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Michael STROUP
Mary Margaret Ann WALKER
Husband:  Michael STROUP
Birth:  1 May 1779, MD
Occupation:  manufacturer of hats; farmer
Father:  Adam Michael STROUP
Mother:  Maria Magdalena __?__
Marriage:  31 Mar 1803, Ross Co., OH
Wife:  Mary Margaret Ann "Polly" WALKER
Birth:  ca. 1780-85
Occupation:  homemaker
Brother said to be:  Zachariah WALKER, which would mean her parents were Archibald WALKER & Elizabeth __?__
Children:
  1.  William W. STROUP, b. 1802/3 
  2.  Henry STROUP, b. 1805/6 or 10 Nov 1806
  3.  Simon STROUP, b. 1810/11 or 1808/9 or 3 Mar 1807
  4.  Claiborne STROUP, b. 26 Jan 1810 
  5.  Mary STROUP, b. ca. 1812; d. by 1820
  6.  Harriet STROUP, b. ca. 1814; d. by 1820
  7.  Margaret STROUP, b. 20 Sep 1816
  8.  Eliud STROUP, b. 21 Mar 1818 
  9.  Cynthiana STROUP, b. 6 Feb 1820
10.  Granville STROUP, b. 1820-25
11.  Matilda STROUP, b. ca. 29 Feb 1823; d. 2 Feb 1839
12.  Walker STROUP, b. 11 Oct 1825
13.  Elma STROUP, b. 22 Mar 1827
14.  Mary A. STROUP, b. 1829/30
15.  Elizabeth J. STROUP, b. 14 Feb 1830
16.  (Daughter A) STROUP, b. 1830-35

This is an extraordinary span of fecundity for one woman.  The usual maximum is about 23 years (age 20 to 43).  Are the younger children actually grandchildren?

Henry cannot have been born in Nov 1806 if Simon was born in Mar 1807.  If Henry was born Nov 1806, then he would have been age 43, not age 44, in the 1850 census, because the official enumeration date of the 1850 census is June 1st.  On several counts, it appears more likely Henry was born in Nov 1805.

They are said to have had this child, but Mary Margaret would have been some 49 years old in 1835.  No son this age appears in the 1840 census with our subjects, so he would not appear to be their child.
.  Wilber STROUP, b. ca. 1835
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Maryland, Ohio

Sources:

1a.  D.L. Murray & N.R. Murray.  1995.  Marriage Index: IL, IN, KY, OH, TN, 1720-1926 (Broderbund CD-2):
Stroup, Michal Walker, Mary 31 Mar 1803 Ross Co.

