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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
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Husband:  Joseph MOWDER
Birth:  3 Jul 1808, Northumberland [now Columbia] Co., PA
Death:  29 Jun 1889, Mason Co., IL
Occupation:  farmer
Marriage:  31 Jul 1833, PA
Migration:  May 1839, moved to Mason Co., IL
Wife:  Judith "Judy" STRAUB / STROUP / STROP
Birth:  4 Dec 1810, Northumberland [now Columbia] Co., PA
Baptism:  9 Mar 1812, Hemlock Twp., Northumberland [now Columbia] Co., PA
Death:  9 Jan 1887, Mason Co., IL
Occupation:  homemaker
Father appears to beJoseph STRAUB
Mother appears to beBarbara __?__
born in PA:
  1.  Harriet A. MOWDER, b. ca. 1833; d. 2 Aug 1834
  2.  Jacob T. MOWDER, b. 1834/5
  3.  David MOWDER, b. 1836/7; d. 1840-50
  4.  John L. MOWDER, b. 6 Jan 1839

born in Havana Twp., Mason Co., IL:
  5.  Elizabeth E. MOWDER, b. 1839/40 or 12 Jul 1841
  6.  Mary C. MOWDER; b. ca. 1842/3; d. Oct 1845
  7.  Martha Jane MOWDER, b. 1844/5
  8.  Charles C. MOWDER, b. 21 Oct 1847
  9.  (Child) MOWDER; died in infancy
10.  Hiram MOWDER, b. 1850/1

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Illinois, Pennsylvania

Sources (n.b., Columbia Co. was formed in 1813 from Northumberland Co.; Hemlock Twp. is now in Columbia Co.; Mason Co. was formed in 1841 from Menard and Tazewell Cos.):

1.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service: IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org).
Birth: 03 Jul 1808, Columbia, Pennsylvania
Spouse: Judith STROP
Marriage: 31 Jul 1833
Birth: 04 Dec 1810, Columbia, Pennsylvania
Source: patron submission
Judith <STRAUB>
Christening: 09 Mar 1812, Hemlock, Northumberland, Pennsylvania
Father: Joseph STRAUB; Mother: Barbara
Source: Church Record of the Evangelical Lutheran Congregation in Mahony (sic) Township, Northumberland Co., Pennsylvania; Church Record of the Christian Congregations in Hemlock Township, Pa. Amandus S. Leiby.

2.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #51-52 of 82; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1840 IL Tazewell [now Mason] Co. Roll 71 pp. 26B-27A Ln. 1 Joseph Madder? 210 001 - 000 010 0100000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 4 or under 1835-1840 = John (b. 1839)
= David (b. 1836/7)
1 male 5-9 1830-1835 = Jacob (b. 1834/5)
1 male 30-39 1800-1810 = Joseph (b. 1808)
1 female 20-29 1810-1820 = Judith (b. 1810)
1 person employed in agriculture

3.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #89 of 122):  Mason Co., IL, Roll M432_120, p. 198B, 797/797, enumerated 19 Nov 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Joseph Mouder 40 M   Farmer 1600 Pa
Judith    - 40 F       Pa
Jacob     - 15 M   Farmer   Pa
John      - 13 M       Pa
Elizabeth - 10 F       Ills
Martha Jane  5 F       Ills
Charles  3 M       Ills

4.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #5 of 19):  Havanna P.O., Township 21 Range 8, Mason Co., IL, Roll M653_210, p. 459, PN 100, enumerated 25 Jul 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1860:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 7 8 9 10 12
709 1 Joseph Mowder 52 M Farmer 5000 1000 Pa  
  2 Indah/Judah " 50 F       "  
  3 Jacob       " 23 M Farm laborer     "  
  4 John        " 21 M       "  
  5 Elizabeth   " 19 F       Ills /
  6 Martha J    " 16 F       " /
  7 Charles C   " 13 M       " /
  8 Hiram       "  9 M       " /

5.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #15 of 76 indexed "Jas. Monder"):  Havana P.O., Havana Twp., Mason Co., IL, Roll M593_255, p. 65A, PN 15, 114/107, enumerated 14 Jul 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Mouder Jos 62 M W Retired Farmer 10,000 3000 Penn
______ Judith 60 F W Keeping House     Penn
______ Jane 25 F W At Home     Ill
______ Charles 22 M W Farmer     Ill
Pullen John 13 M W works on farm     Ill

6.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #28 of 39):  Havana Twp., Mason Co., IL, Roll T9_235, p. 498B, PN 11, SD 4, ED 133, enumerated 17 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 13 24 25 26
97 100 Mowder Joseph W M 71     / Farmer PA PA PA
    ______ Judy W F 68 Wife   /   PA - -
    Zimmer Louisa W F 14 Servant /     IL    
    Man H W M 19       Labourer IL    
It's unclear whether the dashes were intended as ditto marks or to indicate unknown.

7.  Anon.  1879.  History of Menard & Mason Counties [Illinois].  O.L. Baskin & Co., Historical Publisher, Chicago, IL (online at illinoisancestors.org):
p. 809 CHARLES MOWDER, farmer, Sec. 5; P. O. Kilbourne; is a native of Mason Co. and was born in Havana Township Oct. 21, 1847; he is the seventh of a family of ten children born to Joseph and Judith (Stroup) Mowder, who were natives of Pennsylvania and came to this State at an early day, locating on land east of Havana, which they entered...

8.  Frank W. Blackmar, ed.  1912.  Kansas: a Cyclopedia of State History.  Standard Publ. Co., Chicago, IL (online at the KSGenWeb site):
p. 771 JOSEPH MOWDER, farmer, Sec. 15; P.O. Havana; was born in Columbia Co., Penn., July 3, 1808; when about 6 years of age, his father's family removed to Harrison Co., but he remained with his grandfather; he removed to Lycoming Co., Penn., when about 25 years of age, and, on the 31st of July, 1833, was married to Miss Judith Stroup, who was born in Columbia Co., Penn., Dec. 4, 1810; by this union there were ten children, five of whom are living-Jacob T., John, Elizabeth (wife of George Lewis, who lives in Nemaha Co., Neb.), Martha J. (wife of John Blakely, who resides in Mason Co., Ill.) and Charles C.; the five deceased are David, Mary C., died in October, 1845; Harriet A., Aug. 2, 1834; one died in infancy.  Mr. Mowder removed to Havana Township, this county, in May, 1839, and now resides within one-fourth of a mile of where he first settled; he says his first residence was constructed of logs and not encumbered with either upper or lower floor. Many of the early settlers had their houses so arranged that (if they were wealthy enough to own a horse) they could hitch to a log of wood and "haul" it in at one door and pass out with the horse at the other, thus securing their fuel by horse power. He now owns 240 acres of land in Havana Township. 
pp. 1063-
John. L. Mowder, Sabetha, Kan., a prominent farmer and capitalist of Nemaha county, is a native of Pennsylvania, and was born in Lycoming county, that state, Jan. 6, 1839.  He is descended from stanch Scotch ancestry on the paternal side, and is of German descent on the maternal as his mother was born in Württemberg, Germany.  His parents were Joseph and Judith (Straub) Mowder, the former a native of Pennsylvania...
It's probable that Judith's ancestors were immigrants from Wuerttemberg, but clearly she was born in PA.

9.  Messages posted to the Mason County, Illinois, Forum (online at GenForum.com).

10.  Messages posted to the Mowder Family Genealogy Forum (online at GenForum.com).

11.  Public Member Trees (online at Ancestry.com).

12.  One World Tree (online at Ancestry.com).

13.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

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