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William KING
WARNING:  this family group sheet is a can of worms.  There is so little correspondence between the bio of son, Benjamin Burke KING, and the census records, and so little correspondence between the census records themselves, that I don't have a clue what it correct.  A file online at WorldConnect shows that a generation was skipped by Benjamin Burke (or, more likely, by the compiler of the book), which clears up some of the mystery, but not all of it.  As my interest here is STRAUB our subject's daughter, Mary KING, married Peter STRAUB I will leave it to others to untangle.  If you have some input that will clear things up, please share your information as a help to other KING researchers.  It's a real hair-puller. 
Husband:  William KING 
Birth:  ca. 1806, VA
Death:  1863, Lincoln Co., KY 
Occupation:  laborer 
Politics:  Whig 
Father:  John Louis KING, of Ireland
Mother:  Nancy Jane PENCE, of Holland
Marriage:  8 Sep 1829, Madison Co., KY 
Wife:  Anna "Annie" BAKER 
Birth:  1809/10, KY
Death:  1870-80, Stanford, Lincoln Co., KY
Occupation:  homemaker
Children born in KY:
1.  Nancy Jane KING, b. 1829/30; m. 4 Nov 1851, Lincoln Co., KY, Arnold HILTON / HELTON; both d. Lincoln Co., KY 
2.  Rhoda Ellen KING, b. 1833/4; m1. Richard WHITTAKER; m2. John GRAY 
3.  Charles Alfred KING, b. 1835/6
4.  Mary KING, b. 1839/40
5.  Benjamin Burke KING, b. 29 Jan 1839, Madison Co., KY
6.  George Washington KING, b. 1841-44; d. 1860s, in Civil War 
7.  William Riley KING, b. 1843-45

The question here is, was B.B. KING correct about his birthplace, as given in his bio?  If he was born in Madison County and his father moved to Lincoln County in 1847, why do we not find William in the 1840 census of Madison County?

Year Location Event
c1806 VA birth of William KING
c1810 KY birth of Anna BAKER
1829 KY: Madison Co. marriage of William KING & Anna BAKER
1829/30 KY birth of daughter, Nancy Jane
1830 Census    
1833/4 KY birth of daughter, Rhoda Ellen
1835/6 KY birth of son, Charles Alfred
1839 KY: Madison Co. birth of son, Benjamin Burke
1839/40 KY birth of daughter, Mary
1840 Census    
1841-44 KY birth of son, George Washington
1843-45 KY birth of son, William Riley
c1847 to Lincoln Co. family moved
1850 Census KY: Lincoln Co. William KING, head-of-household
1851 KY: Lincoln Co. marriage of daughter, Nancy Jane, to Arnold HILTON
1857 KY: Lincoln Co. marriage of daughter, Mary, to Peter STRAUB
1860 Census KY: Lincoln Co. William KING, head-of-household
1864 KY: Lincoln Co. marriage of son, Benjamin Burke, to Elizabeth BERRY

Sources (n.b., Madison, Lincoln, and Garrard Cos. were all formed by 1796): 

1a.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org). 
William KING
Spouse: Anna BAKER
Marriage: 08 Sep 1829, Madison, Kentucky
Source: patron submission

1b.  Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1993.  Kentucky Marriages:  Early to 1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-229):
King, William Mcclain, Peggy 17 Sep 1800 Lincoln Co.
King, William Jarvis, Sally 02 Nov 1802 Madison Co.
King, William Conner, Rebecca 20 May 1820 Madison Co.
King, William Clinton, Elizabeth 05 Nov 1839 Garrard Co.
These are the only William KING marriages in Garrard, Lincoln, or Madison Co., KY, on this CD.

1c.  Marriage Index:  Kentucky, 1851-1900.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-233):
King, Nancy Helton, Arnold 4 Nov 1851 Lincoln Co.

2.  1810 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #10 of 12; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1810 KY Madison Co. Roll M252_7 p. 242/854 Ln. 14 William King 10010-30010-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 9 or under 1800-1810 = Son A
1 male 26-44 1765-1784 = William (b. 1783)
3 females 9 or under 1800-1810 = Daughter C
= Daughter B
= Daughter A
1 female 26-44 1765-1784 = Wife-1
This William KING is the only one indexed Madison Co., KY (I also did a page-by-page check of the county); there were none indexed in Lincoln or Garrard Cos.  Other KINGs in Madison County were Aaron, Joel, and Michael.  This William KING appears to be the one who married Sally JARVIS, who based on a file at WorldConnect was the son of Aaron KING & Hannah DYER and the brother of Joel KING.  While the Madison County census list was roughly alphabetized, we find Aaron and Joel on adjacent lines and William just one line away, while Michael is on another page.  So, if our subject's father is in the county, he was either missed by the enumerator or is unmarried (not head-of-household) and is living in some other household.

