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Theobald STRAUB
Margaret BLOSS / BLOSE
Notice:  a descendant of our subject is participating in the STRAUB Y-chromosome DNA Surname Project.  Tests, so far, have proven that Theobald is closely related to the Peter STROUP who married Rosanna KOSER, but no paper connection has been made.
Update (15 May 2016):  our subject is also matching a descendant of Friedrich Wilhelm STRAUB, 1839 immigrant to St. Louis, MO, from Hesse-Darmstadt.  Have we crossed the pond?!
Husband:  Theobald / Dewald / Dewalt STRAUB / STROUP
Birth:  ca. 1770s, "Dry Land," Northampton Co., PA
Death (intestate):  1844, Towamensing Twp., Carbon Co., PA
Occupation:  tradesman
Y-DNA Haplogroup (deduced):  I2-L38

Other Kin possiblyChristian STRAUB (b. 1784-90) 
Father possiblyJohannes STRAUB
Mother possiblyMaria __?__

Dewald and Dewalt are not nicknames, they are the English spellings of the German given name, Theobald (just as William is the English spelling of Wilhelm).

Marriage:  1799/1800
Wife:  Margaret BLOSE / BLOSS / BLOS / BLAAS
Birth:  1780-84
Death apparently:  1840-50 either that or she re-married after Dewald died because she does not appear in the 1850 census as Margaret (or Widow) STRAUB.
Occupation:  homemaker
Children born in [Lower] Towamensing Twp., Northampton [now Carbon] Co., PA:
1.  Daniel STRAUB, b. 25 Apr 1801; bap. 27 May 1801, Towamensing Union Church
2.  David STRAUB, b. 1 Nov 1802; bap. 12 Dec 1802, Towamensing Union Church
3.  Johannes / John STRAUB, b. 12 Jul 1807; bap. 16 Aug 1807, Towamensing Union Church
4.  Thomas STRAUB, b. 13 Nov 1809; bap. 1 Jun 1810, Towamensing Union Church
5.  Anna STRAUB, b. 28 Mar 1812
6.  Emanuel STRAUB, b. 1814/5, PA 
7.  Rebecca STRAUB, b. 3 Oct 1817 
8.  Selinda / Salinda STRAUB, b. 30 Dec 1827 
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Pennsylvania

Sources (n.b., Carbon Co. was formed in 1843 from Northampton and Monroe Cos.):

1.  Marriage Record:

2a.  Church Record of the Towamensing Union Church in Monroe County, Pa. [now Carbon Co., near Palmerton] (online at the Schoeler Genealogy web site [link died]):
Parents Child & Dates Sponsors
Dewald Straub
Margaretha
Daniel
25 Apr 1801
27 May 1801
Daniel Brandstatter
Christina
Theobald Straub
Margaretha
David
 1 Nov 1802
12 Dec 1802
Henrich Bloos
Maira Luisa
Daniel Brandstätter Johannes
 6 Aug 1804
29 Aug 1804
Thebald Straus
Marg. Blaas
Theobald Starup
Margaret
Johannes
12 Jul 1807
16 Aug 1807
Georg Olwein
Susanna
Martin Hausknecht
Magdelene
Thomas
20 Feb 1808
27 Mar 1808
Theobald Straup
Margarete
William Kehrn Esq.
Johanne
Salome Anne
 8 Dec 1808
26 May 1809
Theobald Straup
Margarete
Dewald Straub
Margaretha
Thomas
13 Feb 1809
 1 Jun 1810
Peter Scneider
Katharina Blos
Christina Straup
Regina
Rebecca
17 Jul 1809
13 Aug 1809
Theobald Straup
Margarete
John Dreisbach
Elisabeth
Willhelm
27 Mar 1825
22 May 1825
Dewald Stroup
Margaret
Daniel Bloss
Elisabeth
Ruben
24 Jan 1828
16 Mar 1828
Theobald Straub
Margarethe
Johan Straub
Dorothy
Benjamin 
 8 Mar 1829
 9 May 1829
Teobald Straub
Margareth
David Straub
Maria
Levi
18 May 1829
28 Jun 1829
Theobald Straub
Margareth
James Bellford
Anna
Henryette
19 Mar 1834
 4 Apr 1834
Dewalt Straub
Margarethe

2b.  Church Records: Adams, Berks & Lancaster Counties, Pennsylvania, 1729-1881 (Broderbund CD-129):
Record ID: 280378
Location: Berks Co., PA
Church: Christ Church on Bieber Creek or Mertz Church, Rockland [Twp.]

Elisabeth Angstadt
Birth: Jun 15, 1796; Baptism: Nov 13, 1796
Father: Peter Angstadt; Mother: Maria Angstadt
Sponsors: Dewald Straub and Christina Maertzin

Dewaldt appears to be unmarried at this point because no wife is mentioned.  (Christian STRAUB's daughter married a BIEBER/BEABER.) 

2c.  Church Records:  Selected Areas of Pennsylvania, 1600s-1800s (Broderbund CD-166):  same record as above (on CD-129).

