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John DOSBAUGH
Mary Elizabeth KAUGHMAN
Husband:  Johannes DOSBACH?, a.k.a., John DOSBAUGH / DOSHBAUGH / DASHBAUGH / DARBAUGH
Birth:  Feb 1785, DEU
Death (æ 69y 6m):  4 Aug 1854, Clark Co., IL
Disposition:  buried Mount Cemetery, Johnson Twp., Clark Co., IL
Occupation:  tradesman, farmer

-BAUGH is an Anglicized spelling of -BACH.  Most Germans in the U.S. with surnames ending -BAUGH, will turn out to have been -BACH in Germany.  Surname DOSBACH does occur in Germany.
John is the English cognate of Johannes, Johann, or Hans; no 18th or 19th Century male in Germany would have been given an English name like "John"; the transformation had to have occurred in the U.S.
They are said to be from Saarland, Germany, but the one primary record I have that shows anything other than, "Germany," is daughter Mary in the 1870 census, which has her born in Baden.

Marriage:
Wife:  Maria Elisabetha KAUFMAN, a.k.a., Mary Elizabeth KAUGHMAN
Birthdate said to be, but cannot be1820
Birth (based on censuses):  1790-1800 or 1804/5, DEU
Death:  8 Dec 1873
Disposition:  buried Salem Cemetery, Bluff Creek, Johnson Co., IN
Occupation:  homemaker

Mary's birthdate cannot be correct if she had a child in 1830, and the censuses also dispute this date (see below).
Mary and Elizabeth are English given names, cognates of German Maria and Elisabetha; no 19th Century female in Germany would have been given English names, the transformation had to have occurred in the U.S.
KAUGHMAN is an Anglicized spelling of KAUFMAN; the KAUGHMAN spelling is very rare in Germany, while the KAUFMAN spelling is common.

Children:
born in Germany:
1?  (Son A) DOSBAUGH, b. 1825-30
2.  Mary DOSBAUGH / DOSHBAUGH, b. 13 Mar 1830 

born in Paris Twp., Stark Co., OH:
3.  (Daughter A) DOSBAUGH, b. 1830-35
4.  John DOSBAUGH, b. 10 Jan 1834; d. 27 Mar 1916
5.  Margaret DOSBAUGH, b. 1837/8
6.  Samuel DOSBAUGH, b. 1839/40
7.  Sarah "Sallie" DOSBAUGH, b. 12 Feb 1843

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; DEU, Deutschland, FRG, Germany; USA, US, United States, Illinois, Ohio

Sources:

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  1830 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  not found.

3.  1840 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #7-8 of 28; official enumeration began 1 Jun 1840; mis-indexed "Darbaugh"; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):-
1840 OH Stark Co. Paris Twp. pp. 21B-22A Ln. 15 John Dasbaugh 111 000 010 - 111 000 100 0001000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1835-1840 = Samuel (b. 1839/40)
1 male 5-9 1830-1835 = John (b. 1834)
1 male 10-14 1825-1830 = Son A? 
1 male 50-59 1780-1790 = John
1 female 4 or under 1835-1840 = Margaret (b. 1837/8)
1 female 5-9 1830-1835 = Daughter A
1 female 10-14 1825-1830 = Mary (b. 1830) 
1 female 40-49 1790-1800 = Mary 
1 person employed in manufactures and trades

4.  1850 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #3 of 16):  Johnston Pct., Dist. No. 48, Clark Co., IL, Roll M432_100, p. 272A, 1538/1538, enumerated 17 Oct 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):-
John Dashbaugh 65 M   Farmer 800 Germany
Mary      " 45 F       "
Mary      " 19 F       "
John      " 16 M   Farmer   Ohio
Margaret  " 12 F       "
Samuel    " 10 M       "
Sarah     "  8 F       "

5.  1860 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #19 of 22):  Casey P.O., Johnson Twp., Clark Co., IL, Roll M653_162, PN 143, 490/1, enumerated 22 Jun 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):-
William D Crouch 60 M   Farmer     Maryland  
Mary        " 30 F         Germany  
Sylvester   " 18 M   Laborer     Illinois  
Mary Doshbaugh 57 F         Germany insane
Jimmy Deford 60 M         Maryland  
At the time, "insane" was a blanket term that included old age dementia, alcoholism, retardation, etc., anything that made someone mentally abnormal. 

6.  1870 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  can't find.

7.  Find-a-Grave: Entries (online at findagrave.com):
Name John Dosbaugh Mary Dossbaugh
Birth unknown unknown
Death 4 Aug 1854 8 Dec 1873
Burial Mount Cemetery
Johnson Twp., Clark Co., IL
Salem Cemetery
Bluff Creek, Johnson Co., IN
Inscription JOHN DOSBAUGH
DIED
AUG. 4, 1854
AGED
69 YR 6 MO
 
Spouse   John Dossbaugh
Memorial # 52853827 52216922
John and Mary were not linked, so I submitted the links (5 Dec 2018).  Mary's daughter, Sarah (DOSBAUGH) SURFACE, was living in Johnson Co., IN, from 1863 onwards.  Is this how Mary came to be buried there, rather than in Clark Co., IL?

8.  Public Member Trees (online at Ancestry.com):  The file that shows our subjects as born in the Saarland gives no documentation for that location.

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