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Jonas STROUP
Rebecca CLONINGER
Husband:  Jonas STROUP
Birth:  1799/1800, NC
Death:  30 Jul 1853, Gaston Co., NC
Occupation:  mechanic
Father:  Phillip STROUP
Mother:  Maria Magdalena "Molly" EDELMANN
Marriage:  25 Nov 1821, Lincoln Co., NC
Wife:  Rebecca / Rebeckah "Beckie / Becky" CLONINGER
Birth:  1799/1800, NC
Death:  aft. 1860 census
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  Unidentified
Mother:  Elizabeth CLONINGER (1774-1866), d/o Johann Adam CLONINGER & Eva Maria Magdalena RHYNE
Children born in Lincoln [now Gaston] Co., NC:
  1.  Caroline STROUP, b. 1822/3
  2.  Rufus STROUP, b. 1824/5
  3.  (Son A) STROUP, b. 1825-30; deceased by 1840
  4.  (Daughter A) STROUP, b. 1825-30; married or deceased by 1850
  5.  Johannes STROUP, b. 1826/28
  6.  William Maxwell STROUP, b. 1827/28
  7.  Wesley W. STROUP, b. 23 Jul 1830
  8.  Cephas STROUP, b. 9 Feb 1832
  9.  Leodice "Diza / Disy / Dicy / Dicey" STROUP, b. 13 Jan 1834
10.  Mary Rebecca "Polly" STROUP, b. 1835/6
11.  Emily Frances STROUP, b. 1837/8
12.  Dorcas Louisa STROUP, b. 30 Apr 1845

It's hard to know exactly what name was intended for Dicey.  The given name, "Laodice," is found in Greek mythology (e.g., a daughter of Priam of Troy) and was historically common as a given name among Greeks and as a Greek place name under various spellings (e.g., it appears in scripture as Greek place name, "Laodicea").  Bottom line is that it was not an uncommon name in the South in the 19th-century.

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, North Carolina

Sources:

1.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org).
Jonas STROUP
Spouse: Rebeckah CLONINGER
Marriage: 25 Nov 1821, Lincoln, North Carolina
Source: patron submission

2.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #159-160 of 214; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1830 NC Lincoln [now Gaston] Co. Roll 122 p. 233B-234A Ln. 2 Jonas Stroup 310 001 - 110 001 no slaves
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
3 males 4 or under 1825-1830 = Son A
= Maxwell (b. 1827/8)
= Johannes (b. 1825/6)
1 male 5-9 1820-1825 = Rufus (b. 1824/5)
1 male 30-39 1790-1800 = Jonas (b. 1799/1800)
1 female 4 or under 1825-1830 = Daughter A
1 female 5-9 1820-1825 = Caroline (b. 1823)
1 female 30-39 1790-1800 = Rebecca (b. 1799/1800) 
Listed one line below Moses STROUP, Jr. (æ 20-30), and one above Michael STROUP (æ 50-60), who is one line above Solomon STROUP (æ 30-40).  If I had to guess, I'd guess Jonas's father was Michael.

3.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #75-76 of 84; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1840 NC Lincoln Co. Roll 364 pp. 137A-137B Ln. 12 Jonas Stroup 022 100 100 - 211 101 000 no slaves 0501000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 5-9 1830-1835 = Cephas (b. 1831/2)
= Wesley (b. 1830/1)
2 males 10-14 1825-1830 = Maxwell (b. 1827/8)
= Johannes (b. 1825/6)
1 male 15-19 1820-1825 = Rufus (b. 1824/5)
1 male 40-49 1790-1800 = Jonas (b. 1799/1800)
2 females 4 or under 1835-1840 = Emily Frances (b. 1837/8)
= Mary Rebecca (b. 1835/6)
1 female 5-9 1830-1835 = Dicy (b. 1834)
1 female 10-14 1825-1830 = Daughter A
1 female 15-19 1820-1825 = Caroline (b. 1823)
1 female 30-39 1800-1810 = Rebecca (b. 1799/1800) 
5 persons employed in agriculture
1 person employed in manufactures and trades

4.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #132 of 145):  Gaston Co., NC, Roll M432_630, p. 458A, 978/978, enumerated 14 Nov 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Jonas Stroup 50 M   Mechanic 800 No Ca
Rebecca   " 50         "
Rufus     " 25 M       "
Johnce    " 24 M       "
Maxina    " 22         "
Wesley    " 19 M       "
Cephus    " 18 M       "
Loda Esco " 16 M       "
Mary R    " 14         "
Francis C " 12 M       "
Dorcas L  "  6         "

5.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #81 of 182):  Chenut Oak P.O., Gaston Co., NC, Roll M653_898, p. 41A, PN 81, 632/570, enumerated 17 Jul 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Rufus Stroup 35 M   Farmer 1800 882 Lincoln
Rebecca  " 55 F         "
Diza     " 20 F         "
Mary     " 18 F         "
Dorcas   " 14 F         "
Listed next to married son, Maxwell STROUP (æ 33); and, in the other direction, listed four households from married son, "Johanan" STROUP (æ 32).

6.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  Rebecca not found.

7.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

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