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Jonas RUDISILL of Gaston County
Mary SEAGLE
Margaret BEAM
WARNING:  Our subject is being mixed up the with the Jonas RUDISILL (1801-1857) who married Anne BEAM, younger sister of Margaret BEAM.  These are two different men.
Husband:  Jonas RUDISILL
Birth:  1794
Death:  1870-80, presumably in Gaston Co., NC 
Occupation:  farmer
Father:  Michael RUDISILL (1765-1828)
Mother:  Mary CARPENTER (1771-1851)
Marriage-1:  7 Jul 1812
Wife-1:  Mary "Polly" SEAGLE
Occupation:  homemaker
Marriage-2:  4 Feb 1817, Lincoln Co., NC
Wife-2:  Margaret BEAM
Birth:  1794, NC
Death:  1886, presumably in Gaston Co., NC
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  John BEAM
Mother:  Mary HOYLE
Children with Mary SEAGLE born in Lincoln [now Gaston] Co., NC:
  1.  (Son A) RUDISILL, b. 1810-15
  2.  (Daughter A) RUDISILL, b. 1810-15
  3?  Anna / Ann RUDISILL, b. 1812/3?
Children with Margaret BEAM born in Lincoln [now Gaston] Co., NC:
  3?  Anna / Ann RUDISILL, b. 1816/7?
  4.  Mary M. RUDISILL, b. 11 Dec 1819; d. 30 Dec 1894
  5.  (Son B) RUDISILL, b. 1820
  6.  (Son C) RUDISILL, b. 1820-25
  7.  Margaret RUDISILL, b. 1822; d. 19 Mar 1907
  8.  Lavina RUDISILL, b. 22 Aug 1825; d. 24 Jun 1905
  9.  Jonas Eli RUDISILL, b. 11 Apr 1829; d. 25 Nov 1897
10.  (Daughter B) RUDISILL, b. 1825-30
11.  Susan C. RUDISILL, b. 1833/4

Many secondary sources show Ann as born in 1818 and as a daughter of Margaret BEAM, but was this date biased by not recognizing that Jonas had a prior wife?

Others:
.  Sarah LUSK, b. 1846/7, NC
.  Allen LUSK, b. 1853/4, NC
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, North Carolina

Sources (n.b., Gaston Co. was formed in 1846 from Lincoln Co.):

1.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service: IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org).
Jonas RUDISILL
Spouse: Mary "Polly" SEAGLE
Marriage: 07 Jul 1812 <North Carolina>
Source: patron submission
Jonas RUDASALL
Spouse: Margaret BEAM
Marriage: 04 Feb 1817, Lincoln, North Carolina
Source: An Index to Marriage Bonds Filed in the North Carolina State Archives. North Carolina. Division of Archives and History.
Mary M. RUDISILL; Birth: 11 Dec 1819; Death: 30 Dec 1894
Lavina RUDISILL; Birth: 22 Aug 1825; Death: 24 Jun 1905
Jonas Eli RUDISILL; Birth: 11 Apr 1829; Death: 25 Nov 1897

Location: Lincoln, North Carolina
Father: Jonas RUDISILL; Mother: Margaret BEAM
Source: patron submissions

2.  1820 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #22 of 27; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1820 NC Lincoln [now Gaston] Co. West of the South Fork of the Catawba River Roll M33_83 p. 332 Ln. 6 Jonas Rudisale 200010-30100-0-000 no slaves
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 9 or under 1810-1820 = Son A
1 male 26-44 1775-1794 = Jonas
3 females 9 or under 1810-1820 = Mary (b. 1819)
= Ann (b. 1812-17)
= Daughter A
1 female 16-25 1794-1804 = Margaret (b. 1794)
He is the only Jonas RUDISILL (or variation) in North Carolina.

