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Joshua HANKS
Ruth BRYANT
Father:  Joshua HANKS
Birth:  ca. 1759, Amelia Co., VA
Death:  Feb/Mar 1854, Carroll Co., VA
Disposition:  buried Old Quaker Cemetery, Carroll Co., VA
Will Signed:  17 Feb 1854, Carroll Co., VA
Will Proved:  Mar 1854, Carroll County Court, VA
Military Service:  Revolutionary War
Father:  Richard HANKS, Sr. (1723->1788)
Mother:  Mary HINDS (1734- )
Marriage:  16 Aug 1784, Surry Co., NC
Wife:  Ruth BRYANT
Birth:  1764
Death:  1840
Disposition:  buried Old Quaker Cemetery, Carroll Co., VA
Father:  John BRYANT
Mother:  Lydia ALLEN
Children:
Twenty-one years is within the normal span of 23 years of fecundity for one woman, but packing 17 children into those years is extraordinary.  Are some of these births twins?  Is this list remotely accurate?

  1.  Patience HANKS, b. 1784
  2.  Mary HANKS, b. ca. 1785
  3.  William HANKS, b. 1783-85, VA
  4.  Zachariah HANKS, b. ca. 1790
  5.  Rebecca HANKS, b. ca. 1794
  6.  Rhoda HANKS, b. ca. 1795
  7.  Nancy HANKS, b. 1795
  8.  Ruth HANKS, b. 24 May 1797; d. 15 Feb 1879, Carroll Co., VA
  9.  Thomas HANKS, b. 28 Oct 1797; d. 13 Feb 1840
10.  Richard HANKS, b. ca. 1800
11.  David HANKS, b. ca. 1800; died in infancy
12.  Lydia HANKS, b. ca. 1800
13.  James HANKS, b. ca. 1800
14.  John HANKS, b. 1802
15.  Susanna HANKS, b. ca. 1805
16.  Joshua HANKS, Jr. , b. 1804/5
17.  Thursa HANKS, b. 1805

It is not biologically possible for the birthdates of both Ruth and Thomas to be correct.

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Virginia

Sources:

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  1790 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  the entire 1790 Virginia census was lost.

3.  1800 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  the entire 1800 Virginia census was lost.

4.  1810 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  there are no extant Grayson County schedules.

5.  1820 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #7 of 13 list was roughly alphabetized; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤-
1820 VA Grayson Co. Roll M33_131 p. 6B/47B/244/1013 Ln. 32 Hanks Joshua 011101-11001-0-100 no slaves
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 10-15 1804-1810 = Joshua Jr (b. 1804/5) 
1 male 19-25* 1794-1801 =
1 male 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = Joshua (b. ca. 1759)
1 female 9 or under 1810-1820 = ?
1 female 10-15 1804-1810 = Thursa? or Susanna?
1 female 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = Ruth (b. 1764)
1 person engaged in agriculture
*In the 1820 Census, the third column is age class 16-18 and the fourth column is age class 16-25, which means any individual in column three is duplicated in column four.  So, for an accurate representation of the household, the number in column three should be subtracted from the number in column four. If, after the subtraction, any individuals remain in column four, then they have to be age 19-25, thus creating a "new," more precise age class.

6.  1830 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #33-34 of 86 list was roughly alphabetized; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1830 VA Grayson Co. Roll M19_190 p. 261- Ln. 17 Hanks Joshua 100 000 001 - 010 000 001 no slaves
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1825-1830 = grandson?
1 male 60-69 1760-1770 = Joshua (b. ca. 1759)
1 female 5-9 1820-1825 = granddaughter? 
1 female 60-69 1760-1770 = Ruth (b. 1764)

7.  1840 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #25-26 of 110 indexed "Hauks"; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 VA Grayson Co. Eastern Dist. Roll 555 pp. 284B-285A Ln. 28 Joshua Hanks 000 000 000 010 - 000 no slaves _______
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
male 80-89 1750-1760 = Joshua (b. ca. 1759)

8.  1850 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #49 of 130):  11th Dist., Carroll Co., VA, Roll M432_939, p. 342B, 362/362, enumerated 27 Aug 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Joshua Hanks Jr 45 M   farmer 3000 Va
Roseyman  " 45 F       Va
Martin    " 17 M   farmer   Va
Creed     " 12 M       Va
Friel     " 11 M       Va
Eliza     " 10 F       Va
Orville   "  8 M       Va
Joshua Hanks Sr 91 M   farmer   Va

Public Member Trees (online at Ancestry.com).

WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

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