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Capt. Eliphalet BROWN
Mary DAVIS
Husband:  Eliphalet BROWN
Birth:  29 Dec 1765, Newbury, Essex Co., MA
Baptism:  12 Jan 1766, Newburyport, Essex Co., MA
Occupation:  merchant
Father:  Samuel BROWN
Mother:  Molly HIDDEN

Some secondary sources give Eliphalet middle name, Thomas, but I have yet to see a primary document giving him a middle name.

Marriage:  20 Jul 1800, Newburyport, Essex Co., MA
Wife:  Mary "Polly" DAVIS
Birth:  28 Nov 1777, Newburyport, Essex Co., MA
Occupation:  homemaker
Children born in Newburyport, Essex Co., MA:
1.  Thomas BROWN, b. 12 Dec 1800
2.  George BROWN, b. 4 May 1802
3.  Mary BROWN, b. 8 Aug 1804; d. 16 Feb 1886, Dorchester, Suffolk Co., MA
4.  Lydia BROWN, b. 19 Sep 1806
5.  Hannah BROWN, b. 3 Oct 1808; m. Jul 1837, Thomas Eliot PAYSON (1813-1877)
6.  Jane BROWN, b. 30 Jul 1810; d. 8 Aug 1811
7.  John James BROWN, b. 7 May 1813; d. 1886, Andover, Essex Co., MA
8.  Eliphalet M. BROWN, Jr., b. 7 Jul 1816
9.  Francis Henry BROWN, b. 6 Apr 1818
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States. Massachusetts

Sources:

1.  Marriage Index:  Massachusetts, 1633-1850 (Broderbund CD-231):
Brown, Eliphalet Davis, Polly Jul 20, 1800 Newburyport Essex Co.

2.  Massachusetts Vital Records to 1850:  Newburyport Births (online at AmericanAncestors.org):
p. 50 BROWN...
Eliphalet, s. Sam[ue]ll, bp. Jan 12, 1766.  C.R. 3.
Eliphalet, s. Eliphalet and Polly, July 7, 1816...
Francis Henry, s. Eliphalet and Polly, Apr. 6, 1818...
George, s. Eliphalet and Polly, May 4, 1802...
Hannah, d. Eliphalet and Polly, Oct. 3, 1808
p. 51 BROWN...
Jane, d. Eliphalet and Polly, July 30, 1810...
John James, s. Eliphalet and Polly, May 7, 1813...
p. 52 BROWN...
Lydia, d. Eliphalet and Polly, Sept. 19, 1806...
Mary, d. Eliphalet and Polly, Aug. 8, 1804...
p. 54 BROWN...
Thomas, s. Eliphalet and Polly, Dec. 12, 1800

3.  1790 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  not found.

4.  1800 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #4 of 30 list roughly alphabetized; official enumeration date 4 Aug 1800; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1800 MA Essex Co. Town of Newburyport Roll M32_14 p. 306 Ln. 17 Eliphalet Brown 00100-00100-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 16-25 1774-1784 = Eliphalet (b. 1765) 
male 26-44 1755-1774 =
1 female 16-25 1774-1784 = Polly (b. 1777)
There were 22 BROWN households enumerated in Newburyport.  This household is the only Eliphalet BROWN in MA.

5.  1810 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #8 of 22 the list is roughly alphabetized and has clearly been re-bound; official enumeration date 6 Aug 1810; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1810 MA Essex Co. Newburyport Roll 18 p. 172/204 Ln. 2 Eliphalet Brown 20110-40020-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 9 or under 1800-1810 = George (b. 1802)
= Thomas (b. 1800)
1 male 16-25 1784-1794 = ?
1 male 26-44 1765-1784 = Eliphalet (b. 1765)
4 females 9 or under 1800-1810 = Jane (b. 1810)
= Hannah (b. 1808)
= Lydia (b. 1806)
= Mary (b. 1804)
2 females 26-44 1765-1784 = ?
= Polly (b. 1777)
There are 25 BROWN households in Newburyport.  This household is the only Eliphalet BROWN in MA.

6.  1820 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #4 of 39 list is roughly alphabetized; official enumeration date 7 Aug 1820; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1820 MA Essex Co. Newburyport Roll M33_49 p. 263 Ln. 12 Eliphalet Brown 311210-02110-0-010
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
3 males 9 or under 1810-1820 = Francis (b. 1818)
= Eliphalet Jr. (b. 1816)
= John James (b. 1813)
1 male 10-15 1804-1810 = ?
1 male 16-18 1801-1804 = George (b. 1802)
2 males 19-25* 1794-1801 = Thomas (b. 1800)
1 male 26-44 1775-1794 = Eliphalet (b. 1765)
0 male 45 or over in or bef. 1775 =
2 females 10-15 1804-1810 = Hannah (b. 1808)
= Lydia (b. 1806)
1 female 16-25 1794-1804 = Mary (b. 1804)
1 female 26-44 1775-1794 = Polly (b. 1777)
1 person engaged in commerce
*In the 1820 Census, the third column is age class 16-18 and the fourth column is age class 16-25, which means any individual in column three is duplicated in column four.  So, for an accurate representation of the household, the number in column three should be subtracted from the number in column four. If, after the subtraction, any individuals remain in column four, then they have to be age 19-25, thus creating a "new," more precise age class.
There are 22 BROWN households in Newburyport.  This household is the only Eliphalet BROWN in MA.

7.  1830 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #59 of 72 Eunice is mis-indexed "Tappen"; official enumeration date 1 Jun 1830; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1830 MA Essex Co. Newburyport Roll M19_61 p. 92 Ln. 10 Eunice Tappan Eliphalet Brown 111 021 110 - 011 023 030
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1825-1830 = ?
1 male 5-9 1820-1825 = ?
1 male 10-14 1815-1820 = Francis (b. 1818) or Henry (b. 1816)
2 males 20-29 1800-1810 = ?
= Abraham TAPPAN (b. 1800)
1 male 30-39 1790-1800 = ?
1 male 40-49 1780-1790 = ?
1 male 50-59 1770-1780 = Eliphalet (b. 1765)
1 female 5-9 1820-1825 = ?
1 female 10-14 1815-1820 = ?
2 females 20-29 1800-1810 = Hannah (b. 1808)
= Lydia (b. 1806)
3 females 30-39 1790-1800 = Mary TAPPAN (b. 1798) 
= ?
= ?
3 females 50-59 1770-1780 = ?
= Eunice (PILSBURY) TAPPAN (b. 1777)
= Polly (b. 1777)
Were they running an inn or something?  Eunice (PILSBURY) TAPPAN's husband died in 1821, so it's reasonable for her and her children to be boarding somewhere, but why with Eliphalet & Polly?  Are they kin?  There are four Eliphalet BROWNs in MA, three in their 30s, plus our subject tallied as being in his 50s, though he should be in his 60s.

1840 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  There are two Eliphalet BROWNs in MA, one in Lowell and one in Boston, so it appears to me Eliphalet of Newburyport is deceased.  There are four "Mrs. BROWNs" in Newburyport, one in her 40s, two in their 60s, and one in her 70s.  Polly should be in her 60s, but it's really not obvious that she is one of the two.

Massachusetts Vital Records to 1850:  Newburyport Deaths (online at AmericanAncestors.org):
p. 555 BROWN...
Jane, d. Capt. Eliphalet and Polly, Aug. 8, 1811. [a. 1 y. 8 d. C.. 4.]

Public Member Trees (online at Ancestry.com).

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