3.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #117-118 of 214; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1830 NC Lincoln [now Gaston] Co. Roll 122 p. 213 Ln. 25 Jonas Rudisell 111 100 100 - 122 101 no slaves
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1825-1830 = Jonas Eli (b. 1829)
1 male 5-9 1820-1825 = Son C
1 male 10-14 1815-1820 = Son B
1 male 15-19 1810-1815 = Son A
1 male 40-49 1780-1790 = Jonas
1 female 4 or under 1825-1830 = Daughter B
2 females 5-9 1820-1825 = Lavina (b. 1825)
= Margaret (b. 1822)
2 females 10-14 1815-1820 = Mary (b. 1819)
= Ann (b. 1812-17)
1 female 15-19 1810-1815 = Daughter A 
1 female 30-39 1790-1800 = Margaret 
The only other Jonas RUDISILL (or variation) in Lincoln Co., NC, is the younger one who married Anne BEAM.

4.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #42-43 of 139 number pages precede the name pages; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 NC Lincoln [now Gaston] Co. Upper Regiment Militia Roll 364 pp. 49A-49B Ln. 25 Jonas Rudisell 001 000 100 - 011 110 100 310000-201000 0300000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 white male 10-14 1825-1830 = Jonas Eli (b. 1829)
1 white male 40-49 1790-1800 = Jonas 
1 white female 5-9 1830-1835 = Susan (b. 1833/4)
1 white female 10-14 1825-1830 = Daughter B
1 white female 15-19 1820-1825 = Margare (b. 1822) or Lavina (b. 1825)
1 white female 20-29 1810-1820 = Daughter A or Mary (b. 1819)
1 white female 40-49 1790-1800 = Margaret 
 
3 male slaves 9 or under 1830-1840 = ? ? ?
1 male slave 10-23 1816-1830 = ?
2 female slaves 9 or under 1830-1840 = ? ?
1 female slave 24-35 1804-1816 = ?
3 persons employed in agriculture
The only other Jonas RUDISILL (or variation) in Lincoln Co., NC, is the younger one who married Anne BEAM.

5.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #105 of 145):  Gaston Co., NC, Roll M432_630, p. 443B, 790/790, enumerated 1 Nov 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
James Rudicel 56 M   Farmer    
J Eli__ 21 M        
Susan C 26 F        
Margaret 56 F        
I've no explanation for the anomalies in this record, but I'm convinced it's our subject.  In addition to the obvious, he has roughly the same neighbors in 1850 as in 1860.

6.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #24 of 182):  White Pine P.O., Gaston Co., NC, Roll M653_898, p. 24, PN 24, 188/165, enumerated 20 Jun 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Jonas Rudasil 69 M   Farmer 1818 8379  
Margt    " 69 F          
Listed next to married son, Eli RUDASILL (æ 31).

7.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #37 of 51 indexed "James"):  Cherryville P.O., Cherryville Twp., Gaston Co., NC, Roll M593_1138, p. 673A, PN 301/37, 293/293, enumerated 17 Aug 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Rudisell Jonus 76 M W Farmer 500 200 NC
   "     Margaret 76 F W Keeping house     "
Lusk Sarah 23 F W At home     "
  "  Allen 16 M B Farmer     "
Listed next to their married daughter, Susan (RUDISILL) BIRD.

8.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #43 of 48):  Cherryville Twp., Gaston Co., NC, Roll T9_964, p. 22C, PN 43, SD 3, ED 85, 394/422, enumerated 23 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 13 23 24 25 26
394 422 Byrd Prior W M 43     /   Farmer   NC NC NC
    ____ Susan W F 46 Wife   /   House keeping   NC NC NC
    ____ Margaret W F 20 Dau /         NC NC NC
    ____ Mary W F 14 " /         NC NC NC
    ____ July Etta W F 12 " /         NC NC NC
    ____ Barbara W F 10 " /       / NC NC NC
    Rudisill Margaret W F 86 "     /     NC NC NC
Margaret RUDISILL is Susan (RUDISILL) BYRD's mother, not her daughter (obviously).

9.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

10.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

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