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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt — for Ancestors!
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John Jacob CUPP 
Ms. __?__
NOTICE:  Our subject is one of several Jacob CUPP / COPP / KOPP in the southern U.S. being mixed up by secondary sources.  Please see this disambiguation page for my ongoing attempt at sorting them out.
Husband:  Johann Jacob KOPF / John Jacob CUPP
Birth:  14 Dec 1766, Lancaster Co., PA
Baptism:  9 Jan 1767, Cocalico Reformed Church, Ephrata Twp., Lancaster Co., PA
Death:  12 Jan 1852, presumably in Rockingham Co., VA
Disposition:  buried in Port Republic, Rockingham Co., VA
Occupation:  engaged in commerce (miller?)
Father:  Conrad KOPF
Mother:  Mary Magdalene __?__
Wife:  Ms. __?__
Death:  bef. 1820
Occupation:  homemaker
George Wesley CUPP, b. 1800, PA
.  (Daughter A) CUPP, b. 1804-1810
.  (Daughter B) CUPP, b. 1804-1810
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Pennsylvania, Virginia


1.  F. Edward Wright.  1994.  Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Church Records of the 18th Century.  Vol. I.  Family Line Publ., Westminster, MD (Broderbund CD-166).
Ephrata Township
Baptisms by the Rev. John George Wittner...
John Jacob of Conrad Kopf, Luth. and Mary Magdalene, b. December 14, 1766, bapt. January 9, 1767.  Spon: Joseph Gehr, Luth...

2.  1790 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  can't find, but the 1790 census of Virginia was destroyed, which suggests that may have been where he was (the PA census is extant).

3.  1800 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  can't find, but the 1790 census of Virginia was destroyed, which suggests that may have been where he was (the PA census is extant).

4.  1810 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  can't find.

5.  1820 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #8 of 53; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
1820 VA Rockingham Co. Roll M33_139 p. 127A Ln. 4 Cupp Jacob 110001-02000-0-002 no slaves
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 9 or under 1810-1820
1 male 10-15 1804-1810
1 male 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = Jacob (b. 1766) 
2 females 10-15 1804-1810 = Daughter B
= Daughter A
2 persons engaged in commerce
Is George there, but in the wrong age class?  Or is he working out?  He 

6.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #X; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1830 - - Co. - Twp. Roll - p. - Ln. - - - -
These data indicate:

7.  1840 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #15-16 of 178; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
1840 VA Augusta Co. pp. 15B-16A George W Cupp 010 201 000 100 - 222 001 000 000 0300000 no slaves
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 5-9 1830-1835 = grandson
2 males 15-19 1820-1825 = grandson
= grandson
1 male 30-39 1800-1810 = son George (b. 1800)
1 male 70-79 1760-1770 = Jacob (b. 1766)
2 females 4 or under 1835-1840 = granddaughter
= granddaughter
2 females 5-9 1830-1835 = granddaughter 
= granddaughter
2 females 10-14 1825-1830 = granddaughter
= granddaughter
1 female 30-39 1800-1810 = daughter-in-law 
3 persons engaged in agriculture
Widower Jacob is living with his son, George.

8.  1850 Census Index/Microfilm (online at GenealogyLibrary.com):  56½ District, Rockingham Co., VA, p. 197, 366/375, enumerated 7 Nov 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
George Cupp 50 m Miller   Va
[George's wife and children]
Jacob   " 83 m     "
Jacob was born in PA, not VA.

9a.  Cemetery Along the South Fork of the Shenandoah at Port Republic, Virginia (reading taken 13 May 1997 by Bill Davis, online in the USGenWeb Archives):
Jacob Cupp
Who was born 
Dec’r 14 1767
In Lancaster Co PA
Jan 12 1852
Aged 84 yrs & 29 days

9b.  Cupp Tombstones: Jacob Cupp, Port Republic, Virginia [link died] (photo taken by Bill Sturdivant; online at Nelda Percival's genealogy web site).
In Memory of
Who was born
Dec'r 14, 1767
in Lancaster, PA

Died Jan' 12, 1852

Neither of the above is a verbatim reading of Jacob's tombstone, as can be seen in the photo.  Unfortunately, the stone is too shaded in the photograph to make a confident reading from it.  However, the two readings agree on the birthyear, which is the issue.

9c.  Birthdate calculated using Ben Buckner's JavaScript Birthday Calculator.
Name Deathdate Age at Death Result
Jacob CUPP 12 Jan 1852 29d 0m 84y 14 Dec 1767
Jacob's baptismal record has him born 14 Dec 1766, not 1767, so he was 85 years old, not 84, when he died, which is supported by the fact that Jacob was 83 in the 1850 census.  It's far more likely that the error was made by the person ordering the stone, than that the baptismal record is incorrect, though Wright's published transcription of the record could be in error.

10.  Archives of the CUPP-L mailing list (online at RootsWeb.com).

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