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Eliphalet M. BROWN, Jr.
Margaret HAWLEY
Please Note:  our subject was associated with artist, James Sidney BROWN, and secondary sources often say they were brothers; however, they are not.  James was born in New York City, son of Isaac BROWN, while our subject was born in Newburyport, MA, son of Eliphalet BROWN (Sr.).  Their like surnames appear to be a coincidence.  Please bear in mind that BROWN is the 4th most common surname in the United States, so it cannot be assumed two BROWNs are related just because they are associated with one another.
Subject:  Eliphalet M. BROWN, Jr.
Birth:  7 Jul 1816, Newburyport, Essex Co., MA
Death:  23 Jan 1886, Borough of Manhattan, New York City, New York Co., NY
Disposition:  buried Scott's Cemetery, Ridgefield, Fairfield Co., CT
Occupation:  artist, lithographer, daguerreotypist (daguerreian), naval officer (Master; Ensign)
Employers:  Matthew Brady; Currier & Ives; Charles Severyn; U.S. Navy
Historical Event (24 Nov 1852 - early 1855):  one of the two official artists on Commodore Matthew C. Perry's mission to Japan
Military Service:  Civil War:  Ens., U.S. Navy
Organization:  active 1840-58, National Academy of Design, New York City, NY
Father:  Eliphalet BROWN
Mother:  Mary "Polly" DAVIS 
Marriage:  15 Dec 1874, Manhattan Borough, New York City, New York Co., NY
Wife:  Margaret HAWLEY
Birth:  22 Feb 1824, Newtown, Fairfield Co., CT
Death:  16 Jun 1906, Borough of Manhattan, New York City, New York Co., NY
Disposition:  buried Scott's Cemetery, Ridgefield, Fairfield Co., CT
Occupation:  homemaker
Other Spouse:  m1. 3 Nov 1847, Ridgefield, Fairfield Co., CT, Henry COOLIDGE
Father:  William HAWLEY (1784-1863)
Mother:  Catherine KING (1785-1872)
[none known]
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New York


1.  New York: New York City Marriage Records, 1829-1940 (online at FamilySearch.org):
Name Ehphalet Brown
Event Date 15 Dec 1874
Event Place Manhattan, New York, NY
Gender | Age Male | 59
Marital Status Single
Birthplace Massachusetts
Father's Name Ehphalet Brown
Mother's Name Mary Davis
Spouse's Name Margaret Coolidge
Spouse's Gender | Age Female | 51
Spouse's Birthplace Connecticut
Spouse's Father's Name William Hawley
Spouse's Mother Name Catharine King
GS Film Number 1562051
Reference ID cn 8150

2.  1840 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  based on the census, alone, it's very difficult to know where Eliphalet was in 1840 because only "heads-of-households" were enumerated (viz., married men).  An unmarried man would generally not be enumerated, unless he was living alone as his own, "head-of-household."  There is no Eliphalet BROWN in either Newburyprt or Manhattan who is obviously our subject.  There is an Eliphalet BROWN (æ 20-29) living in Kings Co., NY, but it would be difficult to prove he is our subject, just as it would be difficult to rationalize his being in Brooklyn.

3.  1850 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  can't find.  Was he already in the Navy?  Was he singled out by Perry for the expedition out of convenience because he was a daguerreotyper already in the Navy, rather than as a choice amongst civilian daguerreotypers in New York City?  Has a false myth arisen here?

4.  1860 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  not found, but his Naval career probably took him out of the country.

5.  1870 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  not found, but his Naval career probably took him out of the country.

6.  1880 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #16 of 42):  101 Park Avenue, New York City, New York Co., NY, Roll 894, p. 171D, PN 16, SD One, ED 570, enumerated 7 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
    1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 13 24 25 26
* 101 107 139 Brown E W M 64     / Gentleman Mass Mass Mass
      _____ Margaret W F 52 Wife   / Keeping house Conn Conn Conn
      Coolidge Fannie W F 22 StepDau /   Living with Step Father New Conn N Y
      Clarkin Anna W F 22 Servant /   Servant Ireland Ireland Ireland
      Cullen Delia W F 22 " /   " " " "
*Park Avenue

7.  1890 U.S. Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

8.  1900 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  can't find Margaret.

9a.  Connecticut Deaths and Burials Index, 1650-1934 (online at Ancestry.com):
Name Eliphalet Brown
Age at Death 69
Death Date 23 Jan 1886
Death Place Ridgefield, CT
FHL Film # 3360
This is a deaths and burials index, and this record refers to his burial, not his death, which was in Manhattan.

