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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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William C. HUDSON
Jane McCLURE
Please Note:  We need to explain the two McCLURE girls in the 1850 census with our subjects.  Normally, I would read this record to mean that Jane had a prior marriage to a McCLURE, and that the girls are her daughters, which would mean McCLURE is the surname of her previous husband, not her maiden name, which casts doubt on her being the daughter of Nathaniel & Grace (GALLAGHER) McCLURE.  Nathaniel & Grace did have a daughter, Jane, who would have been about this age and born in KY, but the girls were born too late to be Jane's sisters.  So, are they Jane's nieces?  Or are they her illegitimate daughters?
Husband:  William C. HUDSON
Birth:  1796/7, VA
Death apparently:  1860-70, Clark Co., IL
Occupation:  physician
Marriage:  16 Oct 1843, Clark Co., IL
Wife:  Jane McCLURE
Birth:  1809/10, Mercer Co., KY
Death:  23 Jun 1903, Darwin, Clark Co., IL
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  Nathaniel McCLURE died 1819
Mother:  Grace GALLAGHER remarried 1828
Children:
Jane had a total of four children, all of whom died young (see 1900 census).
Others (nieces? born out of wedlock?):
.  Catharine McCLURE, b. 1830/1, IL
.  Amanda McCLURE, b. 1835/6, IL 
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Illinois, Kentucky, Virginia

Sources:

1.  Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1993.  Illinois Marriages:  Early to 1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-228):
Hudson, William C. Mcclure, Jane Oct 16, 1843 Clark Co.

2.  1840 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  there is no William HUDSON indexed as being in Clark Co., IL, and his name is too common to be certain which one of those indexed elsewhere he might be.

3.  1850 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #6 of 33):  Darwin Pct, Dist. No. 48, Clark Co., IL, Roll M432_100, p. 221B, 781/781, enumerated 20 Sep 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
William Hudson 53 M   Physician   Virginia
Jane      " 40 F       Kentucky
Catharine McClure 19 F       Illinois
Amanda       " 14 F       "
Are the girls Jane's nieces or her illegitimate daughters?

4.  1860 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #16 of 20):  Darwin P.O., Darwin Twp., Clark Co., IL, Roll M653_162, p. 372, PN 299, 2175/8, enumerated 30 Aug 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
William C Hulson 65 M   Physician 1500 300 Virginia
Jane        " 50 F         Kentucky
Colly Handy  9 M         Illinois
Listed two households from Greenberry & Louisa (DIXON) RHODES and their daughter, Alice, with whom Jane will be living in 1900 (see below).

5.  1870 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #8 of 26):  Darwin P.O., Darwin Twp., Clark Co., IL, Roll M593_195, p. 312B, PN 8, 59/62,  enumerated 6 Jul 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Hudson Jane 63 F W Merchant 500 500 Kentucky
Payne Jefferson 17 M W Laborer     Miss
Miller Frances 22 M W Laborer     Ind

6.  1880 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #22 of 25):  Village of Darwin, Clark Co., IL, Roll 181, p. 53B, PN 22, SD 5, ED 34, enumerated 14 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 11 13 24 25 26
193 197 Hudson Jane W F 72 / Keeping House Key Key Key

7.  1890 U.S. Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

8.  1900 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #4 of 24):  Darwin Twp., Clark Co., IL, Roll 242, p. 51B, SN 2B, SD 13, ED 5, enumerated 2 Jun 1900, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1900 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1900:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27
40 41 Groves David Head W M May 1855 45 M 21     IL KY OH Farmer 0   Y Y Y O M H
    ______ Alice Wife W F Apr 1858 42 M 21 2 0 IL IL IL       Y Y Y      
    Hudson Jane Boarder W F May 1816 84 Wd   4 0 KY KY KY       Y Y Y O F H
    Rhodes Chas B-in-law W M Jun 1864 35 Wd       IL IL IL Farm laborer 5 0 Y Y Y      
I don't know how to reconcile two individuals in the household both being the homeowner, nor how Jane can be a "boarder" when she owns her home free and clear.  Jane is age 90, not 84.  I don't see any obvious genealogical connection between Jane and David & Alice (RHODES) GROVES, though Jane and Alice were neighbors in the 1860 census (see above).

9.  Illinois Statewide Death Index, Pre-1916 (online at the Illinois State Archives web site):
HUDSON, JANE 1903-06-23 DARWIN 95 YR 5 vol. 1, p. 153 CLARK COUNTY

10.  Public Member Trees (online at Ancestry.com).

11.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com):  not found.

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