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Lorenzo Dow THOMPSON
Nancy C. OATES
Husband:  Lorenzo Dow THOMPSON
Birth:  ca. 3 Apr 1810, Christian Co., KY
Death:  8 Apr 1896, presumably Grundy Co., KY 
Father:  John THOMPSON
Mother:  Amy BOBBITT
Marriage:  22 Dec 1831, Hopkins Co., KY
Wife:  Nancy C. OATES
Birth:  29 Sep 1811
Death:  29 May 1860, presumably Grundy Co., MO
Children:
  1.  (Child) THOMPSON, b. 1832-35, KY; d. bef. 1837
  2.  Frank THOMPSON, b. 1832/3, KY
  3.  Martha THOMPSON, b. 1835, MO
  4.  George THOMPSON, b. 1836/7, St. Louis, MO

born in Grundy Co., MO:
  5.  John THOMPSON, b. 1838/9
  6.  Angeline THOMPSON, b. 1840/1
  7.  Presley THOMPSON, b. 1843/4
  8.  Francis THOMPSON, b. 1845/6
  9.  Eliza E. THOMPSON, b. 3 Sep 1848; d. there 10 Sep 1848
10.  James Matthew THOMPSON, b. 27 Jun 1850
11.  Elizabeth THOMPSON, b. & d. 28 Jan 1854

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United Staes, Kentucky, Missouri

Timeline
Year Location Event
1810 KY: Christian Co. birth of Lorenzo Dow THOMPSON
1811 ? birth of Nancy C. OATES
1830 KY > MO > KY Lorenzo Dow THOMPSON makes reconnaisance trip
1831 KY: Hopkins Co. marriage of Lorenza D. THOMPSON to Nancy C. OATES
1832-35 KY birth of Child
1832/3 KY birth of son, Frank
1835 KY > MO family moves
1835 MO birth of daughter, Martha
1836/7 MO: St. Louis birth of son, George
1837 MO: Scott [now Mississippi] Co. Lorenzo D. THOMPSON of Christian Co., KY, patents land
1837 MO: Mississippi Co. formed from Scott Co.; Livingston Co. formed from Howard Co.
1838/9 MO birth of son, John
1840 Census MO: Livingston [now Grundy] Co.: Jefferson Twp. Lorenzo THOMPSON, head-of-household
1840/1 MO birth of daughter, Angeline
1841 MO:  Grundy Co. formed from Livingston Co.
1843 MO: Grundy Co. Lorenzo D. THOMPSON patents land
1843/4 MO birth of son, Presley
1845/6 MO birth of son, Francis
1848 MO birth and death of daughter, Eliza
1850 MO birth of son, James Matthew
1850 Census MO: Grundy Co.: 35th Dist. Lorenzo D. THOMPSON, head-of-household 
1854 MO birth and death of daughter, Elizabeth
1860 MO death of Nancy C. (OATES) THOMPSON
1860 Census    
1870 Census MO: Grundy Co.: Jefferson Twp. Lorenzo D. THOMPSON, head-of-household
1880 Census    
1896 MO death of Lorenzo Dow THOMPSON

Sources:

1.  Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1993.  Kentucky Marriages:  Early to 1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-229):
Thompson, Lorenza D. Oates, Nancy C. 22 Dec 1831 Hopkins Co.

2.  Family Quest Archives:  Missouri Federal Census 1840:  Lewis, Lincoln, Linn, and Livingston Counties.  Heritage Quest CD M704-225 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen).
1840 MO Livingston Co. p. 282A Lorenzo Thompson 210 010 - 010 010
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 4 or under 1835-1840 = John (b. 1838/9) 
= George (b. 1836/7)
1 male 5-9 1830-1835 = Frank (b. 1832/3)
1 male 20-29 1810-1820 = Lorenzo (b. 1810)
1 female 5-9 1830-1835 = Martha (b. 1835)
1 female 20-29 1810-1820 = Nancy (b. 1811) 

3.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #9 of 69):  District No. 35, Grundy Co., MO, p. 390A, 49/49, enumerated 20 Aug 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Lorenzo D Thompson 40 M   Farmer 1000 Ky
Nancy 36 F       Ky
Frank Thompson 17 M   Labourer   Ky
Martha Thompson 14 F       Mo
Geo Thompson 13 M       Mo
John Thompson 11 M       Mo
Angeline Thompson  9 F       Mo
Presley Thompson  6 M       Mo
Frances Thompson  4 M       Mo
Nancy appears to be fibbing about her age.  Living next to Joseph DAVIS, of OH, who is next to Joseph's father, Andrew DAVIS, of VA.