1b.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org):
Michael STROUP
Spouse: Mary Ann WALKER
Marriage: Mar 1803, Highland Co., Ohio
Source: [patron submission]
Michael STROUP
Spouse: Margaret A WALKER
Marriage: Abt. 1826, <>, Highland, Ohio
Source: [patron submission]
Based on the censuses, it would appear that Mary Ann and Margaret A. are the same person.
Henry STROUP
Birth: 10 Nov 1806, Highland Co., Ohio
Father: Michael STROUP; Mother: Mary Ann WALKER
Source: [patron submission]
Simon STROUP
Birth: 3 Mar 1808, Highland Co., Ohio
Father: Michael STROUP; Mother: Mary Ann WALKER
Source: [patron submission]
These two births are only just nine months apart, which is hard to believe.  Yet, Simon could not have been born in 1807, just four months after Henry.  Nor could William have been born in 1909, less than two months before Claiborne.  The answer, I believe, is that this William is not the son of our subjects.  Based on the censuses, our subjects' son, William, was born in 1802/3.
William STROUP
Birth: 8 Dec 1808, Highland Co., Ohio
Father: Michael STROUP; Mother: Mary Ann WALKER
Source: [patron submission]
Claburn STROUP
Birth: 26 Jan 1810, Dodson Twp., Highland Co., Ohio
Father: Michael STROUP; Mother: Mary Ann WALKER
Source: [patron submission]
Mary STROUP
Birth: Abt. 1812, Highland Co., Ohio
Father: Michael STROUP; Mother: Mary Ann WALKER
Source: [patron submission]
Harriet STROUP
Birth: Abt. 1814, Highland Co., Ohio
Father: Michael STROUP; Mother: Mary Ann WALKER
Source: [patron submission]
Margaret STROUP
Birth: 20 Sep 1816, Highland Co., Ohio
Father: Michael STROUP; Mother: Mary Ann WALKER
Source: [patron submission]
Eliad STROUP a mis-reading of Eliud
Birth: 21 Mar 1818, Highland Co., Ohio
Father: Michael STROUP; Mother: Mary Ann WALKER
Source: [patron submission]
Cynthiana STROUP
Birth: 6 Feb 1820, Highland Co., Ohio
Father: Michael STROUP; Mother: Mary Ann WALKER
Source: [patron submission]
Granville STROUP
Birth: Abt. 1823, Highland Co., Ohio
Father: Michael STROUP; Mother: Mary Ann WALKER
Source: [patron submission]
Matilda STROUP
Birth: 2 Feb 1839, Dodsonville, Highland, Ohio
Death: 6 Dec 1854
Father: Michael STROUP; Mother: Mary Ann WALKER
Source: [patron submission]
2 Feb 1839 is Matilda's death date; she was born ca. 29 Feb 1823 (see below)
Walker STROUP
Birth: 11 Oct 1825, Highland Co., Ohio
Father: Michael STROUP; Mother: Mary Ann WALKER
Source: [patron submission]
Elma STROUP
Birth: 22 Mar 1827, Highland Co., Ohio
Father: Michael STROUP; Mother: Mary Ann WALKER
Source: [patron submission]
Elizabeth J. STROUP
Birth: 14 Feb 1830, Hillsboro, Highland Co., Ohio
Father: Michael STROUP; Mother: Mary Ann WALKER
Source: [patron submission]
Margaret is too old to have birthed this child.  She was 49 in 1835! Nor does he appear in the 1840 census.
Wilber STROUP
Birth:  Abt. 1835, Highland Co., Ohio
Father: Michael STROUP; Mother: Mary Ann WALKER
Source: [patron submission]

2.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1810 (Broderbund CD-313).  There was no Federal Census in 1810 in Ohio, except for Washington County.  On this CD, tax lists are substituted for some counties.
1810 Tax List Stroup, Michael OH Highland Co. Newmarket p. 7

3.  1820 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #2 of 2; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1820 OH Highland Co. Towne of New Market p. 31 Ln. 6 Michael Stroup 131320-20010-0-007
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 9 or under 1810-1820 = Eliud (b. 1818)
3 males 10-15 1804-1810 = Claiborne (b. 1810)
= Simon (b. 1808)
= Henry (b. 1806)
1 male 16-18 1801-1804 = William (b. 1802/3)
2 males 19-25* 1794-1801 = ?
= ?
2 males 26-44 1775-1794 = Michael (b. 1779)
= ?
2 females 9 or under 1810-1820 = Cynthiana (b. 1820)
= Margaret (b. 1816)
1 female 26-44 1775-1794 = Mary
7 persons engaged in manufacture
*In the 1820 Census, the third column is age class 16-18 and the fourth column is age class 16-25; therefore, any individual in column three is duplicated in column four.  By subtracting the number in column three from the number in column four, you can create an age class "19-25."
Where are Harriet and Mary?  Are they deceased?  Or were they missed?  See 1830.  The older males may be kin or hired help.  There were only eight households in the entire town.  Also in New Market:  Daniel STROUP.

