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Abel WOOD
Catherine ROLAND
Sophia GRAVES
Husband:  Abel WOOD
Birth:  9 Oct 1802, Sussex Co., NJ
Death:  1 Nov 1881
Occupation:  farmer, preacher
Father:  Francis WOOD, b. 1763/4, NJ
Mother:  Rachel DODD
Marriage-1:  9 Jan 1823, Richland Co., OH
Wife-1:  Catherine ROWLAND / ROLAND
Birth:  6 Aug 1800
Death:  7 Apr 1838
Occupation:  homemaker
Marriage-2:
Wife-2:  Sophia GRAVES [STUBBS?]
Birth:  19 Sep 1810, LeRoy, Genesee Co., NY
Death:  1 Jul 1899
Occupation:  homemaker
Parents:  born in NY
Children with Catherine ROLAND born in Montgomery Twp., Richland [now Ashland] Co., OH:
  1.  Rachel / Rachael Malinda "Malindy" WOOD, b. 22 Sep 1823
  2.  William B. WOOD, b. 1825/6
  3?  Joseph R. WOOD, b. 1828
  4?  Francis M. WOOD, b. 1829/30
  5.  Christiana / Christina R. WOOD, b. 31 Aug 1831
  6.  James A. WOOD, b. 1832/3
  7.  Charles D. WOOD, b. 1835/6
Children born in Spencer Twp., Medina Co., OH:
  8.  Lucena S. WOOD, b. 17 Feb 1842
  9.  Lebbues / Libben / Libbens / Libeas / Lebbecus A. WOOD, b. 29 May 1843 or 1844/5; d. 27 Oct 1925; m. Caroline __?__
10?  Adolph WOOD, b. May 1848; d. bef. 1850
11.  Charlotte C. WOOD, b. 1848/9
12.  Permelia A. WOOD, b. 1850/1
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, New Jersey, New York, Ohio

Sources (n.b., Ashland Co. was formed in 1846 from Wayne, Richland, Huron, and Lorain Cos.; Montgomery Twp. came from Richland Co.):

1a.  Anon.  1966.  Marriage Index:  Ohio, 1789-1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-400):
Wood, Abel Roland, Catherine 9 Jan 1823 Richland Co.

1b.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org).
Abel A. WOOD
Birth: 09 Oct 1802, Sussex, New Jersey
Death: 01 Nov 1881
Father: Francis WOOD; Mother: Rachel DODD
Source: patron submission
Marriage: 09 Jan 1823, Richland, Ohio
Spouse: Catherine ROWLAND
Birth: 06 Aug 1800
Death: 07 Apr 1838
Source: patron submission
Marriage: After 1838, Ohio
Spouse: Sophia GRAVES [STUBBS?]
Birth: 19 Sep 1810, Le Roy, Genesee, New York
Death: 01 Jul 1899
Source: patron submission
Children with Catherine ROWLAND:
Rachel M. WOOD; Birth: <1824>, Ohio
William B. WOOD; Birth: 1826, Richland, Ohio
Joseph R. WOOD; Birth: 1828, Richland, Ohio
Christina R. WOOD; Birth: <1832>, Ohio
James A. WOOD; Birth: 1833, Richland, Ohio
Charles D. WOOD; Birth: 1835, Richland, Ohio
Source: patron submission
Children with Sophia GRAVES:
Lucena S. WOODS; Birth: 17 Feb 1842, Spencer Twp., Medina, Ohio; Death: 02 Jun 1864; m. 02 Oct 1862, Medina, Ohio
Lebbues/Libben Abel WOOD; Birth: 29 May 1843, Spencer, Medina, Ohio; Death: 27 Oct 1925
Adolph WOOD; Birth: May 1848, Spencer, Medina, Ohio
Sharlotte C. WOOD; Birth: 1849, Spencer, Medina, Ohio
Parmelia A. WOOD; Birth: 1851, Spencer, Medina, Ohio
Source: patron submission

2.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #1 of 14; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1830 OH Richland [now Ashland] Co. Montgomery Twp. Roll 139 p. 114 Ln. 24 Abel Wood 300 010 - 010 010
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
3 males 4 or under 1825-1830 = Francis (b. 1829/30)
= Joseph (b. 1828)
= William (b. 1825/6)
1 male 20-29 1800-1810 = Abel (b. 1802)
1 female 5-9 1820-1825 = Rachel (b. 1823/4)
1 female 20-29 1800-1810 = Catherine (b. 1800)
Listed one line below Abel's father, Francis WOOD (300 110 001 - 001 010 010).