9b.  New York, New York, Death Index, 1862-1948 (online at Ancestry.com):
Name Margaret Brown
Age 82
Death Date 16 Jun 1906
Death Place Manhattan, NY
 Certificate # 19296

10.  Find-a-Grave: Entries (online at findagrave.com; linked Margaret to Eliphalet and Henry, posted correction re: James Sidney, 11 Aug 2015):
Name Eliphalet Brown Margaret Hawley Brown
Birth unknown unknown
Death Jan. 23, 1886 Jun. 16, 1906
Note [long note, includes error
re: James Sidney being brother]
Age 82y 3m 22d
Burial Scott's Cemetery [Section 4]
Ridgefield, Fairfield Co., CT
Memorial # 41766882 41766881

11.  Jack Sanders.  14 Jan 2013.  "Admiral Perry's Photographer is Buried Here."  The Ridgefield Press (Ridgefield, CT) (online at www.theridgefieldpress.com).

12.  Anon.  Monday, 25 Jan 1886.  "Obituary."  Boston Journal (Boston, MA), Vol. LIII, Issue 17333, p. 4 (online at GenealogyBank.com):

There were other obits in other papers; they're repetitive, so I don't know if it's worth the trouble to put them online here.

13.  Eliphalet M. Brown, Jr.: Daguerreotypist and Artist for the Perry Expedition to Japan(online at BaxleyStamps.com).

14.  View of Hong Kong from East PointA tinted lithograph by Wilhelm Heine (1827-1885) and Eliphalet Brown, Jr. (1816-1886), for sale (10 Aug 2015) by Donald A. Heald Rare Books in  NYC via The Antiquarian Bookseller (www.abaa.org).

15a.  Bruce T. Erickson.  2013.  "Brown Jr., Eliphalet (1816-1886): An Early-American Expeditionary Photographer."  Pages 222-224 in John Hannavy's Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography.  Routledge, NY. 1736 pp. (excerpts online at books.google.com).
p. 222 BROWN JR., ELIPHALET (1816-1886)
An early-American expeditionary photographer

Although Eliphalet Brown, Jr. is best remembered as the daguerreotypist with Commodore Matthew Perry's 1852 mission to open Japan to the West, he had an extensive career prior to that famous role.
     He was born in Newburyport, Massachusetts in 1816, and by his early twenties was working as an artist in New York...

p. 223      A younger brother, James Sydney Brown, had also come to New York to pursue a carrer as an artist.  With Eliphalet's help, he began as a silversmith's apprentice, then opened his own portrait studio, but soon gave that up to become the first operator for the newly opened daguerrerotype gallery of Matthew Brady.  By 1846, James had left Brady to join Eliphalet Brown as a partner in their own business...
     Eliphalet left his brother's partnership in 1848 and in 1851 join with Charles Severyn...
The Eliphalet BROWN, Jr., born in Newburyport, son of Eliphalet BROWN, Sr., had no younger brother named, James Sidney.  James was, in fact, born in New York City, the son of Isaac BROWN of Connecticut.  It was James's father who pressed him to become a silversmith, not Eliphalet, and it was James's brother, Charles BROWN, whose connections got him into the National Academy of Design in 1841.  Eliphalet and James presumably met working at Mattew BRADY's gallery, after which they briefly (1846-48) went into business together as E. & J. Brown in NYC.  Their like surnames were simply a coincidence.
p. 224 Biography
Eliphalet Brown, Jr. was born in 1816 in Newburyport, Massachusetts... He learned daguerreotype from his younger brother James Sydney Brown...  At the conclusion of the expedition (w/Perry to Japan), Brown continued in Navy service, never again being active in any area of art or photography.  He retired around 1875, married and lived quietly until his death on 24 Jan, 1886...

Further Reading...

Erickson cites six sources, two of which I've extracted below.  If Erickson used these for his sketch, there's no point in seeking them out because they would apparently contain the same genealogical error.

15b.  Bruce T. Erickson.  1990.  "Eliphalet M. Brown, Jr., An Early Expedition Photographer."  Pages ?? in The Daguerreian Annual.  Daguerreian Society, Pittsburg, PA. [not seen]

15c.  George C. Groce & David H. Wallace.  1957. The New York Historical Society's Dictionary of Artists in America, 1564-1860.  Yale University Press, New Haven, CT. [not seen]

16.  Anon.  1943.  National Academy of Design Exhibition Record, 1826-1860.  2 vols.  New York Historical Society, NY (online at archive.org):
Vol. I, A-L, p. 52 BROWN, Eliphalet M., Jr. (active 1840-1858)
     1841 Address:  54 Pike Street.
          3.  Canute Reproving His Courtiers.

17.  Public Member Trees (online at Ancestry.com). 

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