5.  1830 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #11 of 12; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1830 OH Highland Co. Salem [now Dodson] Twp. p. 22 Ln. 1 Michael Stroup 011 030 010 - 321 100 100
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 5-9 1820-1825 = Granville
1 male 10-14 1815-1820 = Eliud (b. 1818)
3 males 20-29 1800-1810 = Claiborne (b. 1810)
= Simon (b. 1808)
= Henry (b. 1806)
1 male 50-59 1770-1780 = Michael (b. 1779)
3 females 4 or under 1825-1830 = Elizabeth (b. 1830)
= Mary (b. 1829/30)
= Elma (b. 1827)
2 females 5-9 1820-1825 = Matilda (b. 1823)
= Cynthiana (b. 1820)
1 female 10-14 1815-1820 = Margaret (b. 1816)
1 female 15-19 1810-1815 Either of these two?
= Harriet (b. ca. 1814)
= Mary (b. ca. 1812)
1 female 40-49 1780-1790 = Mary? Margaret? (b. 1785/6)
The problem with the girl age 15-19 is that she wasn't listed in 1820.  Is she not their daughter?  Or were the girls simply missed in 1820?  Listed next to Michael's brother, Anthony STROUP

6.  1840 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #5-6 of 10; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1840 OH Highland Co. Dodson Twp. pp. 101B-102A Ln. 8 Michael Stroup 001 000 001 - 021 000 010 010 000 - 000 000 0200000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 white male 10-14 1825-1830 = Walker (b. 1825)
1 white male 60-69 1770-1780 = Michael (b. 1779) 
2 white females 5-9 1830-1835 = Daughter A
= Elizabeth (b. 1830)
1 white female 10-14 1825-1830 = Mary (b. 1829/30)
1 white female 50-59 1780-1790 = Mary? Margaret? (b. 1785/6)
1 free colored male 10-23 1816-1830 = ?
2 persons employed in agriculture

7.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #28 of 31):  District 14, Dodson Twp., Highland Co., OH, p. 279A, 977/977, enumerated 21 Aug 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Michael Stroup 71 M   Farmer 10500 Md
Margaret A  " 64 F       Pa
Mary A      " 20 F       O
Serena/Lerena Miller 11 F       "
Was her name really Margaret, not Mary?  Listed next door to John & Rebecca WALKER, on one side; and, on the other side, listed next to their son, Walker STROUP, who is nine households from their son, Henry STROUP

8.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #15 of 57):  Lynchburg P.O., Dodson Twp., Highland Co., OH, Roll M653_986, p. 70B, PN 141, 1025/999, enumerated 19 Jun 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Mary Ann Stroupe 74 F   Farmer 13650 6000 Pa
Sarah Runion 23 F   Domestic     Ohio
James Shafer 35 M   Laborer     "
Listed five households from son, Walker STROUP.

9.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  AF - Ancestral File (online at FamilySearch.org).

10.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com), including a file giving the following source:
Daniel Scott's book, History of the Early Settlement of Highland County, Ohio (compiled in 1890 from earlier newspaper articles) gives an interesting and lengthy account of the marriage in March, 1803 of Michael Stroup and "Polly" Walker in New Market (pages 81-82). Michael was a hat maker from PA who came to Highland county in 1801.  He carried an 18 gallon copper kettle on his head along with the tools and wool to make hats.  His brother, Anthony Stroup, also settled here.  This information is also found in History of Ross and Highland Counties, Ohio (1880), although neither mentions Simon.

11.  Email from Larry Stroup:
You have Matilda's birthdate listed as 2 Feb 1839.  I have been to the Stroup Cemetery in Dodsonville and have seen her grave stone.  It lists this date as the day she died, and her age as 15 years, 11 months, and 4 days.

12.  Birthdate calculated using Ben Buckner's Birthdate Calculator.
Name Deathdate Age at Death Result
Matilda 2 Feb 1839 4d 11m 15y 29 Feb 1823
(Calculated birthdates should always be prefaced with "ca." you can't be certain the person who calculated their age did it correctly.)

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