3.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #3-4 of 8; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 OH Medina Co. Spencer Twp. Roll 412 pp. 176B-177A Ln. 28 Abel Wood 122 001 - 010 101 0300000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1835-1840 = Charles (b. 1835/6)
2 males 5-9 1830-1835 = James (b. 1832/3)
= Francis (b. 1829/30)
2 males 10-14 1825-1830 = Joseph (b. 1828)
= William (b. 1825/6)
1 male 30-39 1800-1810 = Abel (b. 1802) 
1 female 5-9 1830-1835 = Christiana (b. 1831)
1 female 15-19 1820-1825 = Rachel (b. 1823/4)
1 female 30-39 1800-1810 = Sophia (b. 1810/12) 
3 persons employed in agriculture

4.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #1 of 32):  Spencer Twp., Medina Co., OH, Roll M432_709, p. 423A, 1613/1619, enumerated 10 Sep 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Abel Wood 48 M   Farmer 2700 N J
Sophia 38 F       N Y
Wm B 24 M   Farmer  900 O
James A 17 M   Farmer   Do
Charles D 14 M       Do
Lucena S 17 F       Do
Libbins A  5 M       Do
Sharlotte C  1 F       Do
Francis Wood 86 M   Farmer   N J
Lucena is 7, not 17.  Francis is Abel's father.  Listed next to married daughter, Rachel M. (WOOD) SOOG [SOOY].  Can't find purported son, Francis M. WOOD, and I did a page-by-page check of Spencer Twp.

5.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #3 of 27):  Centerville P.O., Spencer Twp., Medina Co., OH, Roll M653_1007, p. 91B, PN 138, 1046/1036, enumerated 23 Jul 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Abel Wood 58 M   Farmer 5400 1100 N J
Sophia 49 F         N Y
James 26 M   Teacher     O
Lucina S 18 F   Servant     "
Libeas A 17 M   Farm Labr     "
Charlotte C 17 F         "
Permelia A  9 F         "
Elias 25 M   Pedler     "
Almina D 22 F         "
Chas M  3 M         Mich
Cath.e R  1 F         "
I would have taken Elias WOOD for Abel's son, but Elias is not in the household in 1850.  Is he a nephew, perhaps?  Can't find purported son, Francis M. WOOD.

6.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #14 of 24):  Lodi P.O., Spencer Twp., Medina Co., OH, Roll M593_1241, p. 414B, PN 14, enumerated 8 Aug 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
122 130 Wood Abel 67 M W Farmer 7300 1038 New Jersey
    ____ Sophia 59 F W Keeping House     New York
  131 Wood Lebbecus A 27 M W Farmer     Ohio
    ____ Caroline 20 F W Keeping House     Ohio
Can't find purported son, Francis M. WOOD.

7.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #15 of 19):  Spencer Twp., Medina Co., OH, Roll T9_1047, p. 405D, PN 16, SD 6, ED 198, enumerated 12 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 13 24 25 26
155 164 Wood Abel W M 77   / Preacher NJ NJ NJ
    ____ Sophia W F 70 Wife / Keeping house NY NY NY
Listed next to Abel's married daughter, Christina (WOOD) STROUP.  Francis M. WOOD (æ 50, b. OH; parents b. NJ, MD) is living in York Twp., Medina Co., OH (p. 452A), with his wife, J.A. (æ 48, b. CT), and daughter, Emely P. (æ 14, b. OH).

8.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

9.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).  A file here gives Abel son Frances M. WOOD (b. ca. 1830, wife Julia, dau. Emily/Emma, b. 1865, Spencer Twp., Medina Co., OH).

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