 28 Sep 1845 
  4.  Charles W. PARKIN, b. 1847/8 
  5.  William H. PARKIN, b. Sep 1849 

born in either Cleveland, Cuyahoga Co., OH, or Crawford Twp., Wyandot Co., OH:
  6.  Helen/Ella/Elnor PARKIN, b. 1854/5; m. 6 Dec 1876, Jacob SLOTTERBECK (d. 29 May 1882)
  7.  Marietta / Mary Etta PARKIN, b. Oct 1857 

born in Crawford Twp., Wyandot Co., OH:
  8.  Josephine "Josie" PARKIN, b. 8 Mar 1861 not 1851
  9.  James Nelson PARKIN, b. 8 Jun 1863; d. 21 Apr 1920, Akron, Summit Co., OH; m. 19 Aug 1886, Clarabelle "Belle" ROOT (1866-1945)
10.  Elmer PARKIN, b. Sep 1865; d. 1 May 1930

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; UK, United Kingdom; USA, US, United States, New York, Ohio

Sources:

1.  Marriage Records:

2.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #9-10 of 60; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1840 NY Wayne Co. Town of Arcadia Roll 350 pp. 144A-144B Ln. 13 John Parkins 100 010 - 100 100 0001000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1835-1840 = Thomas (b. 1835/6)
1 male 20-29 1810-1820 = John (b. 1812)
1 female 4 or under 1835-1840 = Daughter A
1 female 15-19 1820-1825 = Sarah (b. 1822) 
1 person employed in manufacture and trade
How can Sarah be the mother of two children by age 18?  Surely John had an earlier wife.  Also in Arcadia (p. 143A, Ln. 14) is a George PARKIN (200 001 - 100 010), who could be John's older brother.

3.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #163-164 of 195 indexed "Parkins"):  Cleveland (Ward 1), Cuyahoga Co., OH, Roll 672, pp. 170A-170B, 1007/1231, enumerated 7 Aug 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
John Parkin 38 M   Car. & Joiner 900 England
Sarah   " 28 F       NY
[next page]
Thomas Parkin 14 M       NY
Emily     "  5 F       Ohio
Charles   "  3 M       "
William H " 11/12 M       "

4.  1860 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com, Image #6 of 41 indexed Barkin, which it does appear to be):  Crawfordsville P.O., Crawford Twp., Wyandot Co., OH, p. 464A, PN 21, 136/136, enumerated 12 Jun 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
John Barkin 48 M   Farmer 2800 280 England
Sarah 38 F         NY
Thomas 25 M         "
Emma J 15 F         O
Charles W 13 M         "
Wm H 10 M         "
Helen  5 F         "
Maretta  2 F         "

5.  1870 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com, Image #23 of 30):  Carey P.O., Crawford Twp., Wyandot Co., OH, Roll 1284 (Book 1), p. 686A, PN 23, enumerated 12 Jul 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1870:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14 15 19
181 156 Parkin John 58 M W Farmer 2200 1200 England / /     /
    ______ Ella 15 F W At Home     Ohio /        
    ______ Nelson  7 M W Attending School     Ohio /     3  
    ______ Elmer  5 F W Attending School     Ohio /     2  
    ______ Charles 23 M W Farm Laborer     Ohio /       /
    ______ William 21 M W Farmer     Ohio /   Jan   /
    ______ Laura 18 F W Keeping House     Illinois     Jan    
    ______ Althea 20 M W Domestic Servant     Illinois          
Elmer is male.  Laura (TURNER) is William's wife.  Althea is female; she's Laura's sister, whose surname should have been TURNER, not PARKIN.  Where are Marietta and Josephine?  I did a page-by-page search of Crawford Twp. and did not find them.  Have other family members taken the young girls in?  Or is this simply enumerator error?  It appears so.

