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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
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Oliver B. STRAUB
Ms. __?__
Dorothy A. KILGORE
Husband:  Oliver B. STRAUB
Birth:  1846/7 or Feb 1848, Cincinnati, Hamilton Co., OH
Death:  1923
Occupation:  Clerk
Father:  Henry P. STRAUB
Mother:  Anne E. THORP
Marriage-1:  1870-80
Wife-1:  Ms. __?__
Birth:  ca. 1845-55
Death:  1870-80
Marriage-2:  16 May 1883, Hamilton Co., OH
Wife-2:  Dorothy A. "Dollie" KILGORE
Birth:  May 1865, OH
Death:  aft. 1930 census, possibly in Queens Co., NY
Occupation:  homemaker
Children with Wife-1:
apparently none, unless they went to live with their maternal grandparents after their mother died, which is a possibility
Children with Dollie KILGORE born in Cincinnati, Hamilton Co., OH:
1.  Earl D? STRAUB, b. Feb 1893
2.  Walter Robert STRAUB, b. Sep 1896 

Said to have had a son, Floyd.

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, NewYork, Ohio

Sources (n.b., College Hill is now a neighborhood in Cincinnati):

1.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org).
Oliver B. STRAUB
Spouse: Dollie A. KILGORE
Marriage: 16 May 1883, Hamilton, Ohio
Source: Marriage Records, 1852-1931. Ohio. Probate Court (Hamilton County)

2.  1870 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com):  Oliver is still single and living with his parents in Cincinnati, OH.

3.  1880 Census (indexed at FamilySearch.org; page image online at Ancestry.com, Image #13 of 65):  380 Baymiller Street, Cincinnati, Hamilton Co., OH, Roll 1027 (Book 1), p. 270A, PN 13, SD 3, ED 157, enumerated 4 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
    1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 13 24 25 26
* 380 77 135 Straub O B W M 33       / Bookkeeper OH PA OH
      Pickins Ellen W F 40 Wife   /   Keeping House Can Can Can
      _______ Louis W M 22 Son /     Painter OH Can Can
      Hicks Martha W F 80 G Mother     / At Home Can Eng Eng
      Phelps Julia W F 35 Boarder     / At Home OH OH OH
      ______ Albert W M 21 Son /     Drug Clerk OH OH OH
      ______ W S W M 19 Son /     Wks in Coffin Shop  OH OH OH
      Lemmon M L W F 50 Boarder     / At Home IN Eng Eng
*Baymiller Street
Ellen is not Oliver's wife, and Martha is Ellen's mother, not Oliver's.  This enumerator did not know how to properly handle a complex household.

4a.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

4b.  Anon. 1890.  Cincinnati, Ohio, Directory, 1890-91. William & Co., Cincinnati, OH (online at Ancestry.com):
Name Location Occupation
Oliver B. Straub northeast Corner Hamilton avenue and Pullan avenue, 25th Ward clerk

5.  1900 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com, Image #73 of 323):  Lincoln Avenue, College Hill [now part of Cincinnati], Millcreek [Mill Creek] Twp., Hamilton Co., OH, Roll 1282 (Book 2), p. 175B, SN 6, SD 1, ED 304, enumerated 8 Jun 1900, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1900 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1900:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 27
108 115 Straub Oliver B Head W M Feb 1848 52 M 17     OH PA OH Clerk 0   Y Y Y R H
    ______ Dollie A Wife W F May 1865 35 M 17 3 2 OH OH OH       Y Y Y    
    ______ Earl D? Son W M Feb 1893  7 S       OH OH OH At school   9          
    ______ Walter R Son W M Sep 1896  3 S       OH OH OH                

6a.  Ohio 1910 Miracode Index. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC (online at Ancestry.com):  This is an every-name index to the entire Ohio 1910 census.  I did searches on surname STRAUB and on given names Oliver, Dollie, Walter, and Earl, alone, without finding our subjects.  Either they were missed by the enumerator or the indexer, or they are not in Ohio.  Unfortunately, I know of no every-name index for the 1910 New York census.

6b.  1910 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com):  not found, but the search engine at Genealogy.com is such a kludge, it's no surprise that I can't and I'm not about to do a page-by-page search of the Bronx!

7.  1920 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #26 of 45):  893 Union Avenue, Borough of Bronx, New York City, Bronx Co., NY, Roll 1135, p. 19B, SN 13B, SD 2, ED 222, enumerated 8 Jan 1920, official enumeration date 1 Jan 1920 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1920:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 17 18 19 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
* 892 13 276 Straub Oliver B Head R M W 60 M Y Y Ohio Pennsylvania   Ohio   Y None    
      ______ Dollie A Wife   F W 40 M Y Y New York Ohio   Ohio   Y None    
      ______ Walter R Son   M W 24 S Y Y Ohio Ohio   Ohio   Y Machinist Machine Shop W
      ______ Henrietta Dau-in-law   F W 24 S Y Y New York Germany German Germany German Y None    
      ______ Oliver R Grandson   M W 11/12 S     New York Ohio   New York   N None    
*Union Avenue
Surely Walter & Henrietta are married, not single.  Dollie was born in Ohio, not New York (n.b., the birthplace given for Walter's mother).  In the case of Oliver B. and Walter, the enumerator had first written "New York," then wrote over it with "Ohio," which he should also have done with Dollie's birthplace.

8.  1930 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #48 of 50):  9405 Thirty-Second Avenue, Borough of Queens, New York City (3rd Assembly District), Queens Co., NY, p. 39B, SN 24B, ED 41-218, SD 33, enumerated 14 Apr 1930, official enumeration date 1 Apr 1930 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1930:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 24 25 26 27 28 30
* 9405 299 464 Straub Walter R Head R 3500 N M W 34 M 22 N Y OH OH OH Y Mechanic Automobile W Y N
      ______ Henrietta Wife       F W 36 M 24 N Y NY Ger Ger Y None        
      ______ Oliver Son       M W 11 S   Y Y NY OH NY Y None        
      ______ Dollie Mother       F W 65 Wd   N Y OH OH OH Y None        
*Thirty-Second Avenue

9.  Broderbund.  World Family Trees.  Volume 33, Pedigree #1390.  There are serious mistakes in this pedigree, so caveat emptor.

10.  Messages in the Straub Family Genealogy Forum (online at GenForum.com).

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