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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt — for Ancestors!
 
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Ebenezer HOPKINS, Sr.
Rachel MEAD
Husband:  Ebenezer HOPKINS, Sr.
Birth:  bef. 15 Jun 1763
Baptism:  15 Jun 1763, Canaan (Falls Village), Litchfield Co., CT
Death:  16 Jul 1838, Troy Twp., Geauga Co., OH
Military Service:  Revolutionary War
D.A.R. Patriot Number:  A057966
Father:  Nehemiah HOPKINS, Sr.
Mother:  Tryphena SMITH

All of Nehemiah & Tryphena's children are said to have been born in Stockbridge, but were they really?

Marriage:  2 Dec 1783, Pittsford, Rutland Co., Republic of Vermont
Wife:  Rachel MEAD
Birth:  28 Jan 1768
Death:  19 Mar 1850, Troy Twp., Geauga Co., OH
Father:  Stephen MEAD
Mother:  Mary "Polly" WHITE
Children:
  1.  Josiah HOPKINS, b. 18 Apr 1786, m1. Orelia KIDE; m2. Lavinia FENTON
  2.  Ebenezer HOPKINS, Jr., b. 16 Aug 1787, m. Tryphena SEARLES
  3.  Sophia (Sarah?) HOPKINS, b. 27 Jan 1789, m. Alvin CHIPMAN
  4.  Charlotte HOPKINS, b. 24 Oct 1790, m. Joseph DURFEE
  5.  Achsah HOPKINS, b. 19 Jul 1792, m. Alba TINKHAM
  6.  Minerva HOPKINS, b. 22 Apr 1794, m. Mr. GRENELLE
  7.  Matthew HOPKINS, b. 7 Apr 1796; d.s.p. 13 May 1796
  8.  Bradley HOPKINS, b. 27 Jul 1798, m. Rhoda LAMSON
  9.  Timothy Mead HOPKINS, b. 8 Jul 1800, m. Nancy Spooner MILLER
10.  Paulina HOPKINS, b. 12 Mar 1802, m. Horace LAMSON
11.  Rachel HOPKINS, b. 2 Aug 1805, m. Leonard LAMSON
12.  Hannah HOPKINS, b. 2 Apr 1807, m. Samuel SUNDERLAND
13.  (Son A) HOPKINS, b. 1800-1810

This child may be our subjects', but it's stretching Rachel's fecundity to the max.
14.  (Son B) HOPKINS, b. 1815-20

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Connecticut, Ohio, Vermont

Sources:

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1790 (Broderbund CD-311):  not found. 

3a.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1800 (Broderbund CD-312).  Please see my WARNING regarding use of this database (the numerical data have the genders switched). 
1800 Hopkins, Ebenezer VT Rutland Co. Pittsford 31111-2201100

3b.  1800 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #5 of 10; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
1800 VT Rutland Co. Pittsford p. 170 Ln. 6 Hopkins Eben 22011-31111-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 9 or under 1790-1800 = Timothy (b. 1800)
= Bradley (b. 1798)
2 males 10-15 1784-1790 = Ebenezer (b. 1787)
1 male 26-44 1755-1774 = Ebenezer (b. 1763)
1 male 45 or over in or bef. 1755 = Nehemiah (b. 1730)
3 females 9 or under 1790-1800 = Minerva (b. 1794)
= Achsah (b. 1792)
= Charlotte (b. 1790)
1 female 10-15 1784-1790 = Sophia (b. 1789)
1 female 16-25 1774-1784 = ?
1 female 26-44 1755-1774 = Rachel (b. 1768)
1 female 45 or over in or bef. 1755 = Tryphena (b. ca. 1731)
Ebenezer's elderly parents are apparently living with him.  The unknown female is too old to be Rachel's daughter, but could be the last, youngest daughter of Tryphena.

4.  1810 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #1 of 3; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
1810 NY Essex Co. Crown Point Roll 27 p. 48 Ln. 4 Ebnr Hopkins 21101-31301-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 9 or under 1800-1810 = Son A
= Timothy (b. 1800) 
1 male 10-15 1794-1800 = Bradley (b. 1798)
1 male 16-25 1784-1794 = Ebenezer (b. 1787)
1 male 45 or over in or bef. 1765 = Ebenezer (b. 1763) 
3 females 9 or under 1800-1810 = Hannah (b. 1807)
= Rachel (b. 1805)
= Paulina (b. 1802)
1 female 10-15 1794-1800 = Minerva (b. 1794)
3 females 16-25 1784-1794 = Achsah (b. 1792)
= Charlotte (b. 1790)
= Sophia (b. 1789)
1 female 45 or over in or bef. 1765 = Rachel (b. 1768?
Rachel may have been fibbing about her age later in life (assuming her birth date came from a tombstone) or the census-taker may have tallied her in the wrong column.  More likely the former because most women were fibbing about their by mid-life, and for that reason, tombstones (and death certificates) are not to be trusted — and sometimes not census records.

