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Johannes KAPP
Katharina ETTER
Husband:  Johannes "Hans" KAPP
Birth:  18 Feb 1704, Muenchenstein, Amt Muenchenstein, Canton Basel, Switzerland
Baptism:  26 Feb 1704, Muttenz, Amt Muenchenstein, Canton Basel, Switzerland
Death:  11 Nov 1757, Lancaster Co., PA
Occupation:  wagonmaker
Father:  Mathis KAPP (1664-1744), Mayor of Muenchenstein
Mother:  Anna Margaretha MASSMÜNSTER
Marriage-1:  ca. 1728/9
Migration:  23 Sep 1740, arrived Philadelphia from Rotterdam on the ship Friendship
Birth:  1706/7
Death:  1740, at sea?

It appears Judith was one of the many who died en passage from Switzerland to Pennsylvania (see Source 2, below).

Marriage-2:  Jan 1741
Wife-2:  Katharina ETTER
Baptism:  23 Aug 1716, Kirchenthuren, Canton Bern, Switzerland
Death:  26 Jun 1790, Milton Grove, Lancaster Co., PA
Disposition:  Moravian Burial Ground, Milton Grove, Lancaster Co., PA
Other Spouse:  m2. 2 Jun 1761, Lancaster Co., PA, Peter SCHNEIDER (1710-1765)
Father:  Johannes "Hans" ETTER (1685-    )
Mother:  Anna Maria SIEGRIST (c1694-    )
Children with Judith MASSMEUNSTER — born in Muenchenstein, Canton Basel, Switzerland:
  1.  Hans Jacob KAPP, bap. 1 Jan 1730
  2.  Johannes KAPP, bap. 20 Feb 1735
  3.  Leonhardt KAPP, bap. 3 Nov 1737
  4.  Benedikt (male) or Benedikta (female) "Benedichy" KAPP, bap. 1 Mar 1739
Children with Katharina ETTER — born in Mt. Joy Twp., Lancaster Co., PA:
  5.  Anna KAPP, b. 31 Jul 1742
  6.  Margaretha KAPP, b. 6 Jan 1743/4
  7.  Elisabetha KAPP, b. 13 Feb 1744/5
  8.  Peter KAPP, b. 12 Aug 1748
  9.  Christian KAPP, b. 20 Apr 1750
10.  Abraham KAPP, b. 6 Jan 1751/2
11.  Catharina KAPP, b. 9 Oct 1754
12.  Philip KAPP, b. 25 Nov 1756

(These appear to be baptism dates, rather then birthdates, from the Donegal Moravian Church.)


1.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org).
Johannes KAPP
Birth: 18 Feb 1704, Munthenstein, , , Switzerland
Death: 11 Nov 1757
Father: Mathis CAPP; Mother: Anna Margaret MASSMUNSTER
Marriage: About 1739, Of Munthenstein, , , Switzerland
Spouse: Judith MASSMUNSTER
Source: patron submission
Husband: Johannes KAPP
Birth: 18 Feb 1704, Munthenstein, Switzerland
Christening: 26 Feb 1704, Muttenz, Basel, Switzerland
Death: 11 Nov 1757, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Marriage: Jan 1740, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Wife: Katharina ETTER
Christening: 23 Aug 1716, Kirchenthurnen, Kanton Bern, Switzerland
Death: 26 Jun 1790, Milton Grove, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Burial: Moravian Burial Ground, Milton Grove, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Source: patron submission
It's Münchenstein/Muenchenstein, not Munthenstein.  Hans had at least four children born by 1739, so unless Judith is his second wife (and Kathrina his third), 1739 cannot possibly be the marriage year for Hans & Judith.  Hans cannot have married Katharina in January of 1740 because he didn't arrive from Switzerland until Sep 1740.  This inconsistency may result from the problem of "old style" vs. "new style" dates, that is, because in 1752 the date the New Year begins was moved from March 25th to January 1st.  If Judith died on the crossing, then Johannes could have married Katharine in Jan of 1741.