6a.  1880 Census (indexed at FamilySearch.org; page image online at Ancestry.com, Image #11 of 47):  Crawford Twp., Wyandot Co., OH, Roll T9-1079, p. 389C, PN 11, SD 1, ED 159, enumerated 8 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 13 21 24 25 26
93 93 Parkins John W M 68       / Farmer   Eng Eng Eng
    _______ Charles W M 32 Son   /   Farmer   Ohio Eng NY
    _______ Isabel W F 30 Dau-in-law /     Keeping House   Ohio O O
    _______ Maude W F  5 Daughter       at Home   Ohio O O
    _______ Parkin W M 15 Son /     at Home / Ohio Eng NY
    Slemmer W R W M 47 Boarder /     Farm Laborer / Penn Penn Penn
Maude should be listed as a granddaughter, not a daughter "Relationship" is supposed to be with regard to the head-of-household, and Maude is the daughter of Charles & Isabelle, not of John.  "Parkin" should be Elmer.

6b.  1880 Census (indexed at FamilySearch.org; page image online at Ancestry.com, Image #14-15 of 27):  Pitt Twp., Wyandot Co., OH, pp. 580B-581A, PN 15-16, SD 1, ED 169, enumerated 5/7 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 13 14 22 23 24 25 26
68 Lee Pernie W M 28     / Farm Work Well / / Ohio Ohio Ohio
  - Mareotte W F 23 Wife   / Keep House " / / do do do
  - Alfred W M  5 Son       "     do do do
  - Arthur W M  3 Son       "     do do do
  - Burel W F  2 Dau       "     do do do
[next page]
  Josephine Perkins W F 19 Sister /   Work house Sick / / Ohio Ohio Ohio
This enumerator's handwriting was very difficult to read.  Also, the enumerator was inconsistent with regard to putting first-name first or last-name first, which led to the family being indexed by the LDS as surname LEE (it's PERRINE).  They are listed near Mariette's and Josephine's brother, Nelson PERKINS (æ 15).

7.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

8.  1900 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com, Image #28 of 28):  Tymochtee Twp., Wyandott Co., OH, p. 222B, SN 14, SD 12, ED 135, enumerated 27 Jun 1900, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1900 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1900:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 27
329 336 Perrine Lee Head W M Jan 1853 47 M 26     OH PA OH Farm laborer 0   Y Y Y R H
    _______ Etta Wife W F Oct 1857 43 M 26 6 5 OH Eng NY       Y Y Y    
    _______ Ivan H Son W M Jan 1881 19 S       OH OH OH Farm laborer 4   Y Y Y    
    _______ Leo Son W M Jan 1891 9 S       OH OH OH At School   7          
    Parkin Elmer Bro-in-law W M Sep 1865 35 S       OH Eng NY day laborer 5   Y Y Y    

9.  Fairville Cemetery, Town of Arcadia, Wayne County, New York (online at the Wayne County NYGenWeb site):
PARKIN Frances, wife of John, Aug. 20, 1838, 24y
She is the only PARKIN in the cemetery, nor are there any PARKINs or PARKINSes in any of the other cemeteries transcribed at the web site.

10.  Dunn Cemetery, Tymochtee Twp., Wyandot Co., OH (online at the Wyandot OHGenWeb site; courtesy of Kristina (Kuhn) Drumm):
Surname Given Name Birth Date Death Date Age at Death Notes
PARKIN John   02/27/1888 75y 9m 20d  
PARKIN Sarah   08/10/1865 43y 5m 10d w/o John

11.  Birthdate calculated using Ben Buckner's Birthdate Calculator.
Name Deathdate Age at Death Result
John PARKIN 27 Feb 1888 20d 9m 75y  7 May 1812
Sarah PARKIN 10 Aug 1865 10d 5m 43y 31 Feb 1822
10 Sep 1865 10d 5m 43y 31 Mar 1822
(Calculated birthdates should always be prefaced with "ca." you can't be certain the person who calculated their age did it correctly.)
February 31 is an impossible date, which means either Sarah's age at death is incorrect or her death date in the online transcription (see prior source) is incorrect.  Given that the 1900 census shows Sarah's son, Elmer, born in September 1865, I think we can assume the error is in Sarah's date of death.

12.  Broderbund.  World Family Trees.  Volume 9, Pedigree No. 2738.  Consistently uses "PARKINS."  Says John had two wives:  Sarah LAKE and Sarah DUNN.  Says Sarah LAKE was born 10 Mar 1822 in NY and died 10 Aug 1865 in Wyandot Co., OH.  Says Sarah DUNN was the mother of all the children, which cannot be because the Sarah who died in Sep 1865 was obviously the mother of Elmer, born Sep 1865, and apparently died in child birth (or soon after).

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