5.  1820 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #2 of 5; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
1820 NY Essex Co. Crown Point Roll 69 p. 401A Ln. 27 Hopkins Ebenezer 100102-02001-0-300
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 9 or under 1810-1820 = Son? B
1 male 19-25* 1794-1801 = Timothy (b. 1800)
2 males 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = Ebenezer (b. 1763)
= ?
2 females 10-15 1804-1810 = Hannah (b. 1807)
= Rachel (b. 1805)
1 female 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = Rachel (b. 1768?) 
3 persons engaged in agriculture
*In the 1820 Census, the third column is age class 16-18 and the fourth column is age class 16-25; therefore, any individual in column three is duplicated in column four.  By subtracting the number in column three from the number in column four, you can create an age class "19-25."
Where's Paulina (b. 1802)?  She survived to marry, so she should still be at home.  Also in Crown Point (list is roughly alphabetized):  sons Ebenezer HOPKINS, Jr. (Ln. 28, 100111-20101-0-200) and Bradley HOPKINS (Ln. 29, 000100-00100-0-100).

6.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #7 of 28; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
1830 NY Essex Co. Crown Point Roll 114 p. 264 Ln. 2 Ebenezer Hopkins 001 000 001 - 000 000 001
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 10-14 1815-1820 = Son? B
1 male 60-69 1760-1770 = Ebenezer (b. 1763)
1 female 60-69 1760-1770 = Rachel (b. 1768?)
Listed next to son, Bradley HOPKINS (list was not alphabetized).

7.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1840 (Broderbund CD-316):  Ebenezer HOPKINS not found, as expected, but no Rachel HOPKINS, except one in Cincinnati, OH.  Bradley HOPKINS and Samuel SUNDERLAND are in neighboring Portage Co., OH, but neither has an elderly woman living with them.

8.  Timothy Hopkins.  1932.   John Hopkins of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1634, and Some of His Descendants. Stanford Univ. Press, Stanford, CA.
p. 208     In boyhood, Ebenezer removed with his father's family from West Stockbridge, Massachusetts, to Pittsford, Vermont, which at the beginning of the Revolution contained thirty-eight families.  He enrolled in the militia, and in May 1779 was sent on a scouting party of four on Lake Champlain.  They were surprised by the Indians, one killed, and Ebenezer and the others sent to Quebec [footnote] where they were held prisoners for a little over three years before being exchanged on 9 June 1782.  The state of
p. 209 Vermont allowed him £73-17-4 (forty shillings a month) for the term of his imprisonment, and also five dollars for the loss of his gun.  (Vermont Rolls of Soldiers in the Revolution, pp. 751, 775.)  He was placed on the Pension Roll in 1831.
    He married in the year following his return from Canada, and built a house near that of his father, whom he assisted in the mill, and cultivated some land.  On 12 May 1789, he and his brother Ashbel bought the mill and about twenty-seven acres adjoining it, and carried on the business until the death of Ashbel in 1793.  In 1795 he sold these properties, and in 1802 purchased a farm in Pittsford.  He was fined for participating in the Rutland Riot.  (Caverly's History of Pittsford, pp. 197, 708; Vermont Histl. Gazetteer, Vol. 3.)
     It is not known when he removed to Ohio, but when granted a pension 9 February 1834, he was of Geauga County in that state, and died four years later at Troy (now Welshfield) Ohio.
footnote      [p. 208] In May 1779, the British coming down Lake Champlain in considerable numbers, a scouting party was sent out from Fort Mott, consisting of Ephraim Stephens commanding, Benjamin Stevens, Jr., Ebenezer Hopkins, Jr. (sic), and Jonathan Rowley, Jr.  They were forbidden to cross the lake, but procuring a canoe they passed over to Fort Ticonderoga, where finding no trace of the enemy they ventured farther north and made a landing at Basin Harbor.  Still seeing no signs of any enemy, they in bravado discharged all of their guns and were surprised at the appearance of a party of fifteen or sixteen Indians.  They pushed out into the lake, but were pursued, and after Rowley was killed they surendered.
     The captors took their prisoners to the St. Lawrence in the vicinity of Montreal, and from there they were sent to Quebec, where their keepers thinking they could not escape removed their fetters.  In the following fall they were taken out to labor in harvesting grain and corn.  They eluded the guard, crossed the river in a boat, and pushed into the wilderness;  after fourteen days' wandering with little to eat except roots and the bark of trees, they came in sight of the Green Mountains, but, as they were fishing in the head waters of the Connecticut, they were recaptured and taken back to Quebec.
     Another attempt was made to escape, but it was not successful.  In the winter of 1781 the prisoners were more fortunate in digging their way out of the prison, and [p. 209] proceeded up the St. Lawrence upon the ice; when about a day's journey from Vermont they were again recaptured and returned to their prison.
     Meanwhile their friends in Pittsford, receiving no word from them, supposed they were dead and employed Elder Elisha Rich to preach their funeral sermon.  In June 1782, Benjamin Stevens, Sr., hearing that some prisoners were to be exchanged at Whitehall, made the journey thither hoping to hear something of the fate of his son and his companions.  While they were standing on the wharf the vessel came, and the first to disembark was his son Benjamin.  Ephraim Stephens and Ebenezer Hopkins were exchanged at the same time.
(Abridged form Caverly's Pittsford, pp. 136-145.)
For Caverly's full rendition of this remarkable story, follow the link given below. 

