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Nicholas Anslem STRAUBE
Cynthia MAXWELL
Husband:  Nicholas Anslem STRAUBE / STROUBE
Birth:  1806/7, KY
Occupation:  farmer
Father:  John STRAUBE / STROUBE
Mother:  Mary __?__
Marriage:  11 Oct 1831, Campbell Co., KY
Wife:  Cynthia / Cyntha / Syntha MAXWELL
Birth:  1810, KY
Occupation:  homemaker
Parents:  born in KY
Children (data in braces are {year: age, birthplace} from the censuses):
born in Campbell Co., KY:
  1.  John STRAUBE/STROUBE, b. 1831/2 {1850: 18, KY; 1860: 27, KY; 1870: 39, KY; 1880: 49, IN
  2.  George STRAUBE, b. 1833/4 {1850: 16, KY}
  3.  David STRAUBE, b. 1835/6 {1850: 14, IN: 1860: 24, KY; 1870: 35, KY

born in KY or IN:
  4.  Elizabeth STRAUBE, b. 1836/7
  5.  Mary J. STRAUBE, b. 1839/40
  6.  Samuel STRAUBE, b. 1841/2
  7.  William STRAUBE, b. 1843/4
  8.  Matilda A. STRAUBE, b. 1845/6
  9.  Cynthia Harriet STRAUBE, b. 1847/8 {1850: 2, IN; 1860, 12, IN; 1870: 22, IN; 1880: 32, IN
10.  Nicholas STRAUBE, b. 1850/1
11.  James T. STRAUBE, b. 1853/4
12.  Frances R. STRAUBE, b. 1856/7

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Indiana, Kentucky

Sources:

1.  Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1993.  Kentucky Marriages:  Early to 1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-229):
Stroube, Nicholas A. Maxwell, Cynthia 11 Oct 1831 Campbell Co.

2.  1840 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #18-19 of 150; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1840 IN Franklin Co. p. 263A Ln. 23 Nicholas A Strauley 120 010 - 200 010 0100000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1835-1840 = David (b. 1835/6)
2 males 5-9 1830-1835 = George (b. 1833/4)
= John (b. 1831/2)
1 male 20-29 1810-1820 = Nicholas (b. 1806/7)
2 females 4 or under 1835-1840 = Mary J. (b. 1839/40)
= Elizabeth (b. 1836/7)
1 female 20-29 1810-1820 = Cynthia (b. 1810)
1 person engaged in agriculture
Nicholas is in the wrong age class, yet surely these are our subjects.  They are listed next to William MAXWELL, who is in the 1810-20 age class, so he could be Cynthia's brother.

3.  1850 Census Index/Microfilm (online at GenealogyLibrary.com):  2nd District, Campbell Co., KY, p. 129B, 834/834, enumerated 7 Sep 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Nicholas A. Straube 43 M   Far.   Ky
Cynthia        " 40 F       "
John           " 18 M   Lab.   "
George         " 16 M   "   "
Daniel         " 14 M       Ia
Elizabeth      " 13 F       "
Mary J         " 10 F       "
Samuel         "  8 M       "
Wm             "  6 M       "
Matilda A      "  4 F       "
Cynthia        "  2 F       "
"Daniel" is definitely Daniel, yet he is "David" in the 1860 and 1870 censuses, where he is b. KY.  "Ia" was then the abbreviation for Indiana.  Living next door to Nicholas's parents, John & Mary STROUBE

4a.  1860 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com, Image #30 of 48):  Grand View P.O., Hammond Twp., Spencer Co., IN, Roll 197 (Book 1), p. 30, PN 30, 214/215, enumerated 15 Jun 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Nicholas A Straube 50 M   Farmer 1000 300 Louisiana
Syntha        " 47 F         Kentucky
John Straube 27 M   Carpenter     "
Elizabeth     " 21 F   Teacher     Indiana
Samuel        " 17 M   Farm Labor     "
William       " 16 M   "    "     "
Mitilda A     " 14 F         "
Harriet       " 12 F         "
Nicholas      "  9 M         "
James T       "  6 M         "
Francis       "  3 F         "
Sariah        "  4 F         "
Unless they just popped across the river for the 1850 census, at least some of the children had to have been born in Kentucky.  Also, John is apparently widowed and Sarah is his daughter, which explains why she is out of order on the list.

4b.  1860 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com, Image #8 of 31):  Gentryville P.O., Clay Twp., Spencer Co., IN, Roll 297 (Book 1), p. 56, 391/391, enumerated 6 Jul 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
David Strauby 24 M   Farm Labor     Ky
Living with the David PAINTER family.

5.  1870 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com, Image #59 of 66):  Grandview P.O., Hammond Twp., Spencer Co., IN, Roll 358 (Book 1), p. 478A, PN 59, 444/444, enumerated 11 Aug 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Strowbe Nicholas 60 M W Farmer 1200 300 Louisiana
_______ Cyntha 57 F W Keeping House     Kentucky
_______ Nicholas A 19 M W Farm Laborer     Kentucky
_______ James T 17 M W Farm Laborer     Kentucky
_______ Frances R 13 F W At Home     Indiana
_______ Sarah A 14 F W At Home     Indiana
If Sarah is our subject's granddaughter because again, she is place last on the list, out of chronological order then she was enumerated twice, once here and once with her father, John STROUBE

6.  1880 Census (indexed at FamilySearch.org; page image online at Ancestry.com, Image #26 of 36):  Centerville, Grass Twp., Spencer Co., IN, p. 186B, PN 26, SD 1, ED 51, enumerated 15 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 11 13 21 24 25 26
231 232 Stroube Scyntha W F 67     /     KY KY KY
    Davis Harriet W F 32     / Keeping House   IN KY KY
      "   Viola Alice W F  8 Dau /     / IN IN IN
      "   Charles W M  6 Son /     / " " "
      "   Tailor E W F  4 Dau /       " " "
      "   John W M  2 " /       " " "
Living next to Cynthia's son, John STROUBE.  The DAVIS children's father was born in Ohio, not Indiana. 

7.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

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