2.  A. Gerber.  1925.  "Lists of Swiss Emigrants from the Canton of Basel, 1734-94." Chap. VII, pp. 89-206 in Albert Bernhardt Faust & Gaius Marcus Brumbaugh, eds.  Lists of Swiss Emigrants in the Eighteenth Century to the American Colonies.  National Genealogical Soc., Washington, DC (Broderbund CD-267):
p. 110

Considerable time before the beginning of the year, some eighteen subjects from Biel-Benken, Arisdorf, and other places had come to Basel and expressed their desire to go to Carolina, but the Mayor had denied them the Chancery order to their Obervögte, and the Council had upheld his action (RP 108, Oct. 20, 1736).  Still earlier, the Council had learned of some "plotting" at the house of the "Lehnsmann," fief holder or sub-tenant Lienert Heyer on the Rütihard, and ordered the Obervogt to look into the matter.  The result of his investigation, embodied in his report of Sept. 4, 1736 (AA), was in substance as follows:

Lienert Heyer's brother and Antoni Rieger of Benken and Jacob Küntzlin, a carpenter, and Hans Kapp, a wagon-maker, of Münchenstein had discussed emigration to Pennsylvania.  They had been actuated to do so partly by the letter of Gondy1 in praise

1This letter of Antony Gondy was printed for the first time in the American Historical Review (1916), Vol. XXII, pp. 115-117, among the Documents in Swiss Archives relating to Emigration to American Colonies in the Eighteenth Century, contributed by A.B. Faust.
p. 111 of Carolina, written Charleston, S.C., in 1733, but only lately come into their possession through a man of Grenzach across the Rhine, and partly by their own unfavorable circumstances.  The carpenter and the wagon-maker had complained of the growing competition in their trades and all of them had arrived at the conviction that their heavy debts and the 5 percent interest they had to pay in consequence of the mandate (see Introduction) combined with the tithes of grain and wine made it impossible for them to sustain themselves here any longer.

While Jacob Küntzlin and Hans Kapp gave up the thought of emigration for the present and did not go till three years later, Lienert Heyer and Antoni Rieger actively pushed their preparations and succedded in obtaining the consent from the goverment...

p. 123

This year there was once more a considerable number of applicants and among them fewer poor and paupers than in 1738.  They were examined by the deputies to the "Landessachen" to whom henceforth all matters of emigration not directly concerning the factories were referred.  The applicants complained of lack of sufficient work and a decrease of their property in spite of their utmost efforts.  Times were rather hard and it was scarcely possible for them to find means to pay the 5 percent interest which they had to give to their "honourable" creditors.  Since ruin was staring them in the face, they wished to seek homes and sustenance in another part of the world while they still had some property left.  Their families were of the same mind as they were.  Remonstrances

p. 124 and warnings on the part of the deputies were in vain, all the more so because they talked disparagingly against Carolina, while it was to Pennsylvania that at least the emigrants from Muttenz were firmly resolved to go, so firmly that even the agent Hans Spring, who was enlisting emigrants for Carolina, could not divert them from their purpose.  The Council therefore consented to the emigration of all who had applied up to March 16.  Those who had less than 100 pounds were released from the payment of dues as they had been in 1736, but the others did not obtain any material reduction in the computation of their ten percent tax and had to pay five pounds for the manumission of each of their children.

In the absence of entries in MP we turn to the lists of emigrants of March 5 and 16, found in CAM, and give them in our usual order of Aemter and villages...  Those who sailed for Philadelphia this time had a very bad passage.  According to Gerster, nearly sixty people from the Canton of Basel died, mostly of hunger. "For they have had a very rough voyage with storm so that they have lost their provisions and cooking-kettles."...

p. 125
List of March 16, 1740...
[Amt] Mönchenstein
Johannes Kapp, the waggon-maker, & f.
p. 128

From Hans Kapp, of Mönchenstein, (son of the Untervogt, wagon-maker, 37 years of age).
  Ten percent tax on lb. 180 worth of property.... 18.__
  Pro manumissione for him and his wife............ 20.__
  Ditto for their 4 children a 5 lb................ 20.__ 58.__
Judith Massmünster, his wife, 35 years of age.
Their children:
  1.  Hans Jacob, bapt. Jan. 1, 1730
  2.  Johannes, bapt. Febr. 20, 1735
  3.  Leonhardt, bapt. Nov 3, 1737
  4.  Benedict, KB Benedichy, bapt. March 1, 1739
In 1750 he was in Pennsylvania and sold an inheritance, which turned out to be worth over 330 pounds, to Jacob Joner for 100 florins (RP 124, 271 and 281).