9.  A.M. Caverly.  1872.  History of the Town of Pittsford, Vt.  Tuttle & Co., Printers, Rutland.   A transcription of the full story is to be found at:  "The Saga of the Four." 
p. 198 Ebenezer Hopkins, son of Nehemiah, another of the returned captives, married Rachel, daughter of Stephen Mead, December 2d, 1783, and located in a house which he had built, about ten rods east of his father's residence.  It stood on the bank of the brook about one rod north of the present residence of John Stevens and near the bridge.  It would appear that for a few years he assisted his father in the care of the mill and culti-
p. 199 vating some land in the vicinity; but on the 12th of May, 1789, his father sold to him and his brother, Ashbel, the grist-mill and twenty-seven acres and forty-nine rods of land, and the two brothers, having a joint interest in the property, labored together till the death of Ashbel, about the year 1793, when Ebenezer bought his brother's share of the property.  In 1795, he sold the mill and other real estate to John Penfield, and May 4th, 1802, bought the Morse farm -- so called -- of Robert Brown and Peter Ludlow.   This farm at that time consisted of one hundred and forty acres, and included the land now owned by Capen Leonard and William P. Ward.  The house into which Mr. Hopkins moved, stood on the east side of the road and about twenty-five rods north of the present residence of Mr. Leonard.
p. 708
[capsule
bios]
HOPKINS, EBENEZER 2d s of Dea. Nehemiah, m December 2, 1783, Rachel Mead.  Children--1, Josiah b April 18, 1786; 2, Ebenezer, Jr., b August 16, 1787, located in the West; 3, Sarah b January 27, 1789, m ___ Chipman; 4, Charlotte b. October 24, 1790, m ___ Durphy; 5, Achsah b July 19, 1792; 6, Minerva b April 22, 1794, m ___ Grenelle, d of small pox in New Haven; 7, Matthew b April 7, 1796, d May 13, 1796.  Ebenezer Hopkins d in Troy, Miami county, Ohio, in 1838.
Ebenezer died in Troy Township, Geauga Co., OH (email from Jane Shaw — see below).

10.  U.S. Secretary of War.  1835.  Report from the Secretary of War in Obedience to Resolutions of the Senate of the 5th and 30th of June, 1834, and the 3rd of March, 1835, in Relation to the Pension Establishment of the United States.  3 vols. Senate Document 514, Serial Nos. 249-51.  (republ. 1992 as The Pension Roll of 1835, Indexed Edition by Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD; Broderbund CD-145).  Vol. IV, p. 250, under the heading "Statement, &c. of Geauga county, Ohio":
Name Rank Annual
allowance
Sums
received
Description
of service
When placed on
the pension roll
Age
Ebenezer Hopkins Private 80 00 240 00 V't State troops Feb. 9, 1834 71

