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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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William Daniel JACOBS
Susanna STROUP
Husband:  William Daniel / Daniel William JACOBS
Birth:  1794-1800
Death:  1830-50
Other Kin:  John JACOBS, b. 1854/5, OH
Marriage:
Wife:  Susanna / Susannah "Susan" STRAUB / STROUP
Birth:  1796-98, PA
Death:  aft. 1880 census
Father:  Peter STRAUB / STROUP
Mother:  Rosanna KOSER
Children:
born in Toboyne [now Jackson] Twp., Perry Co., PA:
1.  Maria JACOBS, b. 2 May 1820; bap. 21 May 1820, Blain, Perry Co., PA
2.  (Son A) JACOBS, b. 1820-25
3.  (Son B) JACOBS, b. 1820-25
4.  (Son C) JACOBS, b. 1825-30
5.  (Daughter A) JACOBS, b. 1825-30
6.  Sarah JACOBS, b. 1826/7

born in OH:
7.  Catharine JACOBS, b. 1835/6

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Ohio, Pennsylvania

Sources (n.b., Jackson Twp. was formed in 1844 from Toboyne Twp.; Auglaize Co. was formed in 1848 from Allen Co.):

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  Harry W. Lenig, translater.  Register of Rev. Johann Wilheim Heim.  Filed with the Historical Society of the Evangelical and Reformed Church, Lancaster, PA (courtesy of Rita Rogers Nowack):
Child:  Maria, born 2 May 1820.  Parents Daniel Jacobs & Frau Susanna (born Straub).  Sponsors - Peter Straub (Sr) & Frau Rosina (Koser), by Rev Johann Wilhein Heim, Blain, Jackson Twp., Perry Co., PA.
Translator's additions in parenthesis.  Harry Lenig was past President of the Perry County Historical Society; the Perry County is Library named after him.  He was a life long geneologist.  His great Aunt Carolina Lenig married John Luther Stroup, s/o George M.
Blain is today located in Jackson Twp., but Jackson Twp. was not formed until 1844.

3.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org).
Maria JACOBS
Birth: 02 May 1820
Christening: 21 May 1820, Blain, Perry, Pennsylvania
Father: William JACOBS; Mother: Susan STROUP
Source: patron submission

4.  1820 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #4 of 7 list was roughly alphabetized; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1820 PA Perry Co. Toboyne [now Jackson] Twp. Roll M33_104 p. 327 Ln. 21 Jacobs Daniel 000100-10100-010
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 19-25* 1794-1801 = Daniel
1 female 9 or under 1810-1820 = Maria (b. 1820)
1 female 16-25 1794-1804 = Susanna (b. 1795/6)
1 person engaged in manufactures
*In the 1820 Census, the third column is age class 16-18 and the fourth column is age class 16-25, which means any individual in column three is duplicated in column four.  So, for an accurate representation of the household, the number in column three should be subtracted from the number in column four. If, after the subtraction, any individuals remain in column four, then they have to be age 19-25, thus creating a "new," more precise age class.
The columns following the first 11 were non-standard in Perry County in 1820; those columns were:
  12.  Number of persons engaged in Agriculture.
13.  Number of persons engaged in Manufactures.
14.  Foreigners not naturalized.

5.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #23 of 28; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1830 PA Perry Co. Toboyne [now Jackson] Twp. Roll 156 p. 256 Ln. 8 Daniel Jacobs 120 001 - 201 001
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1825-1830 = Son C
2 males 5-9 1820-1825 = Son B
= Son A
1 male 30-39 1790-1800 = Daniel
2 females 4 or under 1825-1830 = Daughter A
= Sarah (b. 1826/7)
1 female 10-14 1815-1820 = Maria (b. 1820)
1 female 30-39 1790-1800 = Susan (b. 1795/6) 

6.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):
There are two Daniel JACOBS in Ohio:  one in Allen County and one in Mercer County (see extracted records below).  There are eight William JACOBS in Ohio:  one each in Allen, Brown, Coshocton, Fairfield, Franklin, Morgan, Muskingum, and Wayne Counties; the William JACOBS in Allen County (00001-0001) cannot be our subject.

Geographically, either of these Daniel JACOBS records has the potential of being our subject because Auglaize County was formed from Allen County in 1848 and Mercer County is adjacent to Auglaize County.  The problem with the Allen County record is that Daniel and Susan are in the wrong age class, although that's not enough to rule this record out because such errors are common in the early censuses, expecially when the informant is the wife and she's fibbing about her age.  The problem with the Mercer County record is that Sarah, whom we know didn't marry until 1845 so should still be at home, is in the wrong age class; but, again, being off one age class is a minor error that doesn't rule a record out.  The big problem with the Mercer County record is the five daughters under age ten, none of whom are living with Susanna in the 1850 census.  These girls can be explained away by postulating a married child with his/her spouse and children living with them, but this explanation doesn't give us confidence that we have found our subject.