CAM = "Concepte Abgegangener Missiven" (official commucations); KB = "Kirchenbücher" (parish register); MP = Manumisionsprotokoll (Manumission Register); RP = "Ratsprotokolle" (council minutes)
An "untervogt" is a civil official, equivalent to "mayor."  Benedict is the English spelling of the name; the German spelling is Benedikt.  I don't know what "Benedichy" was a stab at — the Latin form is Benedictus and the French is Bénédicte — unless this child was a female, in which case "Benedichy" could have been a diminutive of the female German name, Benedikta.  Or maybe "Benedickie" was a nickname.  I would suspect this latter to be the case, except that baptismal records usually give the gender of the child.

3.  Israel Daniel Rupp.  1876.  A Collection of Upwards of Thirty Thousand Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French, and Other Immigrants in Pennsylvania from 1727 to 1776...  Philadelphia, PA  (repub. 1931, Leipzig; repub. 1965ff by Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD; in 2000 as Broderbund CD-267):
p. 139 75) Sept. 23, 1740. Palatines and Switzers imported in the ship Friendship, William Vittery, Commander, from Rotterdam, last from Cowes.--120 passengers...
Johannes Kapp...

4.  William Henry Egle, ed.  1890.  Names of Foreigners Who Took the Oath of Allegiance to the Province and State of Pennsylvania, 1727-1775, with the Foreign Arrivals, 1786-1808.  Pennsylvania Archives, Vol. XVII, Second Series, Harrisburg, PA (reprinted 1967ff by Genealogical Publ Co., Baltimore, MD; in 2000 as Broderbund CD-512):
Johanes Cop...

5.  Ralph Beaver Strassburger (William John Hinke, ed.).  1934. Pennsylvania German Pioneers: a Publication of the Original Lists of Arrivals in the Port of Philadelphia from 1727 to 1808.  2 vols.  Norristown, PA (reprinted 1966ff by Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD; Broderbund CD-267):
p. 274 [List 75A] [Palatines & Switzers imported in the Ship Friendship, William Vettery, Comr from Rotterdam. Qualified Sept. 23, 1740.]...
Johanes Cop...
p. 275 The foregoing is a true & compleat List of the Male Palatines of the age of Sixteen years & upwards imported in the Ship Friendship to the best of my knowledge.
Willm Vettery.
Sworn Sepr 23d 1740. Before Thos Lawrence & William Allen, Esqrs.
[List 75C] At the Court House of Philadelphia, Septr 23d 1740.
Present: Thomas Lawrence, William Allen, Esqrs.
The Palatines & Switzers whose names are underwritten, imported in the Ship Friendship, William Vettery, Commander, from Rotterdam, but last from Cowes, did this day take & subscribe the Oaths to the Government, viz...
Johannes Kapp...

6.  A. Gerber.  1925.  "Lists of Swiss Emigrants from the Canton of Basel, 1734-94." Chap. VII, pp. 89-206 in Albert Bernhardt Faust & Gaius Marcus Brumbaugh, eds.  Lists of Swiss Emigrants in the Eighteenth Century to the American Colonies.  National Genealogical Soc., Washington, DC (Broderbund CD-267):
p. 213

Catharina Banga, daughter of the cooper Jacob B. and Cathrina Kapp (deceased Nov. 20, 1750), bapt. Oct. 26, 1717.
RP 124, March 6, 1751, it is stated that she emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1739 and had not given sign of life.  Apr. 3, 1751, her four brothers and sisters, Barbara, Hans Jacob, Johannes and Anna Margreth, were allowed the 80 pounds which she had inherited from their grandfather Matthis Kapp, deceased, in 1743, on giving joint security (CAM).  She must have been related to Hans Kapp, emigrant of 1740.

CAM = "Concepte Abgegangener Missiven" (official commucations); RP = "Ratsprotokolle" (council minutes)
Cathrina (KAPP) BANGA is our subject's sister.

7.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

8.  The Current Names and Cantons of Switzerland:  since the split of Canton Basel in 1833, Münchenstein and Muttenz are in Canton Basel-Landschaft (Basel-Country). 

9.  Communes of Basel-Landschaft Canton:  Münchenstein and Muttenz are, today, in District Arlesheim.

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