3.  1800 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #57 of 66; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1800 PA Northampton [now Carbon] Co. Towamensing Twp. p. 630 Ln. 12 Dewalt Straub 00100-00100-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 16-25 1774-1784 = Dewaldt
1 female 16-25 1774-1784 = Wife
Dewaldt and his wife appear to be young newlyweds.  List is (roughly) alphabetical, so no neighborhood reconstruction is possible.  Dewalt is the only STRAUB/etc. in Carbon County.

4.  1810 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #1 of 1; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1810 PA Northampton [now Carbon] Co. Towamensing Twp. p. 76A/87/94 Ln. 43 Dewald Stroup 41100-00010-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
4 males 9 or under 1800-1810 = Thomas (b. 1809)
= Johannes (b. 1807)
= David (b. 1802)
= Daniel (b. 1801)
1 male 10-15 1794-1800 = ?
1 male 16-25 1784-1794
0 males 26-44 1765-1784 = Theobald
1 female 26-44 1765-1784 = Margaret
There were no children in the household in the 1800 census, so the teenager appears not to be their child, unless he's in the wrong age class (or unless the 1800 census is wrong).  Theobald appears to be in the wrong age class.  The only other STRAUB in the township is Christian STRAUB

5.  1820 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com):  not found, and I searched every line of Towamensing Township.  I couldn't find Christian STRAUB or Daniel STRAUB, either, meaning whatever page they were on was lost or the enumerator missed that part of the county.

6.  1830 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #15 of 16; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1830 PA Northampton [now Carbon] Co. Towamensing Twp. p. 214 Ln. 4 Dawalt Straub 000 110 001 - 101 100 100
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 15-19 1810-1815 = Emanuel (b. 1814/5)
1 male 20-29 1800-1810 = Thomas (b. 1809)
1 male 60-69 1760-1770 = Theobald
1 female 4 or under 1825-1830 = Salinda (b. 1827)
1 female 10-14 1815-1820 = Rebecca (b. 1817)
1 female 15-19 1810-1815 = Anna (b. 1812)
1 female 40-49 1780-1790 = Margaret 
Sons David and Johannes are enumerated as heads-of household, so the son still at home must be Thomas.  Dewaldt appears to be in the wrong age class, again, but in the other direction.

7.  1840 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #1-2 of 28; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1840 PA Northampton Co. Lehigh Twp. pp. 164B-165A Ln. 4 Dewald Straub 000 000 001 - 001 000 010 0001000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 60-69 1770-1780 = Theobald
1 female 10-14 1825-1830 = Salinda (b. 1827)
1 female 50-59 1780-1790 = Margaret
1 person engaged in manufactures and trades
Lehigh Twp., Carbon Co., was not created until 1875; this Lehigh Twp. really is in Northampton County. Christian STRAUB is in Allen Twp.  They are the only STRAUBs in Northampton Co. 

8.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  not found.

9.  John W. Jordan, Edgar Moore Green, & George T. Ettinger, eds.  1905.  Historic Homes and Institutions and Genealogical and Personal Memoirs of the Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania.  Lewis Publ. Co., New York (excerpts online at Karen Smith Furst's web site):
DAVID H. STRAUB, who is now living retired in Lehighton, but who for many years was industriously and successfully identified with agricultural pursuits in Carbon county, belongs to of the early families of the Lehigh Valley, of Than origin.

His grandfather, Theodore Straub, was born in what is known as Dry Land, a little hamlet located between Easton and Bethlehem.  He was an extensive distiller, and a man of considerable force of character and local influence in his day, being widely known as an industrious, upright and worthy citizen.  His family numbered five sons:  Emanuel, Daniel, John, David and Thomas, and three daughters.

David Straub, the father of D. H. Straub, was born at Dry Land...

What does "Than" mean?

10.  Archives of the STRAUB-L Mailing List (online at RootsWeb.com), including an informative post partially excerpted here:
...Dewalt STRAUB is... also listed as Theobald in some records.  The earliest record that I can find for Dewalt is November 13, 1796, where he is listed as a sponsor for the baptism of Elizabeth ANGSTADT, daughter of Peter & Maria ANGSTADT at Christ Church on Bieber Creek, Berks County...

Dewalt died in 1844, intestate.  He was living in Towamensing Twp at the time of his death.  His probate records list his widow Margaretha and their eight children: Daniel, David, John, Thomas, Emanuel, Ann the wife of Charles Belford, Rebecca the wife of Thomas Brown, and Salinda, who at that time was still a minor. 

The only other information I have on Dewalt is that he was issued a land warrant on November 6, 1833 for 25 acres in Northampton County...

I've been told (but not able to prove as of yet) that Dewalt's wife Margaret BLOSE is the daughter of Henry BLOSE and the Granddaughter of Conrad BLOSE, who fought in the Revolutionary War and died at the Battle of Long Island. 

At the same time that Dewalt and Margaret christened their four children at St. John's Luthern Church there was a couple by the name of Christian and Regina STRAUP who christened three children.  Their children were Carl (B 8-30-1805), Magdalene (B 6-13-1807), and Rebecca (B 7-17-1809).  Dewalt and Margaret were the sponsers for Rebecca.  Because of this I believe that Dewalt and Christian are somehow related.  I don't believe that this Christian is the son of Valentin and Elizabeth STRAUB.  Their Christian is listed as being born 8-22-1791, which would make him 14 years old at the time Carl was born in 1805...

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