9.  John E. Goodrich, ed., for Vermont General Assembly.  1904.  Rolls of the [Vermont] Soldiers in the Revolutionary War, 1775-1783.  Tuttle Co., Tutland, VT (online at Ancestry.com):
p. 751
[383] [Benj. Stevens and Ebenr Hopkins, Prisoners]
State of Vermont, Clarendon, Aug. 14th 1783.
To The Pay Table,
This is to certify that Benjn Stevens and Ebenr Hopkins were taken prisoners when in the State Service upon Lake Champlain, on the 12th of May A.D. 1779, & carried to Canada, with Ephraim Stephens, and at the same time lost their guns and accoutremnts,—were exchanged 9th of June last.
Thos Sawyer, Capt.
Bennington Aug. 17th 1782.
This may certify, that the within named prisoners were exchanged on or about the 9th of June as mentioned within.
Jos. Fay C. T. P.
State Vermont.
State of Vt. To Ebenr Hopkins, Benjn Stevens, Soldiers in Capt. Thos Sawyer's Compy stad at Rutland,
To their Wages when prisoners, from the 12th of May 1779 up to June 9th 1782 as sd Certificate from Capt. Sawyer & Comr Gd of Prisoners, being 36 months & 28 days each at 40/ pr month.
£147.18.8
Benjn Stevens
Ebenr Hopkins
p. 752 Pay Table Office          |
Bennington, Aug. 17, 1782 | The above acct. being approved of the Treasurer is hereby directed to pay unto Ebenr Hopkins & Benjn Stevens or their order, One hundred and forty seven pounds fourteen shillings and eight pence, it being £73.17.4 ea.
£147.14.8 
Isaac Tichenor
Nathl Brush
|
|
Come
Treasurer's Office,    |
Sunderland, Aug. 1782. | Recd of the Treasurer, the Contents of the within order, being one hundred and forty seven pounds, fourteen shillins and eight pence.
£147.14.8 
Nehemiah Hopkins
  for Ebenr Hopkins
Benjamin Stevens

11.  Email from Jane Shaw, excerpts below:
Ebinizer Hopkins's Pension file #W7781 
(I do not have this pension file. I have copied excerpts from documents at the Geauga Library.)

Ebenezer Hopkins was in Geauga County on 10 Sep 1831 when he repeated his declaration.  He was issued a Certificate of Pension 9 Feb 1834 at the rate of $80 per annum to commence 4 Mar 1831.

In a Supreme Court Journal in the Geauga Court of Common Pleas: "Tuesday, Aug 21 1838. The affidavit of Ezekiel Lamson and Leonard Lamson is this day produced in court by which it appears that Ebenezer Hopkins, late of the township of Troy in this county, died on the seventeenth day of July last, that the said Ebenezer Hopkins was a pensioner of the United States; that Rachel Hopkins was the wife of the said Ebenezer Hopkins, at the time of his death and is now his widow surviving him; And the court ordered that a certificate of this Journal Entry be certified, under the seal of the Court to enable the said Rachel Hopkins to obtain whatever balance may be due her, on account of said pension." Rachel appeared in Common Pleas Court in Geauga County on 9 Nov 1838, ae seventy-one years, to make application for a pension.  She declared that she was the widow of Ebenezer, gave the date of their marriage and the date of his death.  The application was signed by her mark. Bradley, a son, attested to his father’s death date.  The next document is dated 21 Mar 1844 when Rachel repeated her declaration and stated that the marriage proof had previously been sent.  She attached a family record with birth dates of Ebenezer and Rachel, their marriage date that was written as 1784, and the birth of four of her oldest children.  She was placed on the roll at the rate of $80 per annum to commence 17 Jul 1838.

The Journal of Emily (Nash) Patchin Halkins Pike (This is a journal kept by Emily, a resident of Troy Township, over most of her lifetime...)

“July 16 Ebenezer Hopkins died to day with a canser on his liver (July) 17 I went to the funeral to day at the meeting house  he leaves a widow and several children to mourn  he was a Revolutionary soldier  he suffered a long time” (Pg 104-105)

“March 19  old Mrs Hopkins died to day with old age sureley (Mar) 20 I went to her funeral to day  she has brought up a large family  2 of her sons are ministers  another one is a deacon  dear pilgrim farewell  the journey is ended  thou hast gone to thy rest in the temple of God hast seen the dear Lord who for thee descended to take the at length to his blessed abode  her remains are committed to the earth by the side of her companion to rest till the trump of God shall awake all” (Pg 129)

Troy Township Cemetery, Geauga County, Ohio, Lot 313 
{I have not seen these stones myself. I don’t know if they still exist. Again, second hand information copied at the library}

EBENEZER HOPKINS
REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIER
DIED 16 JULY 1838
AE 77

RACHEL HOPKINS
WIFE OF E.
DIED 19 MAR 1850
AE 82

12.  D.A.R. Genealogical Research Database (online at http://services.dar.org/Public/DAR_Research/).

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