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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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Thomas T. McCAUSLAND
Sarah ECKART
Husband:  Thomas T. McCAUSLAND
Birth:  1792/3?, PA
Occupation:  millwright
Presumed Brother:  James H. McCAUSLAND, b. 1799/1800, PA
Marriage:  5 Oct 1838, Fairfield Co., OH
Wife:  Sarah "Sally" ECKERT / ECKART / ECKHART
Birth:  1810, Berne Twp., Fairfield Co., OH
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  Jacob L. ECKERT
Mother:  Katherine "Kitty" SHALLENBERGER
Children born in OH, probably in Amanda, Amanda Twp., Fairfield Co., OH:
1.  Thomas H. B. McCAUSLAND, b. 1839/40
2.  James H. McCAUSLAND [twin], b. 1848/9
3.  John Jacob Isaac E. McCAUSLAND [twin], b. 1848/9
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Ohio, Pennsylvania

Sources:

1.  Anon.  1966.  Marriage Index:  Ohio, 1789-1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-400):
McCandland, Thomas T. Eckart, Sarah 5 Oct 1838 Fairfield Co.

2.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #6-7 of 20 numerical pages precede name pages; list was roughly alphabetized; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 OH Fairfield Co. Amanda Twp. Roll 394 pp. 301A-301B Ln. 14 McCastine Thomas T 100 001 - 000 010 0101000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1835-1840 = Thomas H.B. (b. 1839/40)
1 male 30-39 1800-1810 = Thomas T. (b. 1792/3?) 
1 female 20-29 1810-1820 = Sarah (b. 1810)
1 person employed in agriculture
1 person employed in manufacture and trade

3.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #3 of 37):  Amanda, Amanda Twp. (Dis. 41), Fairfield Co., OH, Roll, p. 254A, 1827/1827, enumerated 24 Sep 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
McCausland Thomas 57 M   Mill right 400 Penn
    "     Sarah 40 F       O
    "     Thomas 10 M       "
    "     James  1 M       "
    "     Jacob  1 M       "
    "     James H 50 M       Penn
A line joining James and Jacob indicates they're twins.  James H. is almost certainly Thomas's brother.

4.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #31 of 57):  Lancaster P.O., Bern [Berne] Twp., Fairfield Co., OH, Roll M653_961, p. 353B/704, PN 124, 893/908, enumerated 2 Aug 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Catharine Eckert 46 F     1260 185 Ohio
T.H.B. McCausland 20 M   Farmer  550   do
James H    " 11 M         do
John E     " 11 M         do
Catherine is our subject's unmarried sister-in-law.  Listed three households from our subject's brother-in-law, Henry ECKERT.

5.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #21 of 22):  Thompson Twp., Delaware Co., OH, Roll M593_1196, p. 505A, PN 21, 170/173, enumerated 9 Jul 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
McCashland H B 30 M W Farmer 4000 800 Ohio
__________ Isaac E 21 M W Farmer     Ohio
__________ James H 21 M W Farmer     Ohio
Listed next to their aunt, Catherine ECKERT.

6.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #8 of 18):  Thompson Twp., Delaware Co., OH, Roll T9-1012, p. 298D, PN 8, SD 5, ED 103, enumerated 7 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 11 13 24 25 26
75 78 McCausland James W M 31   /   Farmer OH PA OH
    __________ Jacob W M 31   /   Farmer OH PA OH
    Catherine W F 65 Aunt   / Keeping House OH PA PA
    Abbott Martha W F 20 Servant /   Servant OH OH OH
The record is ambiguous with regard to Catherine's surname.  There's no horizontal line indicating "ditto" for Jacob's surname being the same as James's, as there is for Jacob, nor is Catherine's given name lined up with James's and Jacob's.  Surely this is Catherine ECKERT.

7.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

8.  1900 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com; Image #19 of 20):  Prospect Village, Marion Co., OH, Roll 1302 (Book 1), p. 269A, SN 10, SD 12, ED 69, enumerated 21 Jun 1900, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1900 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1900:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 12 13 14 15 19 20 22 23 24 25 26 27
231 241 McCauseland, Mary L Head W F Jan 1841 59 Wd 1 1 OH PA OH Milliner 0 Y Y Y O F H
    ___________, Bess C Daughter W F May 1874 26 S     OH OH OH Milliner 0 Y Y Y      
    ___________, Nancy Mother W F May 1815 85 Wd 10 7 OH OH OH     Y Y Y      
    ___________, Jacob E Boarder W M Jan 1850 50 S     OH VA VA Real Est. Agt. 0 Y Y Y      
Mary L. (STRAUB) McCAUSELAND is the widow of our subject's son, Thomas H.B. McCAUSLAND.  Nancy's surname is not McCAUSELAND, it's STRAUB.  Mary Lucetta's mother, Nancy (CUPP) STRAUB was born in OH, but her parents were born in PA.  Jacob may be Mary's brother-in-law, John Jacob Isaac E. McCAUSLAND, except that his birthdate is off one year and his parent's birthplaces are wrong; then again, similar mistakes were made with Bess and Nancy.

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