3.  1830

4.  1840

5.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #22 of 91):  District No. 2, Lincoln Co., KY, p. 287B, 156/156, enumerated 1 Aug 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen): 
Wm King 50 M   Laborer   Va
Annie King 40 F       "
Chas King 14 M       "
Benj King 10 M       "
George King  8 M       "
Wm King  6 M       "
Nancy King 20 F       "
Rhoda King 17 F       "
Mary King 10 F       "
These birthdates for the parents are reasonable if the year given for their marriage (viz., 1829) is correct, though Annie may be 45, not 40 (see 1860).  However, if William's father was born in 1783, as said in son Benjamin's bio, then it's unlikely William was born as early as 1800.  Annie and the children were born in Kentucky, not Virginia.  The children are out of sequence because this enumerator placed male children before female children.

6.  1860 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #68 of 181):  Stanford, Lincoln Co., KY, p. 68, PN 68, 437/437, enumerated 19 Jul 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen): 
Wm King 83 M   Laborer     Va
Anna  " 55 F         Ky
Charles " 25 M         "
George  " 16 M         "
Anna's age is still reasonable, but William's is not, unless our subject has died and Widow Anna is living with her widowed father-in-law, which is certainly possible.

1860 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com, Image #3 of 8):  Stanford P.O., Stanford, Lincoln Co., KY, Roll 382 (Book 1), p. 3, PN 3, 16/16, enumerated 7 Jun 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen): 
Peter Straub 34 M   Master Tinner 800 800 Switzerland
Mary    " 20 F         Kentucky
[Peter & Mary's children]
Riley King 15 M   Apprentice Tinner     "
A R Pe??y 22 M   Druggist     Ohio

3.  1870 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com, Image #14 of 20):  Stanford P.O., Town of Stanford, Lincoln Co., KY, Roll 482 (Book 1), p. 118B, PN 4, 26/26, enumerated 1 Aug 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Straub Peter 48 M W Tinner     Switzerland
______ Mary 32 F W Keeping house     Kentucky
[Peter & Mary's children]
King Annie 60 F W   600   Indiana

4.  1880 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  not found at least, there was no Ann/Anna/Annie KING in Kentucky over the age of 55, much less 70.

5.  Charles Kerr, ed.  1922.  History of Kentucky.  5 vols.  American Historical Society, Chicago and New York (online at Ancestry.com).  Except from a biographical sketch of our subjects' son, Benjamin Burke ["B.B.] KING, in Vol. 5, on p. 205.  For the full excerpt, see B.B.'s family group sheet.
B. B. KING... was born in Madison County, Kentucky, January 29, 1839.  His grandfather, John Louis King, came from Ireland and spent the rest of his life as a Virginia planter.  He married Nancy Jane Pence, a native of Holland.  Their son, William King, was born in Virginia in 1783, soon after the close of the Revolutionary war.  He lived in his native state until he was twenty-six, and in 1809 identified himself with the pioneer district of Kentucky in Madison County, where he married and where he followed his trade as a cooper and also farmed.  For four years he had his home and work at Indianapolis, Indiana, then returned to Madison County, also lived in Garrard County, and from 1847 until his death in 1863 lived on and operated a farm in Lincoln County.  He was an old-line whig in politics.  William King married Annie Baker, who was born in Madison County, Kentucky, in 1790, and died at Stanford in Lincoln County.  They became the parents of seven children:  Nancy Jane was the wife of Arnold Hilton, a farmer, and both died in Lincoln County; Rhoda Ellen had two husbands, Richard Whittaker and John Gray, the first a shoemaker and the latter a farmer, and all are now deceased; Charles Alfred was a Lincoln County farmer; Mary, living at Stanford, is the widow of Peter Straub, a coppersmith; B. B. King is the fifth in the family; George Washington died while a Union soldier in the Civil war; and William Riley is a retired tinner and coppersmith, and living at Moreland...

On September 1, 1864, at Stanford, Kentucky, Mr. [B.B.] King married Miss Lizzie Berry, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W.B. Berry...

If "B.B." (Benjamin Burke) was born in 1839, his mother was certainly not born in 1790 it's just not possible biologically.

WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).  Gives father of Benjamin Burke KING as the William KING who married Annie BAKER, but shows this William's father to be another William KING, one who married Elizabeth WELLS, and then this elder William as the son of John Louis KING.  There is a William KING with wife, Elizabeth, and son, Benjamin, in the 

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