JACOBS is a common surname, so I think it likely neither of the Daniel JACOBs in Ohio in 1840 is our subject.  Given that Susannah has no young children with her in the 1850 census (see below), I think it most likely that in 1840 Susanna is widowed and living with kin, so neither she nor Daniel show up as head of household.  What we need to find are their tombstones and wills.

a.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #4-5 of 6 numerical data pages precede name pages; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 OH Allen Co. Perry Twp. Roll 375 pp. 118A-118B Ln. 16 Daniel Jacobs 101 001 - 011 001 0001000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1835-1840
1 male 10-14 1825-1830 = Son C
1 male 30-39 1800-1810 = Daniel 
1 female 5-9 1830-1835 = Catharine (b. 1835/6)
1 female 10-14 1825-1830 = Sarah (b. 1826/7) 
1 female 30-39 1800-1810 = Susan (b. 1795/6)
1 person employed in manufactures or trades
Listed next to Moses JACOBS (æ 40-50).

b.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #1 of 2; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 OH Mercer Co. Jefferson Twp. Roll 413 pp. 98B-99A Ln. 25 Daniel Jacobs 001 200 100 - 320 110 100 _______
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 10-14 1825-1830 = Son C 
2 males 15-19 1820-1825 = Son B
= Son A
1 male 40-49 1790-1800 = Daniel
3 females 4 or under 1835-1840 = ?
= ?
= Catharine (b. 1835/6)
2 females 5-9 1830-1835 = ?
= ?
1 female 15-19 1820-1825 = Sarah (b. 1826/7)
1 female 20-29 1810-1820 = ?
1 female 40-49 1790-1800 = Susan (b. 1795/6) 

7.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #10 of 12):  Wapakoneta, Auglaize Co., OH, Roll M432_660, p. 351B, 851/851, enumerated 15 Jul 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤()
Madison Shaw 33 M   Laboror 250 Va
Sarah      " 23 F       Penn
Lora       "  4 F       Ohio
Elizabeth A "  2 F       "
Susan M     " 3/12 F       "
Susanah Jacobs 54 F       Penn
Where's Susannah's daughter, Catharine?  I can't find her anywhere.  There are several DELONG families in Wapakoneta and in Duchouquet Twp.

8.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #2 of 59):  St. Marys P.O., St. Marys Twp., Auglaize Co., OH, Roll M653_931, p. 393B/768, PN 2, 15/15, enumerated 4 Jun 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤()
William Cook 28 M   Farmer 900 100 O
Catharine " 24 F         "
Joseph E  "  3 M         "
Susannah Jacobs 62 F   Domestic     Pa

9.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #43 of 54):  Wapakoneta P.O., Wapakoneta Village, Auglaize Co., OH, Roll M593_1172, p. 341A, PN 43, 258/257, enumerated 18 Jul 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤()
Wilson James 60 M W Co Auditor   250 Virginia
______ Catharine 32 F W Keeping house     Ohio
______ James 22 M W Clerk W Aud Office     Ohio
______ Belle 16 F W House keeper     Ohio
______ John H  1 M W At home     Ohio
Jacobs Susannah 60 F W House keeping     Pennsylvnia
Cook Joseph E 11 M W At home   350 Ohio
____ Doretta  8 F W At home   350 Ohio
Fisher John 30 M W Enginer 1050   Ohio

10.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #46 of 56):  Wapakoneta, Augliaze Co., OH, Roll T9_993, p. 365B, PN 46, SD 2, ED 3, enumerated 16 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤()
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 13 21 24 25 26
425 453 Wilson Catharine W M 42       / Keeping house   O Pa Pa
    ______ Joseph E W M 22 Son /     Laborer   O O O
    ______ Mary W F 19 Dau /     at home   O O O
    ______ John R W M 12 Son /     at school / O O O
    Jacobs Susana W F 84 Mother     /     Pa Pa  
  454 Jacobs John W M 25     /   Laborer   O Pa O
    ______ Elisabeth W F 20 Wife   /   Keeping house   O O O
    ______ Elanzo W M  3 Son /         O O O
    ______ Sarah W F  2 Dau /         O O O
Susanna is to old to be John JACOBS's mother.  Is she his grandmother?

11.  Email from Rita Rogers Nowack.

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