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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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Michael STRAUB
Christian __?__
Laura GRAEVE
Husband:  Michael STRAUB
Birth:  1827/29, Germany or France
Death:  1870-80, presumably in Cincinnati, Hamilton Co., OH
Occupation:  cooper, constable

When someone shifts between Germany and France as their birthplace, it's very likely they are from Alsace-Lorraine (an ethic German enclave in France, which was at times ruled by Germany and was the origin of many STRAUBs in the United States).

Marriage-1:
Wife-1:  Christian __?__
Birth:  1835/6, Bavaria
Occupation:  homemaker

We don't know for certain whether Christian died or whether she and Michael were divorced.  I don't find her in 1870 as Christian STRAUB, but she could have re-married.  We also don't find Christian's daughter, Anna, at least not as Anna STRAUB, but that doesn't necessarily mean Anna died, either.  Christian and Michael may also have had another a child or two, after Anna, before splitting up.

Marriage-2
Wife-2:  Laura GRAEVE
Birth:  10 Dec 1830, Prussia
Death:  30 Dec 1914, Dayton, Campbell Co., KY
Disposition:  buried 2 Jan 1915, Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Hamilton Co., OH
Migration:  1851, to U.S.
Occupation:  homemaker, tailoress
Other Spouse:  m1. Friederich BRANDT
Parents:  born in Prussia
Child with Christian:
1.  Anna F. STRAUB, b. 1858/9, Cincinnati, Hamilton Co., OH
Adopted Children from Laura's first marriage born in Cincinnati, Hamilton Co., OH:
2.  Matilda BRANDT - STRAUB, b. 1958/9, OH
3.  Elizabeth "Lizzie" BRANDT - STRAUB, b. 1860/1, OH
Children with Laura GRAEVE born in Cincinnati, Hamilton Co., OH:
4.  Charles STRAUB, b. 1866/7
5.  Josephine / Sophia "Sophie" STRAUB, b. Nov 1869 or Jan 1870
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; FRG, Deutschland, Elsass-Lothringen, Bayern, Preussen; USA, US, United States, Kentucky, Ohio

Sources:

1.  Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1998.  Marriage Index: Ohio, 1851-1900.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-236):  not found, but there are no Hamilton County records on the CD.

2.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #48 of 462):  Cincinnati (Ward 11), Hamilton Co., OH, Roll M432_691 (Book 1), p. 180B, 236/369, enumerated 20 Jul 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Gottfried Koehler 37 M   Cooper   Germany
[Gottfied's family]
[four other boarders, all coopers from Germany]
Michael Straub 23 M   Cooper   Germany
It's not certain this Michael STRAUB is our subject, but it's highly likely given his location and the fact that no other Michael STRAUB appears in Ohio in 1860 (or 1870 or 1840).

3.  1860 Census Indes/Images (online at Genealogy.com; Image #44 of 320):  Cincinnati P.O., Cincinnati (Ward 11), Hamilton Co., OH, Roll 974 (Book 1), p. 166B, PN 44, 130/395, enumerataed 8 Jun 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Michael Straub 31 M   Constable   50 France
Christian  " 24 F         Bavaria
Anna F     "  1 F         Ohio
Our subject is the only Michael STRAUB in the state of Ohio.

4.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #81 of 224):  Cincinnati P.O., Cincinnati (Ward 19), Hamilton Co., OH, Roll M693_1217 (Book 1), p. 531B, PN 80, 257/719, enumerated 19 Jun 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1870:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
Line 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 15 19
14 Straub Michael 41 M W Constable 300 France / /     /
15 ______ Laura 30 F W Keeping house   Prussia / /      
16 Brand Matilda 11 F W attending school   Ohio / /   /  
17 _____ Lizzie  9 F W attending school   Ohio / /   /  
18 Straub Charles  3 M W     Ohio / /      
19 Straub Josephine 6/12 F W     Ohio / / Nov    
They are six out of 49 people under just one set of dwelling/family numbers.  Obviously, this is some kind of multi-family dwelling, presumably an apartment building, but there is no way to tell, for certain, where one family leaves off and the next begins.  The above is my best deduction, and it jibes with what we know from other records.

5.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #16 of 70):  Third Street, Dayton, Campbell Co., KY, Roll T9_407, p. 264D, PN 16, SD 4, ED 44, enumerated 4 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
  1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 11 13 21 24 25 26
* 162 163 Straub Laura W F 40     / House Keeper   Prussia Prussia Prussia
    ______ Lizzie W F 19 Dau /   At Home   Ohio France Prussia
    ______ Brandt W M 19 Dau /   At Home   Ohio France Prussia
    ______ Chas W M 12 Son /   At School / Ohio France Prussia
    ______ Sophia W F 10 Dau /   At School / Ohio France Prussia
*Third Street
It's hard to figure this record, but based on 1860 and 1870, it appears the enumerator in 1880 has screwed up this record.

6.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

7.  1900 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #46 of 55):  777 Third Ave., Dayton (Ward 2), Precinct B, Campbell Co., KY, Roll T623_513, p. 122B, SN 23, SD 6, ED 32, enumerated 13 Jun 1900, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1900 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1900:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 22 23 24 25 26 27
* 777 441 503 Straub Laura Head W F Dec 1839 60 Wd 4 4 Germany Germany Germany 1851 49 Tayloress 0 Y Y Y O M H
      ______ Sophia Dau W F Jan 1870 30 S   Ohio France Germany     Tayloress 6 Y Y Y      
*Third Ave

8.  1910 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #2 of 12):  777 Third Avenue, Dayton City (Ward 2), Magisterial District No. 3, Campbell Co., KY, Roll T624_467 (Part 1), p. 165B, SN 1B, SD 6, ED 44, enumerated 15 Apr 1910, official enumeration date 15 Apr 1910 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1910:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 26 27 28
* 77 17 19 Redy Guy D Head M W 41 M1 7     Ohio Scotland ??? Unknown   Eng Stationary Fireman Piano Factory W N 9 Y Y R   H
      ____ Sophia Straub Wife F W 40 M1 7 2 2 Ohio Germany Germ France French   Eng None         Y Y      
      ____ Guy C Son M W  4 S       Kentucky Ohio Ohio     None                  
      ____ Elizabeth N Dau F W 2/12 S       Kentucky Ohio Ohio     None                  
    20 Straub Laura Head F W 70 Wd   4 4 German Germ German Germ German Germ 1849 Eng Own Income         Y Y O F H
*Third Avenue

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