4.  1860 Census

5.  Family Quest Archives:  Missouri 1870 Census Index.  Heritage Quest ACD-0019.
Thompson Lorenzo D 60 M W KY Grundy Jefferson Twp. p. 298

6.  1880 Census

7.  Lorenzo D. Thompson Family Cemetery.  Located 4 mi E and ¾ mi S of Jamesport, Jefferson Twp., Grundy Co., MO (online at the Grundy County MOGenWeb site).
THOMPSON Lorenzo D   08 Apr 1896 age 86y 5d
  Nancy C 29 Sep 1811 20 May 1860 "O faithful wife..."
  Eliza E 03 Sep 1848 10 Sep 1848 dau of Lorenzo & Nancy
  Elizabeth 28 Jan 1854 28 Jan 1854 dau of Lorenzo & Nancy
THOMPSON James M 1850 1917 ...son of Lorenzo & Nancy
THOMPSON Susan C 11 Apr 1844 19 Feb 1870 wife of Presley (who was son of Lorenzo & Nancy)...
I have paraphrased the text from this web page:
In 1830, Lorenzo is said to have made his first trip into the area where he later settled (i.e., Jefferson Twp., Grundy Co., MO), then to have returned to Hopkins Co., KY.  In 1835, he returned to the area with his wife and two children.  In 1836, they moved to St. Louis due to Indian/Mormon threat.  In the spring of 1837, they returned (with now three children) to the area where they homesteaded their property, which is said to have remained in the Thompson famly for over 100 years.  There is a cemetery across the road, no longer in evidence, where Lorenzo's slaves were buried.  These slaves came with Lorenzo from Kentucky and are said to have chosen to remain with him after they were freed.
The only way to reconcile this narrative to the data is to postulate a child born before 1835 who died before 1837.

8.  Birthdate calculated using Ben Buckner's JavaScript Birthday Calculator.
Entered Result
08 Apr 1896 86y 00m 05d 03 Apr 1810
(Calculated birthdates should always be prefaced with "ca."
you can't be certain the person who calculated their age did it correctly.)

9.  U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management. The Official Land Patent Records Office.
Date Certificate No. Land Office Patented By Acres Location County*
24 Jan 1837  2,867 Jackson Lorenzo D. Thompson of Christian County, Kentucky  78.14 S½ SE¼ S22.T26N.R16E Mississippi
 1 May 1843 13,337 Lexington Lorenzo D. Thompson of Livingston County  80.00 W½ NW¼ S33.T60N.R25W Grundy
 1 May 1843 13,338 Lexington Lorenzo D. Thompson of Livingston County 160.00 W½ NE¼ S33.T60N.R25W
E½ NW¼ S33.T60N.R25W
Grundy
*The county is not given on the original certificate, which describes the land solely in terms of Aliquot, Section, Township, and Range.  The county name must have been added to the database at some later time, probably when the certificate data were computerized.

9.  Broderbund.  World Family Trees.  Vol. 12, Pedigree No. 2336.  Gives Lorenzo's father as William THOMPSON.  Says Lorenzo was born in Hopkins Co. and that Nancy "Oats" was said to be of French descent.


Comments:

As unusual as the name "Lorenzo Dow THOMPSON" would seem to be, there are numerous, apparently unrelated,.southern THOMPSON males named "Lorenzo Dow."  One reason for the rather widespread use of the name appears to be that a Lorenzo Dow THOMPSON whipped Abraham LINCOLN in two straight falls in a wrestling match on 22 Apr 1832 in Beardstown, IL.  However, there must be more to it than this one incident because our above Lorenzo Dow and others were given that name well before the famous wrestling match, with it's symbolic overtones for southern sympathizers.  So, we are left still wondering where this name came from and why it appears in families that do not otherwise seem to be related.

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